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Mental illness

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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Perceptions Of Mental Health: Eight Conversations With Mainers From Africa, Teresa Sosa, Emelda Ogweta Apr 2019

Perceptions Of Mental Health: Eight Conversations With Mainers From Africa, Teresa Sosa, Emelda Ogweta

Thinking Matters Symposium

As of 2016, 42 million refugees from around the world had been forced to flee their homes due to war, persecution, or natural disaster (George & Jettner, 2016). Due to these factors, as well as relocation and resettlement, refugees are at a significant risk for trauma and other mental health issues (George & Jettner, 2016). While the literature consistently validates this heightened risk for mental illness in refugees, more research is needed into refugee's perspectives on mental health. Through analysis of semi-structured interviews with eight refugees from Africa, this phenomenological study investigated refugee's perceptions of mental health and mental illness ...


Increasing Clergy's Knowledge Of Mental Illness, Confidence, And Willingness To Refer, Suzan Mae Davis Merritt Jan 2019

Increasing Clergy's Knowledge Of Mental Illness, Confidence, And Willingness To Refer, Suzan Mae Davis Merritt

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Over 43 million Americans suffer from mental illness annually with 40% seeking support from clergy (Polson & Rogers, 2007) who claim to be ineffectively prepared (Farrell & Goebert, 2008). This study investigated if mental health training administered to clergy would increase their knowledge of various mental disorders, alter their opinion regarding helpful resources, grow their self-confidence to help individuals experiencing mental health issues, and increase clergy's willingness to refer out. The theoretical basis for this research was attribution theory that attempts to explain social perceptions (Mannarini & Boffo, 2013) and the struggle individuals (i.e. clergy) have regarding the causation of mental ...


Discussing Sexual Health Topics With Severely Mentally Ill Clients: An Exploration Of Social Work Practitioners’ Preparedness, Priscilla Rodriguez Jun 2018

Discussing Sexual Health Topics With Severely Mentally Ill Clients: An Exploration Of Social Work Practitioners’ Preparedness, Priscilla Rodriguez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Mental health professionals have an important role to play in assessing and addressing the needs of their clients, including those with severe mental illness. Research, however, has demonstrated a reluctance toward discussing sexual health topics with severely mentally ill clients. The purpose of this study was to explore social work practitioners’ attitudes and preparedness toward addressing the sexual health need of clients who are mentally challenged to a great extent. Under the qualitative research paradigm, this study sampled 8 licensed clinical social workers who currently work in the United States. Thematic analysis of interview data generated four major themes. First ...


Is Marketing Messing With Your Clients’ Heads? Brands, Identity, And Clinical Practice, Paul Schuster May 2018

Is Marketing Messing With Your Clients’ Heads? Brands, Identity, And Clinical Practice, Paul Schuster

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This narrative review of the literature explores current understanding of whether and how consumer brands affect clients’ constructs of self and therefore clinical mental health practice. The relevance of this question stems from the growing body of academic business and marketing literature dedicated to engineering brands into consumers’ constructs of self, and from the marketing infrastructure dedicated to engineering brands suitable for self-construction. From a social constructionist perspective, the question is additionally relevant considering how environmental factors related to constructing the self ultimately affect mental health. Systematic searches of four databases fail to find any articles addressing potential practice implications ...


Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness [English And Spanish Versions], Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh Mar 2018

Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness [English And Spanish Versions], Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Promoting mental health literacy is an effective strategy to protect the wellbeing of parents with mental illness and their children. Mental health literacy is part of health literacy; it is defined as “one’s level of understanding about mental health attitudes and conditions, as well as one’s ability to prevent, recognize, and cope with these conditions” (Jorm et al., 1997 p. 182). Mental health literacy can be developed by mental health providers discussing mental illness, recovery, and coping with parents and family members, including children. Increased mental health literacy leads to engagement in mental health promotion and (for the ...


Mental Disorders As Brain Disorders: The Impact On Stigma Of Neuroscience-Based Mental Health Education, Katherine Tighe Mar 2018

Mental Disorders As Brain Disorders: The Impact On Stigma Of Neuroscience-Based Mental Health Education, Katherine Tighe

Honors Theses

Stigmatization of mental illness is undoubtedly detrimental to those with mental health concerns as it limits employment, self-esteem and social support (Markowitz, 1998). In effort to combat the issue of stigma, previous research has evaluated the effectiveness of education as a method to reduce stigma in a college sample; finding that peer-led presentations are effective in reducing stigma (Kosyluk et al., 2016). The current study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of neuroscience-oriented presentation for reducing the stigma of mental illness among college students. Researchers asked 53 Union College students to complete seven-item Social Distance Scale (SDS; Penn et al., 1994 ...


Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, Gerardo Gonzalez Md, Lindsey Silva Rn, Msn, Susan Halpin Jan 2018

Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, Gerardo Gonzalez Md, Lindsey Silva Rn, Msn, Susan Halpin

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Learn about the non-pharmacologic components of recovery. When developing individualized treatment plans, what factors are considered? The Medical Director and the Director of Quality and Compliance for Washburn House, a new treatment facility in Worcester, Massachusetts, will share their stories of starting a new treatment facility, and the challenges of putting evidence-based practices into practical use.

Learning Objectives: Individualized Treatment and Understanding the non-pharmacologic Components that are Part of Recovery

  • Understand the rationale and treatment options for managed withdrawal of a patient with opioid use disorder
  • Understand the rationale and treatment options for Medication Assisted Treatment in a patient with ...


Is Marketing Messing With Your Clients’ Heads? Brands, Identity, And Clinical Practice, Paul Schuster Jan 2018

Is Marketing Messing With Your Clients’ Heads? Brands, Identity, And Clinical Practice, Paul Schuster

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This narrative review of the literature explores current understanding of whether and how consumer brands affect clients’ constructs of self and therefore clinical mental health practice. The relevance of this question stems from the growing body of academic business and marketing literature dedicated to engineering brands into consumers’ constructs of self, and from the marketing infrastructure dedicated to engineering brands suitable for self-construction. From a social constructionist perspective, the question is additionally relevant considering how environmental factors related to constructing the self ultimately affect mental health. Systematic searches of four databases fail to find any articles addressing potential practice implications ...


Understanding The Experience Of Early-Onset Bipolar Disorder: A Phenomenological Study Of Emerging Adults, Kristin M. Smyth Jul 2017

Understanding The Experience Of Early-Onset Bipolar Disorder: A Phenomenological Study Of Emerging Adults, Kristin M. Smyth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While early-onset bipolar disorder (EOBD) has increased in prevalence, much remains to be understood about its phenomenology. Research and treatment models remain rooted in neurobiological conceptualizations of the illness that borrow heavily from models for the traditional adult-onset form of bipolar disorder. This study utilized a transcendental phenomenological design as a first step in obtaining an understanding of the lived experience of EOBD. A purposive sample of eight participants ages 18-25 participated in semi-structured interviews that elicited information on experiences of EOBD symptomatology and course of illness, stigma, experience with healthcare and treatment, and impact on identity, interpersonal relationships, and ...


Supporting Mothers With Mental Illness: Postpartum Mental Health Service Linkage As A Matter Of Public Health And Child Welfare Policy, Jesse Krohn, Msed, Jd, Meredith Matone, Drph, Mhs Jul 2017

Supporting Mothers With Mental Illness: Postpartum Mental Health Service Linkage As A Matter Of Public Health And Child Welfare Policy, Jesse Krohn, Msed, Jd, Meredith Matone, Drph, Mhs

Journal of Law and Health

Through our work in youth advocacy as, respectively, legal and public health professionals, we are all too aware of the high levels of health care fragmentation experienced during pregnancy and postpartum by poor, young mothers of color. Meredith Matone’s research highlights the heightened risk of fragmentation for girls with histories of child welfare involvement. For example, she found that 66.7% of young mothers who had resided in out-of-home placements and who had taken antipsychotic medication prior to becoming pregnant failed to fill prescriptions for antipsychotics in their first postpartum year. Put another way, two-thirds of these vulnerable young ...


Punishment, Pathology Or Possibility: Caseworker Discretion, Mental Illness, And Welfare Sanctions, Andrew Kishel May 2017

Punishment, Pathology Or Possibility: Caseworker Discretion, Mental Illness, And Welfare Sanctions, Andrew Kishel

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This study was designed to explore the ways that caseworkers in the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) make decisions in situations of client noncompliance. The research question was: what factors impact the decision-making of MFIP caseworkers around the question of noncompliance? Ten in-person interviews were conducted, recorded, coded and analyzed. Caseworkers identified that client noncompliance can be caused by mental illness or environmental factors in clients’ lives such as lack of community capital and transportation infrastructure or domestic violence. Caseworkers also identified that client noncompliance is frequently caused by factors internal to the MFIP bureaucracy, which clients have little influence ...


Police Officers And Mental Health: The Efficacy Of Cit Training, Ian Morris May 2017

Police Officers And Mental Health: The Efficacy Of Cit Training, Ian Morris

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This study provides an analysis of the interaction between people with SPMI (Serious and Persistent Mental Illness) and police officers who have undergone CIT (Crisis Intervention Team) Training, an intervention aimed at equipping law enforcement officers with knowledge and training about mental illness. The researcher utilized an open-ended, qualitative interview research design consisting of 11 interviews, each lasting approximately 30-45 minutes. Research participants were identified via purposive sampling. Utilizing open coding, four themes were identified during this study: 1.) CIT Training challenges old and ingrained ways of thinking about police work. 2.) CIT Training teaches the importance of building rapport ...


Police Officers And Mental Health: The Efficacy Of Cit Training, Ian Morris Jan 2017

Police Officers And Mental Health: The Efficacy Of Cit Training, Ian Morris

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This study provides an analysis of the interaction between people with SPMI (Serious and Persistent Mental Illness) and police officers who have undergone CIT (Crisis Intervention Team) Training, an intervention aimed at equipping law enforcement officers with knowledge and training about mental illness. The researcher utilized an open-ended, qualitative interview research design consisting of 11 interviews, each lasting approximately 30-45 minutes. Research participants were identified via purposive sampling. Utilizing open coding, four themes were identified during this study: 1.) CIT Training challenges old and ingrained ways of thinking about police work. 2.) CIT Training teaches the importance of building rapport ...


Punishment, Pathology Or Possibility: Caseworker Discretion, Mental Illness, And Welfare Sanctions, Andrew Kishel Jan 2017

Punishment, Pathology Or Possibility: Caseworker Discretion, Mental Illness, And Welfare Sanctions, Andrew Kishel

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This study was designed to explore the ways that caseworkers in the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) make decisions in situations of client noncompliance. The research question was: what factors impact the decision-making of MFIP caseworkers around the question of noncompliance? Ten in-person interviews were conducted, recorded, coded and analyzed. Caseworkers identified that client noncompliance can be caused by mental illness or environmental factors in clients’ lives such as lack of community capital and transportation infrastructure or domestic violence. Caseworkers also identified that client noncompliance is frequently caused by factors internal to the MFIP bureaucracy, which clients have little influence ...


Interrelationships Among Medication Types And Health Characteristics In Individuals With Bipolar Disorder Receiving Integrated Health Services, Laura Pier Valle Jan 2017

Interrelationships Among Medication Types And Health Characteristics In Individuals With Bipolar Disorder Receiving Integrated Health Services, Laura Pier Valle

LSU Master's Theses

Integrated primary and behavioral healthcare (PBHC) programs are a recent development in the field of mental health. The purpose of these programs is to combat the sizeable health discrepancies among persons with serious mental illness (SMI), who suffer from more comorbidities and lower life expectancy than the general population. Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a common SMI diagnosis that is associated with a substantial health burden. Research has shown that Bipolar disorder (BPD) responds well to medication, but clients with BPD often struggle with adherence to a medication regimen. Side effects and other health-related factors are often cited by clients as ...


Young Adults In Transition: Factors That Support And Hinder Growth And Change, Mona Treadway Jan 2017

Young Adults In Transition: Factors That Support And Hinder Growth And Change, Mona Treadway

Dissertations & Theses

Young adults between 18 and 24 years of age with mental illness are significantly less likely to receive mental health services than adults in older age groups.Nationally, higher rates of depression, substance abuse, and psychiatric issues are reported in this age group.A therapeutic model referred to as young adult transition programs has emerged to better address the unique developmental challenges found in this age group.This study examined 317 critical incidents that supported or hindered young adults in a therapeutic transition program.The research design used a combination of an instrumental case study and critical incident technique (CIT ...


Alexithymia And Comparison Of Alternative Treatments To Talk Therapy For People Who Have A Mental Health Diagnosis, Rebekah Milhoan Jan 2017

Alexithymia And Comparison Of Alternative Treatments To Talk Therapy For People Who Have A Mental Health Diagnosis, Rebekah Milhoan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This research study was a quantitative, descriptive investigation of the relationship between the rate of alexithymia in the mental health population and exploring the helpfulness of alternative treatments compared to traditional talk therapy.

An online based questionnaire, using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), a Likert scale used to measure the presence of alexithymia, and an open-ended comment section, was administer anonymously to fifty-four people with a mental health diagnosis. The major areas of interest were levels of alexithymia in the mental health population and finding out about the helpfulness of alternative treatments.

Participants had higher than average scores on the ...


Quantitative Research: Social Workers’ Perceptions Of Mental Illness, Daniel Nordlund May 2016

Quantitative Research: Social Workers’ Perceptions Of Mental Illness, Daniel Nordlund

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This study examines Minnesota Licensed Social Workers’ perceptions of mental illness. The researcher developed a quantitative survey consisting of 39 questions from four pre- existing surveys, as well as the researcher’s own questions, to measure different types of stigma associated with mental illness. Three major themes were analyzed: level of education, personal experience, and professional experience, and how they related to possible stigma towards mental illness. A combination of frequency distributions, Chi Square, Pearson Correlation, and Independent T-test were utilized to answer the question: “What are social workers’ perceptions on mental illness related to stigma; and how does this ...


Improving Mental Illness Recovery Utilizing Exercise Through Assertive Community Treatment Teams, Tami Wesselink May 2016

Improving Mental Illness Recovery Utilizing Exercise Through Assertive Community Treatment Teams, Tami Wesselink

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams are designed to be an all-inclusive delivery of services to individuals with severe and persistent mental illness. The purpose of this study is to gain a greater understanding of the benefits of exercise in the recovery of individuals with mental illness receiving services from ACT teams. There are currently 26 ACT teams in the State of Minnesota. Through 11 face-to-face interviews and eight written responses to interview questions, five themes developed: (a) The Role and Influence of Team Leads on Exercise, (b) Why individuals on Assertive Community Treatment Teams are Exercising, (c) How Incentives and ...


Prevention Strategies And Mental Health In Vietnam, Edward Cohen Jan 2016

Prevention Strategies And Mental Health In Vietnam, Edward Cohen

Faculty Publications

This paper addresses the current state of mental health services in Vietnam and provides recommendations for improving the care of people with mental illness. Vietnam’s mental health problems are as prevalent as anywhere else in the world. The country has recently begun an initiative to reform mental health care by improving community-based services for people with serious mental illness. However, mental illness has not been a part of public discourse in Vietnam. There is little recognition of prevalent common mental illnesses (such as depression, anxiety and alcohol abuse) and the care of people with serious mental illnesses relies on ...


National Alliance On Mental Illness (Nami) New Orleans Helpline Analysis, Deborah Ann De La Houssaye Jan 2016

National Alliance On Mental Illness (Nami) New Orleans Helpline Analysis, Deborah Ann De La Houssaye

LSU Master's Theses

ABSTRACT This study built on prior research about helplines that focused on descriptive accounts of caller profiles (frequent callers, children callers, male/female, reason for calls, help seeking intentions/beliefs, attitudes and expectations of callers); counselor profiles (active listening skills, motivation, empathy, altruism, family peer advocates); and helpline profiles (advantages and limitations of telephone, chat rooms, emails, and texting). The intention of this study was to assess the needs of the organization in order to build a helpline that meets the needs of the clients. It assessed existing data from calls made to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI ...


Quantitative Research: Social Workers' Perceptions Of Mental Illness, Daniel Nordlund Jan 2016

Quantitative Research: Social Workers' Perceptions Of Mental Illness, Daniel Nordlund

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This study examines Minnesota Licensed Social Workers' perceptions of mental illness. The researcher developed a quantitative survey consisting of 39 questions from four pre-existing surveys, as well as the researcher's own questions, to measure different types of stigma associated with mental illness. Three major themes were analyzed: level of education, personal experience, and professional experience, and how they related to possible stigma towards mental illness. A combination of frequency distributions, Chi Square, Pearson Correlation, and Independent T-test were utilized to answer the question: "What are social workers' perceptions on mental illness related to stigma; and how does this vary ...


Improving Mental Illness Recovery Utilizing Exercise Through Assertive Community Treatment Teams, Tami Wesselink Jan 2016

Improving Mental Illness Recovery Utilizing Exercise Through Assertive Community Treatment Teams, Tami Wesselink

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams are designed to be an all-inclusive delivery of services to individuals with severe and persistent mental illness. The purpose of this study is to gain a greater understanding of the benefits of exercise in the recovery of individuals with mental illness receiving services from ACT teams. There are currently 26 ACT teams in the State of Minnesota. Through 11 face-to-face interviews and eight written responses to interview questions, five themes developed: (a) The Role and Influence of Team Leads on Exercise, (b) Why Individuals on Assertive Community Treatment Teams are Exercising, (c) How Incentives and ...


Exploring Women’S Perspectives Of Living With Mental Illness, Stigma, And Receiving Community Services, Alexa L. Stovold, Magnus Mfoafo-M'Carthy Jan 2016

Exploring Women’S Perspectives Of Living With Mental Illness, Stigma, And Receiving Community Services, Alexa L. Stovold, Magnus Mfoafo-M'Carthy

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

According to the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) (2015), one in five individuals will experience mental illness personally, which means that all Canadians will be indirectly (or directly) influenced by mental illness at some point in their life. Unfortunately, due to historical trends and negative stereotypes mental illness has become heavily stigmatized (Camp, Finlay, and Lyons, 2002; Chernomas, Clarke, and Chisholm, 2000; Link, Struening, Neese-Todd, Asmussen, and Phelan, 2001; Sands, 2009; Szeto, Luong & Dobson, 2013). Although many studies have assessed the relationship between mental illness and stigma, little research has included a gender lens when exploring these topics. Therefore, the ...


Prevention Strategies And Mental Health In Vietnam, Edward Cohen Dec 2015

Prevention Strategies And Mental Health In Vietnam, Edward Cohen

Edward Cohen

This paper addresses the current state of mental health services in Vietnam and provides recommendations for improving the care of people with mental illness. Vietnam’s mental health problems are as prevalent as anywhere else in the world. The country has recently begun an initiative to reform mental health care by improving community-based services for people with serious mental illness. However, mental illness has not been a part of public discourse in Vietnam. There is little recognition of prevalent common mental illnesses (such as depression, anxiety and alcohol abuse) and the care of people with serious mental illnesses relies on ...


Social Support: Coping And Stress Related Growth Among Adults With Mental Illness, Tara J. Reopelle May 2015

Social Support: Coping And Stress Related Growth Among Adults With Mental Illness, Tara J. Reopelle

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research study was to understand the relationship with social support and coping along with stress related growth in adults with mental illness. The research study sample involved six adults with a serious and persistent mental illness that were part of an assisted living and intentional community program. The methodology used in this research study was qualitative and semi-structured interviews. Findings included demographic information as to the age, education, and religious and/or spiritual status of the study participants. Data content analysis of the semi-structured interviews revealed themes of social support, learning from others, coping with feelings ...


The Integration Of Peer Support Specialists: A Qualitative Study, Maja B. Smedberg May 2015

The Integration Of Peer Support Specialists: A Qualitative Study, Maja B. Smedberg

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The integration of Peer Support Specialists (PSS’s) into the mental health workplace presents both a challenge and an opportunity. For this qualitative study seven Peer Support Specialists were interviewed regarding their experiences in the workplace with coworkers and supervisors, as well as the strategies they utilized to integrate into their workplace. The transcripts of these interviews were analyzed for common themes. Some participants described successes of being utilized as a resource by colleagues and treated with respect. Many participants also described incidents of stigma and prejudice in their work environment coming from coworkers and supervisors, as well as other ...


Housing Homeless Who Are Diagnosed With Mental Illness: Social Service Professionals’ Perspectives, Kayla Sprenger May 2015

Housing Homeless Who Are Diagnosed With Mental Illness: Social Service Professionals’ Perspectives, Kayla Sprenger

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Housing the homeless who are diagnosed with a mental illness has been a problem for decades, not only for the individual, but society as a whole. In this study, eight social service professionals in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area who work with homeless individuals diagnosed with a mental illness were interviewed. A qualitative approach, incorporating a semi-standardized survey was used. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. This study obtained data for the purposes of understanding the social service professionals’ perspective of how housing the homeless with a mental illness is beneficial. The survey included questions regarding changes in ...


Clinical And Criminal Justice Outcomes In The Jail Diversion And Trauma Recovery (Jdtr) Program, Daniel Harold Ringhoff Apr 2015

Clinical And Criminal Justice Outcomes In The Jail Diversion And Trauma Recovery (Jdtr) Program, Daniel Harold Ringhoff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This mixed methods study evaluated clinical and criminal justice outcomes of the Florida Jail Diversion and Trauma Recovery (JDTR) program that utilized compensated veteran peer mentors. Quantitative results showed veteran participation in JDTR improved clinical outcomes, such as PTSD symptoms, function difficulty and depression scores, but not criminal justice outcomes such as re-arrest rates. Study limitations, however, prevent the drawing of conclusions regarding the potential effectiveness of veteran peer interventions improving criminal justice outcomes. Qualitative results showed participants overwhelmingly viewed their assigned veteran peer mentor as a "peer" and rated them as "very important" to their future success. Improvements in ...


The Integration Of Peer Support Specialists: A Qualitative Study, Maja B. Smedberg Jan 2015

The Integration Of Peer Support Specialists: A Qualitative Study, Maja B. Smedberg

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

The integration of Peer Support Specialists (PSS's) into the mental health workplace presents both a challenge and an opportunity. For this qualitative study seven Peer Support Specialists were interviewed regarding their experiences in the workplace with coworkers and supervisors, as well as the strategies they utilized to integrate into their workplace. The transcripts of these interviews were analyzed for common themes. Some participants described successes of being utilized as a resource by colleagues and treated with respect. Many participants also described incidents of stigma and prejudice in their work environment coming from coworkers and supervisors, as well as other ...