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2015

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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Advocacy In Action: A Framework For Implementation Of The American Counselors Association Advocacy Competencies On A Local Level, Jeffrey M. Lown Dec 2015

Advocacy In Action: A Framework For Implementation Of The American Counselors Association Advocacy Competencies On A Local Level, Jeffrey M. Lown

Educational Specialist

Despite calls from within the professional field and external forces, counselors have faced ongoing challenges in their efforts to be effective advocates for their clients and themselves. A review of the literature reveals that throughout the history of the profession, prominent figures have called on counselors to assume advocacy roles, and that some initiatives have been successful in fostering lasting change. However, as counselors and their clients’ needs continue to evolve, so too must strategies to address these needs be reevaluated and new initiatives put into place.

In this paper, I have outlined a committee structure and agenda that seeks ...


Prescription For Critical Thinking: A Discussion Of Psychotropic Medication And Counseling, Barton W. Biggs Dec 2015

Prescription For Critical Thinking: A Discussion Of Psychotropic Medication And Counseling, Barton W. Biggs

Educational Specialist

This paper examines questions about the safety and efficacy of psychotropic medication, and looks at how these questions should impact the field of counseling. The paper first looks at increasing rates of use of psychotropic medication, and establishes that nearly every clinical mental health counselor will work with clients who are taking or considering taking such medication. The paper next examines the scientific literature and establishes that there is a legitimate basis for questions to be raised about the safety and efficacy of these medications. The paper goes on to establish that there is a foundation in ethical codes and ...


The Philosophies And Practices Of Alcoholics Anonymous From A Psychodynamic Perspective, Noah Kass Dec 2015

The Philosophies And Practices Of Alcoholics Anonymous From A Psychodynamic Perspective, Noah Kass

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Although predominantly ignored in the existing literature, psychodynamic perspectives on addiction are relevant to understanding the twelve-step program known as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). This dissertation analyzes specific psychodynamic perspectives on addiction including ego psychology, object relations theory, self-psychology, and attachment theory, as well as their derivations and the philosophies and practices of AA outlined in AA literature. These literatures are integrated to inform the findings and recommendations section, justifying certain AA practices while offering recommendations to improve the overall effectiveness of AA. Findings concentrate on AA helping members transition from utilizing primitive to mature defense mechanisms; manage volatile emotions in ...


A Pilot Study Of Cross-Cultural Immersion As A Pedagogical Approach For Teaching Cultural Competence, Monica M. Murray Smith Dsw Dec 2015

A Pilot Study Of Cross-Cultural Immersion As A Pedagogical Approach For Teaching Cultural Competence, Monica M. Murray Smith Dsw

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

A PILOT STUDY OF CROSS-CULTURAL IMMERSION AS A PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH FOR TEACHING CULTURAL COMPETENCE

Problem: Cultural differences between social workers and clients impede effective helping. The CSWE requires accredited social work programs to provide effective cross-cultural learning opportunities.

Objectives: This study examined cross-cultural immersion as a pedagogical approach for cultural competence compared to the usual instructional method in terms of awareness, knowledge, and skills.

Design: Employing a quasi-experimental nonequivalent comparison group design, the study measured the effectiveness of cross-cultural immersion experiences by comparing two groups of students. The comparison group (n=6) received instruction as usual through didactic teaching methods ...


Housing Research Realities And Perceptions: A Mixed Model Study Of Quantitative Data For Sioux County, Iowa And Orange City, Iowa With Qualitative Data Collected In Orange City, Iowa, Jenna Beeson, Amber Beyer, Corryn Dahlquist, Clarissa Ipema, Dakotah Jordan, Andrew Powell, Kelcie Scarlett, Hannah Twedt, Anthony Wubben Dec 2015

Housing Research Realities And Perceptions: A Mixed Model Study Of Quantitative Data For Sioux County, Iowa And Orange City, Iowa With Qualitative Data Collected In Orange City, Iowa, Jenna Beeson, Amber Beyer, Corryn Dahlquist, Clarissa Ipema, Dakotah Jordan, Andrew Powell, Kelcie Scarlett, Hannah Twedt, Anthony Wubben

Student Projects

A mixed methods study on housing affordability, availability, and quality of rental properties and single-family home properties gathered data for Sioux County, Iowa and Orange City, Iowa. With quantitative data about Sioux County and more focused qualitative research in Orange City. Quantitative research was conducted through examining and compiling existing data. Qualitative survey research included a clustered sample and stratified random sample of homes in Orange City. The qualitative research had four major themes and three minor themes. The major themes are: Unknown Needs and Bias: Hispanic Community, (Un)Affordability, Lacking Rentals, and Lacking of Housing Awareness among Homeowners. The ...


A Comparison Of Walk-In Counselling And The Wait List Model For Delivering Counselling Services, Carol Stalker, Manuel Riemer, Cheryl-Anne Cait, Susan Horton, Jocelyn Booton, Leslie Josling, Joanna Bedggood, Margaret Zaczek Dec 2015

A Comparison Of Walk-In Counselling And The Wait List Model For Delivering Counselling Services, Carol Stalker, Manuel Riemer, Cheryl-Anne Cait, Susan Horton, Jocelyn Booton, Leslie Josling, Joanna Bedggood, Margaret Zaczek

Social Work Faculty Publications

Background: Walk-in counselling has been used to reduce wait times but there are few controlled studies to compare outcomes between walk-in and the traditional model of service delivery.

Aims: To compare change in psychological distress by clients receiving services from two models of service delivery, a walk-in counselling model and a traditional counselling model involving a wait list

Method: Mixed methods sequential explanatory design including quantitative comparison of groups with one pre-test and two follow ups, and qualitative analysis of interviews with a subsample. 524 participants 16 years and older were recruited from two Family Counselling Agencies; the General Health ...


The Female Perception Of Safety On A College Campus, Kimberly N. Miles Dec 2015

The Female Perception Of Safety On A College Campus, Kimberly N. Miles

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Previous research has shown the prevalence of females on college campuses across the nation experiencing a generalized fear of being victimized or violently assaulted while on campus. This fear is generated by the knowledge of violent crimes towards women on campus, as well as the perception alone that there are assaults happening on campus. Studies have noted that this fear held by female students can significantly affect their academic progress and overall wellbeing while at school. This study chose to examine the female students of Western Kentucky University and their personal perception of safety on college campuses comparing students who ...


Minority Stress Theory: An Examination Of Factors Surrounding Sexual Risk Behavior Among Gay And Bisexual Men Who Use Club Drugs, Michael Dentato, Perry Halkitis, John Orwat Dec 2015

Minority Stress Theory: An Examination Of Factors Surrounding Sexual Risk Behavior Among Gay And Bisexual Men Who Use Club Drugs, Michael Dentato, Perry Halkitis, John Orwat

John Orwat

Background: Few studies have examined the impact of minority stress theory (MST) upon sexual risk behavior among gay and bisexual men using club drugs. Similar studies have focused on ethnic minorities and women; however, gay and bisexual men demonstrate greater likelihood for risk behaviors leading to HIV/AIDS. Objective: This study examines sexual risk behavior from the perspective of minority stress theory upon substance-using gay and bisexual men and their partners. Methods: Multivariable logistic regression analysis examined minority stress associations with participant sexual risk behaviors, drug use, and partner type, controlling for demographics. Results: 396 gay and 54 bisexual respondents ...


Expanded School-Based Health: The Mental Health And School Connection, Dr. Jill D. Duba Dec 2015

Expanded School-Based Health: The Mental Health And School Connection, Dr. Jill D. Duba

Dr. Jill Denise Duba

Research suggests that expanded school-based mental health (ESMH) programs can offer benefits and hope for children and their families. Such programs are part of a national progressive movement involving collaborative relationships between schools and community mental health agencies. The purpose of this article is to highlight the constructs and details of ESMH programs, as well as counselor training possibilities.


Parentification, Alicia Wayne Dec 2015

Parentification, Alicia Wayne

Honors Theses

The phenomena of Parentification. Parentification is best outlined by Boszormenyi-Nagy & Spark (1973), as a family process in which children or adolescents assume adult responsibilities and/or parental roles that may be developmentally inappropriate. There has been much research done on the topic of Parentification and the effects of the psychopathology on the individual. (e.g. substance abuse, depression, self-esteem, recidivism, anxiety, etc.) Although some research has been done on birth order and/or family structure and how it correlates to parentification, no published research was found on parentification and its repercussions or ramifications for the youngest sibling(s) (i.e ...


Social Work Students Obtain Hands-On Experience At Lobby Day, Derek B. Brown Dec 2015

Social Work Students Obtain Hands-On Experience At Lobby Day, Derek B. Brown

Derek B Brown

Sacred Heart University’s Social Work Club sponsored 29 Sacred Heart students and faculty on a trip to Hartford at the end of October for Lobby Day—a statewide event that serves to educate social workers on the lobbying process. Hosted by the National Association of Social Workers – Connecticut Chapter (NASW – CT), Lobby Day was attended by some 200 students, faculty and social work professionals.


Prescription Drug Diversion: Predictors Of Illicit Acquisition And Redistribution In Three U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Shana Harris, Valentina Nikulina, Camila Gelpi-Acosta, Cory Morton, Valerie Newsome, Alana Gunn, Heidi Hoefinger, Ross Aikins, Vivian Smith, Victoria Barry, Martin J. Downing Jr. Dec 2015

Prescription Drug Diversion: Predictors Of Illicit Acquisition And Redistribution In Three U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Shana Harris, Valentina Nikulina, Camila Gelpi-Acosta, Cory Morton, Valerie Newsome, Alana Gunn, Heidi Hoefinger, Ross Aikins, Vivian Smith, Victoria Barry, Martin J. Downing Jr.

Publications and Research

Objective: Prescription drug diversion, the transfer of prescription drugs from lawful to unlawful channels for distribution or use, is a problem in the United States. Despite the pervasiveness of diversion, there are gaps in the literature regarding characteristics of individuals who participate in the illicit trade of prescription drugs. This study examines a range of predictors (e.g., demographics, prescription insurance coverage, perceived risk associated with prescription drug diversion) of membership in three distinct diverter groups: individuals who illicitly acquire prescription drugs, those who redistribute them, and those who engage in both behaviors.

Methods: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional ...


Prescription Drug Diversion: Predictors Of Illicit Acquisition And Redistribution In Three U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Alana Gunn Dec 2015

Prescription Drug Diversion: Predictors Of Illicit Acquisition And Redistribution In Three U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Alana Gunn

Alana Gunn

Objective
Prescription drug diversion, the transfer of prescription drugs from lawful to unlawful channels for distribution or use, is a problem in the United States. Despite the pervasiveness of diversion, there are gaps in the literature regarding characteristics of individuals who participate in the illicit trade of prescription drugs. This study examines a range of predictors (e.g., demographics, prescription insurance coverage, perceived risk associated with prescription drug diversion) of membership in three distinct diverter groups: individuals who illicitly acquire prescription drugs, those who redistribute them, and those who engage in both behaviors.
Methods
Data were drawn from a cross-sectional ...


Technology Paved The Road For Students In A High-School Dropout Recovery Program To An Online College Class, C. Jayne Brahler Dec 2015

Technology Paved The Road For Students In A High-School Dropout Recovery Program To An Online College Class, C. Jayne Brahler

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Although there are Federal programs that are intended to assist a wide range of people with getting a college education, the educational attainment statistics confirm that these programs are not reaching the students who are the least apt to go to college. This chapter describes how technology enabled 52 inner-city high school students, 49% of whom had cumulative high school grade point averages (GPA) that were between 1.0 and 1.9 points, to be dually enrolled in an online college class and their online high school classes. The class average for the quizzes the students completed was 88% and ...


The Effect Of U.S. University Students' Problematic Internet Use On Family Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Susan Snyder, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Matthew O. Howard Dec 2015

The Effect Of U.S. University Students' Problematic Internet Use On Family Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Susan Snyder, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

This is the first study to investigate how college students in the U.S. with problematic Internet use perceive the role the Internet plays within their families of origin. The sample included 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as excessive Internet users. Participants reported spending more than 25 hours a week on the Internet on non-school or non-work-related activities and reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. This study provides descriptive statistics from participants' completion of two problematic Internet use measures (i.e., Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale) and reports findings from four focus ...


Am I Being Bullied At Work?, Jan Kircher Dec 2015

Am I Being Bullied At Work?, Jan Kircher

Social and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Research

Challenges to identifying oneself as a target of workplace bullying are discussed. Strategies such as maintaining a log and recording events are presented as the first step to remediating workplace bullying.


An Analysis Of Programs And Services Designed To Ameliorate Intimate Partner Violence And Sexual Violence Among Women With A History Of Child Sexual Abuse, Johnnetta D. Mcswain Dec 2015

An Analysis Of Programs And Services Designed To Ameliorate Intimate Partner Violence And Sexual Violence Among Women With A History Of Child Sexual Abuse, Johnnetta D. Mcswain

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines program and services designed to ameliorate and prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) among women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) under the Violence Against Women Act and the Department of Justice Reauthorization Act, 2005. Fifty-seven (57) survey participants at the 30th National Symposium on Child Abuse Conference were selected for the study utilizing non-probability convenience sampling. The survey participants comprised of workers or volunteers in all aspects of child maltreatment. In sum, 55 (or 100%) of the participants revealed that they agreed that there is a critical need for more ...


Professor Bronwyn Cross-Denny Earns Social Work Award, Bronwyn Cross-Denny Dec 2015

Professor Bronwyn Cross-Denny Earns Social Work Award, Bronwyn Cross-Denny

Bronwyn Cross-Denny

From Wall Street to social worker, Sacred Heart University’s Bronwyn Cross-Denny’s ability to effectively teach social work research to students in an innovative way led to her winning the SAGE Publications and Council of Social Work Education (CSWE) Award for Innovative Teaching in Social Work Education this year.


Psychometric Properties Of The Centrality Of Pain Scale, Benjamin J. Morasco, Dennis C. Turk, Christina Nicolaidis Dec 2015

Psychometric Properties Of The Centrality Of Pain Scale, Benjamin J. Morasco, Dennis C. Turk, Christina Nicolaidis

Regional Research Institute

The Centrality of Pain Scale (COPS) is a recently developed patient-centered, 10-item self-report measure designed to assess how central, or dominating, in their lives individuals with chronic pain perceive pain to be. The COPS underwent initial development and validation previously; preliminary results suggested that the measure had excellent psychometric properties and that COPS scores were associated with important clinical factors. The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the COPS in a sample of individuals with mixed chronic pain diagnoses (N = 178) being treated at a U.S. Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Principal components analysis ...


Wanda And Joseph: Language Development In The Context Of Family Stress And Trauma, Isabel Jay Dec 2015

Wanda And Joseph: Language Development In The Context Of Family Stress And Trauma, Isabel Jay

Child Development Theses

Much has been written on child language development and recent years have seen a burst of research on the psychological and physiological impact of trauma and stress. This study seeks to review existing research on how family trauma influences language development, and consider existing interventions. A case study is presented of work with a mother and her language-­‐delayed child through preventive services. Interventions focused on increasing the mother’s capacity for mentalization and playful interaction with her child were found to be useful in ameliorating communication barriers and increasing the child’s social engagement.


Standing In The Intersection : Using Photovoice To Understand The Lived Experience Of Black Gay College Students Attending Predominantly White Postsecondary Institutions., Erica Caton Dec 2015

Standing In The Intersection : Using Photovoice To Understand The Lived Experience Of Black Gay College Students Attending Predominantly White Postsecondary Institutions., Erica Caton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The intersection of multiple oppressed identities is characterized by the compounded effects of victimization, intimidation and continued marginalization by dominant culture groups in society. Despite a growing body of knowledge about the individual experiences of racial and sexual minorities, there remains a lack of understanding of the unique life experiences of individuals with intersecting oppressed identities, specifically Black gay youth. Failure or inability to recognize, understand and take action in response to the needs of Black gay youth in college, perpetuates a culture of oppression that compromises the physical and mental well-being, and the academic success of these students. Engaging ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Anticipated Intimacy And Sexual Expression Needs Of Aging Male And Female Baby Boomers., Charles Shawn Oak Dec 2015

A Phenomenological Study Of Anticipated Intimacy And Sexual Expression Needs Of Aging Male And Female Baby Boomers., Charles Shawn Oak

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the phenomenon of how heterosexual Baby Boomers define and understand intimacy, sexual expression, along expectations and desires relating to their respective expressions across the lifespan through their individual experiences and reflections. A set of guiding questions were used in a hermeneutic phenomenological qualitative research design. Data was gathered from thirteen subjects (n=13) using the Rappaport Time Line (RTL) that was used to develop individualized semi-structured interviews and follow-up interviews that were professionally transcribed. These were coded to identify emergent themes. Results of the study provided insight into the phenomenon of how ...


Stigmatizing Attitudes Of The Helping Professions Toward Hiv/Aids And The Detrimental Effects Of Stigma On Individuals Living With Hiv/Aids, Lorrie Johnson Dec 2015

Stigmatizing Attitudes Of The Helping Professions Toward Hiv/Aids And The Detrimental Effects Of Stigma On Individuals Living With Hiv/Aids, Lorrie Johnson

Senior Honors Theses

This paper reviews the literature on HIV stigma categorizing and conceptualizing stigma and identifying what makes it different from other forms of stigma. It discusses the effects that stigma has on the people living with HIV and the barriers it creates to care and prevention. It reviews the attitudes of students and professionals in the helping field primarily nurses and social workers. The literature discussed in this thesis suggests factors that contribute to stigma, as well as interventions that may be successful in diminishing stigmatizing attitudes among students and helping professionals; further addressing gaps in present research about HIV stigma.


Differences In The Impact Of A Healthy Relationship Intervention On Family Cohesion, Parent-Child Relationship And Child Well-Being By Intimate Partner Violence Relationship Type., Erin E. Ness Roberts Dec 2015

Differences In The Impact Of A Healthy Relationship Intervention On Family Cohesion, Parent-Child Relationship And Child Well-Being By Intimate Partner Violence Relationship Type., Erin E. Ness Roberts

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) between the parents of children living at home has shown to have a profound effect on learning outcomes, developmental milestones, pediatric development, future mental health and overall physical safety and wellbeing (Anda, Block & Felitti, 2003). Although much research has been done on outcomes of child-witnesses and parenting in IPV relationships, some evidence suggests (Kernsmith, 2006) that the role of family dynamics among parents, as part of the IPV dynamic, is a critical variable. Other researchers (Johnson, 1995; Graham-Kevan & Archer, 2003) have theorized that violence with a high degree of controlling behaviors, often called Coercive Control Violence, only comprise some of the many incidences of IPV, and that physical violence with low or without power and control dynamics, often called Situational Violence, is more common in the general population. Although previous studies have shown (Johnson, 2006; Graham Kevan & Archer, 2003; Antle & Ness Roberts, 2012) that these two types of violence are etiologically different and have dissimilar reactions to treatment, research to date has not published the effect that controlling vs. non-controlling IPV has on family cohesion, the parent-child relationship, and child well-being, or what effect relationship education has on these outcomes within the two types of violence. This dissertation preliminarily ...


Staying Off The Megaphone And In The Movement: Cultivating Solidarity And Contesting Authority Among White Antiracist Activists, Amie Thurber, Kelley Frances Fenelon, Leah Marion Roberts Dec 2015

Staying Off The Megaphone And In The Movement: Cultivating Solidarity And Contesting Authority Among White Antiracist Activists, Amie Thurber, Kelley Frances Fenelon, Leah Marion Roberts

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

In the last two years, Black Lives Matter (BLM) emerged as a multiracial movement which foregrounds the experience, leadership, and values of Black people in the United States while suggesting distinct roles for White people to participate. Among these suggestions is the compellingly illustrative to “stay off the megaphone.” This exploratory, participatory case study traces how a group of White activists grapple with the literal and figurative megaphone in their antiracist activism. We focus on three key dimensions of engagement: content (how do White activists engage the megaphone—literally and figuratively?), subject positions (how are White activists positioning themselves within ...


Social Justice Education With Law Enforcement: Reflections From The Field, Amie Thurber Dec 2015

Social Justice Education With Law Enforcement: Reflections From The Field, Amie Thurber

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

The systemic racism embedded in and embodied by law enforcement has resulted in nationwide protests, sparking a call to action that has particular resonance and urgency for social justice educators. While the need for transformed education of police officers is critical, educators may ask: What pedagogic tools are most effective in police departments? How might educators respond to officers’ resistance to learning about inequality? And what obstacles might educators have to overcome in order to do this work? In this case study, I draw from 11 years of experience providing consulting and training to a city police department, sharing key ...


From Placement To Prison Revisited: Do Mental Health Services Disrupt The Delinquency Pipeline Among Latino, African American And Caucasian Youth In The Child Welfare System?, Antonio R. Garcia, Johanna K.P. Greeson, Minseop Kim, Allison E. Thompson, Christina Denard Nov 2015

From Placement To Prison Revisited: Do Mental Health Services Disrupt The Delinquency Pipeline Among Latino, African American And Caucasian Youth In The Child Welfare System?, Antonio R. Garcia, Johanna K.P. Greeson, Minseop Kim, Allison E. Thompson, Christina Denard

Johanna K.P. Greeson, PhD, MSS, MLSP

Racial and ethnic disparities in delinquency among child welfare-involved youth are well documented. However, less is known about the mechanisms through which these disparities occur. This study explores the extent to which sets of variables predict the occurrence of juvenile delinquency and whether race/ethnicity moderates the strength of the relationships between (1) social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) problems and delinquency and (2) mental health service use and delinquency. We used a nationally representative sample of 727 African American, Caucasian, and Latino youth between the ages of 12 and 17 who were referred to the child welfare system. Controlling for ...


The Social Organization Of South Asian Immigrant Women’S Mothering In Canada, Ferzana Chaze Nov 2015

The Social Organization Of South Asian Immigrant Women’S Mothering In Canada, Ferzana Chaze

Faculty Publications and Scholarship

This research examines the social organization of newcomer South Asian women’s mothering work. It explicates the processes that contribute to South Asian women making changes to their mothering work after immigrating to Canada despite having reservations about the same. Data for this research was collected through interviews with 20 South Asian immigrant mothers who were raising school aged children in Canada and had been in the country for less than five years. Eight key informant interviews were conducted with persons who engaged with immigrant families in their work on an ongoing basis for insights into how their work connected ...


When Traumatic Stressors Are Not Past, But Now: Psychosocial Treatment To Develop Resilience With Children And Youth Enduring Concurrent, Complex Trauma, Katherine Tyson Mccrea Professor, Deanna Guthrie, Jeffrey Bulanda Nov 2015

When Traumatic Stressors Are Not Past, But Now: Psychosocial Treatment To Develop Resilience With Children And Youth Enduring Concurrent, Complex Trauma, Katherine Tyson Mccrea Professor, Deanna Guthrie, Jeffrey Bulanda

School of Social Work: Faculty Publications and Other Works

The article discusses a project called the Empowering Counseling Program (ECP) conducted in community schools using participatory action and consumer evaluation designs. It addressed the elements of treatment theories used by mental health providers such as values, assumptions and concepts. It cites findings that clients suffering from complex trauma in under-resourced communities, unavoidably traumatized concurrently with treatment do not benefit from treatment guidelines.


Sugar For Sale: Constructions Of Intimacy In The Sugar Bowl, Emily Zimmermann Nov 2015

Sugar For Sale: Constructions Of Intimacy In The Sugar Bowl, Emily Zimmermann

Laurier Undergraduate Journal of the Arts

No abstract provided.