Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Work Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1998

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 191

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Ua68/13/4 The Care Project, Wku Journalism Dec 1998

Ua68/13/4 The Care Project, Wku Journalism

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter highlighting Bowling Green families with special needs created by Advanced Photojournalism, Editorial & Feature Writing and Advanced Photo Editing/Design classes in conjunction with the Park City Daily News.


Addressing Violence In Public Schools Zero Tolerance Vs. Ecologically Based Programs: A Policy Analysis, Lee A. Lindsey Jr Dec 1998

Addressing Violence In Public Schools Zero Tolerance Vs. Ecologically Based Programs: A Policy Analysis, Lee A. Lindsey Jr

Theses and Graduate Projects

Violence in public schools in the United States over the past decade has been a national and local concern. There are a number of schools in several States across the nation that have implemented violence prevention programs to address these concerns. Some States incorporate use predetermined consequences for specific violent behavior by implementing zero-tolerance approaches. Other States incorporate community resources to help solve the problem of violence within public schools. This thesis will take a look at the effectiveness of choosing approach over the other.


Program Focus: The Women's Prison Association: Supporting Women Offenders And Their Families, Us Department Of Justice Dec 1998

Program Focus: The Women's Prison Association: Supporting Women Offenders And Their Families, Us Department Of Justice

National Institute of Justice Office of Justice Programs

No abstract provided.


Programs Of Assertive Community Treatment (Pact): A Critical Review, Tomi Gomory Dec 1998

Programs Of Assertive Community Treatment (Pact): A Critical Review, Tomi Gomory

Tomi Gomory

Advocates of Programs of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) make numerous claims for this intensive intervention program, including reduced hospitalization, overall cost, and clinical symptomatology, and increased client satisfaction, and vocational and social functioning. However, a reanalysis of the controlled experimental research finds no empirical support for any of these claims. Instead, there is evidence that the program is both coercive and potentially harmful. The current promotion of PACT appears to be based more on professional enthusiasm for the medical model than upon any benefit to the clients.


Institutional Ethnography: Studying Institutions From The Margins, Brian J. O'Neill Dec 1998

Institutional Ethnography: Studying Institutions From The Margins, Brian J. O'Neill

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

As new approaches to the development of knowledge emerge in the social sciences, there is a need to judge their appropriateness for use in social work research. Using criteria for assessing the goodness of fit between theories and social work values, this article evaluates institutional ethnography, a strategyfor studying institutions which is based on feminist standpoint theory. The author holds that the use of institutional ethnography in social work research is congruent with social work principles and effective in producing knowledge which can inform practice. Discussion of a study of Canadian social work education from the standpoint of gay men ...


Issues In International Social Work. Washington, Dc: Nasw Press, 1997. M. C. Hokenstad And James Midgley (Eds.). Reviewed By Nazneen Mayadas, University Of Texas, Arlington., Nazneen Mayadas Dec 1998

Issues In International Social Work. Washington, Dc: Nasw Press, 1997. M. C. Hokenstad And James Midgley (Eds.). Reviewed By Nazneen Mayadas, University Of Texas, Arlington., Nazneen Mayadas

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of M. C. Hokenstad and James Midgley (Eds.), Issues in International Social Work. Washington, DC: NASW Press, 1997. $26.95 papercover.


Person-Environment Practice. Hawthorne, Ny: Aldine De Gruyter, 1997. Susan P. Kemp, James K. Whitaker And Elizabeth M. Tracy. Reviewed By Catherine Lemieux, Louisiana State University., Catherine Lemieux Dec 1998

Person-Environment Practice. Hawthorne, Ny: Aldine De Gruyter, 1997. Susan P. Kemp, James K. Whitaker And Elizabeth M. Tracy. Reviewed By Catherine Lemieux, Louisiana State University., Catherine Lemieux

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Susan P. Kemp, James K. Whittaker and Elizabeth Tracy, Person- Environment Practice. Hawthorne, NY, 1997. $ 49.95 hardcover, $ 23.95 papercover.


Confidentiality And Privacy In Social Work: A Guide To The Law For Practitioners And Students. New York: The Free Press, 1998. Donald T. Dickinson. Reviewed By Margaret Severson, University Of Kansas., Margaret Severson Dec 1998

Confidentiality And Privacy In Social Work: A Guide To The Law For Practitioners And Students. New York: The Free Press, 1998. Donald T. Dickinson. Reviewed By Margaret Severson, University Of Kansas., Margaret Severson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Donald T. Dickson, Confidentiality and Privacy in Social Work: A Guide to the Law for Practitioners and Students. New York: The Free Press, 1998. $ 34.95 hardcover.


Social Work Practice: A Critical Thinkers Guide. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Eileen Gambrill. Reviewed By Bruce Thyer, University Of Georgia., Bruce Thyer Dec 1998

Social Work Practice: A Critical Thinkers Guide. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Eileen Gambrill. Reviewed By Bruce Thyer, University Of Georgia., Bruce Thyer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Eileen Gambrill, Social Work Practice: A Critical Thinker's Guide. New York: Oxford University Press, 1957. $ 59.95 hardcover.


Enterprise And The Welfare State. Martin Rein And Eskil Wadensjo Dec 1998

Enterprise And The Welfare State. Martin Rein And Eskil Wadensjo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Martin Rein and Eskil Wadensjo, Enterprise and the Welfare State. Williston, VT: Edward Elgar Publishing, 1997. $ 95.00 hardcover.


Creating A National Home: Building The Veteran's Welfare State, 1986-1900. Patrick J. Kelly Dec 1998

Creating A National Home: Building The Veteran's Welfare State, 1986-1900. Patrick J. Kelly

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Patrick J. Kelly, Creating a National Home: Building the Veteran's Welfare State. 1860-1900. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997. $ 37.50 hardcover.


Welfare In America: How Social Science Fails The Poor. William Epstein Dec 1998

Welfare In America: How Social Science Fails The Poor. William Epstein

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for William Epstein, Welfare in America: How Social Science Fails the Poor. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997. $ 45.00 hardcover, $ 19.95 papercover.


Human Rights And Social Policy In The 21st Century. Joseph Wronka Dec 1998

Human Rights And Social Policy In The 21st Century. Joseph Wronka

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Joseph Wronka, Human Rights and Social Policy in the 21st Century. Langham, MD: University Press of America, 1998 (revised edition). $ 52.00 hardcover, $ 25.00 papercover.


Organizational Position: Influences On Perceived Organizational Properties, Moshe Sherer Dec 1998

Organizational Position: Influences On Perceived Organizational Properties, Moshe Sherer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

People perceive and interpret their work place in different ways that may be related to their hierarchical position in the organization. Workers' attitudes toward their organization can exert a negative effect on their own and other people's feelings and behavior, and have detrimental consequences for the achievements of the organization. The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptionso f organizationalc haracteristicsm aintainedb y three levels of human service organization employees: Managers, supervisors or instructors, and line workers. Respondents in the present sample (n = 135) indicated their perceptions about seven organizational properties. Results reveal that the higher the ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 25, No. 4 (December 1998) Dec 1998

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 25, No. 4 (December 1998)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • ORGANIZATIONAL POSITION: INFLUENCES ON PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL PROPERTIES - Moshe Sherer
  • PLANNING FOR COMMUNITY CRISIS: A MARKETING APPROACH - Amnon Boehm
  • EMOTIONAL AND EMBODIED KNOWLEDGE: IMPLICATIONS FOR CRITICAL PRACTICE - Colin Peile
  • TERMINATION: EXTENDING THE CONCEPT FOR MACRO SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE - Marcia P. Harrigan, David P. Fauri, and F. Ellen Netting
  • THE DEFINITION OF FATHERHOOD: IN THE WORDS OF NEVER-MARRIED AFRICAN AMERICAN CUSTODIAL MOTHERS AND THE NON-CUSTODIAL FATHERS OF THEIR CHILDREN - Jennifer F. Hamer
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT'S CONTRIBUTION TO REDUCED WELFARE DEPENDENCY: PROGRAM OUTCOMES OF LONG TERM WELFARE RECIPIENTS - Frank A. Sansone
  • INSTITUTIONAL ETHNOGRAPHY: STUDYING INSTITUTIONS FROM THE MARGINS - Brian J ...


Planning For Community Crisis: A Marketing Approach, Amnon Boehm Dec 1998

Planning For Community Crisis: A Marketing Approach, Amnon Boehm

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The article is based on an examination of a nominal group procedure of two welfare agencies located on the confrontation line between Lebanon and Israel, which implemented a marketing approach in planning intervention for the population for times of community crisis. The agencies are located at a place that was attacked and suffered personal and property loss particularly by short range missiles.

In the nominal group procedure, five elements of the marketing approach (target market, service mix, place and distribution, price, and promotion) were implemented, for four phases of community crisis (warning, shock, organizing, and changing). The results show that ...


Emotional And Embodied Knowledge: Implications For Critical Practice, Colin Peile Dec 1998

Emotional And Embodied Knowledge: Implications For Critical Practice, Colin Peile

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Within the practice orientation of the Critical Social Work tradition there has been a dominance of conceptual and rational processes. This has lead to afailure to acknowledge the importance of bodily and emotive knowledge for practice theory. This paper offers a rudimentary and tentative epistemology which recognizes the importance of the body, emotions, ideas and their context. These ideas invite a reconsideration of critical theories of change.


Termination: Extending The Concept For Macro Social Work Practice, Marcia P. Harrigan, David P. Fauri, F. Ellen Netting Dec 1998

Termination: Extending The Concept For Macro Social Work Practice, Marcia P. Harrigan, David P. Fauri, F. Ellen Netting

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article identifies the ways in which macro practitioners manage and respond to termination issues in organization and community arenas. To conceptualize and partialize problems related to termination, the authors developed a typology in which the purposes, roles, and tasks related to macro termination situations are identified and grouped by three levels of practice: The Technical; The Managerial; and The Institutional. Within each part of the typology the needs are articulated, objectives of the macro practitioner identified, and the role of the practitioner explicated. Several exemplars and an integrating vignette illustrate termination concerns, dilemmas, and the complexity of macro practice ...


The Definition Of Fatherhood: In The Words Of Never-Married African American Custodial Mothers And The Noncustodial Fathers Of Their Children, Jennifer F. Hamer Dec 1998

The Definition Of Fatherhood: In The Words Of Never-Married African American Custodial Mothers And The Noncustodial Fathers Of Their Children, Jennifer F. Hamer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This qualitative study explores the meaning of fatherhood from the perspective of never-married parents. Specifically, the study describes: how African American custodial mothers perceive the roles and responsibilities of their children's fathers; the extent to which these mothers' perceptions and definitions of noncustodial fatherhood are consistent with those of noncustodial fathers and the dominant cultural "ideal"; and what mothers do to enhance men's paternal participation. A convenience sample of 25 never-married,f ormer couples was drawn from the predominantlyA frican American population of a mid-sized Midwestern city. Data was collected via in-depth interviews with each individual respondent. The ...


Social Support's Contribution To Reduced Welfare Dependency: Program Outcomes Of Long Term Welfare Recipients, Frank A. Sansone Dec 1998

Social Support's Contribution To Reduced Welfare Dependency: Program Outcomes Of Long Term Welfare Recipients, Frank A. Sansone

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Long term welfare recipients participated in a state job training and welfare reform demonstration which provided education,job training, and supportive services via intensive case management. Social support research has focused on stress and physical and psychological health outcomes not welfarejob training and education outcomes. Job training and welfare to work policies and programs have not emphasized providing social supports but the supportive services of transportation and child care. Program outcomes at follow-up included: education and job training certificates, including GEDs with some still studying; jobs; and a 50% reduction in welfare receipt. Results of hierarchical regression analysis suggest a ...


A Few Contributions Of Economic Theory To Social Welfare Policy Analysis, Michael A. Lewis Dec 1998

A Few Contributions Of Economic Theory To Social Welfare Policy Analysis, Michael A. Lewis

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The National Association of Social Workers' (NAS W) code of ethics states that social workers have a professional obligation to advocate for social policies that promote the general welfare (NASW, 1996). Presumably, in an effort to provide social workers with the analytical tools that would allow them to do so, schools of social work typically require students to do course work in the area of social welfare policy. Although these courses provide students with valuable information, it is my view that they tend to be limited in one important respect. They usually do not contain a great deal of content ...


A Qualitative Cum Quantitative Approach To Construct Definition In A Minority Population: Reasons For Divorce Among Israeli Arab Women, Rivka Savaya, Orna Cohenn Dec 1998

A Qualitative Cum Quantitative Approach To Construct Definition In A Minority Population: Reasons For Divorce Among Israeli Arab Women, Rivka Savaya, Orna Cohenn

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The paper describes the combined use of qualitative and quantitative methods to provide a preliminary definition of the construct, the reasons for divorce among Israeli Arab women. The qualitative methods consisted of personal in terviews and a focus group, the quantitative method of Trochim's concept mapping. The combined approach was adopted in the wake of skepticism about the ability of research instruments developed in the West to study Western populations to provide valid and reliable assessments of non-Western groups. A culturally sensitive definition of the construct was sought as a first step in the design of a culturally sensitive ...


Integrating Knowledge And Practice: The Case Of Social Work And Social Science. Westport, Ct: Praegar Publishers, 1997. David J. Tucker, Charles Garvin And Rosemary Sari (Eds.). Reviewed By Bart Grossman, University Of California, Berkeley., Bart Grossman Dec 1998

Integrating Knowledge And Practice: The Case Of Social Work And Social Science. Westport, Ct: Praegar Publishers, 1997. David J. Tucker, Charles Garvin And Rosemary Sari (Eds.). Reviewed By Bart Grossman, University Of California, Berkeley., Bart Grossman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of David J. Tucker, Charles Garvin and Rosemary Sarri (Eds.), Integrating Knowledge and practice: The Case of Social Work and Social Science. Westport, CT: Praegar Publishers, 1997. $65.00 hardcover


Pregnancy Counselors' Perceptions Of Disrupted Infant Adoptions, Michelle E. F Mayo Oct 1998

Pregnancy Counselors' Perceptions Of Disrupted Infant Adoptions, Michelle E. F Mayo

Theses and Graduate Projects

This exploratory study explores birth parents who changed their minds and removed their child from the adoptive home; what factors seemed influential in that decision; and what pregnancy counselors think could have prevented the disruption.

Eight pregnancy counselors participated in a semi-structured interview. The initial findings indicated that: (1) infant disruptions comprised a very small number of infant adoptive placements; (2) pregnancy counselors perceived that nothing could have been done to prevent the disruption, except mandatory foster care; and (3) the reasons that birth parents reverse their adoption decision are often complex and unforeseen.

Additional studies utilizing birth parents and ...


Identifying Bias: A Cognitive Model, Jane M. Burnett Oct 1998

Identifying Bias: A Cognitive Model, Jane M. Burnett

Theses and Graduate Projects

Social work students must develop a sophisticated ability to recognize bias in themselves and others to engage in culturally sensitive practice. Research was modeled on Latting's (1990) teaching model. MSW students participated in a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control groups design. Participants also evaluated the training.

Students' ability to identify bias was expected to increase following a training that explains the universality and functions of bias and provides a safe yet challenging context in which to critically examine bias. A large majority of respondents in the experimental group stated that their awareness of bias increased due to the training. However, quantitative ...


What Factors Influence The Racial Identity Development Of Young Biracial Adults, Jerry S. Dieffenbach Oct 1998

What Factors Influence The Racial Identity Development Of Young Biracial Adults, Jerry S. Dieffenbach

Theses and Graduate Projects

This study explored biracial identity development and the key factors that influence the racial identity development of biracial young adults. In this study biracial is defined as having parents who are African-American and Euro-American. The study participants were fourteen biracial college students between the age of 18 and 26. Data for the study was collected using indepth individual interviews. Participants' perceptions of when their racial identity emerged and their current attitudes about being biracial in todays society was also examined. The majority of participants reported that the right and opportunity of racial choice was a predominate issue that contributed to ...


Experiences Of Minority Primary Care Physicians With Managed Care: A National Survey, Elizabeth Mackenzie, Lynne S. Taylor, Risa Lavizzo-Mourey Oct 1998

Experiences Of Minority Primary Care Physicians With Managed Care: A National Survey, Elizabeth Mackenzie, Lynne S. Taylor, Risa Lavizzo-Mourey

GSE Publications

OBJECTIVES:

To determine if ethnic minority physicians experience more barriers in acquiring and maintaining managed care contracts than white physicians, and to determine if the physician's perceptions of his or her ability to provide appropriate care to patients varies with physician ethnicity.

STUDY DESIGN:

Using a national sample, we identified 4 research areas germane to this topic and analyzed them by physician ethnic group.

METHODS:

Analysis involved a pre-existing data set from a national survey that employed a random sampling approach to achieve reasonably accurate national population estimates with acceptable margins of error (95% CI = +/- 2).

RESULTS:

A total ...


The Minnesota Vulnerable Adult Act Policy Analysis Of 1995 Reforms, Therese L. Buckley Sep 1998

The Minnesota Vulnerable Adult Act Policy Analysis Of 1995 Reforms, Therese L. Buckley

Theses and Graduate Projects

Maltreatment of vulnerable adults is increasing at an alarming rate in the decade since the Minnesota Vulnerable Adult Act was passed in 1980. National estimates of elder maltreatment have risen by 50% in the last decade. Educated estimates of maltreatment are as high as 1.5 million incidents in the United States per year. The Minnesota legislature mandated in 1994 that the Minnesota Departments of Health and Human Services convene an advisory committee to make recommendations to the legislature on the means of preventing maltreatment of vulnerable adults. This thesis looks at the policy implications of the 1995 Minnesota Vulnerable ...


Postmodern Welfare: Reconstructing An Emancipatory Project. Peter Leonard. Sep 1998

Postmodern Welfare: Reconstructing An Emancipatory Project. Peter Leonard.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Peter Leonard, Postmodern Welfare: Reconstructing an Emancipatory Project. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997. $23-95 papercover.


Communities In Conflict: Resolving Differences Through Collaborative Efforts In Environmental Planning And Human Service Delivery, Thom Reilly Sep 1998

Communities In Conflict: Resolving Differences Through Collaborative Efforts In Environmental Planning And Human Service Delivery, Thom Reilly

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Increasingly, public administrators and managers in the fields of human service and environmental planning have been exploring new avenues to resolve complex and seemingly intractable public problems. Confronting such controversial issues as land management plans, common-pool resources, endangered species, welfare reform, health care and immigration are requiring new and more innovative ways of doing business-ways in which problem-solving and leadership is a shared pursuit of governmental agencies and concerned citizens.

Since collaborative efforts in these arenas have recently reemerged as one avenue to resolve complex policy disputes, it is premature to give an accurate assessment of their long term viability ...