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2004

Theses/Dissertations

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 74

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Hollman V Cisneros: The Hollman Consent Decree, A Policy Analysis, David C. Broberg Dec 2004

Hollman V Cisneros: The Hollman Consent Decree, A Policy Analysis, David C. Broberg

Theses and Graduate Projects

The Hollman Consent Decree was the negotiated settlement in 1995 of a class action lawsuit, Hollman v Cisneros, filed in the fourth district federal judicial court in 1992 by the Legal Aid Society of Minneapolis and the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, alleging racial discrimination by the City of Minneapolis and its public housing authority.

Despite the decrees call for the relocation of the public housing residents of the four north-side housing projects to areas of lower race and poverty concentrations, the majority of families relocated to other neighborhoods on the north side ...


Heeding The Voices-Through Learning To Heal: An Application Of Single And Double Loop Learning In A Case Study Of Past Experience, Antoinette Mary Baldwin Nov 2004

Heeding The Voices-Through Learning To Heal: An Application Of Single And Double Loop Learning In A Case Study Of Past Experience, Antoinette Mary Baldwin

Theses

This thesis responds to the current climate of inquiry and complaint around past practice in the work of religious, charitable and service based organisations. It does not attempt to deal with issues of abuse or of illegal or unlawful practice but rather proposes an alternative approach to inquiry into past practice. In focussing on the learnings for one organisation whose practice was under inquiry the study presents a response that is life giving, growth promoting and the first step to healing and reconciliation. In June 1998 the Honourable Faye Lo Po', MP instructed that the Standing Committee on Social Issues ...


Social Work Burnout And Supportive Supervision, Kathryn J. Jarl Aug 2004

Social Work Burnout And Supportive Supervision, Kathryn J. Jarl

Theses and Graduate Projects

It is widely agreed that social work has an emotional and stressful load that can lead to social worker burnout. Burnout needs to be clearly defined and the different variables causing stress leading to burnout need to be fully understood in order to implement appropriate preventative strategies. Burnout is defined as the emotional depletion felt from a continuous drain on one's personal reserves. Burnout has three different components: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. The findings suggest that the type of supervision has an impact on social worker burnout. Supervision is divided into its three functions: administrative ...


Assessing Cultural Receptivity In Fostering: Scale Development And Validation, Tanya M. Coakley Aug 2004

Assessing Cultural Receptivity In Fostering: Scale Development And Validation, Tanya M. Coakley

Doctoral Dissertations

A shortage of foster parents of diverse cultures coupled with the problem of an overrepresentation of children of minority cultures in the child welfare system has resulted in a dire need to place children in families that do not share cultures (i.e., transcultural placements). Children in foster and adoptive placements suffer the loss of their birth families and are at risk for losing knowledge about their past generations (Deberry, Scarr, & Weinberg, 1996; Thoburn, Norford, & Rashid, 2000). Children in transcultural placements are further at-risk for consequent loss of their cultural heritages. Therefore, it is imperative for transcultural foster parents to promote positively and enhance children’s cultural identities and help them remain connected with their cultures. It also is crucial for minority children to learn survival skills to live in a society that can be intolerant, indifferent, or hostile towards cultural diversity (McRoy, 1994; Vonk, 2001; Zuniga, 1991).

This dissertation examines how prospective foster parents are prepared to understand the necessary cultural activities involved in transcultural parenting. It also addresses the ...


Truancy And The Georgia Compulsory School Attendance Law., Jill Forniss Jul 2004

Truancy And The Georgia Compulsory School Attendance Law., Jill Forniss

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

Truancy has become a major problem for many schools in the United States. Many states have adopted truancy laws and programs to help combat this growing problem. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of two interventions used to address attendance problems and to assess their effectiveness among elementary school truants. The sample population was taken from the System Administration Student Information (SASI) report of three elementary schools in the Atlanta Public School System. SASI reports from the 2002-2003 school year were compared to the SASI report of the 2003-2004 school year. The hypothesis that notifying parents ...


The Quest For Housing, Leslie Moore Jul 2004

The Quest For Housing, Leslie Moore

Theses and Graduate Projects

What are the factors that affect the ability of a person with serious and persistent mental illness to maintain stable housing? People with serious and persistent mental illness face many challenges to find and/or maintain stable housing. Interviews were conducted with 12 individuals with serious and persistent mental illness. Structured individual interviews concentrated on each participant's ability to find housing, how the participant found current and past housing (past two years), if he or she was assisted in the process, and identified any difficulties encountered while seeking housing. A second aspect of the study focused on the challenges ...


Evaluation Of A Court-Ordered Divorce Education Program In A Suburban Minnesota County, Solveig Erickson Jun 2004

Evaluation Of A Court-Ordered Divorce Education Program In A Suburban Minnesota County, Solveig Erickson

Theses and Graduate Projects

Minnesota requires divorcing parents to attend education programs that increase their awareness of relevant laws and court processes, the effects of divorce on children and the importance of communication skills in divorce. The purpose of this program evaluation was to explore participants' reactions to the court-ordered divorce education classes in a suburban Minnesota county. A systematic random sample of 70 exit surveys collected in 1999 was selected for the second class, focusing on needs of children in a divorce, in a series of three classes that comprise the program. The survey questions focused on what participants found most helpful, what ...


Recipes For Reform: Americanization And Foodways In Chicago Settlement Houses, 1890-1920, Stephanie J. Jass Jun 2004

Recipes For Reform: Americanization And Foodways In Chicago Settlement Houses, 1890-1920, Stephanie J. Jass

Dissertations

During the late nineteenth century as tens of thousands of immigrants flooded American cities, public debate among reformers--who tended to be middle-class, white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants--began to center on the best ways to assimilate these foreigners into American society. Although some Americanization groups stressed language and citizenship training, two major reform movements focused on foodways as an important tool of assimilation.

This dissertation examines how both the home economics and settlement house movements attempted to Americanize ethnic food practices. It describes why reformers saw foodways as a viable and meaningful avenue for reform, as well as the varied responses that reformers ...


A Descriptive Study Of The Effect Of Sex Education On The Attitudes Of Young People As It Relates To Teen Pregnancy, Stephanie Yvette Thomas May 2004

A Descriptive Study Of The Effect Of Sex Education On The Attitudes Of Young People As It Relates To Teen Pregnancy, Stephanie Yvette Thomas

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The United States has more than doubled the teenage pregnancy rate of any western industrialized country, with more than a million teenagers becoming pregnant each year. There is no adequate sex education targeting teenagers in public schools which, this researcher has found, leads to a high teenage pregnancy rate. In this study, 33 teenagers from ages 12 through 18 were asked their opinion on sex, teen pregnancy, and sex education. Literature on teen pregnancy and sex education was reviewed to investigate the research question and the subsequent methodology. The issue of sex education and some case studies were presented in ...


An Exploratory Descriptive Study Of Social Support Systems And Barriers To Success Rates Among Homeless And Former Homeless Black Males With Substance Abuse Issues, James B. Stone May 2004

An Exploratory Descriptive Study Of Social Support Systems And Barriers To Success Rates Among Homeless And Former Homeless Black Males With Substance Abuse Issues, James B. Stone

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines the difference between chronic homeless black men with substance abuse issues and former homeless black men who have transitioned into successful independent living.

An exploratory descriptive study was conducted at Jefferson Place Emergency and Transitional Housing. The study used a variation of the Young Adult Social Support Inventory measurement instruments to gather data for the purpose of measuring the strength of different support systems looking at 3 major variables, church, family, and the 12-step community.

The researcher found that using the Pearson Chi square test there was a significance of .978 for church, .535 for family, and ...


A Descriptive Study On The Effects Of Adventure-Based Counseling And The Enhancement Of Coping Skills For At-Risk Youth, Matthew Taylor May 2004

A Descriptive Study On The Effects Of Adventure-Based Counseling And The Enhancement Of Coping Skills For At-Risk Youth, Matthew Taylor

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines the effects of adventure-based counseling on the enhancement of coping skills of at-risk youth. Adventure-based counseling is an innovative form of therapy designed to enhance the coping skills of at-risk youth receiving treatment at residential facilities. This unique form of therapy is a burgeoning alternative to traditional forms of therapy. It places patients in a group setting (supervised by a counselor), for the purpose of attaining a specific goal through interaction with group members. Adventure-based counseling, a form of experiential learning, has not been widely adopted by facilities seeking to provide treatment services to youth diagnosed with ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Humor Advantage: Clinicians Self-Report On Use Of Humor In Therapy, Crystal D. Williams May 2004

An Exploratory Study Of The Humor Advantage: Clinicians Self-Report On Use Of Humor In Therapy, Crystal D. Williams

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study explored social workers’ use of humor with clients in therapy. The main objective of this study was to ascertain whether clinicians initiate humor in therapy. If, indeed humor was initiated, why, to what extent and how facilitative is the clinician’s use of humor in regards to the working-relationship, which includes the therapeutic process. This study adopted Lazarus’s Cognitive Appraisal Theory in order to determine if the use of humor aids the client in the appraisal process. The sample included 11 members from the National Association of Black Social Workers and 19 members from the Clinical Social ...


A Program Evaluation Of The Georgia Justice Project's Employment Assistance Program, Shaheedah Sharif May 2004

A Program Evaluation Of The Georgia Justice Project's Employment Assistance Program, Shaheedah Sharif

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This evaluation examines the Georgia Justice Project's (GJP) employment program. GJP has been assisting its clients since 1986. GJP is an unlikely mix of lawyers, social workers, and a landscaping company. The Georgia Justice Project defends people accused of crimes and, win or lose, they stand by their clients while they rebuild their lives. GJP's mission is to ensure justice for the indigent criminally accused and to take a holistic approach to assisting them in establishing crime-free lives as productive citizens. GJP's goal is to have a positive impact on the lives of individual clients and their ...


An Exploratory Study Of Multicultural Curriculum And Instruction, Bettyjean Roberson-Weser May 2004

An Exploratory Study Of Multicultural Curriculum And Instruction, Bettyjean Roberson-Weser

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines whether or not student teachers are prepared to work with students from diverse populations. Teachers' perceptions of culture-related identities and their manifestations in the classroom are relevant to school achievement in students. Teachers understanding of students from various cultural backgrounds can provide a caring an supportive learning environment that will more than likely promote the students cultural identity and encourage high academic performance. However, teachers misunderstandings of and reactions to students' cultural behavior can lead to school and social failure.

A predominantly white college located in Atlanta, Georgia, provided the sample of 35 student teachers. Each participant ...


A Program Evaluation Of The Dekalb Alternative Program On The Personal Advancement Of Students, Kristin N. Robinson May 2004

A Program Evaluation Of The Dekalb Alternative Program On The Personal Advancement Of Students, Kristin N. Robinson

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This evaluation examines the effectiveness of the DeKalb Alternative School Program as it relates to increasing the personal growth of the students. The sample consists of 31 faculty of the DeKalb Alternative School who work directly with the students. For the purpose of this evaluation, the effectiveness of the program in advancing personal growth in students was measured by the perceptions of the teachers who work with them daily in the school environment. The evaluation measures faculty perceptions of student growth by using a questionnaire consisting of both open and close-ended questions. Descriptive statistical analysis is used to summarize the ...


An Examination Of The Psychometric Properties Of The Casey Foster Applicant Inventory – Worker Version (Cfai-W), Gary S. Cuddeback May 2004

An Examination Of The Psychometric Properties Of The Casey Foster Applicant Inventory – Worker Version (Cfai-W), Gary S. Cuddeback

Doctoral Dissertations

Foster family applicants form the pool from which caregivers are selected for the day-to-day care of the many vulnerable children placed in foster care, but limited research exists concerning the reliability and validity of standardized measures for assessing the potential of foster family applicants to provide successful foster care. This dissertation examines the psychometric properties of the Casey Foster Applicant Inventory – Worker Version (CFAI-W), a paper and pencil tool designed to assess the strengths and training and service needs of family foster care applicants.

Retrospective data were collected from 208 foster care workers who had at least one year of ...


Frame Analysis Of The Living Wage Campaign And Social Work Implications, Katherine Ann Mcclernon-Chaffin May 2004

Frame Analysis Of The Living Wage Campaign And Social Work Implications, Katherine Ann Mcclernon-Chaffin

Masters Theses

The general aim of this study was to examine the living age movement and how frame alignment fits into social work practice. This research was developed from a limited empirical and theoretical base surrounding the living wage as a social movement. Frame alignment is becoming a tool that more and more people should know how to use. Frame alignment has been a key component in propelling social movements into society in order to effect change. This research is an examination of frame alignment, specifically the living wage movement and how it fits into effective social work practice.

The data were ...


Spirituality And Self-Efficacy In Counseling And Social Work Trainees, Pam J. Matthews May 2004

Spirituality And Self-Efficacy In Counseling And Social Work Trainees, Pam J. Matthews

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships of the counseling/social work trainee spirituality and religion/spirituality awareness to trainee self-efficacy in counseling clients with religious/spiritual issues or backgrounds. In addition, the study explored the influence of demographic variables on spirituality, religion/spirituality awareness, and self-efficacy including: (a) religious/spiritual affiliation (Christian, Non-Christian), (b) ethnicity (Caucasian, Non-Caucasian), (c) training/accreditation program affiliation, (d) gender, and (e) age.


The Relationship Between Religious Programs And Peer Relationships Of Adults With Mental Retardation, Cecilia D. Beasley Apr 2004

The Relationship Between Religious Programs And Peer Relationships Of Adults With Mental Retardation, Cecilia D. Beasley

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

This research was intended to look at the relationship between attendance at religious programs on the peer relationships and spirituality of adults with mental retardation. The literature reviews the benefits of spirituality for all individuals, the characteristics of individuals with mental retardation, and the influences of peer relationships. Fifty-nine surveys about the individual's spiritual development, happiness, peer relationships and criminality as well as the importance of religious functions were completed by adults with and without mental retardation. The results indicate that attendance at religious activities does in fact impact spirituality and peer relationships of individuals with mental retardation. They ...


Bullying: What Is It, Who Is Involved And Why Should We Care?, Jeffrey A. Schoeberl Apr 2004

Bullying: What Is It, Who Is Involved And Why Should We Care?, Jeffrey A. Schoeberl

Theses and Graduate Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact that bullying has had on 5th at one suburban school. Using a self-administered survey on a population of 55 students (n = 55), approximately 17% of students report being the victim of a bully and nearly 8% report bullying others. Over 7 percent of subjects reported missing a day of school or avoiding other parts of the school for fear of encountering a bully. In addition, victimized students reported substantially more fear in the school environment than non-victimized students. This study suggests that a substantial proportion of students in our schools ...


Low Self-Esteem As It Relates To Anxiety And Depression, Joel B. Makowski Apr 2004

Low Self-Esteem As It Relates To Anxiety And Depression, Joel B. Makowski

Masters Theses

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the relationship between low self-esteem and anxiety and/or depression. Participants were selected based on their subjective experience of having high or low self-esteem. Low self-esteem participants were then selected on the basis of their subjective assessment of attributing anxiety/and or depression to their low self-esteem experience. Two high self-esteem and two low self-esteem participants were interviewed.

High self-esteem participants were found to base their self-worth and respect on an internal locus of evaluation. They did not identify any notable anxiety or depression. Low self-esteem participants were found to base ...


Interorganizational Collaboration: An Examination Of Factors That Influence The Motivation For Participation In A Collaborative Partnership Of Homeless Service Providers, Jan Marva Ivery Jan 2004

Interorganizational Collaboration: An Examination Of Factors That Influence The Motivation For Participation In A Collaborative Partnership Of Homeless Service Providers, Jan Marva Ivery

Theses and Dissertations

This project was a mixed methods study that examined the collaboration dimensions of Homeward's planning process and the factors that motivate organizations to participate. The study examined the collaborative strategy used by an organization called Homeward located in Richmond, Virginia. Homeward is a broker organization (Chaskin, Brown, Venkatesh, & Vidal, 2001) that was created in 1998 to mediate and nurture relationships among partnering organizations in order to facilitate the collaborative process required by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to receive Continuum of Care funding. During the quantitative component of the study, a survey was sent ...


Community And School Violence: An Ethnographic Study, Martha Santiago Jan 2004

Community And School Violence: An Ethnographic Study, Martha Santiago

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Evaluating A Day Treatment Program For Children With Serious Emotional Disorders, Nicole Lynn Lee Jan 2004

Evaluating A Day Treatment Program For Children With Serious Emotional Disorders, Nicole Lynn Lee

Theses and Dissertations

The current study used a longitudinal design to evaluate a day treatment program for children with serious emotional disorder located in Richmond, Virginia (N = 101). Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (Hodges, 1984, 1999) results were analyzed from children who had attended the program for at least six months. Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance tests indicated that children attending YDT for nine months improved their overall functioning F(2, 217) = 26.23, p = .01 as well as their functioning at school F(3,279)= 10.822, p =.01, home F(3, 244) = 6.120, p = .01, and in the community ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Lived Experience Of Single, Gay Adoptive Fathers, John Daryl Matthews Jan 2004

A Qualitative Study Of The Lived Experience Of Single, Gay Adoptive Fathers, John Daryl Matthews

Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study expands the existing literature on fatherhood, single parents, and gay and lesbian adoption to include the unique experiences of single, gay men who became adoptive parents after "coming out", or establishing a gay identity. To illustrate these unique and common experiences, individual ethnographic interviews were conducted with 16 fathers residing throughout the United States, as well as internationally. Specifically, this study explored the participants' experiences through their reflections of the adoption process, and through their experiences after the family was established. The participants had experiences to those found in previous studies on gay and lesbian adoption and ...


Is The Ecomap A Valid And Reliable Social Work Tool To Measure Social Support?, Alexandra R. Calix Jan 2004

Is The Ecomap A Valid And Reliable Social Work Tool To Measure Social Support?, Alexandra R. Calix

LSU Master's Theses

The ecomap, developed in 1975, is a tool used in social work practice to measure social support (Hartman, 1995). Although the ecomap is widely utilized, due in part to its ease of administration, it has not been validated in the literature as a reliable and valid tool in the measure of social support. This study aims to quantify the ecomap, explore its psychometric soundness, and begin the process of validation using two empirically validated social support measurement tools, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, & Farley, 1988) and the Young Adult Social Support Inventory (YA-SSI) (McCubbin ...


The Perceived Influence Of Spirituality In Adolescent Residential Group Homes, Karima Aisha Deadrick-Boone Jan 2004

The Perceived Influence Of Spirituality In Adolescent Residential Group Homes, Karima Aisha Deadrick-Boone

Theses Digitization Project

This qualitative study explores the perceived influence of spirituality on ethnic minority adolescent's outcomes in faith-based residential group homes. Study results offer a deeper understanding of the influence and implementation of spiritual practices among children impacted by child welfare.


Risk Factors For Repeated Child Maltreatment, Freydís Jóna Freysteinsdóttir Jan 2004

Risk Factors For Repeated Child Maltreatment, Freydís Jóna Freysteinsdóttir

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for repeated child maltreatment in Iceland. Only cases that had never been reported to child protection services before were included in this study (N=77 total). Each case was followed for 18 months. In all cases the first reported incident was neglect. In the study, a group of cases that had only been reported once (single incident) was compared with another group of cases that had been reported two or more times (repeated incidents). Risk factors were identified and compared on different levels according to an ecological model: 1) Demographics ...


Utilizing A Structuration Perspective To Examine Perceptions Of Labor Market Opportunities & Constraints In A Distressed Urban Neighborhood, Sharon M. Mcdonald Jan 2004

Utilizing A Structuration Perspective To Examine Perceptions Of Labor Market Opportunities & Constraints In A Distressed Urban Neighborhood, Sharon M. Mcdonald

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to understand how members of an urban extreme poverty neighborhood experience the labor market and how they perceive the role of social policies and institutions that attempt to facilitate or mediate employment opportunities.

Residents of extreme poverty neighborhoods have been the subject of numerous public policy efforts designed to ameliorate the geographic concentration of poverty as well as strategies to promote work participation based on existing theoretical models of how work participation can be induced. It is argued that the predominant theoretical models that shape inquiry and the development of policy recommendations are incomplete ...


Perceptions Of Motivation In The Recovery Process Among African American Women With Children, Raven Nicole Pagson Jan 2004

Perceptions Of Motivation In The Recovery Process Among African American Women With Children, Raven Nicole Pagson

Theses Digitization Project

Substance abusing women with children are a diverse group, but some of them are among the most disadvantaged individuals in the United States. These women are in dire need of effective treatment modalities in order to sustain sobriety. Using a quantitative research design, this study examines the perception of motivation in the recovery process among African American women with children. Through research surveys these women identify the motivating factors necessary for successful treatment outcomes. Scales were created to measure extrinsic motivators, intrinsic motivators, and barriers to treatment. Factors examined included attendance at twelve step meetings, church attendance, court mandates, family ...