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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

The Manufacturing Sector In The Greater Northeastern/Northern Region Of Pennsylvania, Ziona Austrian, Candi Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Nikki Glazer, Eunkyu Lee, Hyejin Jung, Eric Esoda Dec 2013

The Manufacturing Sector In The Greater Northeastern/Northern Region Of Pennsylvania, Ziona Austrian, Candi Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Nikki Glazer, Eunkyu Lee, Hyejin Jung, Eric Esoda

Urban Publications

This report summarizes the findings of an in-depth study of the manufacturing sector in the Greater Northeastern/Northern region of Pennsylvania. The objective of the first section is to draw attention to the role manufacturing plays in the regional economy. It compares manufacturing to other sectors of the economy in terms of employment, gross regional product, wages, productivity, and number of establishments (See Table E-1). It also briefly describes trends in the value of shipments of manufacturing goods as a proxy for exports, manufacturers’ investments in capital expenditures as a measure of capital intensity and adoption of technology, and patenting ...


Manufacturing Brief 2013, Candi Clouse, Ziona Austrian, Christopher Lohr Dec 2013

Manufacturing Brief 2013, Candi Clouse, Ziona Austrian, Christopher Lohr

Urban Publications

This brief continues a series of publications that tell the story of manufacturing in Northeast Ohio (NEO) and provide an overview of the trends in employment, gross regional product, average wages, establishments, and exports for major manufacturing industries. This year’s focus will be on short term trends (2010 to 2012) that describe the growth of the manufacturing sector, with a detailed analysis for specific industries that constitute the sector. Northeast Ohio’s trends are then compared to trends in the United States and the remainder of the state of Ohio.


From Balkanized Cleveland To Global Cleveland: A Theory Of Change For Legacy Cities, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell Nov 2013

From Balkanized Cleveland To Global Cleveland: A Theory Of Change For Legacy Cities, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell

Urban Publications

With the 2010 census tallied, Cleveland officially hit a 100-year low for population. The community sprang into action without fully understanding the reasons for decline. The goal of this concept paper is to reframe the challenges facing the city and region, thereby informing a more effective policy agenda.


Research Highlights, Fall 2013, Roslyn Miller Sep 2013

Research Highlights, Fall 2013, Roslyn Miller

Urban Publications

Through academics, research, and community involvement, the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs is advancing effective city management and sound urban policy, and changing America’s cities one graduate at a time.

Our graduates work in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors — government, human services, health care, public safety, community development, housing, environmental advocacy — both within our own region and in other parts of the nation.

Our faculty and professional staff are actively engaged in applied research and community problem-solving around city management, community development, environmental policy and management, economic development, and more.

We invite you to visit some ...


Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan Aug 2013

Ohio Utica Shale Gas Monitor, Edward W. Hill, Kelly Kinahan

Urban Publications

Development of the Utica Shale is impacting the economy of nearly every one of Ohio’s 88 counties. Although still in the exploration phase, the Utica Shale is triggering wealth creation even as the ongoing build-out of the formation’s midstream of pipelines and processing plants is limiting job creation and productivity.

This quarterly study groups Ohio’s counties into four categories: strong shale, moderate shale, weak shale, and non-shale counties. The results show that strong shale counties are experiencing ongoing enhanced economic activity with job creation that, while slim, outpaces hiring in other areas of the state. This wealth ...


Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County, Ohio, Daila Shimek Aug 2013

Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County, Ohio, Daila Shimek

Urban Publications

This report provides an assessment of the feasibility of consolidation of the public safety answering points (PSAPS’s) in Perry County, Ohio and the Village of New Lexington (in Perry County), Ohio. The report describes the methodology used to assess the feasibility of consolidating these PSAPs. The findings are that consolidation of PSAPs and dispatch services among the participating entities would not be feasible if the decision is made purely on costs. However, a consolidated PSAP would reduce the duplication of services and redundant capital projects. This in turn would free up funds to maintain and replace capital items as ...


Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: 2012 Evaluation Report, Kathryn Hexter, Molly Schnoke Aug 2013

Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: 2012 Evaluation Report, Kathryn Hexter, Molly Schnoke

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Interagency Litigation And Article Iii, Joseph Mead Jul 2013

Interagency Litigation And Article Iii, Joseph Mead

Urban Publications

Agencies of the United States often find themselves on opposite sides of the "v." in disputes ranging from alleged unfair labor practices in federal agencies to competing statutory interpretations to run-of-the mill squabbles over money. Yet Article III's case-or-controversy requirement includes—at a minimum—adverse parties and standing. Courts have disagreed with one another over the extent to which litigation between the sovereign and itself meets Article III standards. Despite the volume of scholarship on Article III standing, relatively little attention has been paid to Article III's requirement of adverse parties in general, or the justiciability of intrabranch ...


2012 Economic Impact Of Jumpstart Inc. Portfolio And Client Companies, Candice Clouse, Ziona Austrian Jul 2013

2012 Economic Impact Of Jumpstart Inc. Portfolio And Client Companies, Candice Clouse, Ziona Austrian

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2012, Iryna Lendel, Eunkyu Lee Jun 2013

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2012, Iryna Lendel, Eunkyu Lee

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Formative Report Year 2, Kathryn Hexter, Ziona Austrian, Candi Clouse May 2013

Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Formative Report Year 2, Kathryn Hexter, Ziona Austrian, Candi Clouse

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: A Report Of System Changes And Their Outcome Measures Year 2, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Serineh Baboomian, Candi Clouse May 2013

Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: A Report Of System Changes And Their Outcome Measures Year 2, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Serineh Baboomian, Candi Clouse

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Evaluation Executive Summary Year 2, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Candi Clouse, Serineh Baboomian May 2013

Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Evaluation Executive Summary Year 2, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Candi Clouse, Serineh Baboomian

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Economic Impact Of Green Infrastructure Maintenance, Merissa Piazza, Candi Clouse May 2013

Economic Impact Of Green Infrastructure Maintenance, Merissa Piazza, Candi Clouse

Urban Publications

The Center for Economic Development (the Center) at the Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University prepared this report for LAND studio. The objective of this report is to present an economic impact of the green infrastructure maintenance of the future green infrastructure investments that the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District (NEORSD) will undertake. LAND studio will use this study as a component to a broader study of best practices in green infrastructure maintenance, the needs of the sector, and to develop a foundation for the creation of a green infrastructure maintenance education and workforce training program.

The ...


Living Cities Integration Initiative: Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Year 2 Programs & Project Report, Candi Clouse, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Serineh Baboomian, Joe Andre May 2013

Living Cities Integration Initiative: Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Year 2 Programs & Project Report, Candi Clouse, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn Hexter, Serineh Baboomian, Joe Andre

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


How Many Guns Are In The United States: Americans Own Between 262 Million And 310 Million Firearms, Edward W. Hill Apr 2013

How Many Guns Are In The United States: Americans Own Between 262 Million And 310 Million Firearms, Edward W. Hill

Urban Publications

How Many Guns are in the United States? estimates the number of firearms available to the civilian population in the United States and the characteristics of the market for semiautomatic firearms.


Adding Up The "Butcher's Bill" - The Public Health Consequences Of America's System Of Gun Regulation, Edward W. Hill Apr 2013

Adding Up The "Butcher's Bill" - The Public Health Consequences Of America's System Of Gun Regulation, Edward W. Hill

Urban Publications

Adding up the “Butcher’s Bill”: The Public Health Consequences of the System of Gun Regulation in the United States examines trends in firearm’s related deaths, murders and injuries over time.


The Cost Of Arming Schools: The Price Of Stopping A Bad Guy With A Gun, Edward W. Hill Apr 2013

The Cost Of Arming Schools: The Price Of Stopping A Bad Guy With A Gun, Edward W. Hill

Urban Publications

The price of implementing the NRA’s proposal to place an armed security guard in every school building in the nation is nearly $13 billion a year. The opportunity cost to taxpayers for fully protected schools can reach $23 billion. The cost per student approaches $500 and would take up half of federal spending on elementary and secondary education if paid for by the federal government. Is this the cost of protecting schools? Or, is it just one cost for permitting unlimited access to semi-automatic weapons and large capacity ammunition clips and preventing the potential for mass murder in our ...


How Nonprofit Organizations Create Public Value, Stuart Mendel Mar 2013

How Nonprofit Organizations Create Public Value, Stuart Mendel

Urban Publications

The scholarship on public value has emanated largely from the perspective of government and public management. As valuable as this conceptualization may be, we suggest that public value in the United States can be created by a combination of government, business and nonprofit actors. We argue that nonprofit organizations have been overlooked in the public value literature – an unfortunate reality that does not accurately reflect the nonprofit sector’s significant contributions. In many respects, creating public value is a primary raison d'etre for the American nonprofit sector. To elaborate and support this argument, we present an in-depth analysis of ...


Ohio Utica Shale Region Monitor, Kelly Kinahan, Edward W. Hill Mar 2013

Ohio Utica Shale Region Monitor, Kelly Kinahan, Edward W. Hill

Urban Publications

In 2011, drilling for oil and gas recommenced in the state of Ohio after a century of dormancy, due to recently developed technologies enabling the extraction of hydrocarbons from shale reservoirs that had previously been assumed impermeable and therefore uneconomical. The purpose of this report is to analyze two indicators of economic activity, sales receipts and employment, related to the early stages of Utica and Marcellus shale development in the State of Ohio. Tracking these two measures will assist in the preliminary detection of economic trends that are likely related to the growth of the oil and gas industries in ...


Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In Richland County, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Eugene Kramer, Patrick Johnson Mar 2013

Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In Richland County, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Eugene Kramer, Patrick Johnson

Urban Publications

This report provides an assessment of the feasibility of consolidation of two public safety answering points in Richland County, Ohio. The report describes the methodology used to assess the feasibility. The findings are that consolidation of dispatch services among the potential participating entities is feasible. Consolidation of services would reduce capital costs expended across the county for public safety emergency dispatching over the long term. Given the proposed investment equipment and staff, the level and quality of service provided by a consolidated dispatch center should exceed those currently being supplied.


Consolidated Public Safety Answering Point (Psap) Feasibility Study For Richland County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Eugene Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Charlie Post Mar 2013

Consolidated Public Safety Answering Point (Psap) Feasibility Study For Richland County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Eugene Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Charlie Post

Urban Publications

This report provides an assessment of the feasibility of consolidation of two public safety answering points in Richland County, Ohio. The report describes the methodology used to assess the feasibility. The findings are that consolidation of dispatch services among the potential participating entities is feasible. Consolidation of services would reduce capital costs expended across the county for public safety emergency dispatching over the long term. Given the proposed investment equipment and staff, the level and quality of service provided by a consolidated dispatch center should exceed those currently being supplied.


Distributed Generation As A Response To Rising Electricity Costs In Ohio, Andrew R. Thomas, Iryna Lendel Feb 2013

Distributed Generation As A Response To Rising Electricity Costs In Ohio, Andrew R. Thomas, Iryna Lendel

Urban Publications

Ohio faces significant challenges to its manufacturing in a global economy. Energy intensive manufacturing, in particular, is threatened by rising electricity costs and a need to reduce carbon emissions. Electricity costs are projected to increase substantially in the coming years, especially in grid constrained areas such as that found in Northern Ohio. One answer to this threat is the adoption of distributed generation, especially in the form of combined heat and power, or CHP. Distributed generation is power generated in small amounts at or near the site of consumption, thereby reducing line losses and increasing the strategic value of that ...


Moving Ohio Manufacturing Forward: Competitive Electricity Pricing, Iryna Lendel, Sunjoo Park, Andrew R. Thomas Feb 2013

Moving Ohio Manufacturing Forward: Competitive Electricity Pricing, Iryna Lendel, Sunjoo Park, Andrew R. Thomas

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Achieving Meaningful Partnerships With Nonprofit Organizations: A View From The Field, Stuart Mendel Jan 2013

Achieving Meaningful Partnerships With Nonprofit Organizations: A View From The Field, Stuart Mendel

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Spatial Structure On Air Quality Level In U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Chang-Shik Song Jan 2013

Effects Of Spatial Structure On Air Quality Level In U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Chang-Shik Song

ETD Archive

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate relationships between metropolitan spatial structure and air quality across U.S. metropolitan areas. Debates over compact city and sprawling development models as alternative patterns of metropolitan development and planning remain unsettled. This dissertation works from the hypothesis that compact regions with high-density, concentration, mixed land use, and better accessibility improve air quality. To test the compact city hypothesis, this dissertation uses a combined spatial data of population, employment, government, land use, and air quality in 610 counties in U.S. metropolitan areas and their neighboring areas for 1990, 2000, and 2006. Indicators ...


The Influence Of State-Level Renewable Energy Policy Instruments On Electricity Generation In The United States :;A Cross-Sectional Time Series Analysis, Sunjoo Park Jan 2013

The Influence Of State-Level Renewable Energy Policy Instruments On Electricity Generation In The United States :;A Cross-Sectional Time Series Analysis, Sunjoo Park

ETD Archive

Since the late 1990s, state governments in the U.S. have diversified policy instruments for encouraging the electric power industry to deploy renewable sources for electricity generation. While observing the increasing number of new renewable energy policies at the state level governments, this study raised two research questions: (1) how do state governments intervene in the renewable energy market? and (2) how do various policy approaches taken by state governments affect renewable energy development? To answer for these questions, this study attempts to identify the trends and variations in renewable energy policy designs among states in terms of the combination ...


Factors That Contribute To Effectiveness Of Foster Care Networks In Securing Permanency For Children: An Exploration Of Network Participants' Perceptions In Urban And Rural Settings, Reza M. Khoramshahi Jan 2013

Factors That Contribute To Effectiveness Of Foster Care Networks In Securing Permanency For Children: An Exploration Of Network Participants' Perceptions In Urban And Rural Settings, Reza M. Khoramshahi

ETD Archive

The purpose of this study was to identify possible factors that may contribute to the variations in effectiveness of foster care networks in a rural and an urban Ohio county. The effectiveness of the networks was assessed based on the success of the foster care networks to provide permanency for children who are placed in out-of-home care. For the purpose of this study the foster care network organizations in each county included the child welfare agencies, the juvenile courts, private foster care agencies and foster families. The child welfare agencies in each of Ohio counties operate independently, and their success ...


The Impact Of Plans, Policies And Practices Of Metropolitan Planning Organizations On The Design And Implementation Of Streets For All Users, Deborah Riemann Jan 2013

The Impact Of Plans, Policies And Practices Of Metropolitan Planning Organizations On The Design And Implementation Of Streets For All Users, Deborah Riemann

ETD Archive

Since the rise of the automobile, urban planners, and traffic engineers were confronted with the question of balancing the different needs of all users of the street. Over the last decades that balance tended to favor car-oriented street designs. Health and air quality concerns, as well as an aging population have started to challenge the old ways of transportation planning. The heavy reliance on the private vehicle in the U.S. is facilitated by local land use decisions and investments in the public street and highway network were made. As most road projects are funded by federal dollars, metropolitan planning ...


A Meta-Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Stem-Programs In The United States, Dayoung An Jan 2013

A Meta-Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Stem-Programs In The United States, Dayoung An

ETD Archive

The federal government has been spending a large amount of funds on STEM programs. It is important to examine the effectiveness of such spending. Much research has been conducted in the past 30 years for this particular purpose however, the results of such evaluations have not painted a clear picture of the effectiveness of STEM programs. The goal of this meta-analysis is to investigate whether STEM programs are successful in the outcomes they claim to achieve. Such a meta-analysis must integrate all of the empirical studies which reported their effort in evaluating the effectiveness of STEM programs, based on measures ...