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1977

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Articles 1 - 30 of 141

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Stimulus, Vol. 3, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work Dec 1977

Stimulus, Vol. 3, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work

Stimulus Alumni Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 3 And No. 4 (Jan. - Mar. 1977) Part 1 Nov 1977

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 3 And No. 4 (Jan. - Mar. 1977) Part 1

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

  • Hon. George McGovern, United States Senator - 302
  • Chauncey Alexander, National Association of Social Workers - 303
  • Warfare-Welfare as a Serious Social Problem for Study and Action - L. K. NORTHWOOD, Editor - 305
  • Eighteen Leading Social Critics Comment: What is the Real Threat to World Peace and Social Security?
  • KENNETH A. KIRKPATRICK and L. K. NORTHWOOD - 323
  • A Moment of Truth in the Warfare-Welfare Debate: The Transfer Amendment - HON. ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN - 339
  • New York City and the Economic Crisis - JOSEPH HARRIS - 351
  • The Warfare-Welfare Tradeoff: Health, Public Aid, and Housing - KATHLEEN PEROFF - 366
  • The Welfare Effort in the United States: Know Then Thyself ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 3 And No. 4 (Jan. - Mar. 1977) Part 2 Nov 1977

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 3 And No. 4 (Jan. - Mar. 1977) Part 2

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

  • The Welfare State Within the Military - CHARLES MAYNARD and ANN BLALOCK - 494
  • The Military Establishment and Social Welfare, Past, Present and Future? - GEORGE W. AYERS - 522
  • Social Work in Relief and Rehabilitation After Wars, at Home and Abroad - WALTER A. FRIEDLANDER - 530
  • Alienation of Youth as an Unintended Consequence of Military Assistance in Africa - QUENTIN F. SCHENK - 534
  • Human Security or National Defense: The Question of Conversion - BRUCE BIRCHARD - 543
  • Economic Conversion, Productive Efficiency, and Social Welfare - LLOYD J. DUMAS - 567
  • The Soft Spot: How to Attack the Pentagon - MARION ANDERSON - 597
  • Social Welfare and Some Implications for Non-Violence - MULFORD ...


Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 8 (November 1977) Nov 1977

Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 8 (November 1977)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Table of Contents • Letter to Editor - i • Reply - iii • Introduction - 1134 • Social Welfare as a By-Product: The Effect of Neo-Mercantilism - DAVID MACAROV - 1135 • The Individual and the Society: A Needed Reexamination of Social Legislation and Policy • RALPH SEGAIMAN - 1145 • Sex Roles and Work Roles in Post-Industrial Society - DIANE BARTHEL - 1171 • Third World Women, World Population Growth: A Case of Blaming the Victim? ELIZABETH W. MOEN - 1186 • Government Spending and Welfare Employment - MARTIN D. LOWENTHAL - 1203 • The Interests of Children and the Interests of the State: Rethinking the Conflict between Child Welfare Policy and Foster Care Practice - A. PARE, J. TORCYZER ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 7 (September 1977) Sep 1977

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 7 (September 1977)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • Planning Radical Change at the Grass Roots: The Story of New Communities, Inc. - SHIMON S. GOTTSCHALK - p. 980
  • Reactions To The Stigmata Of Inner City Living - JEROME KRASE - p. 997
  • Accountability Crises: Consequences of Professionalization - ROBERT W. WEINBACH - p. 1011
  • Discourse Management: Key to Policy Development - JOSEPH R. STEINER - p. 1025
  • Public Perceptions Of Rural County Social Service Agencies - ROBERT W. BILBY & ROBERT BENSON - p. 1033
  • The Application Of Behavior Modification Technology To The Alleviation Of Selected Social Problems - JOHN S. WODARSKI - p. 1055
  • Introducing New Approaches Into Social Agencies: The Case Of Behavior Modification - HARVEY L ...


Reactions To The Stigmata Of Inner City Living, Jerome Krase Sep 1977

Reactions To The Stigmata Of Inner City Living, Jerome Krase

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper discusses the problem of living in a stigmatized inner city community. The reactions of residents are categorized into "Four Moral Careers", and implications for the community of each career are discussed. Major attention is focused upon the "activist" career which aims to overcome the stigma of the community. The activists are discussed and described through the use df materials from intensive interviews of local community leaders who have tried to cope with the stigma of the area. Some suggested implications are made for the application of the ideas presented herein to urban research in general and the provision ...


Accountability Crises: Consequences Of Professionalization, Robert W. Weinbach Sep 1977

Accountability Crises: Consequences Of Professionalization, Robert W. Weinbach

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The movement to professionalize social work practice has had few enemies. It has resulted in limited benefits to practitioners, primarily in the areas of status and remuneration. It now appears that this limited progress has carried a high price. Because of social workers' claims of professionalism, they find themselves vulnerable to tests of accountability which are probably unreasonable, given the context of the field's everchanging practice arena.


Discourse Management: Key To Policy Development, Joseph R. Steiner Sep 1977

Discourse Management: Key To Policy Development, Joseph R. Steiner

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Skills in discourse management are necessary in order for democratic policy development groups to be productive. These skills, like other skills, are developed by practicing their utilization. A general cognitive framework, however, can assist one in this development. This paper develops and then describes the use of such a general framework.


Public Perceptions Of Rural County Social Service Agencies, Robert W. Bilby, Robert Benson Sep 1977

Public Perceptions Of Rural County Social Service Agencies, Robert W. Bilby, Robert Benson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Data gathered via interviews and mailed questionnaires in two rural counties in Western Wisconsin indicate that large segments of the general citizenry and "public opinion leaders" are generally more supportive of social services than common stereotypes suggest, while also voicing criticism of what are seen as inequities in the administration of services. Large majorities view social services as an institutionalized practice in American society, large segments hold negative views of recipients, and the samples studied are in general ill-informed about social service practices. Implications are drawn regarding public information programs aimed at better informing the public about social services.


The Application Of Behavior Modification Technology To The Alleviation Of Selected Social Problems, John S. Wodarski Sep 1977

The Application Of Behavior Modification Technology To The Alleviation Of Selected Social Problems, John S. Wodarski

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The application of behavior modification technology to the alleviation of various social problems is reviewed. Specific items discussed are: energy consumption, pollution control, token economies, architectural control of behavior, welfare, worker performance, social action, crime, and social integration. Where relevant, specific studies are summarized. Future developments and implications for social work practice are reviewed briefly.


A Community Organization Typology Of Group Development, Steve Burghardt Sep 1977

A Community Organization Typology Of Group Development, Steve Burghardt

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper seeks to close a gap in community organization literature by analyzing the Impact of strategy on small group development and role changes in both leadership and membership. Using literature from social psychology and community practice, It Is argued that a tactical understanding of group dynamics can heighten one's effectiveness as an organizer. The paper then develops a typology of how groups change under different organizing methods. Finally, the work shows how an organizer can more easily "mix and phase" strategies inside the same community group.


Introducing New Approaches Into Social Agencies: The Case Of Behavior Modification, Harvey L. Gochros, Joel Fischer Sep 1977

Introducing New Approaches Into Social Agencies: The Case Of Behavior Modification, Harvey L. Gochros, Joel Fischer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper explores the issues involved in introducing behavior modification procedures into social work agencies, sane of the common problems encountered in using this approach, and suggestions for dealing with these problems.


From Isolation To Organization: Structural Barriers To Client-Induced Accountability In The Human Services, Robert A. Beauregard Sep 1977

From Isolation To Organization: Structural Barriers To Client-Induced Accountability In The Human Services, Robert A. Beauregard

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Human service organizations form an environment which is both difficult for an individual to transverse and antagonistic to the organizing of clients. The structure of these organizational environments is not conducive to the emergence of client organizations. This issue forms the focus of this paper: the interaction between the structural dimensions of human service, organizational environments and the potential for human service clients to form organizations geared to obtaining accountability from human service agencies. The basic argument is that the structural dimensions of these organizational environments (i.e., the characteristics which affect the basic interrelationships among component parts) have a ...


The Runaway Youth, Richard M. Grinnell, Monna Loftis Sep 1977

The Runaway Youth, Richard M. Grinnell, Monna Loftis

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

To date, few (if any) empirically based research studies have been executed in exploring the relationship between the recidivism rate of runaways and the three possible types of dispositions they may receive: (1) counseled and released at the intake level; (2) referred to another social agency; or (3) placed on probation. It is critically pertinent to examine this relationship before attempting to plan alternatives to divert the youths from the juvenile justice system. This article presents the results of an empirically based project where the findings indicate that, regardless of the type of disposition the youths received, they had approximately ...


Training Social Work Students In A Practicum Setting, Linda L. Maier Aug 1977

Training Social Work Students In A Practicum Setting, Linda L. Maier

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 6 (July 1977) Jul 1977

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 4, No. 6 (July 1977)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • Editorial - FLORENCE KASLOW - p. 842
  • Women: Re-entry and Challenge - LITA L. SCHWARTZ - p. 845
  • Work Incentive Policies: An Evaluation of Their Effects on Welfare Women's Choice - JACQUELINE BALLOU - p. 850
  • Debunking Sapphire:Toward a Non-racist and Non-sexist Social Science - PATRICIA BELL SO - p. 864
  • The Scarlet "W":Public Welfare as Sexual Stigma for Women - PHYLLIS J. DAY - p. 872
  • The Role of the Female Mental Health Professional in a Male Correctional Setting - CHERYL E. BIEMER - p. 882
  • Women in Communications - JANICE L. BOOKER - p. 888
  • The Women's Liberation Movement and its Various Impacts on American ...


Women: Re-Entry And Challenge, Lita Linzer Schwartz Jul 1977

Women: Re-Entry And Challenge, Lita Linzer Schwartz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Women are turning or returning to the world outside the home in ever-increasing numbers, partly due to the economic crisis of recent years and partly in response to the "consciousness-raising" and self-actualization aspects of the women's liberation and humanistic movements. When a woman re-enters the workaday or educational world, she meets a variety of challenges. Some she may have anticipated; others may come as a surprise - or a shock.


Work Incentive Policies: An Evaluation Of Their Effects On Welfare Women's Choice, Jacqueline Ballou Jul 1977

Work Incentive Policies: An Evaluation Of Their Effects On Welfare Women's Choice, Jacqueline Ballou

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

It is argued here that Work Incentive Policies treat the symptoms rather than the basic causes of poverty with high costs to society. The writer's own experience with WIN participants as well as attitudinal surveys has suggested that there is a very high motivation to work among welfare mothers, however, the low-wage jobs available to them are not very competitive with benefits available through AFDC with its various in-kind programs such as Medicaid and day care. As Sawhill (1976) notes, the combined benefit-loss rates associated with work incentive programs remain high, as budgetary constraints associated with raising net welfare- ...


Debunking Sapphire: Toward A Non-Racist And Non-Sexist Social Science, Patricia Bell Scott Jul 1977

Debunking Sapphire: Toward A Non-Racist And Non-Sexist Social Science, Patricia Bell Scott

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The term "Sapphire" is frequently used to describe an age-old image of Black women. The caricature of the dominating, emasculating Black woman is one which historically has saturated both the popular and scholarly literature. The purpose of this paper is debunk the "Sapphire" caricature as it has been projected in American social science. By exposing the racist and sexist underpinnings of this stereotype, it is hoped that more students and scholars might be sensitized and encouraged to contribute to the development of a nonracist and non-sexist social science.


The Scarlet "W" Public Welfare As Sexual Stigma For Women, Phyllis J. Day Jul 1977

The Scarlet "W" Public Welfare As Sexual Stigma For Women, Phyllis J. Day

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The purpose of this paper is to focus attention on sex role deviance as a major contributive factor in negative attitudes toward women on welfare. Our position is that part of the stigma toward welfare recipients arises from the fact that they are sex role deviants, and that the differential treatment accorded to men and women on welfare has to do with the difference in sex role expectations from which they deviate. Although negative attitudes toward men on welfare are as evident as those toward women, this article sets aside the issue of men on welfare (though cognizant of its ...


The Role Of The Female Mental Health Professional In A Male Correctional Setting, Cheryl E. Biemer Jul 1977

The Role Of The Female Mental Health Professional In A Male Correctional Setting, Cheryl E. Biemer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

There are increasing numbers of women psychologists and other professionals working within predominately male correctional settings. One finds, however, nothing in the literature on how they are viewed by the system or what it is like to be a woman working within this traditionally male dominated sphere. The dearth of written material on the subject became apparent in a search through the National Clearinghouse of Mental Health and the Criminal Justice Reference Service. The Psychological Abstracts, Social Science Citation Index and the Criminology Index also have no references that shed any light on this issue. There is one particularly good ...


Women In Communications, Janice L. Booker Jul 1977

Women In Communications, Janice L. Booker

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Rosalind Russell and Joan Crawford spearheaded the image in the forties; their perennial screen portrayals of newswomen scooping the men in the office and then falling in love with the hard-hearted city editor, or guiding the reorganization of the nation's number-one-rated-but-faltering-magazine to a successful resurgence attracted the identification of many aspiring young women. Abetted by Superman's reporter sidekick cum love-life Lois Lane and the magnificent Brenda Starr of the comic strips, the image was complete; what did many creative, talented and ambitious young women want but to become newshawks with editorial aspirations.


The Women's Liberation Movement And Its Various Impacts On American Men, Arthur B. Shostak Jul 1977

The Women's Liberation Movement And Its Various Impacts On American Men, Arthur B. Shostak

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Writing in 1974 about women and athletics 26 years ahead in the year 2000 journalist Lucinda Franks foresees a sexist backlash she tags the "New Male Chauvinist Movement." It all begins with a rebirth of the Age of Reason which, after 1980, includes a new celebration of the humanizing potentialities of sport and games. Women, as prime agents of this pivotal cultural reform, will have advanced so fast and so far in competitive and non-competitive athletics that "the Total Human has been born" and " the average body is no longer just a neglected dormitory for the mind." There is an ...


Reflections And Legacies, Cheryl A. Lieberman Jul 1977

Reflections And Legacies, Cheryl A. Lieberman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Adjustment to old age poses special problems. It requires an acceptance of being old and restructuring one's life around decreasing energy and body resources. "Old age is neither inherently miserable nor inherently sublime - like every stage of life, it has problems, joys, fears, and potentials."1 What is it like for an older woman as she experiences physical, emotional, and social changes?

For purposes of this study, twenty-five women ranging in age from 67 through 88 were interviewed either individually, in dyads, or in groups. Each woman was presented with the same basic information: the author was interested in ...


A Perspective On The Psychotherapist's Response To The Women's Movement, Harold S. Bernard Jul 1977

A Perspective On The Psychotherapist's Response To The Women's Movement, Harold S. Bernard

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The women's movement constitutes one of the most powerful sociological phenomena of modern times. Like any important movement, it has elicited reactions from every stratum within our society. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the response to the women's movement on the part of women, men, and man-woman relationships. It will then describe in detail an actual clinical case in which the issues involved were directly related to the concerns addressed by the women's movement, and it will offer a recommended attitudinal stance on the part of the psychotherapist to such concerns.


Sex Differences In Work Assertiveness Of Social Workers, Mary Valentich, James Gripton Jul 1977

Sex Differences In Work Assertiveness Of Social Workers, Mary Valentich, James Gripton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Despite comparable levels of educational qualifications and experience, women in social work occupy a status inferior to men with respect to positions, rates of promotion and salaries. In other words, sexism prevails in what has traditionally been a female profession. Because of the institutionalized preference for men in social work, it is unlikely that individual acts of women to attain professional equality will eliminate sexism. However, because women have been socialized to be Dassive and self-effacing, they nay be contributing to their secondary status by managing their careers less effectively than men.

What is involved in assertively pursuing one's ...


Attitudes Toward Abortion: A Comparative Analysis Of Correlates For 1973 And 1975, Theodore C. Wagenaar, Ingeborg W. Knol Jul 1977

Attitudes Toward Abortion: A Comparative Analysis Of Correlates For 1973 And 1975, Theodore C. Wagenaar, Ingeborg W. Knol

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper contains an analysis of both the level of support for abortion and the correlates of such support for both 1973 and 1975, as indicated by National Opinion Research Center data. In comparison to previous research, which focused primarily on bivariate analyses of demographic variables, we examine the role of demographic and other variables (such as work status, unemployment history, receipt of government aid, and belief in an afterlife) at both the bivariate and multivariate levels of analysis. The result indicates an abatement of the previously increasing level of support; this datum plus the increase in persons responding "don ...


Depression And Physical Rehabilitation, Mary Jo Deegan Jul 1977

Depression And Physical Rehabilitation, Mary Jo Deegan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Depression is often expected in our society during physical rehabilitation. This and similar expectations structure the experience of a physical disability. Contradictions in expectations and demands by providers to conform to this paradigm create barriers in the rehabilitation process. Changes in the physical rehabilitation paradigm are briefly suggested.


Shame And Public Dependency: A Literature Review, Norman L. Wyers Jul 1977

Shame And Public Dependency: A Literature Review, Norman L. Wyers

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

All research related to under-utilization of income maintenance programs as well as to their impact on recipients has discovered the presence of stigma. A survey of the pertinent literature points out that much is known about stigmatization but that social welfare has been slow to incorporate this knowledge in any attempt to reduce the destructive effect of stigma on program users. Both liberal and radical reform measures are proposed as remedies.


Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Paraprofessionals: An Empirical Comparison, John E. Blount Jr., Kirk W. Elifson, William Chamberlain Jul 1977

Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Paraprofessionals: An Empirical Comparison, John E. Blount Jr., Kirk W. Elifson, William Chamberlain

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper provides a comparative description of indigenous and nonindigenous paraprofessionals who were employed in a social service capacity in a large urban setting. Personal interviews were conducted with 88 paraprofessionals employed by the Fulton County Department of Family and Children Servives (Atlanta, Ga.). The primary variables discussed include an assessment of the respondent's background, their present employment situation, experience with and attitudes toward welfare and general attitudinal measures. The results provide a basic demographic profile of the indigenous and non-indigenous paraprofessional and indicate their differing characteristics. Briefly, the indigenous respondents were less anomic, felt more efficacious in terms ...