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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Mental Health In Diabetes Prevention And Intervention Programs In American Indian/Alaska Native Communities, Wynette Whitegoat, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Jennifer Gallagher Mar 2017

Mental Health In Diabetes Prevention And Intervention Programs In American Indian/Alaska Native Communities, Wynette Whitegoat, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Jennifer Gallagher

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

American Indian and Alaska Natives youth and adults experience higher rates of type 2 diabetes and mental health problems than the general United States population. Few studies have explored the relationship other than detail the two issues independently. The present review aims to identify programs that seek to prevent/treat type 2 diabetes and mental health disorders in the American Indian and Alaska Native population. Available programs were reviewed for AI/AN adults and youth who suffer with both. As part of the review process, databases were searched for peer reviewed published studies. It was found that very few programs ...


Impact Of The Academic-Social Context On American Indian/Alaska Native Student’S Academic Performance, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv Unegv Waya), Sheretta T. Butler-Barnes Mar 2017

Impact Of The Academic-Social Context On American Indian/Alaska Native Student’S Academic Performance, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv Unegv Waya), Sheretta T. Butler-Barnes

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

American Indian/Alaska Native students have the highest dropout rates of any racial-ethnic group. This study posits that a poor Academic-Social Context contributes to low grade point average (GPA), which in turn negatively affects AI/AN students’ persistence to graduation. The present study compares the self-reported academic performance of AI/AN undergraduate students with that of students from other ethnic backgrounds, in order to evaluate whether variation in students’ ASC and any identified medical conditions differentially affected AI/AN students. Findings suggest that AI/AN students enter college with poorer ASC and have lower GPA scores. This study points to ...


Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie Mar 2017

Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

This study investigated the oral health beliefs of Alaska Native dental patients via a questionnaire with 4-point Likert scales. Respondents (n = 136) reported high perceived importance of keeping natural teeth. Females viewed oral health as more important than males. Respondents generally did not view dentists as readily available (M = 2.86, SD = 0.66). Perceived availability and efficacy of dentists were positively correlated (r = 0.219, p = 0.021). Beliefs regarding seriousness of dental problems and importance of oral health were strongly correlated (r = 0.547, p < 0.001). Age predicted perceived seriousness of oral health problems, dentist availability, and prevention benefits. Access to dental care is perceived as a barrier among Alaska Natives generally and elders in particular. Oral health education and prevention messages should utilize the existing belief that keeping natural teeth is important. Public information about available services and transportation logistics may decrease perceived availability barriers.


American Indian/Alaskan Native College Dropout: Recommendations For Increasing Retention And Graduation, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv Unegv Waya), Sheretta T. Butler-Barnes, Carol Van Zile-Tamsen Mar 2017

American Indian/Alaskan Native College Dropout: Recommendations For Increasing Retention And Graduation, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv Unegv Waya), Sheretta T. Butler-Barnes, Carol Van Zile-Tamsen

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

Throughout the United States, the college dropout rate among American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) students in public universities is the highest compared to any other student group. Researchers have identified this problem and offered reasons for it, but few have made specific efforts to disrupt the continued dropout rates. This article identifies and discusses three recommendations to address the dropout problem from a systems, rather than individual, perspective: (1) living and learning communities, (2) social belonging intervention, and (3) self-regulated learning activities. Studied with minority students, these endeavors show promise for retaining underrepresented students, specifically AI/AN students. To ...