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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Congressional District Boundaries In Ohio: Impact On Voters And Party Representation In The U.S. Congress, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp May 2019

Congressional District Boundaries In Ohio: Impact On Voters And Party Representation In The U.S. Congress, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

On May 3, 2019, a panel of three U.S. Federal court judges in Cincinnati ruled that the boundary lines that have been used since 2011 for all of Ohio’s 16 U.S. Congressional districts are unconstitutional. The court was “…convinced by the evidence that this partisan gerrymander was intentional and effective and that no legitimate justification accounts for its extremity.” The plaintiffs offered testimony and evidence that extreme partisanship was used in 2011 to draw Congressional boundaries, thus denying some voters their constitutional rights. Defendants countered with testimony and evidence that the districts were drawn legally and fairly ...


Home Purchase Loans Are Denied More Often For African American Applicants Than White Applicants In Northeast Ohio, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Apr 2019

Home Purchase Loans Are Denied More Often For African American Applicants Than White Applicants In Northeast Ohio, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Housing condition and neighborhood vitality depend on investments by institutions that make purchase loans to home buyers. Without access to such credit prospective homebuyers are fewer and the value of property declines.

The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) provides census tract level data on the number of loan applications that are submitted and the number of home purchase loans that are finalized. Data are reported by the race (and gender) of individual applicants. HMDA data on denials for conventional (1-4 unit) loan applications in 2016 are analyzed in this report for White and African American applicants in the 12-county Northeast ...


A Bit Of Craic And A Few Facts About The Irish On Saint Patrick’S Day, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Mar 2019

A Bit Of Craic And A Few Facts About The Irish On Saint Patrick’S Day, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Saint Patrick’s Day (March 17th) celebrates the traditional date of the death of Saint Patrick. Although it is impossible to verify many facts about his life, tradition states that Saint Patrick was born in Roman Britain sometime in the fourth or fifth century. After reputedly being captured by Irish pirates at the age of sixteen and forced to work as a slave Patrick escaped back to Britain and became a Catholic priest. He later returned to Ireland and devoted his life to converting the Irish from ancient Celtic religious beliefs to Christianity. The actual date of his death ...


How Well Do Spanish-Speaking U.S. Residents Also Speak English? Recent Data From The American Community Survey, Mark J. Salling Feb 2019

How Well Do Spanish-Speaking U.S. Residents Also Speak English? Recent Data From The American Community Survey, Mark J. Salling

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Dynamic Firm Location Network Model With Anticipatory Scenarios For The Northeast Ohio Region, Sanda Kaufman, Miron Kaufman, Mark Salling Oct 2018

Dynamic Firm Location Network Model With Anticipatory Scenarios For The Northeast Ohio Region, Sanda Kaufman, Miron Kaufman, Mark Salling

Urban Publications

Public policy and planning decisions require glimpses into the future, to assess how the social-ecological systems we plan for might evolve with or without policy intervention. To do so, one approach gaining currency is using anticipatory tools rather than predictions. Anticipation entails generating a range of possible systems futures (scenarios), instead of attempting to predict the one that will prevail. We use here a scenario-generating model, to anticipate where in a region businesses are likely to locate in time. Using data for Northeast Ohio, including the Cleveland–Akron–Lorain– Elyria, Ohio Combined Statistical Area, we estimate the model parameters. We ...


Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief September 2017: Repopulating Cleveland From The Inside Out, Richey Piiparinen, Thomas Bier, Charlie Post, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Sep 2017

Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief September 2017: Repopulating Cleveland From The Inside Out, Richey Piiparinen, Thomas Bier, Charlie Post, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

How can Cleveland repopulate? Generally, there are two theories of thought: by focusing on regional economic development, so that people follow jobs; and by focusing on local economic development, particularly in housing and quality of place. Here, jobs follow people.

While the oft-heard question in city building is whether people follow jobs or jobs follow people, recent research suggest it is likely both. Cleveland needs both a jobs strategy and a housing strategy to incur repopulation. This report brief sketches out the framework of a housing strategy, while an upcoming report by The Center for Population Dynamics called “The Healing ...


Opioid Deaths And The Availability Of Rehab Beds In Facilities Serving Persons With Addictions: Cleveland, 2016 And First Quarter 2017, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Cindie Carroll-Pankhurst Phd Jul 2017

Opioid Deaths And The Availability Of Rehab Beds In Facilities Serving Persons With Addictions: Cleveland, 2016 And First Quarter 2017, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Cindie Carroll-Pankhurst Phd

Urban Publications

Deaths from opioids, specifically heroin and fentanyl, have been increasing at alarming rates nationally, in Ohio, and in Cuyahoga County. Cleveland.com reports that the Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner asserts that “Cuyahoga County is still on pace to far exceed last year's (2016) record number of heroin and fentanyl overdose deaths after seeing an increase in April (2017)”. The Medical Examiner’s Office also reports that there is an increasing number of African American fatalities due to fentanyl. In 2016, 72 of the 544 deaths (13.2%) from heroin and fentanyl were African Americans; in the first quarter of ...


Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Jun 2017

Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act: The State Of Ohio, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Jun 2017

Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act: The State Of Ohio, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act: The Akron & Cleveland-Elyria Msas, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Jun 2017

Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act: The Akron & Cleveland-Elyria Msas, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act - The National Picture, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Jun 2017

Change In Persons With Health Insurance Before And After The Affordable Care Act - The National Picture, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Preparing For Growth: An Emerging Neighborhood Market Analysis Commissioned By Mayor Frank G. Jackson For The City Of Cleveland, Richey Piiparinen, Kyle Fee, Charlie Post, Jim Russell, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Thomas Bier May 2017

Preparing For Growth: An Emerging Neighborhood Market Analysis Commissioned By Mayor Frank G. Jackson For The City Of Cleveland, Richey Piiparinen, Kyle Fee, Charlie Post, Jim Russell, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Thomas Bier

Urban Publications

In anticipation of the development of a Neighborhood Transformation Initiative, in 2016, Mayor Frank G. Jackson commissioned Cleveland State University’s Center for Population Dynamics to analyze the City of Cleveland housing market. The resulting study, “Preparing for Growth,” provides a foundation for the Mayor’s Neighborhood Transformation Initiative acknowledging neighborhoods where private investment is strong but, and most significantly, identifying emerging neighborhood markets where focused planning and the leverage of public dollars will attract private investment to the benefit of existing residents and businesses in these neighborhoods.


Boundaries That Matter: Redistricting Congressional Election Districts, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Feb 2017

Boundaries That Matter: Redistricting Congressional Election Districts, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Presented to the First Unitarian Church of Cleveland on February 26, 2017 by Mark Salling, PhD, GISP.


Did Low Voter Turnout In Minority Neighborhoods Drive Trump’S Victory In Ohio? What The Cuyahoga County Results Indicate, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Dec 2016

Did Low Voter Turnout In Minority Neighborhoods Drive Trump’S Victory In Ohio? What The Cuyahoga County Results Indicate, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Donald Trump won Ohio’s 18 Electoral College votes by a margin of more than 446,000 ballots (2,841,005 for Trump versus 2,394,164 for Clinton). Some observers have suggested that low voter turn-out among African American and Hispanic/Latino residents in urbanized counties played an important role in Trump’s Ohio victory.


The Vote For Trump/Pence In Cuyahoga County, By Race/Ethnicity And Educational Attainment, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson Nov 2016

The Vote For Trump/Pence In Cuyahoga County, By Race/Ethnicity And Educational Attainment, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Who Votes Early In-Person In Cuyahoga County?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson Nov 2016

Who Votes Early In-Person In Cuyahoga County?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Neighbors Building Community - A Community Empowerment Initiative Through Community Mapping, Mark J. Salling Nov 2015

Neighbors Building Community - A Community Empowerment Initiative Through Community Mapping, Mark J. Salling

Urban Publications

Cleveland State University’s Office of Civic Engagement, through an Engaged Learning Enhancement Grant, funded a pilot demonstration project to evaluate the use of community mapping for assisting with community assessments of neighborhood issues in a west side neighborhood of Cleveland. The project used neighborhood residents to collect and map data on a variety of neighborhood issues, specifically dilapidated buildings, potentially dangerous dogs, pot holes, broken sidewalks, offensive graffiti, trash in vacant lots, dead trees, and more.

The pilot project educated the participants about neighborhood issues, while providing the community with documentation on issues that can be presented to council ...


The Racially And Socioeconomically Disparate Impact Of Relocating The Hamilton County Board Of Elections, Mark Salling Aug 2014

The Racially And Socioeconomically Disparate Impact Of Relocating The Hamilton County Board Of Elections, Mark Salling

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


National Trends In The United States Of America Physician Assistant Workforce From 1980 To 2007, Xiaoxing Z. He, Ellen Cyran, Mark J. Salling Nov 2009

National Trends In The United States Of America Physician Assistant Workforce From 1980 To 2007, Xiaoxing Z. He, Ellen Cyran, Mark J. Salling

Urban Publications

The physician assistant (PA) profession is a nationally recognized medical profession in the United States of America (USA). However, relatively little is known regarding national trends of the PA workforce. We examined the 1980-2007 USA Census data to determine the demographic distribution of the PA workforce and PA-to-population relationships. Maps were developed to provide graphical display of the data. All analyses were adjusted for the complex census design and analytical weights provided by the Census Bureau. In 1980 there were about 29,120 PAs, 64% of which were males. By contrast, in 2007 there were approximately 97,721 PAs with ...


Cleveland Neighborhood Conditions And Trends, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Gustavo Rotondaro, Susan Petrone May 2001

Cleveland Neighborhood Conditions And Trends, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Gustavo Rotondaro, Susan Petrone

Urban Publications

The following pages provide a description of the City of Cleveland in regard to a variety of demographic, housing, economic, and social characteristics. The emphasis of the report is to illustrate the geographic variation of these characteristics and to identify recent and in some cases long-term trends in these distributions.

The report is mainly a series of maps and charts accompanied by basic descriptions of what the graphics illustrate. Maps enable the reader to see the geographic variation among and within the city’s neighborhoods. Appendix A provides a map showing the city’s Statistical Planning Areas (SPAs) and their ...