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Full-Text Articles in Criminology

Intimate Partner Femicide-Suicides In Contemporary Ghana: Victims, Offenders And Incident Characteristics, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2013

Intimate Partner Femicide-Suicides In Contemporary Ghana: Victims, Offenders And Incident Characteristics, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

The present study investigated the scope, nature, and determinants of intimate partner femicide–suicides (IPFS) that occurred in Ghana during 1990 to 2009. All 35 reported cases of intimate partner homicide–suicides with female homicide victims that occurred during the study period were extracted from a major Ghanaian daily newspaper. Findings indicate that offenders were of lower socioeconomic background and tended to be older than their victims. The results further show that shooting with a firearm and hacking with a machete were the primary homicide methods, whereas self-inflicted gunshots and hanging were the dominant suicide methods. Results showed that suspicion ...


Homicide-Suicides In Ghana: Perpetrators, Victims, And Incidence Characteristics, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2013

Homicide-Suicides In Ghana: Perpetrators, Victims, And Incidence Characteristics, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Homicide-suicide in the industrialized West has been studied for many years. Yet, only limited scholarly research currently exists on the subject in Africa and other non-Western societies. The aim of the present descriptive study was to investigate homicide-suicides in contemporary Ghana. A content analysis of homicide-suicide reports in a major Ghanaian daily newspaper during 1990 to 2009 was conducted. The results overwhelmingly support findings in the literature, suggesting that homicide-suicides are extremely rare events in Ghana. The overwhelming majority of reported homicide-suicides were committed by males, with females substantially more likely to be the homicide victims. The offenders and victims ...


Criminal Prosecution Of Suicide Attempt Survivors In Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2012

Criminal Prosecution Of Suicide Attempt Survivors In Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Recently, there have been calls for the decriminalization (or depenalization) of nonfatal suicidal behavior (attempted suicide) in Ghana, India, Uganda, and other societies that currently criminalize nonfatal suicidal behavior. Despite this, there is a dearth of systematic studies that examine the extent, nature, and characteristics of attempted suicide prosecutions in countries that currently criminalize nonfatal suicidal behavior. The current study, therefore, explores the phenomenon of criminal prosecution and punishment for suicide attempters in Ghana, one among several countries where nonfatal suicidal behavior is a crime. Drawing from data extracted from local Ghanaian print and electronic news media articles, the study ...


Husbands Who Kill Their Wives: An Analysis Of Uxoricides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2007

Husbands Who Kill Their Wives: An Analysis Of Uxoricides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

This article addresses the current lack of research on uxoricides in non-Western societies by examining the phenomenon in Ghana, West Africa. Analysis of data from the 60 husband-wife killings reported in a national daily newspaper reveals that jealousy and suspicion of infidelity overwhelmingly provided the basis for wife murders. The findings also indicate that assailants and victims were of low socioeconomic background and the murders predominantly occurred in the rural areas of the country. Posthomicidal suicide by the assailant occurred in about one fourth of the cases. Overall, the results demonstrate that the patterns of uxoricide in Ghana are congruous ...


Women Who Kill Their Husbands: Mariticides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2006

Women Who Kill Their Husbands: Mariticides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Homicide by wives against husbands is a largely unexplored subject in lethal violence research. The paucity of information on the phenomenon is particularly acute in the non-Western world where scholarly research is virtually nonexistent. The specific goal for this article, then, was to provide additional insights into the issue by investigating wife-to-husband killings that occurred in Ghana, a non-Western society, during 1990-2005. In line with the scant, extant literature, the results of the analysis demonstrate that victims were invariably slain at home. The motive for the crime was to punish a womanizing husband, a husband who had taken another wife ...


Vigilante Homicides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2004

Vigilante Homicides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

This article provides a systematic analysis of vigilante homicides that occurred in Ghana, West Africa, during 1990–2000. Through the use of newspaper accounts, the study identified the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, spatial distribution, modus operandi, and the circumstances of death. The data suggested that young urban males suspected or accused of robbery, larceny, and other forms of theft were most often victims of vigilante killings. Mob attacks were spontaneous and the assaults involved the use of weapons available on the scene, such as stones, sticks, clubs, and personal weapons. Factors contributing to the escalation of vigilantism in the society ...


Ritual Homicides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2004

Ritual Homicides In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Murder for ritual or occult purposes has been the subject of numerous media reports in contemporary Ghana. To identify the principal features, motivations, as well as the social and cultural contexts of this crime, the present study provides an in-depth analysis of twenty-four cases of ritual homicides publicized in one local Ghanaian newspaper during 1990-2000. The data indicate that victims and offenders were disproportionately male and of low socioeconomic background. The majority of victims were shown to have been victimized by people with whom they were acquainted. The crime was overwhelmingly perpetrated with a cutting instrument, while blood, the heart ...


Witchcraft Accusations And Female Homicide Victimization In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2003

Witchcraft Accusations And Female Homicide Victimization In Contemporary Ghana, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

The goal of this article is to enhance awareness of witchcraft-related femicides. In Ghana, stereotypes abound of elderly women as witches. In some instances, suspicions or accusations of witchcraft are followed by lethal or nonlethal assault of the supposed witch. This article examines witch beliefs in Ghana and analyzes 13 incidents of homicide committed against women accused of witchcraft during 1995 to 2001. The author presents a genderbased analysis of witchcraft accusations that contextualizes witch murders as a form of gender discrimination. The results indicate that appreciation of the social and cultural contexts, as well as the status of women ...


Men Who Kill Their Own Children: Paternal Filicide Incidents In Contemporary Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2002

Men Who Kill Their Own Children: Paternal Filicide Incidents In Contemporary Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

OBJECTIVE:
Filicide, or parental murder of offspring, constitutes a major portion of lethal violence perpetrated against children worldwide. Despite the global nature of the phenomenon, researchers have focused their studies on the developed industrialized societies with the consequent neglect of small, developing societies. Second, there is a paucity of empirical data on child homicide committed by fathers. This study therefore explores the nature and extent of paternal filicides in Fiji, a non-Western society, and the social and cultural forces underlying them in order to enhance our knowledge of the phenomenon.
METHOD:
Information was obtained from a number of sources, including ...


Homicide-Suicides In Fiji: Offense Patterns, Situational Factors And Sociocultural Contexts, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2002

Homicide-Suicides In Fiji: Offense Patterns, Situational Factors And Sociocultural Contexts, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Although there is growing literature on lethal violence in developing nations, homicide-suicides have rarely been studied. Addressing this issue, this paper analyzes all homicide-suicides that occurred in Fiji between 1982 and 1992. The study's results are consistent with prior research in Western developed nations, demonstrating that homicide-suicides constitute a minuscule proportion of all homicides, occur primarily between intimate relations, are precipitated by intrafamilial discord, and occur in the domestic setting. Contrary to prior research, however, perpetrators of homicide-suicide were equally divided between men and women and no firearms were utilized.


When Parents Kill: An Analysis Of Filicides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2000

When Parents Kill: An Analysis Of Filicides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Despite the burgeoning literature on filicide, little research exists on parental murders in small, non-Western societies. This study adds to the scant extant information and contributes to a full understanding of the topic by examining offense patterns and victim and offender characteristics in the South Pacific island nation of Fiji. The findings indicate that filicidal parents were overwhelmingly female, young, and of low socioeconomic background. Filicide offenses were the culmination of excessive corporal child-control strategies, unwanted pregnancy, and stresses and strains associated with severe marital disharmony. Posthomicidal suicide attempts occurred in 10% of the cases. These findings are discussed in ...


Patriarchal Family Ideology And Female Homicide Victimization In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2000

Patriarchal Family Ideology And Female Homicide Victimization In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

The article examines female homicide victimization in Fiji using an 11-year period homicide data. Scholarly interest in female homicide victimization, or femicide, has burgeoned in recent decades, as evidenced by the abundance of published material that has accumulated on the topic in the past 20 years. In the United States in the 1970s, partly in response to a perceived increase in the violent victimization of women and the gratuitous deaths emanating from such violence, feminist writers coined the term "femicide" to denote the homicide of females, to highlight the prevalence of the phenomenon, and to raise public consciousness about its ...


Child Homicide Victimization In Contemporary Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 2000

Child Homicide Victimization In Contemporary Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Offered here is an in-depth analysis of child homicides that occurred in Fiji from 1982 through 1994. Based on a comprehensive review of police homicide data and extensive interviews with key criminal justice personnel, this study sought to identify essential characteristics of homicides in children between 0 to 14 years of age. The results reveal significant convergences with published data concerning child homicides in other societies. Child homicide offenders were disproportionately female, young, biological parents, and of low socioeconomic status. The most likely victim was under five-years-old, born unwanted, or growing up in a family plagued by marital discord. The ...


Female-Perpetrated Spousal Homicides: The Case Of Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1999

Female-Perpetrated Spousal Homicides: The Case Of Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

The paucity of empirical and theoretical research on women and lethal violence has been widely noted in homicide literature. While there has been substantial growth in published research over the last fifteen years, a majority of this literature has focused on Western industrialized nations. This study examined the four cases of female-perpetrated marital homicides that occurred in Fiji during an eleven-year period. Results are consistent with previous research indicating that homicidal women kill predisposed or latent victims and kill at home. Striking differences between husband murders in Fiji and Western nations were also noted: Women who killed their conjugal partners ...


Maternal Infanticides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1999

Maternal Infanticides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

OBJECTIVE:
This essay contributes to the cross-cultural literature on childhood homicides by examining 16 infanticidal homicides that occurred in Fiji over an 11-year period. The results are compared with infanticide studies conducted in other societies.
METHOD:
Official police data recorded in a Homicide and Manslaughter register are analyzed. These are supplemented by newspaper reports of infanticides and semi-structured interviews conducted with key criminal justice and medical personnel intimately associated with infanticide cases.
RESULTS:
The findings show that most infanticide defendants were young, poor, Fijian, with little formal education, living with nonparental kin at the time of the crime. The infanticides ...


Uxoricide In Fiji: The Sociocultural Context Of Husband-Wife Killings, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1998

Uxoricide In Fiji: The Sociocultural Context Of Husband-Wife Killings, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Prior research has demonstrated a close relationship between patriarchy and female homicide victimization. This study examines this uxoricide-patriarchy connection in a non-Western society, Fiji. It is demonstrated that most cases of uxoricide among Fiji Indians emanate from husbands' attempts to enforce traditional sexual mores enshrined in a rigidly patriarchal society. The data suggest that rancorous confrontations between husbands and wives over allegations of marital infidelity were among the leading causes of spousal homicides committed by men.


Spousal Homicides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1998

Spousal Homicides In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

This study contributes to the scant extant literature on spousal homicides in non-Western societies through the analysis of 29 legally married spouse homicides that occurred in Fiji over an 11-year period. The data show that husbands are six times as likely to kill a spouse as are wives and that sexual jealousy and suspicions of infidelity are the most common precipitating factor in uxoricides. A comparison of spouse homicides of males and females reveals that female-perpetrated spouse homicides differ significantly from those of males. The relatively high uxoricide rate is consequent on the prevalence of male-perpetrated conjugal violence in the ...


Violent Encounters: A Study Of Homicide Patterns In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1995

Violent Encounters: A Study Of Homicide Patterns In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

Violent Encounters examines key aspects of homicide in Fiji society. Through the analysis of data spanning more than one decade, the author describes the major features of homicide in Fiji. Detailed descriptions of several homicide cases are provided to illustrate the complex social, cultural and economic factors that contribute to homicide patterns in the country. This book will be valuable not only to students of social science and law, but also to criminal justice professionals and lay persons who wish to enrich their understanding of the forces that lead some people to kill others.


Crime, Deviance & Delinquency In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah Dec 1994

Crime, Deviance & Delinquency In Fiji, Mensah Adinkrah

Mensah Adinkrah Ph.D.

In this first ever published book on Crime, Deviance and Delinquency in Fiji society, the author offers a rare sociological perspective on Fiji's crime problem. Crime, Deviance & Delinquency in Fiji is a collection of eight concise, thought-provoking essays that explore different dimensions of crime in Fiji. Moving from the general to the specific, the author begins with a description of the general features of crime in Fiji society. This brief and lucid chapter touches upon a number of key issues that underlie the present law and order problem in the country. This is followed by a chapter on juvenile ...