Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Work Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 133

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Food Insecurity: Providers’ Perspectives Regarding Improving Food Access For Low Income Americans, Sarah K. Barrett May 2015

Food Insecurity: Providers’ Perspectives Regarding Improving Food Access For Low Income Americans, Sarah K. Barrett

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Food is often seen as the common denominator that brings people together yet food-related issues often plague our society in negative ways. Food insecurity, defined as having limited access to food resources often, impacts individuals and households. The prevalence of food insecurity within a household can increase the risk of developing chronic health conditions and obesity. Food insecurity can also be a hard statistic to track because it is self-defined and self-reported. This qualitative research study was designed to investigate the impact of food insecurity from the perspective of providers that work within food resources programs. In total five participants ...


Animal-Assisted Interactions: Impacts For At-Risk Youth, Emily M. Axen May 2015

Animal-Assisted Interactions: Impacts For At-Risk Youth, Emily M. Axen

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Animal-assisted interactions (AAI) have shown increasing promise in reaching at-risk youth. Overview: This systematic review explores the biopsychosocial-spiritual impacts of AAI for at-risk youth through analyzing the existing body of empirical research in the field. Qualitative analysis of findings indicated three main themes identified as (1) “the human animal connection,” exploring the unique impacts of equine and canine partnership in treatment, (2) “a new sense of self,” describing internal benefits of AAI, and (3) “social impacts” or increased prosocial behavior in participants. Quality assessment ratings indicated need for additional research in the field; however, results indicate promising outcomes for at-risk ...


A Systematic Review Of Cognitive Processing Therapy And Prolonged Exposure With Veterans, Lauren Bares May 2015

A Systematic Review Of Cognitive Processing Therapy And Prolonged Exposure With Veterans, Lauren Bares

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the effectiveness of Cognitive Processing Therapy and Prolonged Exposure in reducing PTSD symptomology in United States military veterans. The present research study attempted to identify individual factors that may lead to a more effective treatment outcome with one of the two therapies that are frequently utilized in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System. Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria for the present study. The findings demonstrated both Cognitive Processing Therapy and Prolonged Exposure are effective in reducing PTSD symptomology in veterans. Only one study directly compared the two therapies, and Prolonged Exposure ...


What Is The Importance Of Educating Women On Postpartum Depression?, Ashley Akwa May 2015

What Is The Importance Of Educating Women On Postpartum Depression?, Ashley Akwa

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Postpartum depression is a mental health issue that affects one in seven women after giving birth to a baby. When a woman is undiagnosed and suffering from postpartum depression not only is she affected but her family members and the baby can be negatively affected as well. With the pressure for women to be able to do it all, postpartum depression symptoms are often ignored by mothers. Educating women on postpartum depression, especially prior to discharge at the hospital, is important so women (and spouses) are aware of what symptoms to look for when it is time to look for ...


Views On Seeking Mental Health Services In The Somali Community, Hamdi H. Adan May 2015

Views On Seeking Mental Health Services In The Somali Community, Hamdi H. Adan

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

There is a need for culturally sensitive and suitable health care in the United States since there is a rising population of immigrants and refugees that reside in this country. The purpose of this research is to examine the views of mental illness among Somali individuals that live in the United States. A quantitative design was used for the collection of the data by using survey. Thirty six participants completed the written survey. Data was analyzed using a descriptive and inferential statistics to investigate the relationship between the participant’s level of education, the participants’ length of stay in the ...


Social Workers Perception Of Father Involvement And Infant Mental Health, Debra Bjorgaard May 2015

Social Workers Perception Of Father Involvement And Infant Mental Health, Debra Bjorgaard

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This research project shows the perspective of six respondents on fathers and its impact on infant mental health. This research describes how in the Early Childhood setting and Infant Mental Health field how father involvement plays out. Infant Mental Health was defined by the respondents as an interdisciplinary field, involving many different disciplines, such as medical, education and mental health. Despite many of the respondents limited involvement with fathers in their programs and Infant Mental Health work, the research found that roles of fathers are changing and they are becoming more involved in their young children’s lives. Father involvement ...


Psycho-Social Variables Regarding Military Reintegration, Krista Baysinger May 2015

Psycho-Social Variables Regarding Military Reintegration, Krista Baysinger

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This project was a systematic review of the research studies that have focused on the barriers of reintegration by military service members to civilian life. This paper examined what psycho-social variables these research articles have found that have had the greatest impact on those reintegrating into civilian life. Because reintegration is a process that affects the service member, his or her spouse, and potentially children, it is an important area to research. This paper is a systematic review of the research already published regarding barriers to military reintegration for OEF and OIF veterans. Mental health was the most dominant theme ...


Use Of Supervision For Catholics Social Workers, Geoffrey Bornhoft May 2015

Use Of Supervision For Catholics Social Workers, Geoffrey Bornhoft

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The importance of supervision for social workers is demonstrated in research and the importance of strong Catholic formation is crucial to the Church and her mission. This study aims to investigate Catholic social workers’ perceptions on the use of Catholic supervision and social work supervision to work through ethical dilemmas. Five social workers and one marriage and family therapist were interviewed for this study. They were interviewed in regards to what Catholic supervision looks like, what does social work supervision look like, and how do they work through an ethical dilemma using both perspectives. The major themes from the study ...


A Systematic Review Of The Effects Of Family Conflict: Focusing On Divorce, Infidelity, And Attachment Style, Jacob B. Borst May 2015

A Systematic Review Of The Effects Of Family Conflict: Focusing On Divorce, Infidelity, And Attachment Style, Jacob B. Borst

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

In this systematic review, I explored the topic of family conflict, focusing on the conflicts of infidelity and divorce, and how these conflicts affect attachment style. The literature review provided information showing that family conflicts may increase the likelihood of children committing at-risk behaviors, have negative impacts on attachment style, and may even influence the success of future relationships. Positive outcomes can also occur from family conflict such as leaving an abusive environment or gaining secure attachment figures such as a stable stepparent. A focused literature search found 25 articles and two books that provided information regarding the effects of ...


Social Support Of Clients With Smi: Professional Perspectives, Madeline A. Busch May 2015

Social Support Of Clients With Smi: Professional Perspectives, Madeline A. Busch

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this project was to explore the impact of social support in the lives of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Using a qualitative design, eight mental health practitioners with experience working with individuals afflicted by SMI reflected on the ways social support impacts individuals with SMI. The findings of this study appear to correlate with the literature review. This study identified that social support can be enhanced for individuals with SMI through: providing psychoeducation to families, offering programs that provide peer support, involvement with professionals in an ongoing and consistent relationship, implicit learning of new skills that ...


I’M Proud I’M Actually Writing: Analyzing The Poetry Of Urban Youth With Ebd For Risk And Protective Factors, Clara N. Bergene May 2015

I’M Proud I’M Actually Writing: Analyzing The Poetry Of Urban Youth With Ebd For Risk And Protective Factors, Clara N. Bergene

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Urban youth experience any number of risk factors in their daily lives, but they also have protective factors that serve to support and shield them. This study was designed to examine how urban youth who have been given the label of Emotional or Behavioral Disorders (EBD) experience and perceive the various risk and protective factors that are present in their lives. This was done by examining 486 poems written by these youths. Data were analyzed using the framework of Search Institute's 40 Developmental Assets, as well as deductively coding for themes of risk. The following themes were used to ...


The Development Of A New Nonprofit And Targeted Programming, Jolene Castillo May 2015

The Development Of A New Nonprofit And Targeted Programming, Jolene Castillo

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study is to explore the process of establishing a new nonprofit organization designed for a specific purpose of an intended population and the development of programming to meet the needs of that population. This study seeks to explore how do you start a nonprofit with programming designed to meet the needs of a targeted population? This study inquires into the motivational factors used in the development of the nonprofit organizations and what process was used in developing an organization. This study looks at leadership styles and qualities required to found and run an organization and addressing ...


Social Factors Related To Domestic Violence Among Hmong Adults, Ace Chang May 2015

Social Factors Related To Domestic Violence Among Hmong Adults, Ace Chang

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study was to explore social factors related to domestic violence among Hmong adults. The formal hypothesis for this research was: Social factors are related to domestic violence among Hmong adults. A total of 43 Hmong male and female adults were drawn from the community of St. Paul and Minneapolis, MN. The age of respondents ranged from 18 to 60 years old. Recruitment was accomplished through snowball sampling.

The instrument used for this study was developed and designed by the researcher. A thirty-two survey questionnaire was divided into two sections. The first section was divided into five ...


Deep Breathing And Downward Dog: Supporting Students With An Ebd Through Yoga, Rachel A. Coates May 2015

Deep Breathing And Downward Dog: Supporting Students With An Ebd Through Yoga, Rachel A. Coates

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research project was to explore how school social workers are utilizing yoga as an intervention for youth who have an emotional/behavioral disorder (EBD). This research project was qualitative in design and seven school social workers from Minnesota were interviewed. Participants interviewed were school social workers from Minnesota that discussed how yoga was being used in schools to increase mindbody awareness and self-regulation among youth who have an emotional/behavioral disorder. Six themes emerged from the data including: normalizing yoga, benefits, yoga curriculum, feedback, barriers, and suggestions. Previous research has indicated that yoga is beneficial not ...


Systematic Review: Coping And Supports Of Family Caregivers For Adults With Serious Mental Illness, Sheryl A. Cotton May 2015

Systematic Review: Coping And Supports Of Family Caregivers For Adults With Serious Mental Illness, Sheryl A. Cotton

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Caring for a loved one with serious mental illness is a challenging role to be in. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to integrate the current literature which values the viewpoint of the caregiver regarding their own strength perspective of discovering what coping skills and support systems they have found to be beneficial. The studies included in the review were peer reviewed empirical, qualitative and quantitative studies, representing several countries and age groups. Inclusionary terms for this study included: “chronic mental illness” or “mental illness”, some version of the word caregiver, family, related, adapt, cope and long-term. Exclusionary ...


Latino Professionals’ Views On Employment Discrimination Towards The Latino Immigrant Community, Anali Crispin Ballesteros May 2015

Latino Professionals’ Views On Employment Discrimination Towards The Latino Immigrant Community, Anali Crispin Ballesteros

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research study was to identify the causes and negative effects of employment discrimination towards Latino immigrants. Using a qualitative design the researcher interviewed nine Latino professionals on their views of employment discrimination towards Latino immigrants. Additionally, the participants have worked with the Latino immigrant community, have experienced employment discrimination themselves or know Latino immigrants who have experienced employment discrimination. The researcher analyzed data by looking for themes. Themes have been noted and compared to the literature review that has been collected on this topic. Transcripts were analyzed and reviewed to ensure validity and credibility. The findings ...


Social Workers’ Perceptions On Quality Hospital Care For Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities, Mallory S. Clark May 2015

Social Workers’ Perceptions On Quality Hospital Care For Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities, Mallory S. Clark

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are not experiencing the quality care they deserve from healthcare professionals when hospitalized. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted using questionnaires and Grounded Theory to examine the perceptions social workers have in regards to the quality care people with ID receive in the hospital. From the data analysis, five themes emerged: (a) a lack of understanding, (b) a need for medical professionals to have specific education for treating people with ID, (c) person- centered care, (d) advocating for people with ID, and (e) barriers to quality care. Social workers can apply these findings toward a ...


Millennial Men: A Correlational Study Between Masculinity, Emotional Expression, And Mental Health, Kathryn L. Driscoll May 2015

Millennial Men: A Correlational Study Between Masculinity, Emotional Expression, And Mental Health, Kathryn L. Driscoll

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This study aimed to explore the question: do American, millennial men that try to achieve masculine ideals have less ability to express themselves emotionally and do they have less positive mental health and well-being? The population sample gathered consisted of 44 American, male participants between the ages of 35 and 21. The data was measured via a survey that consisted of two questionnaires, the Gender Role Conflict Scale and the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale as well as several demographic questions consisting of a total of 55 questions for the survey. The survey was administered online via Qualtrics Survey Software. The ...


Needs Of Families Post-International Adoption, Courtney M. Coulter May 2015

Needs Of Families Post-International Adoption, Courtney M. Coulter

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Adoption is becoming a more normal way of life in the United States, totaling more than 7,000 children in 2013; as a result, more attention is being drawn to the services and experiences of those who have adoption as part of their lives (Bureau of Consular Affairs, 2014). The needs of families adopting internationally are areas that require further research, specifically focusing on the pre- and post-adoption services provided and what additional services are needed. The goal of this study was to examine the needs of families post-international adoption. Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight women who had adopted ...


The Early Identification Of Autism Spectrum Disorder In Preschool Settings, Samantha J. Drusch May 2015

The Early Identification Of Autism Spectrum Disorder In Preschool Settings, Samantha J. Drusch

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Caregivers often recognize the signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in their child before age two, yet, they often do not receive a diagnosis until after the child is four years old. Preschool teachers have high levels of exposure to the developing child and so are in an ideal position to identify children who may have ASD and refer them for assessments which may lead to access to early intervention services. This research sought to better understand whether or not preschool teachers are familiar with signs of ASD in young children, comfortable discussing concerns with parents, and knowledgeable about services ...


Autism And The Impact Of The Siblings’ Identities, Marya Dumke May 2015

Autism And The Impact Of The Siblings’ Identities, Marya Dumke

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be an overwhelming experience for the caregivers and families of those diagnosed. According to estimates from Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, about 1 in 88 children have been identified with an autism spectrum disorder. This is a small, qualitative study that explores the impact ASD has on siblings and their identity development. Previous research regarding this subject has focused primarily on the sibling’s stress and experiences when growing up with a child diagnosed with ASD. However, there is little to no literature on ASD impact on ...


Maslow’S Hierarchy And Early-Onset Alzheimer’S Disease: Systematic Review Of Stages And Interventions, Bethany M.M. Doerr May 2015

Maslow’S Hierarchy And Early-Onset Alzheimer’S Disease: Systematic Review Of Stages And Interventions, Bethany M.M. Doerr

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Early-onset Alzheimer’s disease occurs at a fairly young age and causes a life altering shift after being diagnosed. Helping persons diagnosed live to their fullest potential at all stages of the disease is a relevant and meaningful goal for social work. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to synthesize the current research on how interventions, therapies, and practices address the different levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs for individuals living with younger/early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. A systematic literature review design was used and the level of publication was limited to peer-reviewed English language academic articles ...


The Lived Experience Of The Mandated Reporter, Courtney J. Duvick May 2015

The Lived Experience Of The Mandated Reporter, Courtney J. Duvick

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research study was to explore the lived experience of the mandated reporter. The research question for the study was as follows: What is the lived experience of the mandated reporter? This question was explored through the use of a qualitative research design, which in the case of this research project, included the use of interviews to obtain the necessary data to answer the research question. This research is important to the field of social work because all social workers are mandated reporters, whether they specifically work with children or not. The sample in this study consisted ...


Increasing Advocacy, Awareness And Support For Transgender Individuals, Kacie Ervasti May 2015

Increasing Advocacy, Awareness And Support For Transgender Individuals, Kacie Ervasti

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The lack of understanding and knowledge regarding transgender individuals is a social justice issue social workers and social service practitioners must educate themselves on in order to serve this oppressed and vulnerable population to create change and equality. This qualitative research project conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 individuals who identify as transgender, or somewhere along the spectrum of gender non-conforming, regarding their opinions on how to increase awareness, support, and advocacy for the transgender community. Important themes that were found in the data regarding the experience of clinical practice with people who transgender individuals were: understanding transgender terminology, explaining and ...


A Young African-American Woman’S Story: Risk And Protective Factors In Developing Identity, Jennifer A. Davis May 2015

A Young African-American Woman’S Story: Risk And Protective Factors In Developing Identity, Jennifer A. Davis

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research study is to explore the life experiences of an African American young woman specifically focusing on risk and protective factors and their impact on identity formation. The research asks the questions, “What are the risk and protective life experiences of an African American young woman? How do these possible life experiences impact the way the young woman participant views herself and her world?” The methodology chosen for this research is a qualitative case study allowing for an in-depth and holistic look at an individual’s life. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with a young African ...


An Integrative Healthcare Approach To Empowering Older Adults In Creating Advance Directives, Rebekah J. Elling May 2015

An Integrative Healthcare Approach To Empowering Older Adults In Creating Advance Directives, Rebekah J. Elling

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study is to determine the best practice strategies for creating advance directives when using an integrated team approach. Healthcare professionals are required to inform nursing home residents of their rights around advance directives. Healthcare professionals are also called to assist nursing home residents in creating an advance directive, without coercion, so that it reflects their values around death and dying. Six healthcare professionals (consisting of four social workers, one nurse, and one chaplain) were interviewed to determine their beliefs about the integrative team approach to creating advance directives. The qualitative interviews were analyzed from a grounded ...


Effective Ways Social Workers Respond To Secondary Trauma, Amy Fogel May 2015

Effective Ways Social Workers Respond To Secondary Trauma, Amy Fogel

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Due to the traumatic material of their clients, social workers are often faced with symptoms of secondary trauma. Symptoms of secondary trauma can have an impact on a social worker’s ability to form therapeutic relationships with their clients as well as interfere with their personal life. This qualitative study of six social workers, examines the ways that social workers effectively respond to the effects of secondary trauma. The findings of this study found that supervision, the importance of leaving work at work, spending time with family and friends, talking with colleagues, and extra support of agencies helped social workers ...


Does Identification With The Lgbtq Community Impact Reintegration Experiences? Female Service Members’ Perspectives, Jennifer Evans May 2015

Does Identification With The Lgbtq Community Impact Reintegration Experiences? Female Service Members’ Perspectives, Jennifer Evans

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this research was to examine the reintegration experiences of female service members who deployed in a Post 9/11 war and identify with the LGBTQ community. The study employed a mixed methods survey to gather information from two female service members regarding their identification with the LGBTQ community before, during, and after deployment as well as their challenges and supports post deployment. Reponses from the survey were analyzed and coded to develop themes. The themes that emerged included pre-coming out, coming out, and post coming out. These theme outlined how the coming out process aligned with the ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences And Other Risk Factors In A Homeless Youth Population, Michelle J. Goar May 2015

Adverse Childhood Experiences And Other Risk Factors In A Homeless Youth Population, Michelle J. Goar

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This quantitative research project sought to explore the relationship between ACE score, homelessness, PTSD and substance use in a homeless youth population. 161 participants, age 18-21, participated in the 29 question survey, with 40% of youth indicating they were currently homeless, and 86% indicating they were homeless in the past. Mean ACE score was 4.15, with an average duration of homelessness of 17.7 months. 48% of the population screened positively for PTSD, and 83% indicated they used substances in the last six months with 39% using marijuana daily. ACE score, rates of PSTD and substance use was found ...


Adapting Parent Programs For Families Impacted By Incarceration: Community Providers’ Perspectives, Hilary Fasbender May 2015

Adapting Parent Programs For Families Impacted By Incarceration: Community Providers’ Perspectives, Hilary Fasbender

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

Parenting programs are an essential component in assisting mothers and fathers to be effective providers for their children. These programs are important within the community, as well as the parent population within the jail or prison setting. This study explored the perceptions of parent education providers that work within community based settings, and whether or not these programs can be adapted for incarcerated individuals. Using a qualitative method, interviews were conducted and themes were developed. These themes were compared to the findings from the literature review. This study interviewed two women, ages twenty-two and forty-six, both of which work in ...