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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Integrating Neuroscience Knowledge Into Social Work Education: A Case-Based Approach, Marcia Egan, Terri Combs-Orme, Susan L. Neely-Barnes Jan 2011

Integrating Neuroscience Knowledge Into Social Work Education: A Case-Based Approach, Marcia Egan, Terri Combs-Orme, Susan L. Neely-Barnes

Social Work Publications and Other Works

New knowledge from the rapidly growing field of neuroscience has important implications for our understanding of human behavior in the social environment, yet little of this knowledge has made its way into social work education. This article presents a model for integrating neuroscience into instruction on human development, the bio psychosocial model, psychopathology, and social work theory. Key concepts such as critical periods of brain development, neural plasticity, memory, cognition, and the impact of stress and trauma are discussed. Case studies and discussion questions are used to demonstrate the integration of neuroscience knowledge into social work education. We argue that ...


Anticipatory Guidance And Early Child Development: Pediatrician Advice, Unmet Needs, And Parent Behaviors, Terri Combs-Orme, B Holden, H Herrod Dec 2010

Anticipatory Guidance And Early Child Development: Pediatrician Advice, Unmet Needs, And Parent Behaviors, Terri Combs-Orme, B Holden, H Herrod

Terri Combs-Orme

Anticipatory guidance is acknowledged as an important aspect of pediatric practice, and research shows that parents expect and value the information and advice they receive from their pediatric health care providers. This study surveyed 373 parents (88% mothers) of infants in waiting rooms of diverse pediatric practices in Memphis, Tennessee, about their recall of anticipatory guidance received, unmet needs for anticipatory guidance, preferences for sources of information, and activities to promote healthy development. Most parents recalled specific guidance received (diet, communication, and discipline being the most common), and unmet needs (discipline and development being among the most common). Disadvantaged parents ...


Integrating Neuroscience Knowledge Into Social Work Education: A Case-Based Approach, Marcia Egan, Terri Combs-Orme, Susan L. Neely-Barnes Dec 2010

Integrating Neuroscience Knowledge Into Social Work Education: A Case-Based Approach, Marcia Egan, Terri Combs-Orme, Susan L. Neely-Barnes

Terri Combs-Orme

New knowledge from the rapidly growing field of neuroscience has important implications for our understanding of human behavior in the social environment, yet little of this knowledge has made its way into social work education. This article presents a model for integrating neuroscience into instruction on human development, the bio psychosocial model, psychopathology, and social work theory. Key concepts such as critical periods of brain development, neural plasticity, memory, cognition, and the impact of stress and trauma are discussed. Case studies and discussion questions are used to demonstrate the integration of neuroscience knowledge into social work education. We argue that ...


Fathers And Their Infants: Caregiving And Affection In The Modern Family, Terri Combs-Orme, Lauren Renkert Dec 2008

Fathers And Their Infants: Caregiving And Affection In The Modern Family, Terri Combs-Orme, Lauren Renkert

Terri Combs-Orme

Despite social work's expressed interest in families and belief in the importance of parents to children, social work researchers have done little to explore the importance of fathers in children's everyday lives. This is especially true for infants. Moreover, as more and more infants and children grow up in single-mother homes, step-families, and other family configurations, knowledge is needed about how these demographic trends affect parents' interactions with their young children.

This article examines men's caregiving of infants and their displays of affection in a longitudinal study of a diverse sample of infants and their mothers, using ...


Predictors Of Mothers’ Use Of Spanking With Their Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Ds Cain Dec 2007

Predictors Of Mothers’ Use Of Spanking With Their Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Ds Cain

Terri Combs-Orme

Objectives: This study describes mothers who report spanking their infants in the first 13 months of life. Methods: Two hundred forty-six (246) mothers were interviewed in the Mother-Baby Unit of a large university-affiliated hospital in a large southeastern city of the United States. Ninety-three percent (93%) of those mothers were reinterviewed in their homes when infants were 6-13 months of age. Results: Younger mothers, those who endorsed fewer alternatives to corporal punishment, and those who experienced their infants as "difficult" were significantly more likely to spank their infants. Conclusions: The findings suggest the importance of more anticipatory guidance from physicians ...


How Big Is Your World? An Examination Of Environmental Racial Composition On The Racial Identity Of African American Adolescents, John Miller, Jr, Terri Combs-Orme Dec 2007

How Big Is Your World? An Examination Of Environmental Racial Composition On The Racial Identity Of African American Adolescents, John Miller, Jr, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

Do African-American adolescents who live in a predominantly African-American community racially identify themselves differently than African-American adolescents who live in a predominantly European-American community? To determine this, the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI) was given to 101 African-American adolescents. A little more than half (5 7%) of study participants lived in a predominantly African-American community in South Carolina and the remaining 43% lived in a predominantly European-American community in Tennessee. Results indicate significant differences in racial identity attitudes between participants in SC and TN. Results also indicated that the concepts of Ideology, Regard, and Centrality that the MIBI examines ...


Resilient Parenting: Overcoming Poor Parental Bonding, W. Travis, Terri Combs-Orme Jan 2007

Resilient Parenting: Overcoming Poor Parental Bonding, W. Travis, Terri Combs-Orme

Social Work Publications and Other Works

This study identified groups of mothers with varying patterns of adaptive functioning and bonds with their own parents. These patterns were related to mothers' parenting of their own children to understand how some mothers avoid repeating the cycle of poor parenting. Data from 210 new mothers were analyzed before hospital discharge about bonding with their caregivers during childhood and six to 12 months later about adaptive functioning, life circumstances, and parenting. Latent cluster analysis identified four distinct groups of mothers with regard to parental bonds and adaptive functioning: positive-adaptive mothers (good bonding and good adaptive functioning), positive-maladaptive mothers (good bonding ...


New Mothers’ Psychological Experience And Behavioral Interactions With Their Infants In The First 12 Months, Timothy Page, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain Jan 2007

New Mothers’ Psychological Experience And Behavioral Interactions With Their Infants In The First 12 Months, Timothy Page, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain

Social Work Publications and Other Works

We examined the psychological dimensions of parents’ perceptions of their infant children and their own abilities as parents at two observation points in a racially and socio-economically diverse sample of 174 mothers. Parenting perceptions and life circumstances were hypothesized to predict interactive behavior observed in the home. Baseline assessments were conducted in hospital, within 36 hr of delivery. Follow-up assessments were conducted in their homes when the children were 6 to 12 months old. Of five major psychological constructs studied, only parents’ perceptions of children, represented particularly by empathic responsiveness and absence of role-reversal, predicted the quality of behavioral interactions ...


New Mothers’ Psychological Experience And Behavioral Interactions With Their Infants In The First 12 Months, Timothy Page, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne Cain Dec 2006

New Mothers’ Psychological Experience And Behavioral Interactions With Their Infants In The First 12 Months, Timothy Page, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne Cain

Terri Combs-Orme

We examined the psychological dimensions of parents’ perceptions of their infant children and their own abilities as parents at two observation points in a racially and socio-economically diverse sample of 174 mothers. Parenting perceptions and life circumstances were hypothesized to predict interactive behavior observed in the home. Baseline assessments were conducted in hospital, within 36 hr of delivery. Follow-up assessments were conducted in their homes when the children were 6 to 12 months old. Of five major psychological constructs studied, only parents’ perceptions of children, represented particularly by empathic responsiveness and absence of role-reversal, predicted the quality of behavioral interactions ...


Resilient Parenting: Overcoming Poor Parental Bonding, W. Travis, Terri Combs-Orme Dec 2006

Resilient Parenting: Overcoming Poor Parental Bonding, W. Travis, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

This study identified groups of mothers with varying patterns of adaptive functioning and bonds with their own parents. These patterns were related to mothers' parenting of their own children to understand how some mothers avoid repeating the cycle of poor parenting. Data from 210 new mothers were analyzed before hospital discharge about bonding with their caregivers during childhood and six to 12 months later about adaptive functioning, life circumstances, and parenting. Latent cluster analysis identified four distinct groups of mothers with regard to parental bonds and adaptive functioning: positive-adaptive mothers (good bonding and good adaptive functioning), positive-maladaptive mothers (good bonding ...


Poverty And The Daily Lives Of Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain Jan 2006

Poverty And The Daily Lives Of Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain

Social Work Publications and Other Works

It has been amply demonstrated that poor children suffer disadvantages as compared to their more advantaged peers. This paper examines important aspects of infants’ daily experiences in a southeastern city in the United States in order to illustrate differences between poor and non-poor infants. ‘‘Poor’’ infants were compared to their ‘‘non-poor’’ counterparts on the quality of parenting they received; quality of their home environments; relative health and safety; stability, structure, and predictability of their daily lives; and exposure to diverse experiences in the community. Findings reveal that poor infants are at a consistent disadvantage across all domains when compared to ...


Intertwining Of Poverty, Gender, And Race: A Critical Analysis Of Welfare News Coverage From 1993-2000, C Luther, D Kennedy, Terri Combs-Orme Dec 2005

Intertwining Of Poverty, Gender, And Race: A Critical Analysis Of Welfare News Coverage From 1993-2000, C Luther, D Kennedy, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

No abstract provided.


Poverty And The Daily Lives Of Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain Dec 2005

Poverty And The Daily Lives Of Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain

Terri Combs-Orme

It has been amply demonstrated that poor children suffer disadvantages as compared to their more advantaged peers. This paper examines important aspects of infants’ daily experiences in a southeastern city in the United States in order to illustrate differences between poor and non-poor infants. ‘‘Poor’’ infants were compared to their ‘‘non-poor’’ counterparts on the quality of parenting they received; quality of their home environments; relative health and safety; stability, structure, and predictability of their daily lives; and exposure to diverse experiences in the community. Findings reveal that poor infants are at a consistent disadvantage across all domains when compared to ...


Do Maternal Concerns At Delivery Predict Parenting Stress During Infancy?, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain, Elizabeth E. Wilson Jan 2004

Do Maternal Concerns At Delivery Predict Parenting Stress During Infancy?, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne S. Cain, Elizabeth E. Wilson

Social Work Publications and Other Works

Objective: In a previous study,we found that newmothers could andwould express concerns about their parenting, including concerns about maltreatment and poor care. In this study,we examine the utility of early maternal concerns for predicting parenting stress in the first year. Parenting stress is important because it has been shown to be related to maltreatment and poor parent-child relationships.

Method: A sample of 246 mothers were interviewed shortly after delivery in a publicly funded hospital about their parenting concerns, and 93% were reinterviewed in their homes about their parenting when the infants were 6 to 12 months old. Standardized ...


Do Maternal Concerns At Delivery Predict Parenting Stress During Infancy?, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne Cain, Elizabeth Wilson Dec 2003

Do Maternal Concerns At Delivery Predict Parenting Stress During Infancy?, Terri Combs-Orme, Daphne Cain, Elizabeth Wilson

Terri Combs-Orme

Objective: In a previous study,we found that newmothers could andwould express concerns about their parenting, including concerns about maltreatment and poor care. In this study,we examine the utility of early maternal concerns for predicting parenting stress in the first year. Parenting stress is important because it has been shown to be related to maltreatment and poor parent-child relationships.

Method: A sample of 246 mothers were interviewed shortly after delivery in a publicly funded hospital about their parenting concerns, and 93% were reinterviewed in their homes about their parenting when the infants were 6 to 12 months old. Standardized ...


Assessing Troubled Families, Terri Combs-Orme, K. Thomas Dec 1996

Assessing Troubled Families, Terri Combs-Orme, K. Thomas

Terri Combs-Orme

No abstract provided.


Health Care Utilization By Children Entering Foster Care, Terri Combs-Orme Sep 1996

Health Care Utilization By Children Entering Foster Care, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

This is a study of the referral completion status of a cohort of children entering foster care, and the ability of selected factors to explain the completion of those referrals. It was found that although the children had multiple health problems their needs continued to go unmet. Two variables that accounted for 9% of the variance in referral completion were identified. The implications of these findings are discussed and issues for additional investigations are suggested.


Assessing The Health Status Of Children Entering Foster Care, Robin Chernoff, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Risley-Curtiss, Alice Heisler Mar 1994

Assessing The Health Status Of Children Entering Foster Care, Robin Chernoff, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Risley-Curtiss, Alice Heisler

Terri Combs-Orme

Objective. Most research on health problems of children in foster care has been cross-sectional, resulting in overselection of children who have been in care long-term and underrepresentation of children who are in care for a short time.

Methodology. This paper reports on the health of a large cohort of children who had complete health examinations at the time of entry into foster care in a middle-size city during a 2-year period.

Results. Results indicate that >90% of the children had an abnormality in atleast one body system, 25% failed the vision screen, and 15% failed the hearing screen. The children ...


Predicting Birth Weight: Relative Importance Of Sociodemographic, Medical, And Prenatal Care Variables, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Rtisley-Curtiss, Ronald Taylor Dec 1993

Predicting Birth Weight: Relative Importance Of Sociodemographic, Medical, And Prenatal Care Variables, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Rtisley-Curtiss, Ronald Taylor

Social Work Publications and Other Works

This study uses the 1980 National Natality Study to examine the relative importance of sociodemographic factors, medical-risk factors, and prenatal care in predicting birth weight. Findings indicate that both sociodemographic and medical-risk factors are important in predicting birth weight, with medical risks accounting for slightly more variance (after accounting for social variables) in birth weight. Although prenatal care accounts for only 1 percent of the variance, a statistical interaction between prenatal care and labor complications accounts for an additional 1 percent.


Predicting Birth Weight: Relative Importance Of Sociodemographic, Medical, And Prenatal Care Variables, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Rtisley-Curtiss, Ronald Taylor Nov 1993

Predicting Birth Weight: Relative Importance Of Sociodemographic, Medical, And Prenatal Care Variables, Terri Combs-Orme, Christina Rtisley-Curtiss, Ronald Taylor

Terri Combs-Orme

This study uses the 1980 National Natality Study to examine the relative importance of sociodemographic factors, medical-risk factors, and prenatal care in predicting birth weight. Findings indicate that both sociodemographic and medical-risk factors are important in predicting birth weight, with medical risks accounting for slightly more variance (after accounting for social variables) in birth weight. Although prenatal care accounts for only 1 percent of the variance, a statistical interaction between prenatal care and labor complications accounts for an additional 1 percent.


Health Effects Of Adolescent Pregnancy: Implications For Social Workers, Terri Combs-Orme Jan 1993

Health Effects Of Adolescent Pregnancy: Implications For Social Workers, Terri Combs-Orme

Social Work Publications and Other Works

Adolescent pregnancy carries significant risks to the health of the pregnant adolescent and her child. These risks, which include pregnancy complications, low birth weight, and infant mortality, are due in large part to the behavior of the adolescent and her socioeconomic circumstances. Early and consistent use of health care can minimize risks by permitting the detection and management of serious problems. Human service professionals should use every opportunity to encourage good prenatal care, while keeping in mind the developmental and personal needs of the pregnant adolescent.


Loglinear Analysis In Social Work Research, Terri Combs-Orme Dec 1992

Loglinear Analysis In Social Work Research, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

Loglinear analysis is a method of statistical analysis that is used when all the variables of interest are categorical. The method has had wide use in the social sciences, but has not been used extensively in social work research. Loglinear analysis has several advantages over less appropriate methods that tend to be used frequently in social work research. Among the most important of those advantages is the capability of accounting for multicollinearity among variables; multiple bivariate tests cannot detect such relationships and may thus produce distorted and misleading results. This article explains the appropriate uses of loglinear analysis, describes briefly ...


Health Effects Of Adolescent Pregnancy: Implications For Social Workers, Terri Combs-Orme Dec 1992

Health Effects Of Adolescent Pregnancy: Implications For Social Workers, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

Adolescent pregnancy carries significant risks to the health of the pregnant adolescent and her child. These risks, which include pregnancy complications, low birth weight, and infant mortality, are due in large part to the behavior of the adolescent and her socioeconomic circumstances. Early and consistent use of health care can minimize risks by permitting the detection and management of serious problems. Human service professionals should use every opportunity to encourage good prenatal care, while keeping in mind the developmental and personal needs of the pregnant adolescent.


America's Health Care System: The Reagan Legacy, Terri Combs-Orme, B. Guyer Dec 1991

America's Health Care System: The Reagan Legacy, Terri Combs-Orme, B. Guyer

Terri Combs-Orme

No abstract provided.


Utilization Of Health Care By Foster Children: Application Of A Theoretical Model, Terri Combs-Orme, Robin Chernoff, Valarie Kager Dec 1990

Utilization Of Health Care By Foster Children: Application Of A Theoretical Model, Terri Combs-Orme, Robin Chernoff, Valarie Kager

Terri Combs-Orme

Foster children are among the unhealthiest in this nation, and their health care is grossly inadequate for their needs. This paper uses a model developed by Aday and Anderson (1975) to explore the reasons for the discrepancy between need and services in this population. The health care utilization model conceptualizes utilization to be a product of three factors: relevant health care policy; the structure of the health care system; and certain characteristics of the population, including need, enabling factors, and predisposing factors. It is demonstrated that foster children suffer disadvantages in each area that discourage their appropriate use of the ...


Reliability And Validity Of The Protective Services Questionnaire (Psq), Terri Combs-Orme, John Orme, Claude Guidry Dec 1990

Reliability And Validity Of The Protective Services Questionnaire (Psq), Terri Combs-Orme, John Orme, Claude Guidry

Terri Combs-Orme

A reliable and valid objective measure of child welfare knowledge would be a valuable contribution to child welfare practice and to the social work profession. The current article examines the reliability and validity of the Protective Services Questionnaire (PSQ), a putative measure of knowledge of child welfare. Results indicate that the measure is generally reliable, and in some respects its convergent validity is promising, but its factorial and discriminant validity are less than adequate.


Infant Mortality And Social Work: Legacy Of Success, Terri Combs-Orme Mar 1988

Infant Mortality And Social Work: Legacy Of Success, Terri Combs-Orme

Social Work Publications and Other Works

Although it is not widely known, social workers have had a substantial part in the impressive reduction in infant mortality achieved in the United States during this century. This article reviews that contribution, noting a decline in interest in infant mortality in the profession beginning in the 1950s. Recent trends are noted that seem to suggest a renewal in the profession's interest in this important subject.


Infant Mortality And Social Work: Legacy Of Success, Terri Combs-Orme Feb 1988

Infant Mortality And Social Work: Legacy Of Success, Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme

Although it is not widely known, social workers have had a substantial part in the impressive reduction in infant mortality achieved in the United States during this century. This article reviews that contribution, noting a decline in interest in infant mortality in the profession beginning in the 1950s. Recent trends are noted that seem to suggest a renewal in the profession's interest in this important subject.


The Application Of Labeling Theory To Alcoholism, Terri Combs-Orme, John Helzer, Richard Miller Dec 1987

The Application Of Labeling Theory To Alcoholism, Terri Combs-Orme, John Helzer, Richard Miller

Terri Combs-Orme

As applied to alcoholism, the labeling theory of deviance contends that being labeled by others as an alcoholic results in the acceptance of self-labels, and a self-fulfilling prophecy of alcoholic behavior. This theory was tested in a sample of treated alcoholics who varied in the numbers of alcoholic labels they acknowledged from family members and others. These alcoholics were questioned five to eight years following admission to a treatment facility to determine if they were now drinking moderately vs. abstaining or drinking heavily. The strongest predictor of all alcoholic labels was the total number of lifetime problems with alcohol; alcoholics ...


Early Hospital Discharge For Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Judith Fishbein, Cynthia Summerville Mar 1987

Early Hospital Discharge For Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants, Terri Combs-Orme, Judith Fishbein, Cynthia Summerville

Terri Combs-Orme

No abstract provided.