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2005

Medicine and Health Sciences

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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Quality Of Life And Stress Factors For Veterinary Medical Students, Elizabeth Strand, T.L. Zaparanick, James Brace Jul 2012

Quality Of Life And Stress Factors For Veterinary Medical Students, Elizabeth Strand, T.L. Zaparanick, James Brace

James J Brace

Psychological distress has been shown to affect the academic success, health, emotional well-being, and dropout rates of medical students. Although it can be assumed that stress has similar effects on veterinary students, there is a paucity of research pertaining to the psychological stressors and coping strategies of this group. This article focuses on selected non-academic areas (as identified through a survey of currently enrolled students) that can create significant stressors for veterinary students. Also assessed and discussed here are poor coping strategies (e.g., substance abuse) and gender differences in perceived stressors and coping strategies that emerged from the survey ...


Practice Issues In Hiv/Aids Services. Ronald J. Mancoske And James Donald Smith (Eds.). Reviewed By Vijayan K. Pillay., Vijayan K. Pillai Dec 2005

Practice Issues In Hiv/Aids Services. Ronald J. Mancoske And James Donald Smith (Eds.). Reviewed By Vijayan K. Pillay., Vijayan K. Pillai

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review Ronald J. Mancoske and James Donald Smith (Eds.), Practice Issues in HIV/AIDS Services. Binghamton, NY, 2004. $39.95 hardcover, $24.95 papercover.


The Roles Of Buddhist Temples In The Treatment Of Hiv/Aids In Thailand, Tomoko Kubotani, David Engstrom Dec 2005

The Roles Of Buddhist Temples In The Treatment Of Hiv/Aids In Thailand, Tomoko Kubotani, David Engstrom

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Although efforts are being made to decrease the number of new HIV infections in Thailand, less support is give to the growing population that is already affected by the disease. This qualitative study explores the roles of Buddhist temples in the treatment of AIDS in Thailand, specifically the perspectives of both Buddhist monks and persons who are living with AIDS on HIVIAIDS and the care provided at the temples. Three major themes were derived from the interviews: (1) temple as a last choice; (2) temple as a support group; and (3) the role of Buddhism and monks at the temple.


Intimate Partner Violence And Disabilities Among Women Attending Family Practice Clinics, Ann L. Coker, Paige H. Smith, Mary Kay Fadden Nov 2005

Intimate Partner Violence And Disabilities Among Women Attending Family Practice Clinics, Ann L. Coker, Paige H. Smith, Mary Kay Fadden

CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles

Purpose: To estimate the frequency and type of disabilities preventing work among those experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) compared with those never experiencing IPV.

Methods: We used a large cross-sectional survey of women, ages 18–65, attending family practice clinics from 1997 through 1998. Participation included a 5–10-minute in-clinic survey assessing IPV experience and a longer telephone survey assessing health status and chronic disabilities that prevented work outside the home or housework.

Results: Of 1,152 eligible women surveyed, 54% experienced some type of IPV, and 24% were currently in a violent relationship. Women who had ever experienced IPV ...


Book Review 5 Confidence: How Winning Streaks And Losing Streaks Begin And End By Rosabeth Moss Kanter, William C. Mcpeck Jul 2005

Book Review 5 Confidence: How Winning Streaks And Losing Streaks Begin And End By Rosabeth Moss Kanter, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of Confidence: How Winning Streaks and Losing Streaks Begin and End by Rosabeth Moss Kanter and published by Crown Business in 2004.


Book Review 4 Leadership And Self Deception: Getting Out Of The Box, William C. Mcpeck May 2005

Book Review 4 Leadership And Self Deception: Getting Out Of The Box, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of Leadership and Self Deception: Getting Out of the Box by the Arbinger Institute and published by Berrett-Koehler Publishers in 2002.


Validation Of The Caregiving At Life’S End Questionnaire, Jennifer R. Salmon, Jung Kwak, Kimberly D. Acquaviva, Kathleen A. Egan, Katherine E. Brandt May 2005

Validation Of The Caregiving At Life’S End Questionnaire, Jennifer R. Salmon, Jung Kwak, Kimberly D. Acquaviva, Kathleen A. Egan, Katherine E. Brandt

Kimberly D. Acquaviva, PhD, MSW

The researchers in this study developed and validated a questionnaire to measure the needs of end-of-life (EOL) caregivers. The model is used to facilitate meaningful and supportive experiences for both the patient and caregiver. The questionnaire was developed using existing scales of meaning, self acceptance, burden, and gain as well as new scales of caregiver comfort, importance of caregiving tasks, and caregiver closure. The sample included 34 current and 17 bereaved caregivers affiliated with The Hospice Institute of the Florida Suncoast. The scales performed well in terms of concurrent validity, internal consistency, and reliability.


Principles Of Clinical Practice With Older Men, Lenard W. Kaye, Jennifer A. Crittenden Mar 2005

Principles Of Clinical Practice With Older Men, Lenard W. Kaye, Jennifer A. Crittenden

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Older men are much less likely to be aware of community services available to them and they are less likely to utilize services generally. This underutilization is affected by the way in which social services are organized and how practitioners function within them. Since there are greater numbers of elderly women and women utilize services more readily, practice tends to be female-centered. It is important that gender-sensitive intervention processes are established that recognize the unique experiences and concerns of older men in order to better serve them. The uniqueness of men's experiences with such issues as loss of a ...


Viagra: Medical Technology Constructing Aging Masculinity, Gregory Gross, Robert Blundo Mar 2005

Viagra: Medical Technology Constructing Aging Masculinity, Gregory Gross, Robert Blundo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Medicalization and commodification of the body through technology in the form of Viagra and other erectile dysfunction drugs is reinforcing the cultural expectations that ageing men are required to age well to maintain youthful masculinity. Ageing well is explored as it relates the construction of masculinity, sexuality and ageing men's bodies.


Transformative Aspects Of Caregiving At Life's End, Jennifer Salmon, Jung Kwak, Kimberly D. Acquaviva, Katherine Brandt, Kathleen Egan Feb 2005

Transformative Aspects Of Caregiving At Life's End, Jennifer Salmon, Jung Kwak, Kimberly D. Acquaviva, Katherine Brandt, Kathleen Egan

Kimberly D. Acquaviva, PhD, MSW

We do not know to what extent the needs of caregivers involved with patients at the end of life are being met by care providers and whether caregiving at life’s end can be a positive experience. We used the Hospice Experience Model of Care as a framework for understanding the effect of transformative tasks on caregiving at life’s end. We compared current and bereaved caregivers and then, holding background characteristics constant, tested the independent effects of three transformative mediators: self-acceptance, meaning, and closure, as well as comfort with caregiving on several stressors when explaining differences in caregiver burden ...


Book Review 3 What Is Lean Six Sigma By Michael L. George, William C. Mcpeck Jan 2005

Book Review 3 What Is Lean Six Sigma By Michael L. George, William C. Mcpeck

William C. McPeck

This is my personal review of What is Lean Six Sigma by Michael L. George and published by McGraw-Hill in 2003.


Restorative Justice Dialogue: The Impact Of Mediation And Conferencing On Juvenile Recidivism, William Bradshaw, David J. Roseborough Jan 2005

Restorative Justice Dialogue: The Impact Of Mediation And Conferencing On Juvenile Recidivism, William Bradshaw, David J. Roseborough

Social Work Faculty Publications

This is the first meta-analysis that examined the effectiveness of the two most prominent restorative justice dialogue programs in reducing juvenile recidivism. The use of meta-analytic methods provides a useful means for summarizing diverse research findings across restorative justice studies and synthesizing these findings in an objective manner. The use of an effect size is an easily interpreted way of assessing the strength of an intervention effect.


School Social Workers’ Evaluation Of Group Work Practices, Kendra J. Garrett Jan 2005

School Social Workers’ Evaluation Of Group Work Practices, Kendra J. Garrett

Social Work Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: An Effectiveness Study, David J. Roseborough Jan 2005

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: An Effectiveness Study, David J. Roseborough

Social Work Faculty Publications

Objective: Both the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the American Psychological Association (APA) have called upon psychodynamic practitioners to start demonstrating their psychotherapy outcomes. This effectiveness study attempted to begin to answer these calls. Method: The study was a secondary data analysis of existing data from a psychodynamic mental health clinic. It used a single group, within subjects longitudinal design. The psychometrically validated “Outcome Questionnaire” (OQ 45.2) was used as a measure of change. A linear mixed and random effects model was used to analyze the data. The aims of this study were: (1) to look at ...


Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


Evaluation Of The Family Nurturing Program: The Family Education Component Of The Riverside County Dependency Recovery Drug Court Program, Lila Massoumi Samady Jan 2005

Evaluation Of The Family Nurturing Program: The Family Education Component Of The Riverside County Dependency Recovery Drug Court Program, Lila Massoumi Samady

Theses Digitization Project

This project assesses the need for evaluating the Family Nurturing Program for its effectiveness with the Riverside County Dependency Recovery Drug Court (DRDC) participants and their children.


An Exploration Into The Clinical Usefulness Of The Reciprocal And Avoidant Attachment Questionnaires In The Treatment Of Survivors Of Childhood Abuse, Maxine Dawn Barbour Jan 2005

An Exploration Into The Clinical Usefulness Of The Reciprocal And Avoidant Attachment Questionnaires In The Treatment Of Survivors Of Childhood Abuse, Maxine Dawn Barbour

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Secondary analyses were conducted on quantitative and qualitative data from a sample of survivors of childhood abuse (n = 208), enrolled in an in-patient trauma treatment program, to examine the clinical usefulness of the Reciprocal Attachment Questionnaire (RAQ) and the Avoidant Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ), (West & Sheldon-Keller, 1994) for this population. Participants who identified an attachment figure completed the RAQ and those who failed to identity an attachment figure completed the AAQ. The relationship between data derived from the attachment measures, and the outcome measures, perceived social support, abuse and demographic variables were examined. Although the RAQ and the AAQ can be ...


Levels Of Social Intimacy Among Women In Substance Abuse Treatment, Jean Emiko Ishihara Jan 2005

Levels Of Social Intimacy Among Women In Substance Abuse Treatment, Jean Emiko Ishihara

Theses Digitization Project

This study found that women in substance abuse treatment have higher levels of social intimacy than women with no history of substance abuse (treatment). Other factors examined in relation to level of intimacy were: type and number of substances used, length of use, length of treatment, participation in mental health treatment, substance abuse in the home when the subject was a child, and a history of the subject being a survivor of abuse.


Quality Of Life And Stress Factors For Veterinary Medical Students, Elizabeth Strand, T.L. Zaparanick, James Brace Dec 2004

Quality Of Life And Stress Factors For Veterinary Medical Students, Elizabeth Strand, T.L. Zaparanick, James Brace

Elizabeth Strand, PhD, LCSW

Psychological distress has been shown to affect the academic success, health, emotional well-being, and dropout rates of medical students. Although it can be assumed that stress has similar effects on veterinary students, there is a paucity of research pertaining to the psychological stressors and coping strategies of this group. This article focuses on selected non-academic areas (as identified through a survey of currently enrolled students) that can create significant stressors for veterinary students. Also assessed and discussed here are poor coping strategies (e.g., substance abuse) and gender differences in perceived stressors and coping strategies that emerged from the survey ...


Battered Women’S Concern For Pets: A Closer Look, Elizabeth Strand, C.A. Faver Dec 2004

Battered Women’S Concern For Pets: A Closer Look, Elizabeth Strand, C.A. Faver

Elizabeth Strand, PhD, LCSW

A brief narrative description of the journal article, document, or resource. Building on the foundation of previous research about battered women's experiences with animal abuse, this study takes a closer look at: (1) the factors associated with battered women's concern for their pets and (2) decision making associated with this concern. Quantitative survey data of in-shelter domestic violence victims as well as qualitative interview data relating a domestic violence worker's experiences with pet-owning battered women are reported. Study results include: (1) a small proportion of battered women are prompted to leave abusive relationships because of concern for ...