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1976

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Articles 61 - 90 of 113

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Public Housing For The Elderly, Cara J. Orben Mar 1976

Public Housing For The Elderly, Cara J. Orben

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

"In passing the Older Americans Act of 10(5, the Congress took the position that 'in keeping with the inherent dignity of the individual, older people of our Nation are entitled to suitable housing, individually selected, designed and located with reference to special needs and available at costs which older people can afford'" From studies that have been done in different parts of the country, it has been found that most older people prefer independent living arrangements over living with children or in nursing homes. Housing becomes increasingly important as people get older. In a report on housing from the ...


The Evolution Of The Birth Control Movement In The United States, Linda B. Mcmahan Mar 1976

The Evolution Of The Birth Control Movement In The United States, Linda B. Mcmahan

Dissertations and Theses

The evolution of the birth control movement in the United States is the focus of this dissertation. The period of emphasis is 1873 to the present, though earlier history is briefly dealt with.

The research method used was an extensive library search of the literature, followed by categorization and analysis of the data.

The birth control movement was found to adapt to the sociological model of social movements and was discussed within this context. Two parallel movements were found to be of importance: the birth control movement itself and the population control movement. The orientations and relationships between these two ...


Stimulus, Vol. 2, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work Jan 1976

Stimulus, Vol. 2, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work

Stimulus Alumni Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Robert Lawrence Mcfadden Papers - Accession 58, Robert Lawrence Mcfadden Jan 1976

Robert Lawrence Mcfadden Papers - Accession 58, Robert Lawrence Mcfadden

Manuscript Collection

The Robert Lawrence McFadden Papers consist of minutes, correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and financial records, relating to a wide range of topics and organizations, both at the state and York County level; including the York County Nature Museum, alcohol and drug abuse, the Catawba Regional Planning Council, the death penalty, public education, social services, Winthrop College and York Technical College, Catawba, South Carolina, Clover, South Carolina, Congaree Swamp, consumer protections, health care, Henry’s Knob, insurance, Jaycee Boys Home, judicial reform, dairy industry, Gov. John C. West, taxes, York County landfills, South Carolina wildlife, Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), Fort Mill ...


Review Of Women Of The Forest, By Yolanda Murphy And Robert F. Murphy, Janet Shapiro Jan 1976

Review Of Women Of The Forest, By Yolanda Murphy And Robert F. Murphy, Janet Shapiro

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


An Exploratory Study Of The Effects Of Parenting Relationships On Children's School Adjustment, Raymond M. Lappin, Lisa J. Posner, Marcia S. Smith Jan 1976

An Exploratory Study Of The Effects Of Parenting Relationships On Children's School Adjustment, Raymond M. Lappin, Lisa J. Posner, Marcia S. Smith

Dissertations and Theses

As indicated in the National Vital Statistics Report of April, 1973 (Volume 20, pp. 16-19), the rate of divorces involving minor children is increasing rapidly in this country. Consequently, concern about the effects of divorce on children has been growing. In 1974, a collaborative effort between the Clackamas County (Oregon) Circuit Court and the Portland State University National Justice Educational Development Project was begun to study the impact of divorce on children and their parents (IDCAP). Heading the team of researchers are Stanley N. Cohen, Ph.D., and Nolan Jones, Research Associate.

Of special interest to Cohen and Jones is ...


The Impact Of Ssi On The Social Security Administration: An Intraorganizational Study With Interorganizational Ramifications, Patricia A. Parker Jan 1976

The Impact Of Ssi On The Social Security Administration: An Intraorganizational Study With Interorganizational Ramifications, Patricia A. Parker

Dissertations and Theses

In 1974 a revolutionary new income maintenance program was implemented in the United States. It was revolutionary in style because it provided a federalized income floor for the elderly, blind and disabled, previously provided for under various federal, state, and local welfare programs. The program was called Supplemental Security Income, or SSI. The Social Security Administration, a long-standing institution in the financial community because of old age, survivors and disability insurance (OASDI) benefits, was chosen to administer 551. SS represented a new innovation for the Social Security Administration who had never before had to provide non-work-related benefits to indigents. In ...


A Descriptive Study Of Eleven Parent Conferences In A Child Development Center, Yolanda Moser Jan 1976

A Descriptive Study Of Eleven Parent Conferences In A Child Development Center, Yolanda Moser

Dissertations and Theses

This is a report of a descriptive study of eleven video-taped diagnostic conferences involving parents of developmentally delayed children who have been assessed at a training facility which provides diagnostic services to a variety of delayed or handicapped children. The variables described were: (1) the amount of verbal participation of staff and parents; and (2) parent ratings of satisfaction obtained from a brief questionnaire administered orally. The data revealed that. (1) there is no relationship between parent verbal participation and parent satisfaction with the conference; and (2) there is a relationship between parent satisfaction and process and content factors in ...


Residential Treatment Of Emotionally Disturbed Adolescents, Rosemary Brown Sutherland Jan 1976

Residential Treatment Of Emotionally Disturbed Adolescents, Rosemary Brown Sutherland

Dissertations and Theses

This study was requested by Dr. Ira B. Korman, Administrator, Woodland Park Mental Health Center. Woodland Park Mental Health Center currently provides a program of short-term evaluation and crisis care for adolescents. The staff there find it is difficult to locate suitable out-of-home placements for certain of their adolescent patients concluding hospitalization. Their concern for this group of hard-to-place patients has led to this inquiry, the purposes of which are to (1) assess need, (2) design a residential program, and (3) consider the feasibility of its implementation.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 3, No. 3 (January 1976) Jan 1976

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 3, No. 3 (January 1976)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • Social Policies and Social Development-A Humanistic-Egalitarian Perspective - DAVID G. GIL, pp. 242
  • Public Welfare: Utilization, Change, Appropriations, Services - JOHN E. TROPMAN, pp.264.
  • The Punishment of Divorced Mothers - HERMAN BORENZWEIG, pp. 291
  • Low Income, Ethnicity and Voluntary Association Involvement - NANCY G. KUTNER, pp. 311
  • Social Change and Social Action - BERNARD J. COUGHLIN, S.K. KHINDUKA, pp. 322
  • The Mystique of Expertise in Social Service: An Alaska Example - DOROTHY M. JONES, pp.332
  • Humanism as Demystification -ALFRED McCLUNG LEE, pp. 347


Social Policies And Social Development - A Humanistic-Egalitarian Perspective, David G. Gil Jan 1976

Social Policies And Social Development - A Humanistic-Egalitarian Perspective, David G. Gil

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This essay explores the relationship of social policies and of policy-relevant societal values to social development. Its thesis is that the scope, direction, and quality of the social development process are largely shaped by the social policies and the dominant value positions of societies.


Public Welfare: Utilization, Change, Appropriations, Service, John E. Tropman Jan 1976

Public Welfare: Utilization, Change, Appropriations, Service, John E. Tropman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

During the decade of the 1960's there was continually increasing interest in the programs of public welfare. This interest sprang from several sources. Citizens, always worried about welfare expenditures, developed resurgent concern. Recipients, long a quiet group, became more active, forming the National Welfare Rights Organization. And then there was the rediscovery of poverty as a social problem, and a realization that very many Americans were poor, many more than anyone had somehow realized.

The general interest in poverty and the measures used to relieve it had an effect on the academic community, generating some sustained and critical attention ...


The Punishment Of Divorced Mothers, Herman Borenzweig Jan 1976

The Punishment Of Divorced Mothers, Herman Borenzweig

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

As the clinical social worker to seven young divorced mothers I began to wonder why the lives of these women had become so remarkably unbearable. I compared the experiences of the women who were coming to me for group psychotherapy with about thirty similar divorced mothers who were also members of the West Side Jewish Community Center of Los Angeles. All the women were experiencing similar difficulties. I also explored some of the literature about the problems faced by divorced mothers! This essay is the culmination of my research. It summarizes some of my conjectures about the disadvantaged social status ...


Low Income, Ethnicity, And Voluntary Association Involvement, Nancy G. Kutner Jan 1976

Low Income, Ethnicity, And Voluntary Association Involvement, Nancy G. Kutner

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Data on voluntary association participation among low-income members of major ethnic groups in the U.S. are reviewed. Low-income blacks are most likely to participate, followed by (2) whites and Mexican Americans and (3) Italian Americans and Puerto Ricans. Reasons for these ethnic differences are considered. More general factors affecting voluntary association patterns of low-income persons are also considered, and a means for increasing their voluntary association involvement is suggested.


Social Change And Social Action, Bernard J. Coughlin, S. K. Khinduka Jan 1976

Social Change And Social Action, Bernard J. Coughlin, S. K. Khinduka

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

We define social action as a strategy to obtain limited social change at the intermediate or macro levels of society which is generally used in nonconsensus situations and employs both "norm-adhering" and "norm-testing" modes of intervention. In this formulation, the key concept is social change. This paper proposes to explore certain aspects of social change as they apply to social action.

The discussion is divided into two parts. The first is a brief summary of pertinent social change theory, presented as background for part two in which are presented and discussed certain propositions about planned change that are critical to ...


Humanism As Demystification, Alfred Mcclug Lee Jan 1976

Humanism As Demystification, Alfred Mcclug Lee

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Under a variety of labels, many academic disciplines focus on the unsettling impact of fresh and vivid interpersonal experiences upon pre-existing beliefs and behaviour patterns. Reference is to philosophical discussions of sophism and humanism, historical theories about frontier influences, anthropological interest in culture shock, psychiatric concern with empathy and with perceptive listening, and sociological analyses of marginality, uses of participant observation and life-history data, and clinical studies of social behavior. Their significant similarity is that they are all discussions of demystifying influences on social thought and action. They are demystifying in the sense that they tend to translate the distant ...


Research In The M.S.W. Curriculum: Correlates Of An Effects On Student Attitudes And Knowledge, Daniel Filliol Jan 1976

Research In The M.S.W. Curriculum: Correlates Of An Effects On Student Attitudes And Knowledge, Daniel Filliol

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

To determine the effect of graduate social work research courses on student research knowledge and attitudes towards research and to find predictors of these, two groups of social work students—one tested prior to and another tested following their social work research courses—were measured on several antecedent variables and on a test of research knowledge, attitude and interest in research as a career. Having an undergraduate major in psychology was predictive of high research knowledge and having had prior research work experience was indicative of a positive attitude towards research. Post-research course students demonstrated greater knowledge of research and ...


An Evaluation Of A Family Life Education Program, Anne Westhues Jan 1976

An Evaluation Of A Family Life Education Program, Anne Westhues

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This study has two distinct objectives: to evaluate how effectively the family life education program at Sir John A. Macdonald High School in Hamilton, Ontario is meeting its stated objectives and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of a traditional teaching method and an annovative teaching method with this family life education program. There are three groups in this study. The first group took the family life education program taught with the innovative method, the second group took the family life education program taught with the traditional method,a nd the third group did not take a family life education program ...


The Mystique Of Expertise In Social Services: An Alaska Example, Dorothy M. Jones Jan 1976

The Mystique Of Expertise In Social Services: An Alaska Example, Dorothy M. Jones

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In this paper I shall examine the roots and manifestations of the mystique of expertise, its consequences for agency evaluation practices, and its consequences for clients.


Securing Services For The Older Population : A Training Manual For I And R Workers, Catherine M. Nemmert Jan 1976

Securing Services For The Older Population : A Training Manual For I And R Workers, Catherine M. Nemmert

Dissertations and Theses

This manual is written as a self-training guide on the elements of Information and Referral (I and R) service and on the process of providing I and R to the older population. The manual attempts to build a useful framework for methods of providing I and R service. The manual is directed at workers who are providing I and R services to the elderly. It is intended to serve as an orientation guide on the basic elements of I and R service and as a "how to" guide for methods and techniques of service provision. The new worker should find ...


An Exploratory Study Of Runaway Female Adolescents In A Residential Treatment Center, Mary E. Cook, Stan Jasper Jan 1976

An Exploratory Study Of Runaway Female Adolescents In A Residential Treatment Center, Mary E. Cook, Stan Jasper

Dissertations and Theses

If correctional institutions are to function according to established criteria, that is, to “correct” the deviant behavior of juvenile delinquents, then one obvious requirement is to have continuous contact with that individual over a period of time. This research project is one attempt to study runaways from the juvenile delinquent girls institution. This study specifically focuses on what factors influence a girl to run away and what factors encourage her to stay at Villa St. Rose.

Both researchers discovered in working at Villa St. Rose that one the biggest obstacles for the treatment program was the number of runaways that ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between The Adolescents' Knowledge Of Laws And Their Attitudes Towards The Police, Barbara Mccallum Jan 1976

A Study Of The Relationship Between The Adolescents' Knowledge Of Laws And Their Attitudes Towards The Police, Barbara Mccallum

Dissertations and Theses

Crime in the United States has risen at an alarming rate in the last few years and along with it, juvenile crime and delinquency. Society has had a difficult task trying to deal with this increased juvenile crime. Whereas the destructive, antisocial adult can be placed in prison or jail away from society, we are generally reluctant to institutionalize youth in such a manner. Rather, the feeling is that there is still hope for teenagers who commit crimes, that the community rather than institutions can and should be primarily responsible for trying to prevent and/or rehabilitate delinquents.

In the ...


A Study Of Counseling At Reed College, Martin Shawn Fisher, Mark Masterson Jan 1976

A Study Of Counseling At Reed College, Martin Shawn Fisher, Mark Masterson

Dissertations and Theses

The main purpose of the study was to develop information which would be useful to the counselors of the Reed College Counseling Service in their practice. Specifically, information was sought on the outcomes of one to one counseling sessions. The aim of the inquiry was to determine some of the dynamics and results of individual counseling with Reed students. The goal was to discover information about successful and unsuccessful counseling sessions which would benefit the counselors in the provision of their services.

A review of the literature on outcome research in psychotherapy suggested that focusing the study on the treatment ...


A Model For Teaching Small Group Skills In A Laboratory Setting, Larry Ferguson, James Reavis Jan 1976

A Model For Teaching Small Group Skills In A Laboratory Setting, Larry Ferguson, James Reavis

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this research practicum is to present the development, implementation, and evaluation of a model for teaching small group skills. This model was designed for a class in small groups that the authors of this paper taught at Portland State University in the School of Social Work. In designing this class, the authors were concerned with goals somewhat different than the more traditional goal of imparting knowledge about groups to the learner. The main goal of this class was to teach to students skills in working with small groups. This approach required developing a knowledge base about small ...


A Descriptive Study Of Oregon Literacy Tutors In Multnomah County, Marva Schwiebert, Kathleen Whittle Jan 1976

A Descriptive Study Of Oregon Literacy Tutors In Multnomah County, Marva Schwiebert, Kathleen Whittle

Dissertations and Theses

Oregon Literacy, Inc., requested a study of the volunteer tutors in Multnomah County. This study is primarily based on responses to questionnaires sent to all volunteer tutors on the active list with the program in Multnomah County, including all persons who were certified in the training workshops held in 1975. Results of the questionnaire are examined, and the thesis offers a descriptive analysis of Oregon Literacy Tutors in Multnomah County, Oregon.


Leadership Styles And Staff Satisfaction In Four Nursing Homes: Implications For Service Delivery, Carol Nightengale Jan 1976

Leadership Styles And Staff Satisfaction In Four Nursing Homes: Implications For Service Delivery, Carol Nightengale

Dissertations and Theses

This is a study of four nursing care facilities in Portland, Oregon in 1975-1976, which examines the relationship between leadership style and staff satisfaction, leadership style and patient satisfaction,and staff satisfaction and patient satisfaction.


Historical Aspects Of Indian Life And Their Effects On The Urban Indian, Ramona Cliff Jan 1976

Historical Aspects Of Indian Life And Their Effects On The Urban Indian, Ramona Cliff

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study is to explore one aspect of American Indian life: the personal situations and political implications of the American Indian residing in an urban setting.


Effects Of Increased Fuel Costs On Households In A Low Income Neighborhood In Portland, Oregon, Ora Allen, Betty Heald Jan 1976

Effects Of Increased Fuel Costs On Households In A Low Income Neighborhood In Portland, Oregon, Ora Allen, Betty Heald

Dissertations and Theses

This study is made up of two parts which explore some of the effects upon individual households making up a sample of a low income neighborhood in Portland. The first section in Chapter II presents a survey of sample households in our identified area, securing personal information given by adult members along with their responses to questions concerning effects on their budgets and the adaptations they have made to reduce the cost of fuel. The second section compares costs of fuel for January, February, and March of 1975 with the same months of 1974 for another sample in the same ...


Need Assessment Methodology, Gerald A. Burns, Janet S. Putnam Jan 1976

Need Assessment Methodology, Gerald A. Burns, Janet S. Putnam

Dissertations and Theses

A need assessment is a systematic process of determining community needs through the comparative analysis of people, problems, and services. Although need assessments of some form have existed since biblical times, it has only been within recent years that their use in social planning has become prominent. This is attributed to the increasing belief in the necessity of pertinent data to make decision-making responsive to community needs.

Ten basic issues should be considered in designing a need assessment, These are: 1) Purpose; 2) Decision-making context; 3) Agency resources; 4) Scope; 5) Future studies; 6) Staff roles; 7) Data collection; 8 ...


An Exploratory Study Concerning Reasons Given For Termination Of Provision Of Foster Care, Linda Ann Nelson Jan 1976

An Exploratory Study Concerning Reasons Given For Termination Of Provision Of Foster Care, Linda Ann Nelson

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this practicum is to determine reasons given by former foster parents for their termination of provision of foster care. Research was completed through a survey of the literature in the field of roster care and through inquiries with personnel currently working with foster care programs in Columbia and Multnomah Counties. Utilizing the concerns of the personnel and issues raised in the literature, a questionnaire was developed which was intended specifically for former roster families currently residing in Columbia County. 48.9 percent of the questionnaires were returned. The results showed that fifty percent of the foster families ...