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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

What's In A Name? Keeping The Va In Arnova, Roger A. Lohmann Nov 2004

What's In A Name? Keeping The Va In Arnova, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

As the name suggests, Voluntary Action (VA) was one of the constituent interests in the formation of ARNOVA. The popularity of nonprofit organizations (NO) among researchers, scholars and students threatens to overwhelm the scholarly interest in voluntary action. Yet, this latter topic is both more interesting theoretically and more important to larger questions of democracy and local and national community and therefore needs to be preserved and protected.


Pulling Apart: Economic Segregation Among Suburbs And Central Cities In Major Metropolitan Areas, Todd Swanstrom, Colleen Casey, Robert Flack, Peter Dreier Oct 2004

Pulling Apart: Economic Segregation Among Suburbs And Central Cities In Major Metropolitan Areas, Todd Swanstrom, Colleen Casey, Robert Flack, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Land Values As A Source Of Local Government Finance, Tom Dunne Oct 2004

Land Values As A Source Of Local Government Finance, Tom Dunne

Books/Book Chapters

Funding local government has been a permanent feature of debates about public policy in Ireland and Many feel that the balance of power between local and central government is weighted too much in

This paper suggests that the concept of economic rent, on which the justification for property taxes rests and its relevance to the property market in a modern, economically successful and urbanised Ireland, needs to be vented, discussed and debated.

The proposition is that if a greater understanding was created about the economic characteristics of landed property both value capture and local property taxes would achieve greater public ...


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...


Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen Jun 2004

Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

Despite historically low interest rates, organizations across the nation have become increasingly concerned about the impacts of regulatory constraints and anti-growth sentiments on the availability and cost of housing. This concern is by no means limited to a few “high cost” areas like Boston and San Francisco. It can also be found in Iowa City, where new single-family houses were recently selling from $150,000 to $375,000 (prices readily considered affordable in many larger metropolitan areas) and even in rural areas where spill-over growth and “drive to qualify” solve the commuter’s affordability problem while creating unforeseen affordability problems ...


The People's Freeway: Reclaiming A Concrete Corridor To Make Way For The Next--And Better--Los Angeles, Marcus Renner May 2004

The People's Freeway: Reclaiming A Concrete Corridor To Make Way For The Next--And Better--Los Angeles, Marcus Renner

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Truly Disadvantaged? An Exploratory Analysis Of Nonprofit Organizations In Urban Neighborhoods, Lindsay Taggart Rutherford Jan 2004

Truly Disadvantaged? An Exploratory Analysis Of Nonprofit Organizations In Urban Neighborhoods, Lindsay Taggart Rutherford

Dynamics of Culture—2003-2005

This paper uses unique data on Philadelphia’s nonprofit organizations compiled from IRS listings, city cultural fund grant applications, telephone directories and newspaper listings in 1997 and 2003 to test Wilson’s (1987) hypothesis that inner-city neighborhoods suffer from a dearth of social institutions. The author integrates these data with demographic information from the 2000 census to explore the size and spatial patterns of Philadelphia’s neighborhood nonprofit sectors.

Results indicate that neighborhoods have suffered a net loss of organizations over the past six years, although most neighborhoods still had over 100 institutions per 1000 residents in 2003. Ethnically diverse ...


Guest Workers And The New Transnationalism: Possibilities And Realities In An Age Of Repression, Manuel Pastor, Susan Alva Jan 2004

Guest Workers And The New Transnationalism: Possibilities And Realities In An Age Of Repression, Manuel Pastor, Susan Alva

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


All Party Oireachtas Committee On The Constitution Ninth Progress Report, Tom Dunne Jan 2004

All Party Oireachtas Committee On The Constitution Ninth Progress Report, Tom Dunne

Reports

Ireland, like many other countries with high rates of economic growth, is urbanising rapidly. There has been considerable emphasis on planning for this through the National Development Plan, the National Spatial Strategy, development guidelines and other measures. Through these the state intends that a proper planning process will lead growth rather than leaving it to market forces to drive development in what are regarded as undesirable directions. The latter it is feared will lead to unsuitable social, economic or physical outcomes. Unintended results have flowed from the implementation, or flawed implementation of many of these policies and have given rise ...