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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Knight Creative Communities Initiative (Kcci) Evaluation: Interim Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Dec 2007

Knight Creative Communities Initiative (Kcci) Evaluation: Interim Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Knight Creative Communities Initiative Evaluation—2007-2008

During the summer of 2007, SIAP was asked by the Knight Foundation to undertake a process evaluation of its Creative Communities Initiative (KCCI) underway in Charlotte, North Carolina; Duluth, Minnesota/Superior, Wisconsin; and Tallahassee, Florida. This memo reports on initial findings of the experience of KCCI participants from catalyst selection in March through October 2007. The memo begins with an overview of the logic of KCCI and then examines participants’ experience of the initiative using a chronological structure: the selection of catalysts, the initial two-day seminar, the organization of the action or initiative teams, and the history of the teams ...


Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak Dec 2007

Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

In this publication, Jeremy Nowak, President and CEO of The Reinvestment Fund, examines the role of community-based arts and cultural activity in neighborhood development and points towards strategies for building an integrated vision of creativity and development. The monograph focuses on the ways cultural activity and neighborhood development have complementary and in some ways intertwined missions. Nowak also offers a framework for flexible investment and funding that supports the synthesis of creativity, development, and knowledge and contributes to imaginative and substantive urban revitalization.


Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In The South Bronx: Changes In The Nyc Community Districts Comprising Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, And Hunts Point, 1990 - 2005, Astrid Rodríguez Dec 2007

Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In The South Bronx: Changes In The Nyc Community Districts Comprising Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, And Hunts Point, 1990 - 2005, Astrid Rodríguez

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2005 in South Bronx, specifically the neighborhoods of Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, and Hunts Point.

Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.

Results: Puerto Ricans are the largest Latino subgroup in the South Bronx, accounting for over half of the total population by 2005 ...


The Disneyfication Of New Orleans: The French Quarter As Facade In A Divided City, J. Mark Souther Dec 2007

The Disneyfication Of New Orleans: The French Quarter As Facade In A Divided City, J. Mark Souther

History Faculty Publications

The article discusses the development of New Orleans, Louisiana as a tourist attraction. The author suggests that Hurricane Katrina allowed the public to perceive racial and economic divisions in New Orleans. He suggests the French Quarter of New Orleans was developed for tourism due to its historic architecture. An attempt to attract military bases to the region during World War II failed due to the labor market and competition, leading to a focus on tourism. The author compares the city's appearance to that of Disneyland and suggests urban renewal relocated African Americans to ensure the development of the French ...


Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


Cultivating "Natural" Cultural Districts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Sep 2007

Cultivating "Natural" Cultural Districts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

"Natural" Cultural Districts: A Three-City Study—2010-2013

This policy brief—a product of the SIAP Culture and Community Revitalization Collection, in collaboration with Reinvestment Fund---uses existing research on urban culture and community arts to make a case for culture-based neighborhood revitalization. The brief defines and illustrates "natural" cultural districts, highlights the synergy of social diversity and cultural engagement, and draws lessons of grassroots cultural clusters for community building and urban policy.


Cultivating “Natural” Cultural Districts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Sep 2007

Cultivating “Natural” Cultural Districts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

This brief presents the concept of “natural” cultural district as a vehicle to translate grassroots culture into urban revitalization. The term is both descriptive and analytical. Descriptively, a “natural” cultural district identifies a neighborhood that has spawned a density of assets—organizations, businesses, participants, and artists—that sets it apart from other neighborhoods. Analytically, cultural clusters are of interest because of density’s side effects. They can build community, spur cultural production, and attract new services and residents. The challenge is how to encourage these geographically-defined social networks without snuffing out the spark that makes them distinctive. “Natural” cultural districts ...


Crane Arts: Financing Artists’ Workspaces, The Reinvestment Fund, Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap) Aug 2007

Crane Arts: Financing Artists’ Workspaces, The Reinvestment Fund, Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap)

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

This brief tells the story of Crane Arts, the conversion of Crane Plumbing Company’s 1905 factory and warehouse in Philadelphia's Old Kensington, to affordable artist studio and gallery space. In spring 2004 two artists and a developer--Crane Arts LLC—purchased the property and began the challenge of rehabilitation of a century-old factory in a former manufacturing district. Along the way, they heard about TRF’s lending activities, including commercial real estate in urban neighborhoods. The Crane Arts project was a perfect fit for TRF, which views the arts as critical to the health of a community and invests ...


Chronology Of The Drafting, Review, And Revision Of The Proposed Icomos Charter For The Interpretation And Presentation Of Cultural Heritage Sites, Neil A. Silberman Jul 2007

Chronology Of The Drafting, Review, And Revision Of The Proposed Icomos Charter For The Interpretation And Presentation Of Cultural Heritage Sites, Neil A. Silberman

Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni

No abstract provided.


Culture And Urban Revitalization, Mark J. Stern Jun 2007

Culture And Urban Revitalization, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

This presentation references the SIAP/TRF Harvest Document (Jan 2007) to provide a critical review of literature on culture and urban revitalization. Posing the question--Does creativity have a pay-off for distressed cities?—the talk highlights shortcomings of arguments based solely on the arts as economic engine, including current theory on the creative economy and the creative class. Stern argues that a cultural cluster approach--which is really about economic sociology--leads to a focus on social impacts and an inclusive vision of culture-based revitalization.


Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman Apr 2007

Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman

Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni

No abstract provided.


Reshaping Waterloo: History, Archaeology, And The European Heritage Industry, Neil A. Silberman Jan 2007

Reshaping Waterloo: History, Archaeology, And The European Heritage Industry, Neil A. Silberman

Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni

No abstract provided.


The Power Of Place-Making: A Summary Of Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak Jan 2007

The Power Of Place-Making: A Summary Of Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

This document offers a summary of The Reinvestment Fund (TRF) publication, Creativity and Neighborhood Development: Strategies for Community Investment, which lays out steps for building an integrative vision of creativity and neighborhood revitalization. The monograph, by Reinvestment Fund CEO Jeremy Nowak, focuses on the ways cultural activity and redevelopment have complementary and in some ways intertwined missions and offers a framework for flexible investment and funding that can spur imaginative and substantive neighborhood renewal.


Culture And Urban Revitalization: A Harvest Document, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Jan 2007

Culture And Urban Revitalization: A Harvest Document, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

This document provides an overview of the state-of-the-art literature on culture and urban revitalization. Part 2 places the creative sector in contemporary context with a discussion of three social dynamics: the “new urban reality”, the changing structure of the creative sector, and the emergence of transactional policy-making. Part 3 turns to the major dimensions of current literature on culture-based urban revitalization: the promise of the creative economy; culture’s role in building community capacity; and the negative consequences of culture-based development. Part 4 uses the critical synthesis afforded by the review of literature to propose a new model of a ...