Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities

Series

2017

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Black-Jewish Tensions And Modern Antisemitism In America, David Michael Wieczorek Dec 2017

Black-Jewish Tensions And Modern Antisemitism In America, David Michael Wieczorek

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

This paper explores the theme of antisemitism as it relates to the relationship between Blacks and Jews. It looks at the history of the relationship and how it came to crumble during the 1960s and 1970s.


The Profits Of Insanity: The Urbanization And Economic Development Of Asylum Poor Farms In Wisconsin, 1890-1920, Robert W. Penner Dec 2017

The Profits Of Insanity: The Urbanization And Economic Development Of Asylum Poor Farms In Wisconsin, 1890-1920, Robert W. Penner

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

A primary source research project and term paper on the intersection of poverty and insanity and the exploitation of inane labor at Wisconsin county asylums 1890-1920.


Post World War Ii Housing Crisis For African-American Communities In The North: Case Study The Inner Core Of Milwaukee, 1945 – 1968., Mania Tahsina Taher Dec 2017

Post World War Ii Housing Crisis For African-American Communities In The North: Case Study The Inner Core Of Milwaukee, 1945 – 1968., Mania Tahsina Taher

History and Urban Studies 971: Seminar on the History of American Urban Problems

No abstract provided.


Promoting Student Success: Bilingual Education Best Practices And Research Flaws, Lillian Fassero Dec 2017

Promoting Student Success: Bilingual Education Best Practices And Research Flaws, Lillian Fassero

Senior Honors Theses

This paper first determines the benefits which bilingual education offers and then compares transitional, dual-language, and heritage language maintenance programs. After exploring the outcomes, contexts, and practical implications of the various bilingual programs, this paper explores the oversight in most bilingual studies, which assess students’ syntax and semantics while neglecting their understanding of pragmatics and discourse structures (Maxwell-Reid, 2011). Incorporating information from recent studies which question traditional understandings of bilingualism and argue that biliteracy requires more than grammatical and vocabulary instruction, this paper proposes modifications in current research strategies and suggests best practices for transitional, dual-language, and heritage maintenance programs.


Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern Dec 2017

Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This paper considers the impact of rapid neighborhood change on the cultural ecology of Fort Greene and surrounding Brooklyn neighborhoods based on qualitative study undertaken during 2016 for the NYC project. The paper argues that rapid neighborhood change causes an attenuation of the organic neighborhood connections among artists, creative businesses, cultural organizations, and cultural participants—that is, the neighborhood cultural ecology. Cumulatively these changes in cultural ecology further weaken the neighborhood ecosystem and introduce an additional source of inequality with respect to the wellbeing of the City’s communities.

In response to rapid neighborhood change, different cultural agents find themselves ...


How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt Oct 2017

How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt

SPU Works

Researchers in many disciplines have turned to Google Street View to replace pedestrian- or carbased in-person observation of streetscapes. It is most prevalent within the research literature on the relationship between neighborhood environments and public health but has been used as diverse as disaster recovery, ecology and wildlife habitat, and urban design. Evaluations of the tool have found that the results of GSV-based observation are similar to the results from in-person observation although the similarity depends on the type of characteristic being observed. Larger, permanent and discrete features showed more consistency between the two methods and smaller, transient and judgmental ...


Left Bank Of The Hudson: Jersey City And The Artists Of 111 1st Street [Table Of Contents & Introduction], David Goodwin Oct 2017

Left Bank Of The Hudson: Jersey City And The Artists Of 111 1st Street [Table Of Contents & Introduction], David Goodwin

History

In the late 1980s, a handful of artists priced out of Manhattan and desperately needing affordable studio space discovered 111 1st Street, a former P. Lorillard Tobacco Company warehouse. Over the next two decades, an eclectic collection of painters, sculptors, musicians, photographers, filmmakers, and writers dreamt and toiled within the building’s labyrinthine halls. The local arts scene flourished, igniting hope that Jersey City would emerge as the next grassroots center of the art world. However, a rising real estate market coupled with a provincial political establishment threatened the community at 111 1st Street. The artists found themselves entangled in ...


Social Networks And Inequality In New York City's Cultural Sector, Mark J. Stern Oct 2017

Social Networks And Inequality In New York City's Cultural Sector, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This paper uses NYC Department of Cultural Affairs data on grantee program sites to address questions about structural inequality associated with the geography of cultural resources across New York City. The analysis supports and expands SIAP findings documented in its March 2017 report about the geography of culture in New York City. On the one hand, the distribution of program sites across the City is consistent with that of other cultural assets. Program sites tend to reinforce rather than mitigate the shortfall of cultural opportunities in the majority of lower-income neighborhoods. At the same time, it demonstrates that civic clusters ...


Using Pums To Calculate Geographic Mobility In New York City, Mark J. Stern Oct 2017

Using Pums To Calculate Geographic Mobility In New York City, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

New York City’s remarkable population growth over recent decades has heightened concerns about gentrification and displacement. In this paper, SIAP uses census data drawn from the annual American Community Survey (ACS) to identify patterns of geographic mobility common in New York City Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) during the past decade. Major findings include: 1) New York City residents tend to move less frequently than those of other major cities; 2) the city displays two distinct dimensions of geographic mobility—one associated with high population turnover (number of residents moving in and out of a neighborhood) and a second ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Concepts And Methods, Mark J. Stern Sep 2017

Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Concepts And Methods, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This presentation was prepared to accompany Mark Stern’s discussion of the conceptual framework, data and methods, findings, implications, and policy impacts of research undertaken between 2014 and 2017 on the relationship of culture to social wellbeing in New York City. The concepts of neighborhood cultural ecosystem, social wellbeing, and civic engagement provide the rationale for the study of culture and social justice. Data and methods involved are: development of a citywide cultural asset database; construction of a multi-dimensional model of social wellbeing at the neighborhood level; and interviews with cultural and community practitioners to add depth to the quantitative ...


Exclusionary Megacities, Wendell Pritchett, Shitong Qiao Jul 2017

Exclusionary Megacities, Wendell Pritchett, Shitong Qiao

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Human beings should live in places where they are most productive, and megacities, where information, innovation and opportunities congregate, would be the optimal choice. Yet megacities in both China and the U.S. are excluding people by limiting housing supply. Why, despite their many differences, is the same type of exclusion happening in both Chinese and U.S. megacities? Urban law and policy scholars argue that Not-In-My-Backyard (NIMBY) homeowners are taking over megacities in the U.S. and hindering housing development therein. They pin their hopes on an efficient growth machine that makes sure “above all, nothing gets in the ...


Education In The South: 1870-1930, Joe S. Mixon May 2017

Education In The South: 1870-1930, Joe S. Mixon

Student Research

The fight for better education in the South after the Civil War was a long, arduous process. Illiteracy was at extreme levels as Reconstruction was under way. Many people in the South saw this and tried to remedy the problem as best they could. This paper will look at how education levels in the South increased through the eyes of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the United Confederate Veterans, the Cherokee Indians, and most important of all, Anne Bachman Hyde.


Shoreland Zoning Ordinance For The Municipality Of Woodstock, Woodstock (Me.). Municipal Officers Mar 2017

Shoreland Zoning Ordinance For The Municipality Of Woodstock, Woodstock (Me.). Municipal Officers

Maine Town Documents

No abstract provided.


The Social Wellbeing Of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contribution Of Culture And The Arts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Mar 2017

The Social Wellbeing Of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contribution Of Culture And The Arts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This research report presents the conceptual framework, data and methodology, findings and implications of a three-year study of the relationship of cultural ecology to social wellbeing across New York City neighborhoods. The team gathered data from City agencies, borough arts councils, and cultural practitioners to develop a 10-dimension social wellbeing framework—beginning with construction of a cultural asset index—for every neighborhood in the City’s five boroughs.

The social wellbeing tool enabled a variety of analyses: the distribution of opportunity across the City; identification of areas with concentrated advantage, concentrated disadvantage, and “diverse and struggling” neighborhoods with both strengths ...


An Iterative 3d Gis Analysis Of The Role Of Visibility In Ancient Maya Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto Mar 2017

An Iterative 3d Gis Analysis Of The Role Of Visibility In Ancient Maya Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto

Anthropology Faculty Publications

For several decades, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have held center stage in archaeological studies of ancient landscapes. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) technologies such as airborne LiDAR and aerial photogrammetry are allowing us to acquire inordinate amounts of georeferenced 3D data to locate, map, and visualize archaeological sites within their surrounding landscapes. GIS offers locational precision, data overlay, and complex spatial analysis. Three-dimensionality adds a ground-based perspective lacking in two-dimensional GIS maps to provide archaeologists a sense of mass and space more closely attuned with human perception. This article uses comparative and iterative approaches ‘tacking back and forth’ between GIS and 3D ...


Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Highlights Of A Two-Year Research Project, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap), Reinvestment Fund Feb 2017

Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Highlights Of A Two-Year Research Project, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap), Reinvestment Fund

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

Understanding the social value of the arts and culture in New York City neighborhoods was the goal of the research undertaken between 2014 and 2017 by Penn's Social Impact of the Arts Project (SIAP) in collaboration with Reinvestment Fund. This brief is a summary of the conceptual framework, data and methodology, findings and implications of the research discussed in the full report--The Social Wellbeing of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contributions of Culture and the Arts (March 2017).


The Farm In The City In The Recent Past: Thoughts On A More Inclusive Urban Historiography, Ruth Glasser Jan 2017

The Farm In The City In The Recent Past: Thoughts On A More Inclusive Urban Historiography, Ruth Glasser

Urban and Community Studies Faculty Writing

The scholarly and journalistic literature usually treats urban agriculture as a new phenomenon, but it is a neglected dimension of urban history. Some U.S. cities, at least in the Northeast, had food-raising and processing practices not just in colonial times but right up until the relatively recent past. Three areas of history are explored that have mostly omitted discussion of city food production but nonetheless provide important frameworks to explore such production: urban development, agricultural, and immigrant history. Woven throughout this piece is evidence from a study of Waterbury, Connecticut. Local food production did not die when the Industrial ...


Community Land Trusts: A Help Or Hindrance To Community Development In The United States, Andrew Kuka Jan 2017

Community Land Trusts: A Help Or Hindrance To Community Development In The United States, Andrew Kuka

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

The availability of affordable housing in the United States continues to be an issue for Americans who are on the brink of homelessness, rely on housing subsidies, or struggle to pay their mortgages or rents. These issues, as well as the gentrification threat that community development poses to low-income residents can have deleterious effects on democratic participation and community development efforts. One proposed solution to these problems is the implementation of more community land trust programs nationally. This paper will assess the practicality of CLTs, and what such an implementation would mean for individuals, government entities, community members, and community ...