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Full-Text Articles in Criminology

Your Friends And Neighbors: Localized Economic Development And Criminal Activity, Matthew Freedman, Emily G. Owens Apr 2016

Your Friends And Neighbors: Localized Economic Development And Criminal Activity, Matthew Freedman, Emily G. Owens

Matthew Freedman

We exploit a sudden shock to demand for a subset of low-wage workers generated by the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) program in San Antonio, Texas to identify the effects of localized economic development on crime. We use a difference-in-differences methodology that takes advantage of variation in BRAC’s impact over time and across neighborhoods. We find that appropriative criminal behavior increases in neighborhoods where a fraction of residents experienced increases in earnings. This effect is driven by residents who were unlikely to be BRAC beneficiaries, implying that criminal opportunities are important in explaining patterns of crime.

Forthcoming in ...


Are You Now Or Have You Ever Been A Sociologist, Barry Krisberg Dec 2015

Are You Now Or Have You Ever Been A Sociologist, Barry Krisberg

Barry A Krisberg

No abstract provided.


Not Your Father's Police Department: Making Sense Of The New Demographics Of Law Enforcement, David Sklansky Dec 2015

Not Your Father's Police Department: Making Sense Of The New Demographics Of Law Enforcement, David Sklansky

David A Sklansky

No abstract provided.


The Criminal Law And The Luck Of The Draw, Sanford Kadish Dec 2015

The Criminal Law And The Luck Of The Draw, Sanford Kadish

Sanford Kadish

No abstract provided.


Reckless Complicity, Sanford Kadish Dec 2015

Reckless Complicity, Sanford Kadish

Sanford Kadish

No abstract provided.


Decision-Making In Criminal Defense: An Empirical Study Of Insanity Pleas And The Impact Of Doubted Client Competence, Richard Bonnie, Norman Poythress, Steven Hoge, John Monahan Dec 2015

Decision-Making In Criminal Defense: An Empirical Study Of Insanity Pleas And The Impact Of Doubted Client Competence, Richard Bonnie, Norman Poythress, Steven Hoge, John Monahan

Norman Poythress

No abstract provided.


Case Study Evaluation Of Saturation And Corridor Enforcement Patrols, Alexander Maistros, William Schneider, Rick Beverly, Brandon Stakleff Aug 2015

Case Study Evaluation Of Saturation And Corridor Enforcement Patrols, Alexander Maistros, William Schneider, Rick Beverly, Brandon Stakleff

William H. Schneider

Alcohol-related crashes in the United States have consistently accounted for roughly 30% of traffic-related fatalities in the past two decades. The combined efforts of researchers, educators, and law enforcement are needed to reduce the number of alcohol-related crashes and fatalities. Saturation patrols and corridor patrols are two tools that law enforcement agencies may use in their continued efforts. In the current economic climate, local law enforcement agencies and coalitions must operate as efficiently as possible. As a case study, this study focused on the patrol efforts of a task force dedicated to reducing operating a vehicle under the influence (OVI ...


The Effects Of Frequent Exposure To Violence And Trauma On Police Officers, Ternarian Warren Aug 2015

The Effects Of Frequent Exposure To Violence And Trauma On Police Officers, Ternarian Warren

Ternarian A Warren PhD

Police officers who maintain negative or traumatic information in long-term memory are vulnerable to mental illness, unstable emotional and behavioral responses, interpersonal problems, and impaired social relationships. The cognitive theory suggests that police officers externalize various negative or maladaptive behaviors as a result of frequent exposure to traumatic events. Researchers have found that police officers tend to either not seek mental health treatment, try to fix their own mental health problem, or if in treatment will not be forthcoming with internalized thoughts of psychological distress. The intention of this research was to examine the relationship between police officers' frequent exposure ...


Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes Jun 2015

Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes

Alexander Hayes Mr.

- From in-car video recording to body-worn video recording

- Exploring available technologies: how do they work, pros and cons

- Storing direct evidence in secure storage: factors to consider

- Citizens “shooting” back with POV tech – what are their rights?

- Crowdsourced sousveillance- harnessing public data for forensic profiling

- Police force policies and practices on the application of new media


The Criminal Justice Response To Policy Interventions: Evidence From Immigration Reform, Sarah Bohn, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens May 2015

The Criminal Justice Response To Policy Interventions: Evidence From Immigration Reform, Sarah Bohn, Matthew Freedman, Emily Owens

Matthew Freedman

Changes in the treatment of individuals by the criminal justice system following a policy intervention may bias estimates of the effects of the intervention on underlying criminal activity. We explore the importance of such changes in the context of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). Using administrative data from San Antonio, Texas, we examine variation across neighborhoods and ethnicities in police arrests and in the rate at which those arrests are prosecuted. We find that changes in police behavior around IRCA confound estimates of the effects of the policy and its restrictions on employment on criminal activity.


Reporting The Crisis: Baltimore, #Freddiegray, And The News And Social Media Reaction, Jeffrey Ross May 2015

Reporting The Crisis: Baltimore, #Freddiegray, And The News And Social Media Reaction, Jeffrey Ross

Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Is Bullying A Junior Hate Crime? Implications For Interventions, Elizabeth Englander May 2015

Is Bullying A Junior Hate Crime? Implications For Interventions, Elizabeth Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

Hate crimes and bullying behaviors among children have similarities. Both often focus on “different” individuals as preferred targets, such as those from controversial groups (e.g., homosexuals). Thus, unequal power exists between a bully and his or her victim, and this dynamic precludes the use of equal-power interventions such as mediation. A second similarity is a lack of basic respect for all persons and the subsequent justification of violence against a particular person or group. A third similarity is the predominance of these behaviors among young (juvenile) offenders. These similarities between hate crimes and bullying in children may inform bullying-prevention ...


Handling Bullying, Cyberbullying In Your Practice, Elizabeth Englander, Peter Raffalli May 2015

Handling Bullying, Cyberbullying In Your Practice, Elizabeth Englander, Peter Raffalli

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


Digital Self-Harm: Frequency, Type, Motivations, And Outcomes, Elizabeth Englander May 2015

Digital Self-Harm: Frequency, Type, Motivations, And Outcomes, Elizabeth Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

This report describes research conducted in 2011 and 2012 on 617 subjects, 10% of whom reported self-cyberbullying. The report details the frequency of self-cyberbullying in boys versus girls (17% versus 8%) and the frequency of the incidents in questions. The data also reveals some of the characteristics of self‐cyberbullies, their motivations for digital self-harm and the relative success of the tactic.


Reducing Bullying And Cyberbullying: Ten Easy Tips For Educators Can Help Prevent Bullying In Schools And Online, Elizabeth Englander, Kristin Schank May 2015

Reducing Bullying And Cyberbullying: Ten Easy Tips For Educators Can Help Prevent Bullying In Schools And Online, Elizabeth Englander, Kristin Schank

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


Addressing Bullying And Cyberbullying, Elizabeth Englander May 2015

Addressing Bullying And Cyberbullying, Elizabeth Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


Moving Violations: A Study Of Incivility And Violence Against Urban Bus Drivers In Australia, Robyn Lincoln, Adrienne Gregory Apr 2015

Moving Violations: A Study Of Incivility And Violence Against Urban Bus Drivers In Australia, Robyn Lincoln, Adrienne Gregory

Robyn Lincoln

International research suggests that transport workers are at significantly higher risk of being assaulted than those in most other job categories. For drivers of urban buses the potential for passenger violence is exacerbated because of proximity to the public, availability of cash and lack of guardianship. There is a paucity of data, however, about the prevalence, incidence and nature of assaults against drivers, which is further hampered by the claim that less than ten percent of violent incidents are reported. This article presents preliminary findings from a multi-method study conducted in southeast Queensland, Australia, into the extent of violence and ...


Marginal Structural Models: An Application To Incarceration And Marriage During Young Adulthood, Valerio Bacak, Edward Kennedy Jan 2015

Marginal Structural Models: An Application To Incarceration And Marriage During Young Adulthood, Valerio Bacak, Edward Kennedy

Edward H. Kennedy

Advanced methods for panel data analysis are commonly used in research on family life and relationships, but the fundamental issue of simultaneous time-dependent confounding and mediation has received little attention. In this article the authors introduce inverse-probability-weighted estimation of marginal structural models, an approach to causal analysis that (unlike conventional regression modeling) appropriately adjusts for confounding variables on the causal pathway linking the treatment with the outcome. They discuss the need for marginal structural models in social science research and describe their estimation in detail. Substantively, the authors contribute to the ongoing debate on the effects of incarceration on marriage ...


Interview With Dr. Peter Kraska [Video], Peter Kraska Sep 2014

Interview With Dr. Peter Kraska [Video], Peter Kraska

Peter Kraska

Dr. Peter Kraska, Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Police Studies, also coordinates the graduate program in that department. He has published numerous books and journal articles since coming to EKU in 1994. His scholarship has most recently focused on developing criminal justice theory and examining trends in crime control. He continues to pursue his interest in the blurring of U.S. military and police forces, particularly in light of recent terrorist activities. This work has been featured heavily in the media, including news pieces featuring his research in The Economist, Washington Post, New York Times, National Public ...


Attitude Structures Of Different Ethnic And Age Groups Concerning Police, Peggy Sullivan, Roger Dunham, Geoffrey Alpert Aug 2014

Attitude Structures Of Different Ethnic And Age Groups Concerning Police, Peggy Sullivan, Roger Dunham, Geoffrey Alpert

Roger G. Dunham Dr.

No abstract provided.


Policing: Continuity And Change, Geoffrey Alpert, Roger Dunham, Meghan Stroshine Jul 2014

Policing: Continuity And Change, Geoffrey Alpert, Roger Dunham, Meghan Stroshine

Meghan Stroshine

Building on the successful foundation of Policing Urban America, the authors have collaborated on this concise text to offer readers a solid overview of police work today. Policing: Continuity and Change combines theory, research, policy, and practical experience in a very readable presentation of the current context of policing. Readers can track the evolution of policing from its origins in London through possibilities for the future, as the police respond to demands for accountability and learn to utilize technology to their advantage. Discussions about recruitment, socialization, and organization delineate who the police are and what they do. The text emphasizes ...


A Comparison Of Police Processing Reports For Juvenile Graffiti Offenders: Societal Implications, Myra Taylor, Umneea Khan Apr 2014

A Comparison Of Police Processing Reports For Juvenile Graffiti Offenders: Societal Implications, Myra Taylor, Umneea Khan

Myra F Taylor

This paper reports on a Western Australian Police database investigation into gender, age and offence type differences in the processing reports recorded for 1060 juvenile graffiti offenders. The findings reveal no significant differences exist in the processing reports recorded for male and female juvenile offenders. However, the recorded offences committed by 10–12 year old preteen offenders differ significantly from those of 13–14 year old early adolescent and 15–17 year old late adolescent offenders. In light of these differences, the possibility of affording greater processing discretionary powers to Police when dealing with preteen graffiti offenders is discussed.


Hanging With The Hoodies: Towards An Understanding Of The Territorial Tagging Practices Of Prolific Graffiti Writers Seeking An Adolescent Non-Conforming Social Identity, Myra Taylor Apr 2014

Hanging With The Hoodies: Towards An Understanding Of The Territorial Tagging Practices Of Prolific Graffiti Writers Seeking An Adolescent Non-Conforming Social Identity, Myra Taylor

Myra F Taylor

Tagging, the unsolicited rendition of a graffiti writer’s street name on someone else’s property, is typically committed by adolescents aged 12-17 years seeking a deviant non-conforming social identity. While graffiti involvement places prolific writers on a trajectory towards more serious criminal offending, little is known about their tagging practices. To address this knowledge shortfall, an examination was conducted of 1,462 graffiti report forms completed by removalists prior to removing graffiti written in an inner city area of Perth, Western Australia over a three month period. Frequency distribution analysis revealed that while 759 individuals collectively wrote 2,729 ...


Parent-Child Relations And Offending During Young Adulthood, Wendy Johnson, Peggy Giordano, Wendy Manning, Monica Longmore Apr 2014

Parent-Child Relations And Offending During Young Adulthood, Wendy Johnson, Peggy Giordano, Wendy Manning, Monica Longmore

Wendy Manning

There is a long tradition of studying parent-child relationships and adolescent delinquency. However, the association between parent-child relationships and criminal offending during young adulthood is less well understood. Although the developmental tasks of young adulthood tend to focus on intimate relationships, employment, and family formation, the parent-child bond persists over the life course and likely continues to inform and shape behavior beyond adolescence. Using data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS), the influence of parental involvement on patterns of offending among respondents interviewed first as adolescents (mean age of 15 years), and later as young adults (mean age of ...


Anomie Theory, Osman Seyhan, Serdar Gul Jan 2014

Anomie Theory, Osman Seyhan, Serdar Gul

Serdar Kenan Gul

No abstract provided.


Chicago School, Serdar Gul, Osman Seyhan Dec 2013

Chicago School, Serdar Gul, Osman Seyhan

Serdar Kenan Gul

No abstract provided.


Gridland: An Allegorical Critique Of Federal Sentencing, Erik Luna Nov 2013

Gridland: An Allegorical Critique Of Federal Sentencing, Erik Luna

Erik Luna

No abstract provided.


Case Studies: A Security Science Research Methodology, Bill Bailey Mar 2013

Case Studies: A Security Science Research Methodology, Bill Bailey

Bill Bailey

As a relatively new discipline Security Science is searching for academic acceptance very often combining established hard science approaches with those of Social Science and Humanities. Methodologies need to be developed to equip the discipline to conduct more varied research. One such method is the use of the case study approach, as it allows multiple inputs from a variety of sources to build up the research into a central review, allowing conclusions and recommendations to be drawn from the data. Though relatively common in the business world for conducting reports, this has not hitherto been the position in academia The ...


Women’S Participation In A Jail-Based Treatment Program In A Large Urban Setting: A Process Evaluation, Arthur Lurigio Dec 2012

Women’S Participation In A Jail-Based Treatment Program In A Large Urban Setting: A Process Evaluation, Arthur Lurigio

Arthur J. Lurigio

No abstract provided.


Empathy And Punishment, Michelle Brown Sep 2012

Empathy And Punishment, Michelle Brown

Michelle Brown

With its foundations of injury, harm, and pain, the sociology of punishment is poised to give attention to the role of empathy at precisely those instances of social experience where human connection, understanding, and social knowing are destroyed, avoided, prohibited, or simply impossible. I explore this predicament through a specific case drawn from fieldwork in a geriatric prison, where institutional and intersubjective relations established by prison workers challenge empathic connections. The ‘graying’ of the prison population, one of mass incarceration’s unanticipated consequences, brings issues of pain, death, and dying to the fore. The majority of research to date on ...