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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Patterns Of Risk And Trajectories Of Preschool Problem Behaviors: A Person-Oriented Analysis Of Attachment In Context, Thomas E. Keller, Susan J. Spieker, Lewayne D. Gilchrist Dec 2005

Patterns Of Risk And Trajectories Of Preschool Problem Behaviors: A Person-Oriented Analysis Of Attachment In Context, Thomas E. Keller, Susan J. Spieker, Lewayne D. Gilchrist

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

A small proportion of children exhibit extreme and persistent conduct problems through childhood. The present study employed the multiple-domain model of Greenberg and colleagues as the framework for person-oriented analyses examining whether parents' child attachment combines with parenting, family ecology, and child characteristics in particular configurations of risk that are linked to this problematic developmental pathway. Using prospective data from a community sample of adolescent mothers and their children, latent variable growth mixture modeling identified a normative trajectory with declining problem behaviors during the preschool period. Consistent with research on early-starter pathways, a distinct group of children featured a higher ...


Men As Caregivers At The End Of Life, Erik K. Fromme, Linda L. Drach, Susan W. Tolle, Patricia Ebert, Pamela Miller, Nancy Perrin, Virginia P. Tilden Dec 2005

Men As Caregivers At The End Of Life, Erik K. Fromme, Linda L. Drach, Susan W. Tolle, Patricia Ebert, Pamela Miller, Nancy Perrin, Virginia P. Tilden

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Few studies have focused on men as caregivers at the end-of-life. The objective of this secondary data analysis was to examine the experiences of men involved in end-oflife caregiving, focusing on caregiver strain.

Methods: We used a random sample of Oregon death certificates to telephone survey family caregivers of Oregonians who had died 2 to 5 months earlier in private homes, nursing homes, and other community-based settings. Measurements included single-item indicators and embedded scales to measure caregiver strain and perceived decedent symptom distress. For the 25 husbands, sons, wives, and daughters who reported the highest levels of strain, we ...


Health Care Workers' Expectations And Empathy Toward Patients In Abusive Relationships, Christina Nicolaidis, Maryann Curry, Martha Gerrity May 2005

Health Care Workers' Expectations And Empathy Toward Patients In Abusive Relationships, Christina Nicolaidis, Maryann Curry, Martha Gerrity

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Purpose: To understand attitudes that may affect health care workers' ability to provide appropriate long-term care for patients who stay with abusive partners. Methods: We surveyed 278 health care workers in 31 primary care practices before their participation in an educational intervention. Results: More than half of participants (51% to 60%) found it easy to empathize with a patient who decided to remain in an abusive relationship if the patient was described as poor or disabled, but few (25% to 39%) could empathize if the patient was described as educated or financially secure. A majority (57% to 59%) agreed with ...


Management Of Menopause-Related Symptoms, Heidi D. Nelson, Elizabeth M. Haney, Laura Humphrey, Jill Miller, Anne Nedrow, Christina Nicolaidis, Kimberly K. Vesco, Miranda Walker, Christina Bougatsos, Peggy Nygren Mar 2005

Management Of Menopause-Related Symptoms, Heidi D. Nelson, Elizabeth M. Haney, Laura Humphrey, Jill Miller, Anne Nedrow, Christina Nicolaidis, Kimberly K. Vesco, Miranda Walker, Christina Bougatsos, Peggy Nygren

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Although many measures have been developed to assess menopausal symptoms, few demonstrate standardization, validity, or reliability. Some measures are based on self-reports of the presence, severity, and frequency of individual symptoms, such as hot flashes. Others utilize cumulative or global scores based on lists or scales of symptoms attributed to menopause, such as mood, cognition, quality of life, sexual function, and somatic symptoms. Many studies base their measures on study-specific checklists, questionnaires, or scales. Ninety-two measures of menopausal symptoms were reported by studies included in this evidence review. This systematic evidence review focuses on five Key Questions relating to symptoms ...


Adolescents Growing Up In Stressful Environments, Dual Diagnosis, And Sources Of Success, Albert R. Roberts, Kevin Corcoran Feb 2005

Adolescents Growing Up In Stressful Environments, Dual Diagnosis, And Sources Of Success, Albert R. Roberts, Kevin Corcoran

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article considers the social and psychological challenges to youth in contemporary society. The authors examine the variety of social impediments that face youths in most of our social institutions, from schools and the juvenile justice system to the family. They underscore the need for prevention, health promotion, and comprehensive assessment. Further, they assert that ‘‘dual diagnosis’’ needs to be considered not as a ‘‘special population’’ but as the typical or common experience of at-risk youths once they are diagnosed at mental health centers or juvenile justice reception and diagnostic centers. They conclude that ...


The Oregon Mental Health Referral Checklists: Concept Mapping The Mental Health Needs Of Youth In The Juvenile Justice System, Kevin Corcoran Feb 2005

The Oregon Mental Health Referral Checklists: Concept Mapping The Mental Health Needs Of Youth In The Juvenile Justice System, Kevin Corcoran

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article summarizes the development of checklists to identify the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system. With concept mapping as its base, a 31-item checklist was developed in three parallel forms and assessed on three samples: youth in a locked correctional facility and parents and juvenile justice professionals of adjudicate youth who were sentenced to community service. The instruments appear to have acceptable to very good internal consistency and moderate to strong coefficients of equivalence. Total symptoms were associated with internal and external problems for youth, suggestions from a trusted friend that one might have a ...


The Impact Of Domestic Violence On Depression In Teen Mothers: Is The Fear Or Threat Of Violence Sufficient?, Barbara Mary Sussex, Kevin Corcoran Feb 2005

The Impact Of Domestic Violence On Depression In Teen Mothers: Is The Fear Or Threat Of Violence Sufficient?, Barbara Mary Sussex, Kevin Corcoran

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to assess whether the fear or threat of intimate partner violence (IPV) impacted depression and peer support among a population of pregnant and parenting female adolescents, and whether cessation made a difference. The sample consisted of 286 teen mothers participating in a substance abuse prevention intervention. Data were self-report assessed at 6-month intervals from entry through 18 months. IPV was defined by a report of avoidance of another within the past 6 months out of fear or threat of violence and was also assessed for those aged 18 and older with measures from the ...


Work-Life Integration For Families Having Children With Mental Health Disorders, Eileen M. Brennan, Julie M. Rosenzweig, Barbara J. Friesen Jan 2005

Work-Life Integration For Families Having Children With Mental Health Disorders, Eileen M. Brennan, Julie M. Rosenzweig, Barbara J. Friesen

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

PDF version of a presentation given at the 37th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology, Stockholm, Sweden, July 2005.


Families In Context: Work-Life Integration Experiences Of Parents Of Children With Mental Health Disabilities, Julie M. Rosenzweig, Jennifer R. Bradley, Katherine J. Huffstutter, Eileen M. Brennan Jan 2005

Families In Context: Work-Life Integration Experiences Of Parents Of Children With Mental Health Disabilities, Julie M. Rosenzweig, Jennifer R. Bradley, Katherine J. Huffstutter, Eileen M. Brennan

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

PDF version of a presentation given at the Community, Work and Family Conference, Manchester, UK, March 2005.


Midwest Evaluation Of The Adult Functioning Of Former Foster Youth: Outcomes At Age 19, Mark E. Courtney, Amy Lynn Dworsky, Gretchen Ruth, Thomas E. Keller, Judy Havlicek, Noel S. Bost Jan 2005

Midwest Evaluation Of The Adult Functioning Of Former Foster Youth: Outcomes At Age 19, Mark E. Courtney, Amy Lynn Dworsky, Gretchen Ruth, Thomas E. Keller, Judy Havlicek, Noel S. Bost

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth (Midwest Study) is a longitudinal study that has been following a sample of young people from Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois as they transition out of foster care into adulthood. It is a collaborative effort involving Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago; the University of Wisconsin Survey Center; and the public child welfare agencies in Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin. This report concentrates on the outcomes of 19 year old youth as they "age out" of the child welfare system and transition to adulthood.


Participation In The Paid Labor Force By Caregivers Of Children With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, Eileen M. Brennan, Ana Maria Brannan Jan 2005

Participation In The Paid Labor Force By Caregivers Of Children With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, Eileen M. Brennan, Ana Maria Brannan

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

We explored the relationship between school-age children's emotional and behavioral symptoms and workforce participation of their family caregivers using structural equation modeling. Secondary analysis of data from the national evaluation of the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and Their Families Program was performed with a subsample of 2,585 caregivers. Findings from structural equation modeling indicated that higher levels of internalizing and externalizing symptoms were significant predictors of more frequent school absences, less adequate childcare, and greater caregiver strain related to missing work. In turn, more adequate childcare and greater caregiver strain from missed work were associated ...


Lessons About Recruiting Primary Care Practices To Domestic Violence Trainings, Jim Winkle, Christina Nicolaidis Jan 2005

Lessons About Recruiting Primary Care Practices To Domestic Violence Trainings, Jim Winkle, Christina Nicolaidis

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

A few studies have evaluated continuing medical education programs on domestic violence, but they have generally used convenience samples and have not provided information regarding their recruitment strategies or the proportion of eligible providers that attended the interventions. (Davis, Kaups, Campbell, & Parks, 2000; Haney, Kachur, & Zabar, 2003; McCauley, Jenckes, & McNutt, 2003) In one study that did provide such information, investigators faxed invitations to 1887 physicians, of which only 121 (6%) responded that they were interested despite a $50-$100 incentive to participate in a short on-line program with free Continuing Medical Education (CME) credits (Harris, Kutob, Surprenant, Maiuro, & Delate, 2002). We attempted to recruit ...