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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 68

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

A Differential Analysis Of Factors That Contribute To Kin Support Among Employed African Americans, Jacqueline R. Clay Dec 2005

A Differential Analysis Of Factors That Contribute To Kin Support Among Employed African Americans, Jacqueline R. Clay

Masters Theses

The study is an analysis of factors that contribute to kin support and family bonds among a sample of employed African Americans (N=188). The secondary analysis examined differential levels of kin support for female and male respondents, and assessed the comparative influence of other variables, including income level, education level, religious bonds, and family bonds. Findings pointed out that there was a clear contrast between genders in relation to strength of kin support. Female respondents demonstrated higher levels of support for close relatives (m=1.58, SD=.62), as well as stronger family bonds (F(4,153)=4.080 ...


Social And Emotional Development Of Children 0 To 36 Months In Poverty, Valentina Bopkova Aug 2005

Social And Emotional Development Of Children 0 To 36 Months In Poverty, Valentina Bopkova

Doctoral Dissertations

The study examined the effects of poverty on young children’s social and emotional development through the effects poverty has on parenting. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) was the chosen data set. Total of 148 children and their parents (primarily mothers) took part in the study, at two survey time points 1998 and 2000. The study was a reanalysis of survey data and not an original survey data collection. There were two types of regression analyses performed ("snap-shot" and motion-picture"). First each of the four crafted hypotheses was tested within one time frame, and then year 1998 was used ...


Student Reports Of Physical And Psychological Maltreatment In Schools: An Under Explored Aspect Of Student Victimization In Schools, Kathryn Suzanne Whitted Aug 2005

Student Reports Of Physical And Psychological Maltreatment In Schools: An Under Explored Aspect Of Student Victimization In Schools, Kathryn Suzanne Whitted

Doctoral Dissertations

Purpose

This study examined the extent to which students reported that adults in a school setting had mistreated them. Specifically, this study provides findings on the students’ perceptions of the extent to which they were the victims of physical maltreatment and psychological maltreatment during their school careers. The study investigated whether the types or frequency of maltreatment was related to demographic characteristics of the student (i.e., race and gender).

Methods

The sample (N = 50) was composed of students in alternative education schools in the southeastern U.S. during the 2004-2005 school year. Students reported the frequency and types of ...


From Father To Child: An Application Of The Process-Person-Context-Time Model, Lauren Ella Renkert Aug 2005

From Father To Child: An Application Of The Process-Person-Context-Time Model, Lauren Ella Renkert

Doctoral Dissertations

This study assumes several overarching goals. The first is to bring the social work profession firmly to the table in the discourse on fathering. A second goal of this study is to place the study of fathering in a theoretical framework that aptly acknowledges and accommodates the complexities of the subject. Applying Bronfenbrenner’s (1995) Process-Person-Context-Time model, a third major goal of this study is to examine more closely what fathers themselves say about fathers and fathering and the implications of their perceptions. This study utilizes a subsample of fathers from a large nationally representative data set to test and ...


The War On Drugs Is A War On African American Communities, Saundra Denise Massey Jun 2005

The War On Drugs Is A War On African American Communities, Saundra Denise Massey

Theses and Graduate Projects

The "war on drugs" and the "get tough" attitudes associated with it have resulted in disproportionate numbers of incarcerated blacks. According to a report by Human Rights Watch, nationally one in every 20 black men over the age of 18 is in a state or federal prison. In contrast, the incarceration rate for white men is one out of every 180 (Human Rights Watch, 2000).

This paper is a policy analysis examining one law that may affect incarceration rates for blacks, the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. Using the analytical model of Segal and Brzuzy, "Social Welfare Policy, Programs, and ...


Tribal Workers' Knowledge And Perspectives On The Effectiveness Of The Indian Child Welfare Act, Linda L. Strong May 2005

Tribal Workers' Knowledge And Perspectives On The Effectiveness Of The Indian Child Welfare Act, Linda L. Strong

Theses and Graduate Projects

This exploratory study surveyed tribal workers' perspectives on the effectiveness of the Indian Child Welfare Act. The purpose of this study was to gain front line perspectives from the people who work directly with the enforcement of the Indian Child Welfare Act. Do the various tribal workers involved with this study feel knowledgeable, trained, supported and most of all do they feel the Indian Child Welfare Act has been effective? If not, Why? What changes if any need to be made to ensure the effectiveness of the Indian Child Welfare Act? Questionnaires were mailed to tribal workers employed by eleven ...


A Program Evaluation Examining The Motivations Behind Student Volunteerism In Aids Walk Atlanta 2004, Alicia A. Wells May 2005

A Program Evaluation Examining The Motivations Behind Student Volunteerism In Aids Walk Atlanta 2004, Alicia A. Wells

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines the motivations of student volunteers participating in AIDS Walk Atlanta 2004. Hundreds of volunteers are needed to make AIDS Walk Atlanta 2004 a success. Volunteers participate in the AIDS walk in many different capacities. Volunteers helped with mailing, canvassing, phone banking, data entry, registration, and much more. The number one function of a volunteer is to participate in the fundraising walk-a-thon in order to raise money to benefit AIDS research, AIDS education, AIDS awareness, and AIDS patients. Motivations of volunteerism include, but are not limited to, educational/work related requirement, social support, self-fulfillment, increasing HIV/AIDS awareness ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Psychosocial Factors That Contribute To Risky Sexual Behavior Among African-American Adolescent Females, Felicia H. White May 2005

An Exploratory Study Of The Psychosocial Factors That Contribute To Risky Sexual Behavior Among African-American Adolescent Females, Felicia H. White

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines psychosocial factors that contribute to risky sexual behavior among African-American adolescent females. AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases affecting the world today and is the number one killer of African-American women between the ages of 18 and 24. HIV/AIDS prevention education has been the major outreach tool used to combat the spread of this disease. However, prevention education does not seem to be impacting this population significantly, which leaves many searching for other answers for outreach. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention on persons participating in ...


Recruitment Of The Retired Volunteer: A Needs Assessment For The Dekalb County Casa Program, Kelli Greene Wood May 2005

Recruitment Of The Retired Volunteer: A Needs Assessment For The Dekalb County Casa Program, Kelli Greene Wood

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this evaluation was to conduct a needs assessment for the DeKalb County Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) Program, which utilizes volunteers to advocate for the best interest of abused and neglected children who are in foster care. This assessment assisted the staff in developing a recruitment strategy targeting retired adults. This assessment evaluated the dependability, health and income of retired adults. For the purpose ofthis study dependability was measured by: (a) the number of hours volunteers spent on assigned cases per month, (b) the number of hearings attended and (c) the number of monthly advocacy reports that ...


An Exploratory Study: The Relationship Between Knowledge Of Hiv/Aids, Perception Of Risk, And Condom Use Among African-American Female College Students, Adriann D. Standberry May 2005

An Exploratory Study: The Relationship Between Knowledge Of Hiv/Aids, Perception Of Risk, And Condom Use Among African-American Female College Students, Adriann D. Standberry

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines knowledge and perception of risk of HIV I AIDS as it relates to condom use among African-American female college students. The terms "preventive sexual behavior" and "risky sexual behavior" are used interchangeably with the term "condom use." Perceived monogamy, intimacy and trust are discussed as barriers to condom use and, more specifically, as they relate to the contraction ofHIV/AIDS.

The predictor variable, knowledge and perception of risk of contracting HIV I AIDS, is defined as the extent to which one knows about the causes, effects, preventive methods and the extent to which one feels personal risk ...


A Program Evaluation Of The Fulton County Discharge Planning Program, Byron B. Tinsley May 2005

A Program Evaluation Of The Fulton County Discharge Planning Program, Byron B. Tinsley

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This evaluation examines the effectiveness of the Fulton County Discharge Planning Program in expediting the mentally ill defendant through the criminal justice system. The sample consists of 30 males who have been diagnosed as mentally ill and consented to jail diversion. Participants were randomly selected from a list provided from the discharge planner without demographic restrictions. Data for this study was collected using a 49-item questionnaire. The Attitude Measure Scale II (AMSII) questionnaire consists of 49 questions inquiring about the participants' beliefs about professionals, knowledge about the Fulton County Discharge Planning Program and community mental health services. Descriptive statistics were ...


An Exploratory Study: An Outcome Evaluation Of The Fulton County, (Atlanta) Georgia Casa Program, Felicia J. Tuggle May 2005

An Exploratory Study: An Outcome Evaluation Of The Fulton County, (Atlanta) Georgia Casa Program, Felicia J. Tuggle

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study evaluated the efforts of the Fulton County Court Appointed Special Advocate (FCCASA) Program and its effectiveness in permanency planning. Permanency planning refers to efforts to move children through the court system in a timely and efficient manner. Fulton county Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) volunteers collaborate with parties who have a legal interest to children involved in deprivation and neglect proceedings. The outcome of permanency is measured by the following outcome indicators: average number of months (in the past year) children in the CASA program are under court jurisdiction; percent of CASA children dismissed from court custody at ...


The Outcome Of Juvenile Court Intervention On Truancy Among Middle School Students, Valarie D. Simpson May 2005

The Outcome Of Juvenile Court Intervention On Truancy Among Middle School Students, Valarie D. Simpson

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study investigated the outcome of juvenile court intervention on truancy among middle school students. Truancy, the unauthorized non-attendance of school has been a major problem for many schools across the United States and abroad. Research supports that truancy can be linked to substance use, low academic achievement, poor school performance and violence (Cho, Hallfors, Iriani, Khatapoush, & Saxe, 2002). These factors indicate the desperate need for changes in laws and programs that affect truancy and many states have begun developing such programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of juvenile court intervention on truancy among middle ...


A Process Evaluation Of The Recovery Process Among Fulton County Family Drug Court Program Participants, Stacie T. Stoutt May 2005

A Process Evaluation Of The Recovery Process Among Fulton County Family Drug Court Program Participants, Stacie T. Stoutt

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study evaluates the Fulton County Juvenile Court's Family Drug Court Program (FDC). The program was established under an initiative to provide substance abusing mothers a chance through recovery from the disease of chemical dependence. Specifically, this evaluation examines participants' perceptions of their recovery process and implications for maintaining sobriety. Sobriety is measured by the participating mothers' perception of the interventions and sanctions provided to them during each phase of their recovery process. A sample of adult files (N=20) were drawn from the FDC program.

Demographic and other data were collected from the courts Juvenile Court Automated Tracking ...


Aggression And The Big Five Personality Factors Of Grades And Attendance, Juan J. Barthelemy May 2005

Aggression And The Big Five Personality Factors Of Grades And Attendance, Juan J. Barthelemy

Doctoral Dissertations

The focus of this study was to determine whether aggression adds incremental validity above and beyond the big five personality factors in predicting academic success. An archival data analysis was used in this study. The data \vas consisted of all of the eight grade students who were present when the data was collected in a middle school in the SoutheasteIl1 region of the United States. The students completed the Personal Style Inventory-Adolescent (PSI-A), which is a 120 item survey instrument designed to measure the big five personality factors and aggression. Results from this study indicated that aggression does in fact ...


A Criterion Validity Study Of Individuals' Reports Of Gunfire And Recorded Gunfire, Sylvia Jane Sergent May 2005

A Criterion Validity Study Of Individuals' Reports Of Gunfire And Recorded Gunfire, Sylvia Jane Sergent

Doctoral Dissertations

The focus of this study was the validation of people's reports of gunfire in two inner city neighborhoods in the Southeast. A survey design was used in which 342 people were interviewed by telephone. An ARIMA analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between people's gunfire reports and 58 days of ShotSpotter recordings. The results indicated that the percentage of residents reporting the presence of gunfire was a valid predictor of night gunfire. However, residents' reports of the actual number of gunshots did not appear valid. Reports of gunfire did not appear to have a statistically significant correlation ...


A Comparative Study Of Hiv/Aids Risk Factors Between Hiv Positive And Negative African-American Females In The Metropolitan Atlanta Area, Larry D. Williams May 2005

A Comparative Study Of Hiv/Aids Risk Factors Between Hiv Positive And Negative African-American Females In The Metropolitan Atlanta Area, Larry D. Williams

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

Due to the phenomenal increase in the number of African-American women currently affected by HIV/AIDS, and the risk factors that gave rise to this disease, indeed this situation has become a serious social problem. This comparative study seeks to examine some of these risk factors that cause HIV positive women to encounter psychological distress as compared to HTV negative women who do not have this disease. Based on the data collected from this purposive sample of 100 (50 positive, 50 negative) who live in the greater Atlanta area, significant differences between these groups were found. Personal characteristics and sources ...


Empathy And The Mssw Curriculum: Are Students’ Levels Of Empathy Influenced By The Curriculum?, Melissa Rene Routh May 2005

Empathy And The Mssw Curriculum: Are Students’ Levels Of Empathy Influenced By The Curriculum?, Melissa Rene Routh

Masters Theses

Empathy has been recognized as an important element in the helping profession, specifically within the field of social work. It has been acknowledged as an important component for promoting, restoring, maintaining, and enhancing clients’ well-being. Evaluation of empathy research has demonstrated contradictory conclusions about the impact of graduate education on students’ levels of empathy. While the social work curriculum assumes reciprocal empathic communication is an attained skill developed throughout the MSSW curriculum, little research has been conducted on the extent of empathic communication obtained through the social work curriculum. This study assessed the impact of graduate social work education on ...


An Exploration Of Self-Esteem And Racial Identity Among Children Placed In Transracial And Same-Race Foster Homes, Shanay Barrett-Hugan May 2005

An Exploration Of Self-Esteem And Racial Identity Among Children Placed In Transracial And Same-Race Foster Homes, Shanay Barrett-Hugan

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects


The number of children in foster care continues to grow. Unfortunately this increase in children is far greater than the number of foster families available. Children are being placed in homes in which the race of the foster parent is different from that of the foster child. Legislative policies have also been enacted to eliminate discrimination in foster care placement. This study is designed to explore the impact of transracial foster care on adolescent children’s racial identity and self-esteem. Three children ages 11-17, who were placed in transracial and same-race foster homes, were interviewed in order to explore whether ...


Addiction And Recovery Experiences Of African American Women: A Phenomenological Study, Patricia Diana Hill Jan 2005

Addiction And Recovery Experiences Of African American Women: A Phenomenological Study, Patricia Diana Hill

Theses and Dissertations

Historically, substance abuse research has for the most part excluded African American women. The small body of existing substance abuse research regarding African American women does not examine gender and socio-cultural issues from African American women's perspectives. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to develop a deeper, contextual understanding of the experiences and perspectives of this marginalized population of women. The major goal of the study is to examine the perspectives of African American women about their substance abuse, treatment and recovery. The knowledge gained from this research with African American women regarding their experiences and specific needs ...


The Financial Feasibility Of Marriage For Women Receiving Tanf: An Analysis Of Six States, Sally Margaret Brocksen Jan 2005

The Financial Feasibility Of Marriage For Women Receiving Tanf: An Analysis Of Six States, Sally Margaret Brocksen

Theses and Dissertations

This project employed a descriptive case study methodology guided by rational choice theory to examine the financial feasibility of marriage for low income women. By modeling the income and expenses of eight different low income family types in six states (Arizona, California, New York, Oklahoma, Virginia, and Wisconsin) this study illustrates the financial situation of various low income families. The family types under investigation include: a single parent family, a family receiving TANF, cohabiting couple with two wage earners, cohabiting couple with one wage earner, a married family with two wage earners, a married couple with one wage earner, a ...


A Study Of The Effects Of Short-Term Respite Care On Caregivers And The Relationship Between Respite Satisfaction And Social Support, Lisa San Filippo Di Matteo Jan 2005

A Study Of The Effects Of Short-Term Respite Care On Caregivers And The Relationship Between Respite Satisfaction And Social Support, Lisa San Filippo Di Matteo

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects short-term respite care had on caregivers of elderly and brain-impaired adults. The study also sought to examine the role that social support plays in determining satisfaction with respite care.


Adolescent Participation In Pregnancy Prevention Interventions, Brooke Marie Prince-Slocum Jan 2005

Adolescent Participation In Pregnancy Prevention Interventions, Brooke Marie Prince-Slocum

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of the study is to identify what types of pregnancy interventions in which adolescent females in San Bernardino have participated.


Child Welfare Professionals' Knowledge Of Identifying Factors For Alcohol And Other Drug Issues, Josefina Reyes Sauri, Michael Leslie Lau Jan 2005

Child Welfare Professionals' Knowledge Of Identifying Factors For Alcohol And Other Drug Issues, Josefina Reyes Sauri, Michael Leslie Lau

Theses Digitization Project

Using both qualitative and quantitative research designs, this study focused on the knowledge of Children Protective Services (CPS) social workers for identifying Alcohol and Other Drugs (AOD) risk factors in their clients, and the impact that these AOD issues have on the child welfare system in San Bernardino County, California.


A Qualitative Study Of Spiritual And Alternative Practices In Social Work, Alissa Carrie Wilson Jan 2005

A Qualitative Study Of Spiritual And Alternative Practices In Social Work, Alissa Carrie Wilson

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study is to more closely examine social workers who are practicing or familiar with spiritual and alternative techniques. These approaches are seen as highly relevant to social work values of cultural competency and empowerment.


Spirituality And Aging, Henry Waller Jan 2005

Spirituality And Aging, Henry Waller

Theses Digitization Project

Explores the beneficial effects and values that spirituality and religion present when addressing the elder population aged 60 and over. Also, examines the potential implications of integrating spirituality as a treatment model approach into direct social work practice and recommends possible changes for social work curriculum. Quantitative data was obtained through a convenience sampling to obtain a true representation of the population of residents in regions of San Bernardino County, California. Qualitative data was obtained through the use of open-ended questions that provided for greater validity, understanding and interpretation of spirituality and how external forces affect this population. Results indicate ...


Operation Iraqi Freedom And Mental Health Of Vietnam Veterans, Janice Lynn Moody, Ron Robinson Jan 2005

Operation Iraqi Freedom And Mental Health Of Vietnam Veterans, Janice Lynn Moody, Ron Robinson

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study was to provide a clear conceptualization of how Vietnam veterans who have previously been diagnosed with PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) respond and cope with the emotional and psychological effects presented by the present war in Iraq.


What Teachers And Probation Officers Identify As The Most Influential Risk Factors That Lead Youth To Criminal Behavior, Raymond Deion Ephriam, Antonio Castro Jan 2005

What Teachers And Probation Officers Identify As The Most Influential Risk Factors That Lead Youth To Criminal Behavior, Raymond Deion Ephriam, Antonio Castro

Theses Digitization Project

Fifty teachers and forty-five probation officers participated in this study which was designed to elicit their opinions on critical risk factors that lead youth to criminal behavior. Risk factors identified included: dropping out of school, participating in gang activity, poverty, using drugs (or just the availability of drugs), parental involvement in criminal activity, and the lack of parental supervision.


A Survey Of Social Workers' Cultural Competency: An Exploratory Study, José Luis Lujano Jan 2005

A Survey Of Social Workers' Cultural Competency: An Exploratory Study, José Luis Lujano

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study was to measure the social workers' knowledge, awareness, sensitivity, and ability to serve the population of color.


Cultural Competence Needs Of Non-Latino Foster Parents: A Study Of Transcultural Foster Care With Latino Children, Myriam Renee Aguilar, Amanda Nicole Robles Jan 2005

Cultural Competence Needs Of Non-Latino Foster Parents: A Study Of Transcultural Foster Care With Latino Children, Myriam Renee Aguilar, Amanda Nicole Robles

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study seeks to assess the cultural competency training needs of non-Latino caregivers who have Latino children in their homes.