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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh Jul 2017

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Many previous disasters have demonstrated the need for extensive personal, public, and governmental expenditures for housing recovery highlighting the importance of studying housing recovery. Yet, much research is still needed to fully understand the multi-faceted and complex nature of housing recovery. The goal of this paper is to present a holistic model to further the understanding of the dynamic processes and interdependencies of housing recovery. The impetus for this work is that inequalities in housing recovery could be addressed more effectively if we better understood interconnected factors and dynamic processes that slow down recovery for some. Currently, there is a ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger Feb 2015

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Rural regions of the United States have experienced detrimental out-migration, or brain drain, of college-educated individuals. The present study used survey data, gathered with an interactive website tool containing a comprehensive collection of economic and lifestyle features, to determine those most important in migration decisions for public university graduating seniors from the rural state of Iowa. Economic features (overall cost of living and a strong local economy) were ranked as the top features, followed by lifestyle features including two surprising features (access to basic consumer goods and access to health facilities). The impact of individual differences on the likelihood of ...


Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso Jun 2014

Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Abstract

Problems of food access, food insecurity and hunger, are linked to numerous adverse health outcomes as well as highlight social justice problems, such as spatial segregation and neighborhood deprivation, within the larger food system. This project explores the links between food systems, access, and food practices among low-income residents living in the Queensbridge micro-neighborhood located within the larger neighborhood of Long Island City, NYC. Given the complexity of the issues surrounding the food system and the differential impacts on people across various socio-economic statuses the aims of this study include gaining a better understanding of the issues and processes ...


Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope Jan 2014

Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The city of Des Moines, Iowa has employed both community policing techniques as well as extensive neighborhood revitalization efforts on an ongoing basis since being selected as one of the first cities to participate in the Model Cities program in 1966. Since then, Des Moines has evolved its neighborhood revitalization and community policing programs into effective tools to facilitate the overall revitalization goal in Des Moines. This thesis uses historical review and human-subject interviews to analyze the effectiveness of these programs and whether their collaboration has enhanced the overall goal of revitalizing Des Moines' neighborhoods. The thesis also explores whether ...


Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores Oct 2012

Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This poem is dedicated to Geoffrey Canada and the Harlem Children’s Zone and to Luis Rodriguez. I wrote this poem in response to the frustration I was feeling while delving into policy questions and strategies with various community leaders and think tank wonks about how to reverse the disparities of young men and boys of color in California. I am an original member of the Alliance for Boys and Men of Color, a coalition of community based organizations, researchers, foundations, and public systems engaging in a 10-year strategy to improve outcomes for boys and men of color, which was ...


A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young Jan 2012

A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research uses a community capitals framework to explore immigrant access to community resources and the influence this access has on community solidarity. The community capitals framework allowed the researcher to target common community resources within Marshalltown, Iowa, a meatpacking community that has experienced a high influx of Latino immigrants. Successful integration of new immigrants is predicated on the availability of tools such as bilingual interpreters, bilingual outreach materials, and flexible identification systems. As institutional practices influence Latino access to public institutions, providing such tools becomes a key strategy for local governments on how to better serve their community by ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein Dec 2007

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


Review Of Mastering Arcgis, Monica A. Haddad Jan 2007

Review Of Mastering Arcgis, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Geographic Information Systems technology is very popular among practitioners from a variety of fields. However, the GIS learning process can be complex and challenging, and there is always a need for good learning sources. Mastering ArcGIS is a high-quality contribution for this type of literature, discussing basic theoretical concepts behind the technology and providing hands-on experience using the ArcGIS software from ESRI1. Practitioners who are starting the GIS learning process and instructors for GIS introductory classes that aim to focus on the basics of the technology—comprising theory and practice—will find this book extremely useful. The book is oriented ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


Glen Oaks Residential Community: A Case Study About The Implications Of Gated Communities , Rachael Bess Goldberg Jan 2006

Glen Oaks Residential Community: A Case Study About The Implications Of Gated Communities , Rachael Bess Goldberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There has been a rise in the development of gated communities in the United States since the mid 1980s. Residents opt to move into gated developments for reasons such as increased safety, noise and traffic reduction, aesthetics and yard maintenance, prestige, control, exclusivity, and the protection of property values. Gated communities are often regulated by a self-governing homeowners association, however, residents often find the association's regulations too controlling. By their nature, gated communities separate residents from the broader urban environment. They are criticized as being insular, exclusive, reactionary, and socially isolating, contradicting the professional planning principles of openness, access ...


Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson Jan 2001

Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Landscape architecture is the domain that lies at the crossroads of many disciplines. Perhaps the most apparent of those disciplines are art and science. A successful landscape architect is one who understands this intersection and consciously designs to enhance the function of both aesthetics and the environment. The green roof is an example of a landscape architectural design that can incorporate both aesthetic and environmental function. The green roof also has potential social and economic benefits within the urban context. The structure and technology of the green roof is well understood, however an extensive literature search on the green roof ...


Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer Jan 2001

Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the decade of the 1990s, there has been increasing attention to the factors that contribute to community organization for the protection of water quality. While much is theorized about the importance of education, leadership, and biophysical factors in this organization, few have laid out concrete models about the causal factors in creating community capacity for water quality protection. Building on research on social indicators, including indicators of community process, this research aims to demonstrate a clear relationship between attention to the social mobilization process and creation of community capacity to respond to water quality challenges. I use multivariate analysis ...


A Case Study Of Somerset In Ames, Iowa: An Analysis Of The Process, Planning Approaches, And Implementation Methods Of The Development , Karen Leigh Fisk Ormsbee Jan 2000

A Case Study Of Somerset In Ames, Iowa: An Analysis Of The Process, Planning Approaches, And Implementation Methods Of The Development , Karen Leigh Fisk Ormsbee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Communities are predominantly developed with one type of dwelling in each neighborhood, creating a clustered landscape of single-use buildings that requires people to get into their automobiles and drive to their destinations. What choices are people being offered for the types of communities that they can live in? A growing movement attempts to address this question by developing housing that suits a larger audience. The principles of New Urbanism provides a flexible framework for creating communities that are less automobile-dependent, affords residents opportunities to interact, and consumes fewer natural resources. This case study examines Somerset, a housing development in Ames ...


Community Attachment In Rural Iowa: Multilevel Test Of A Theoretical Model With Intervening Variables , Li-Jun Zhao Jan 1996

Community Attachment In Rural Iowa: Multilevel Test Of A Theoretical Model With Intervening Variables , Li-Jun Zhao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Previous systemic models of community attachment have not included individual participation in local community groups and attitudes toward the community as intervening variables to predict community attachment through individual sociodemographic characteristics. Social Identity Theory provides a perspective to justify their inclusion when community attachment is perceived as an outcome of individuals' social identification with their own communities;Based on social identity theory, a systemic model is proposed to test the notion that community attachment indicated by its psychological dimension is affected significantly by individual participation in local community groups and attitudes toward the community which are predicted by individual differences ...


Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin Jan 1995

Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three papers examine residential satisfaction, housing quality, and reported change in residential quality for households headed by single-parent women or divorced parents. Families headed by single or remarried parents are vulnerable to housing problems in that they are more likely than nuclear families to have low levels of economic resources and unmet housing needs. Three separate analyses of different data sets add to the understanding of the housing adjustment behaviors of households with non-normative family structures;The first paper reports the operationalization and testing of measures of personality characteristics to predict housing and neighborhood satisfaction. The results suggest that personality ...


Influences Of Rapid Growth On Residential Satisfaction And Community Attachment: A Case Study , Yu Shi Li Jan 1993

Influences Of Rapid Growth On Residential Satisfaction And Community Attachment: A Case Study , Yu Shi Li

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1974, Kasarda and Janowitz tested the systemic model of community attachment and suggested that variables, such as age, socioeconomic status, length of residence, and home ownership have significant influences on community attachment. In this case study, the systemic model is retested in a rapidly growing community, Madison, Alabama;Over the past several decades, Madison has undergone a significant amount of growth in both population and economy, largely because of the industrial development in Huntsville (Madison is at the west edge of Huntsville), which is characterized as the "high-tech capital of the South". The rapid growth in the population and ...


Cost-Of-Living Differences In Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis With Expenditure Data, Richard Mchugh Dec 1990

Cost-Of-Living Differences In Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis With Expenditure Data, Richard Mchugh

CARD Staff Reports

This study illustrates the usefulness of consumer expenditure data for analyzing urban/rural differences in expenditure patterns. The primary findings are that when the effects of income, children, home ownership, aging, and college education are held constant, rural households spend a proportionately larger share of income on transportation, health care, and tobacco. Further breakdown within the category of health care reveals that health insurance, drugs, and medical supplies are responsible for higher expenditure by rural households. Within the transportation category, vehicles, gasoline, and oil are the sources of higher rural expenditure shares.


A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee Jan 1990

A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate a longitudinal model of determinants of housing status and relationships among those determining variables and housing status over the family life cycle of urban households in Oaxaca, a secondary city of Mexico. A stratified systematic sample of 633 was drown from civil areas representing typical housing morphology and social lives in 1986-1987. For the analyses, the original questionnaire data were transformed into longitudinal yearly record of each household's life, beginning at the date the household was formed by marriage. In the longitudinal model of housing status, it was observed that there ...


The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia Jan 1989

The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Local sponsors of federal projects may redefine policy initiatives and implementation strategies to be consistent with local perceptions of need and available resources. These local solutions may not be adequate to sustain the project or to address the larger societal good that is the prime policy objective. As a result, the policy fails to achieve its stated objectives and the societal good may be compromised. The study examines the implementation of a watershed project to learn how implementation strategies can be better devised to increase local compliance;The Little Sioux Watershed program in Western Iowa provides the empirical data for ...


Community Size, Housing Characteristics And Housing Satisfaction, Linda Margaret Prentice Jan 1977

Community Size, Housing Characteristics And Housing Satisfaction, Linda Margaret Prentice

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Modernizing A Midwestern Farmhouse, C. H. Van Vlack, Ruby Simpson Jan 1946

Modernizing A Midwestern Farmhouse, C. H. Van Vlack, Ruby Simpson

Bulletin P

When the farm family considers remodeling its house, usually it wishes to bring about one or more outstanding changes such as providing more room, changing the stairway, adding a bathroom, providing a more convenient kitchen, making the front entrance more usable, or just making the house generally more attractive and more livable.

For most farm families the experience of planning and remodeling a house comes only once in a lifetime. Few families can hope to profit by experience.

We shall try to show in this bulletin how an Iowa farm family remodeled a farmhouse, thereby improving its appearance and convenience ...