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2004

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Institution
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Articles 31 - 60 of 241

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Shap'n & Shak'n Institutions Of Color, Peter Szto Nov 2004

Shap'n & Shak'n Institutions Of Color, Peter Szto

Social Work Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of institutional racism for higher education. The paper outlines a critique of the race construct as a strategy to advance campus diversity and multicultural learning. The critique provides conceptual clarity and organizing strategies to advance antiracism within institutions.


Toward A National Research Agenda On Violence Against Women: Continuing The Dialogue On Research And Practice [Part One], Carol E. Jordan Nov 2004

Toward A National Research Agenda On Violence Against Women: Continuing The Dialogue On Research And Practice [Part One], Carol E. Jordan

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

No abstract provided.


Risk Assessments: Empirically Supported Or Values Driven?, Scott Ryan, Debra Wiles, Scottye Cash, Carl Siebert Oct 2004

Risk Assessments: Empirically Supported Or Values Driven?, Scott Ryan, Debra Wiles, Scottye Cash, Carl Siebert

Carl Siebert

Most states utilize some form of a child risk assessment to assist child protection professionals in determining whether or not abuse has occurred. However, there is disagreement in the field on which model of instrument formulation is most appropriate: actuarial, consensus based or blended; thus, no uniform standards exist. In this qualitative study, concept mapping provided the framework for child protection researchers and professionals to identify items they believed should be included in a child welfare risk assessment. These items were then grouped together under six separate headings, an instrument was generated, and participants were asked to rate each item ...


Bridges And Barriers To Housing For Chronically Homeless Street Dwellers: The Effects Of Medical And Substance Abuse Services On Housing Attainment, Tatjana Meschede Oct 2004

Bridges And Barriers To Housing For Chronically Homeless Street Dwellers: The Effects Of Medical And Substance Abuse Services On Housing Attainment, Tatjana Meschede

Center for Social Policy Publications

In the winter of 1998/99, after the deaths of 16 homeless people in the streets of Boston attracted wide attention by the media, the Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH), Dr. Howard Koh, convened a group of I stakeholders serving the homeless street population. The goal of this MDPH Homeless Taskforce was to reduce the number of homeless people dying on the streets as well as to improve service delivery to those homeless individuals most at risk of dying. A wide range of individuals serving or encountering the homeless street population, including homeless outreach teams, law ...


Psychodynamic Perspectives On Relationship: Implications Of New Findings From Human Attachment And The Neurosciences For Social Work Education, Jerrold R. Brandell, Shoshana Ringel Oct 2004

Psychodynamic Perspectives On Relationship: Implications Of New Findings From Human Attachment And The Neurosciences For Social Work Education, Jerrold R. Brandell, Shoshana Ringel

Social Work Faculty Publications

In this article, the historical significance of the therapeutic relationship in social casework theory and practice is discussed and elaborated on in relation to contemporary psychodynamic theories and constructs, such as the therapeutic alliance, the holding relationship, and selfobject theory. The significant contributions of investigators in such diverse fields as infant attachment, neurobiology, and feminist theory are then discussed in relation to these psychoanalytic ideas. Based in part upon recent research being conducted in such fields, a more central role is proposed for psychodynamic conceptions of relationship in the education of social work clinicians.


Answering The Earthquake, Thomas G. Plante Oct 2004

Answering The Earthquake, Thomas G. Plante

Psychology

During the past several years, the American Catholic Church has suffered an enormous earthquake due to the child sexual abuse crisis that was initially reported on .January 6, 2002 hy the Boston Globe Spotlight Team. Although the sexual abuse of children by priests had been in the news many times before, the recent case in Boston 14 Conversations resulted in perhaps the largest earthquake ever in the American Catholic Church. While the epicenter of the quake was centered in Boston, there were many significant aftershocks felt across the land. Sadly, .Jesuits and .Jesuit universities were not immune from the recent ...


Developing A Professional Image For Social Work: Role Of Marketing, J. Beck, Monica Nandan Sep 2004

Developing A Professional Image For Social Work: Role Of Marketing, J. Beck, Monica Nandan

Monica Nandan

No abstract provided.


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...


The Importance Of Care Irrespective Of Cure: The Daily Living Realities And The Service Experiences Of Families With Children With Complex Mental Health Problems, Nick Coady Sep 2004

The Importance Of Care Irrespective Of Cure: The Daily Living Realities And The Service Experiences Of Families With Children With Complex Mental Health Problems, Nick Coady

Partnerships for Children and Families Project

This report summarizes the results of in-depth interviews conducted in the Summer of 2001 with parents from 12 families that had children who were or had been involved with an intensive, community-based service for children with complex mental health problems. This study had a dual focus: (a) to learn about the daily living realities of families with children who have complex mental health problems, and (b) to learn about families’ experiences with the mental health service. Qualitative analysis of the interviews yielded themes pertaining to each of these two areas of focus. The themes related to daily living realities paint ...


Losing The "Eyes In The Back Of Our Heads": Social Service Skills, Lean Caring, And Violence, Donna Baines Sep 2004

Losing The "Eyes In The Back Of Our Heads": Social Service Skills, Lean Caring, And Violence, Donna Baines

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Violence in the social services work place in general, and the developmental services in particular,h as increased in the last several years. Findingsf rom an ethnographic study suggests that new, lean forms of work organization remove opportunities to use or learn many of the tacit or practice skills workers previously used to keep themselves and their clients safer in the work place. This article describes many of these skills and the new management schemes that remove the possibility to develop or transmit these praxis skills. The article concludes by analyzing the convergence between the new labour processes and the ...


What Mothers Want: Welfare Reform And Maternal Desire, Patricia K. Jennings Sep 2004

What Mothers Want: Welfare Reform And Maternal Desire, Patricia K. Jennings

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In this study I use participant observations,face-to-face interviews, and focus group interviews to examine how women on welfare read and negotiate culture-of-poverty discourse and the imagery that this discourse spawns. I spoke with two groups of young single mothers receiving welfare. The first group included young mothers between the ages of 18 and 23 who were attending high school in a community-based program that served women on welfare. The second group included mothers in their early to mid 20's who were attending either a local two-year college or research university. Education was a path of resistance for the ...


Evaluation In Child And Family Services: Comparative Client And Program Perspectives. Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio And Cinzia Canali (Eds.). Reviewed By Victor Groza., Victor Groza Sep 2004

Evaluation In Child And Family Services: Comparative Client And Program Perspectives. Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio And Cinzia Canali (Eds.). Reviewed By Victor Groza., Victor Groza

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio and Cinzia Canali (Eds), Evaluation in Child and Family Services: Comparative Client and Program Perspectives. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 2003. $49.95 hardcover, $24.95 papercover.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 3 (September 2004) Sep 2004

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 3 (September 2004)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • PRESIDENTS, PROFITS, PRODUCTIVITY, & POVERTY: A GREAT DIVIDE BETWEEN THE PRE- AND POST-REAGAN U.S. ECONOMY? - Richard K. Caputo
  • LOSING THE "EYES IN THE BACK OF OUR HEADS": SOCIAL SERVICE SKILLS, LEAN CARING, AND VIOLENCE - Donna Baines
  • THE DECLINE OF THE PUBLIC INTELLECTUAL IN SOCIAL WORK - Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez
  • INFORMAL CARE-TWO-TIERED CARE? THE WORK OF FAMILY MEMBERS AND FRIENDS IN HOSPITALS AND CANCER CENTRES - Christina Sinding
  • ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF SINGLE MOTHERS: WORK FIRST OR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION? - Min Zhan, Shanta Pandey
  • WHAT MOTHERS WANT: WELFARE REFORM AND MATERNAL DESIRE - Patricia K. Jennings
  • SUPPORTIVE COMMUNITIES, AN OPTIMUM ...


Remaking America's School Systems: Now Separate And Unequal. Milton Schwebel., Andrea Anderson Sep 2004

Remaking America's School Systems: Now Separate And Unequal. Milton Schwebel., Andrea Anderson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Milton Schwebel, Remaking America's School Systems: Now Separate and Unequal. Lanham. MD: Scarecrow Press, 2003. $39.95 hardcover, $29.95 papercover.


Review Of Welfare: A Documentary History Of U.S. Policy And Politics, Edited By Gwendolyn Mink And Rickie Solinger, Sanford F. Schram Sep 2004

Review Of Welfare: A Documentary History Of U.S. Policy And Politics, Edited By Gwendolyn Mink And Rickie Solinger, Sanford F. Schram

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Presidents, Profits, Productivity, & Poverty: A Great Divide Between The Pre- & Post-Reagan U.S. Economy?, Richard K. Caputo Sep 2004

Presidents, Profits, Productivity, & Poverty: A Great Divide Between The Pre- & Post-Reagan U.S. Economy?, Richard K. Caputo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper examined profits, productivity, and poverty in the United States from 1961 through 2002. Results indicated that the "great divide" thesis regarding the U.S. economy before and after the Reagan administration depends on which measure of the economy is the focus of attention. In addition, on some measures where before and after differences were detected, the nature of those differences was paradoxical. Corporate profits as a share of national income, for example, were highest in Democratic rather than Republican administrations and despite the increased income inequality of the post-Reagan years, individual and family poverty rates remained relatively constant ...


The Decline Of The Public Intellectual In Social Work, Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez Sep 2004

The Decline Of The Public Intellectual In Social Work, Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article examines reasons for social work's abandonment of public discourse, activism and intellectual life. It also explores strategies to encourage the profession to reenter public life and develop a modern cadre of social work identified public intellectuals. Specifically, this process entails professional and academic reform and a renewed vision around the social justice mission of social work.


Informal Care-Two-Tiered Care? The Work Of Family Members And Friends In Hospitals And Cancer Centres, Christina Sinding Sep 2004

Informal Care-Two-Tiered Care? The Work Of Family Members And Friends In Hospitals And Cancer Centres, Christina Sinding

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In a qualitative study conducted in Ontario, Canada, family members and friends of ill people defined a normal territory in which care from health professionals could not be counted on to be timely, effective or empathic. Under these conditions relatives and friends took on considerable responsibility, both for providing care and for securing care from health professionals. Yet considerable variation was apparent in this study in the sense respondents had of their own capacities to provide and secure care. Findings from this study suggest that service tiers exist in the institutional care system, linked to the time, knowledge and resources ...


Economic Well-Being Of Single Mothers: Work First Or Postsecondary Education?, Min Zhan, Shanta Pandey Sep 2004

Economic Well-Being Of Single Mothers: Work First Or Postsecondary Education?, Min Zhan, Shanta Pandey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article investigates the relationship between single mothers' education and their economic well-being. Through the analysis of the 1993 Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) data, we examine the effect of education on a sample of White and African American single mothers. The results indicate that past work experience is a weak predictor of current economic well-being. Having education, particularly postsecondary education, on the other hand, significantly improves their economic status. The results challenge the "work-first" approach to alleviating poverty and provide more support for designing policies to develop human capital.


Supportive Communities, An Optimum Arrangement For The Older Population?, Miriam Billig Sep 2004

Supportive Communities, An Optimum Arrangement For The Older Population?, Miriam Billig

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The preference of older people to stay in their own natural environment requires a reassessment of the approach in dealing with this population group. This exploratory study examines a program conducted in Israel called the "Supportive Community", that provides an emergency call service and other essential services at the homes of older people. A case study was performed in two such supportive communities. Interviews conducted with those who operate the programs and with its members seem to indicate that supportive communities provide a satisfactory solution to the needs of older people who continue to live in their natural environment. Many ...


Self-Help Group Participation And Empowerment In Hong Kong, Bong-Ho Mok Sep 2004

Self-Help Group Participation And Empowerment In Hong Kong, Bong-Ho Mok

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper reports on the first comprehensive study of self-help groups in Hong Kong. Initial findings from the quantative and qualitative data suggest that self-help group participation has an impact on intrapersonal, interpersonal and community/political empowerment. Based on existing data, this study has resulted in the development of a hypothetical model encompassing the interrelationships among self-help group participation, social support, social learning, leadership and empowerment, for testing in future research.


Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life In The New World Order. David Ranney. Reviewed By Robert L. Boyd., Robert L. Boyd Sep 2004

Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life In The New World Order. David Ranney. Reviewed By Robert L. Boyd., Robert L. Boyd

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of David Ranney, Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life in the New World Order. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003. $69.50 paperback.


The Color Of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology And Fair Lending Enforcement. Stephen L. Ross And John Yinger. Reviewed By Howard Jacob Karger., Howard Jacob Karger Sep 2004

The Color Of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology And Fair Lending Enforcement. Stephen L. Ross And John Yinger. Reviewed By Howard Jacob Karger., Howard Jacob Karger

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Stephen L. Ross and John Yinger, The Color of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology and Fair Lending Enforcement. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. $39.95 hardcover.


Men Who Believe In Feminism. Amanda Goldrick Jones. Reviewed By Cheryl A. Hyde., Cheryl A. Hyde Sep 2004

Men Who Believe In Feminism. Amanda Goldrick Jones. Reviewed By Cheryl A. Hyde., Cheryl A. Hyde

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Amanda Goldrick Jones, Men Who Believe in Feminism. Westport, CT: Praegar, 2003. $64.95 hardcover.


Social Work And Human Rights: A Foundation For Policy And Practice. Elizabeth Reichert. Reviewed By Mel Gray., Mel Gray Sep 2004

Social Work And Human Rights: A Foundation For Policy And Practice. Elizabeth Reichert. Reviewed By Mel Gray., Mel Gray

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Elisabeth Reichert, Social Work and Human Rights: A Foundation for Policy and Practice. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. $49.50 hardcover, $24.50 papercover.


Social Identities Across The Life Course. Jenny Hockey And Alison James. Reviewed By Marvin D. Feit., Marvin D. Feit Sep 2004

Social Identities Across The Life Course. Jenny Hockey And Alison James. Reviewed By Marvin D. Feit., Marvin D. Feit

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Jenny Hockey and Alison James, Social Identities across the Life Course. New York: Pagrave Macmillan, 2003. $75 hardcover, $24.95 papercover.


Protecting Participants And Facilitating Social And Behavioral Sciences Research. Constance F Citro, Daniel R. Iglen And Cora B. Marrett (Eds.)., Ed Cohen Sep 2004

Protecting Participants And Facilitating Social And Behavioral Sciences Research. Constance F Citro, Daniel R. Iglen And Cora B. Marrett (Eds.)., Ed Cohen

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book book note for Constance F. Citro, Daniel R. Iglen and Cora B. Marrett (Eds.), Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2003. $39.00 papercover.


The Commercialization Of Intimate Life: Notes From Home And Work. Arlie Russel Hochschild., James Midgley Sep 2004

The Commercialization Of Intimate Life: Notes From Home And Work. Arlie Russel Hochschild., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Arlie Russel Hochschild, The Commerialization of Intimate Life: Notes from Home and Work. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003. $19.95 papercover.


Diversity Perspectives For Social Work Practice. Joseph Anderson And Robin Wiggins Carter (Ed.)., Rose Barreto Sep 2004

Diversity Perspectives For Social Work Practice. Joseph Anderson And Robin Wiggins Carter (Ed.)., Rose Barreto

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Joseph Anderson and Robin Wiggins Carter (Ed.), Diversity Perspectives for Social Work Practice. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2003. $42.67 papercover.


Charitable Choices: Religion, Race And Poverty In The Post-Welfare Era. John P. Bartkowski And Helen Regis., James Midgley Sep 2004

Charitable Choices: Religion, Race And Poverty In The Post-Welfare Era. John P. Bartkowski And Helen Regis., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for John P. Bartkowski and Helen Regis, Charitable Choices: Religion, Race and Poverty in the Post- Welfare Era. New York: New York University Press, 2003. $69.00 hardcover, $19.00 papercover.