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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Clinical Practice With Children And Adolescents Involved In Bullying And Cyberbullying: Gleaning Guidelines From The Literature, David S. Byers, Faye Mishna, Carolyn Solo Jan 2019

Clinical Practice With Children And Adolescents Involved In Bullying And Cyberbullying: Gleaning Guidelines From The Literature, David S. Byers, Faye Mishna, Carolyn Solo

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Bullying and cyberbullying have received unprecedented international scholarly attention over the last three decades, including increasingly sophisticated descriptive models, measures of associated harm, and studies of whole-school intervention programs. Despite an abundance of articles related to bullying and cyberbullying, there has been relatively little attention to clinical practice with children and adolescents involved in bullying and cyberbullying. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of peer-reviewed academic journal articles published between January 1990 and June 2018 pertaining to individual and group psychotherapy with clients involved in bullying and cyberbullying. Based on this review, we identify four ...


A Queer Ethic Of Conflict And The Challenge Of Friendship. Review Of Conflict Is Not Abuse: Overstating Harm, Community Responsibility, And The Duty Of Repair, David S. Byers Jan 2019

A Queer Ethic Of Conflict And The Challenge Of Friendship. Review Of Conflict Is Not Abuse: Overstating Harm, Community Responsibility, And The Duty Of Repair, David S. Byers

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Renewing The Ethics Of Care For Social Work Under The Trump Administration, David S. Byers, Janet R. Shapiro Jan 2019

Renewing The Ethics Of Care For Social Work Under The Trump Administration, David S. Byers, Janet R. Shapiro

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Reconsidering Self Care, Sara Bressi, Elizabeth R. Vaden Mar 2017

Reconsidering Self Care, Sara Bressi, Elizabeth R. Vaden

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

In light of diminishing resources in service settings, and the subsequent high risk for worker burnout, self care remains an important vehicle for promoting worker well-being. However, traditional definitions of self care are based in formulations about the nature of the self that don’t reflect paradigmatic shifts in social work practice that place increased emphasis on the multiplicity of workers’ selves, use of self and a collaborative frame for the worker–client relationship. Thus, a reconsidered definition of self care is proposed that reflects intersubjective, relational, and recovery-oriented frames for practice and posits strategies for self care that make ...


Treatment Narratives Of Suicidal Latina Teens, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas Jan 2017

Treatment Narratives Of Suicidal Latina Teens, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

In this article, we examine the treatment narratives of Latina adolescent suicide attempters to understand their experiences undergoing care. For this study, we conducted content and thematic analysis of 68 interviews with Latina adolescent suicide attempters. Most teens who described positive experiences undergoing treatment (n = 39, 44.1%) did so when discussing outpatient mental health services (n = 30, 72.9%). Latinas felt that the providers who fostered their autonomy and connectedness helped them become active agents in their recovery. Clinicians serving suicidal Latinas must allow them to exercise agency while feeling emotionally connected to providers. To help Latinas manage their ...


A Measure Of Comprehensive Airman Fitness: Construct Validation And Invariance Across Air Force Service Components, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin Jan 2016

A Measure Of Comprehensive Airman Fitness: Construct Validation And Invariance Across Air Force Service Components, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

This article addresses the construct validity of an online assessment measure intended to reflect the biopsychosocial and spiritual fitness of U.S. Air Force (AF) members, defined as Comprehensive Airman Fitness. The analysis presented examines the extent to which this measure and the associated validation model are invariant across three AF components: active duty personnel, members of the Air National Guard/AF Reserve, and AF civilian employees. Our results indicate that total fitness (i.e., second-order factor), its four subcomponents (i.e., first-order factors), and the resiliency construct associated with role performance are invariant across service components at the configural ...


Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of A Measure Of Comprehensive Airman Fitness, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin Jan 2016

Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of A Measure Of Comprehensive Airman Fitness, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

The U.S. Air Force has committed significant resources to implementing policies and programs consistent with the Department of Defense's concept of total force fitness. A 12-item measure of Comprehensive Airman Fitness was proposed and empirically examined, using component measures of mental fitness, physical fitness, social fitness, and spiritual fitness from the Support and Resiliency Inventory. Results confirm that the components of airman fitness can be conceptualized as pieces of a total fitness construct and that the measure is invariant across subgroups. Implications for policy and practice are discussed, and an agenda for future research is presented.


The Willingness Of Military Members To Seek Help: The Role Of Social Involvement And Social Responsibility, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin, Jay A. Mancini Jan 2016

The Willingness Of Military Members To Seek Help: The Role Of Social Involvement And Social Responsibility, Gary L. Bowen, Todd M. Jensen, James A. Martin, Jay A. Mancini

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Anchored in the social organization theory of action and change, we use data from a large sample of active-duty Air Force members to examine the direct and indirect influence of social involvement and social responsibility on willingness to seek help in times of need via trust in formal systems and informal supports. Group comparisons are conducted between junior male, junior female, senior male, and senior female service members. The key mediational path in the model for all groups is the connection between social involvement and willingness to seek help via trust in formal systems. These results can inform both unit- ...


Syndemic Factors Associated With Adult Sexual Hiv Risk Behaviors In A Sample Of Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men In New York City, Omar Martinez, Sonya Arreola, Elwin Wu, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Ethan Czuy Levine, Scott Edward Rutledge, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Larry Icard, Scott D. Rhodes, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Carlos E. Rodríguez-Díaz, M. Isabel Fernandez, Theo Sandfort Jan 2016

Syndemic Factors Associated With Adult Sexual Hiv Risk Behaviors In A Sample Of Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men In New York City, Omar Martinez, Sonya Arreola, Elwin Wu, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Ethan Czuy Levine, Scott Edward Rutledge, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Larry Icard, Scott D. Rhodes, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Carlos E. Rodríguez-Díaz, M. Isabel Fernandez, Theo Sandfort

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Objective: Syndemic theory has been proposed as a framework for understanding the role of multiple riskfactors driving the HIV epidemic among sexual and gender minority individuals. As yet, the frameworkhas been relatively absent in research on Latinos/as.Methods: We used logistic regression to assess relationships among cumulative syndemic conditions –including clinically significant depression, high-risk alcohol consumption, discrimination, and childhoodsexual abuse – engagement with multiple partners and condomless anal intercourse (CAI) in a sample of176 Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) in New York City.Results: In bivariate analyses, an increase in the number of syndemic factors experienced was ...


Growing Up In The Inner City: Exploring The Adolescent Development And Acculturation Of Urban Suicidal Latinas., Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas Jan 2015

Growing Up In The Inner City: Exploring The Adolescent Development And Acculturation Of Urban Suicidal Latinas., Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

This chapter examines how adolescent development and acculturation impact suicidal behavior among Latinas living in the US inner city. After providing an overview of conceptual and empirical premises underlying immigrant youth development, acculturation, and suicidal behaviors, the article discusses cultural influences on Latina adolescents and their families. Drawing on data collected between 2005 and 2009, it then explores the various individual and interpersonal changes that Latina teens go through as a result of developmental and acculturative processes and how these changes relate to risks for suicide attempts. Based on cases that illustrate the developmental and acculturation trajectories of Latina nonattempters ...


Clinical Encounters With Immigrants: What Matters For U.S. Psychiatrists., Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Peter J. Guarnaccia Jan 2015

Clinical Encounters With Immigrants: What Matters For U.S. Psychiatrists., Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Peter J. Guarnaccia

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

About 3.2 percent of the population across the globe are migrants. Today, unprecedented numbers of people are relocating in the U.S. and more than ever, psychiatrists find themselves caring for immigrant patients. International migration is a multilayered issue that often has implications for the mental health of migrants. Thus, there is an increasing interest in understanding how the different factors associated with migration processes affect the mental health outcomes of immigrants. We group these factors into three categories: immigrant process, clinical encounter, and mental health services. When possible, we incorporate a gendered and life span perspective and suggest ...


An Exploratory Study Of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury And Suicidal Behaviors In Adolescent Latinas, Lauren E. Gulbas, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Susan M. De Luca, Tee R. Tyler, Luis H. Zayas Jan 2015

An Exploratory Study Of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury And Suicidal Behaviors In Adolescent Latinas, Lauren E. Gulbas, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Susan M. De Luca, Tee R. Tyler, Luis H. Zayas

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

To date, there is little research to validate empirically differences between nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSI) and attempted suicide among Latina adolescents. Understanding the characteristics and contextual features of self-harmful behaviors among Latina teens is a critical public health and social justice matter given the disproportionate rates of attempted suicide and anticipated population growth of this vulnerable group. In this article, we draw on an ecodevelopmental model to focus attention on factors in the sociocultural environment that shape suicidal behaviors and NSSIs. Through analysis of qualitative interviews conducted with girls who used NSSI (n ! 18), attempted suicide (n ! 29), used NSSI ...


The Science Of Research Synthesis: Limiting Bias And Error In Reviews, Julia H. Littell, Brandy R. Maynard Jan 2014

The Science Of Research Synthesis: Limiting Bias And Error In Reviews, Julia H. Littell, Brandy R. Maynard

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Coping With Publication And Reporting Biases In Research Reviews, Julia H. Littell, David L. Albright Jan 2014

Coping With Publication And Reporting Biases In Research Reviews, Julia H. Littell, David L. Albright

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review Of Systematic Review Methods: The Science Of Research Synthesis, Julia H. Littell, Brandy R. Maynard Jan 2014

Review Of Systematic Review Methods: The Science Of Research Synthesis, Julia H. Littell, Brandy R. Maynard

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Global Health, Toba Schwaber Kerson, Jessica Euna Lee Jan 2014

Global Health, Toba Schwaber Kerson, Jessica Euna Lee

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Within its 150 year history, public health has grown from a focus on local communities, to include country-wide, then international and now global perspectives. Using the United Nation’s Millennium Goals as its primary framework, this article provides an overview of global public health within the broadest possible context of the world and all of its peoples. Also provided are discussions of the global burden of disease as measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), global health statistics, current health priorities and recommendations for action by social workers and other health professionals.


The Science And Practice Of Research Synthesis, Julia H. Littell Dec 2013

The Science And Practice Of Research Synthesis, Julia H. Littell

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review Of They Say Cut Back, We Say Fight Back! Welfare Activism In An Era Of Retrenchment, By Ellen Reese, Sanford F. Schram Jan 2013

Review Of They Say Cut Back, We Say Fight Back! Welfare Activism In An Era Of Retrenchment, By Ellen Reese, Sanford F. Schram

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Political Violence, Collective Functioning And Health: A Review Of The Literature, Cindy A. Sousa Jan 2013

Political Violence, Collective Functioning And Health: A Review Of The Literature, Cindy A. Sousa

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Political violence is implicated in a range of mental health outcomes, including PTSD, depression, and anxiety. The social and political contexts of people’s lives, however, offer considerable protection from the mental health effects of political violence. In spite of the importance of people’s social and political environments for health, there is limited scholarship on how political violence compromises necessary social and political systems and inhibits individuals from participating in social and political life. Drawing on literature from multiple disciplines, including public health, anthropology, and psychology, this narrative review uses a multi-level, social ecological framework to enhance current knowledge ...


Individual And Collective Dimensions Of Resilience Within Political Violence, Cindy A. Sousa, Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia, Guy Feldman, Jessica Lee Jan 2013

Individual And Collective Dimensions Of Resilience Within Political Violence, Cindy A. Sousa, Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia, Guy Feldman, Jessica Lee

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Research has documented a link between political violence and the functioning of individuals and communities. Yet, despite the hardships that political violence creates, evidence suggests remarkable fortitude and resilience within both individuals and communities. Individual characteristics that appear to build resilience against political violence include demographic factors such as gender and age, and internal resources such as hope, optimism, determination and religious convictions. Research has also documented the protective influence of individuals’ connection to community and their involvement in work, school or political action. Additionally, research on political violence and resilience has increasingly focused on communities themselves as a unit ...


Mental Health Clinicians’ Experiences Of Implementing Evidence-Based Treatments., Byron J. Powell, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, J. Curtis Mcmillen Jan 2013

Mental Health Clinicians’ Experiences Of Implementing Evidence-Based Treatments., Byron J. Powell, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, J. Curtis Mcmillen

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Implementation research has tremendous potential to bridge the research-practice gap; however, we know more about barriers to evidence-based care than the factors that contribute to the adoption and sustainability of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). This qualitative study explores the experiences of clinicians (N = 11) who were implementing EBTs, highlighting the factors that they perceived to be most critical to successful implementation. The clinicians’ narratives reveal many leverage points that can inform administrators, clinical supervisors, and clinicians who wish to implement EBTs, as well as other stakeholders who wish to develop and test strategies for moving EBTs into routine care.


Aspirations Of Latina Adolescent Suicide Attempters, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas Jan 2013

Aspirations Of Latina Adolescent Suicide Attempters, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H. Zayas

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Parents’ aspirations and expectations are communicated to their offspring. Children internalize their parents’ aspirations and accept some of the expectations while rejecting others, all part of the developmental process and identity-consolidation. When the aspirations and expectations of youth and parents are incongruent, the outcomes in youths’ behavior can be deleterious, such as when adolescents manifest suicidal behaviors. We examined aspirations expressed by 12 Latina adolescent suicide attempters and their parents and compared them to 12 non-suicidal Latinas and parents. Qualitative analyses revealed that incongruence of aspirations between girls and their parents were greater among suicidal teens. Suicidal and non-suicidal Latinas ...


Epilepsy Postings On You Tube: Exercising Individuals’ And Organizations’ Right To Appear, Lawrence A. Kerson, Toba Schwaber Kerson Jan 2012

Epilepsy Postings On You Tube: Exercising Individuals’ And Organizations’ Right To Appear, Lawrence A. Kerson, Toba Schwaber Kerson

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Philosopher Hannah Arendt maintains that everyone has the right to appear in public as an embodied, singular individual. Because of the stigma attached to epilepsy, many with this condition are denied this right. Using grounded theory techniques, the authors analyze uploads of epilepsy on YouTube. The authors argue that personal uploads on YouTube are the only mass media examples in which those with epilepsy can exercise their right to appear without the interpretation of intermediaries. Emerging themes relating to ”the right to appear” allow social workers to deepen understanding of this and other devastating, often invisible and sometimes life-threatening illnesses.


Means, Intent, Lethality, Behaviors, And Psychiatric Diagnosis In Latina Adolescent Suicide Attempters, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Allyson P. Nolle, Stephanie L. Cintron Jan 2012

Means, Intent, Lethality, Behaviors, And Psychiatric Diagnosis In Latina Adolescent Suicide Attempters, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Allyson P. Nolle, Stephanie L. Cintron

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

This article describes the means, intent, lethality, behavioral profiles, and psychiatric diagnoses of adolescent Latina suicide attempters. From a large, mixed-method project studying the sociocultural processes of Latina suicide attempts, we selected 76 participants for this report. In addition to quantitative research data, medical records were available for all 76 participants, as was qualitative data from in-depth interviews for 34 of them. Using the qualitative and quantitative research data, we explored intent and behavioral profiles of the suicidal adolescents. Medical records provided additional information about the means the adolescents used in their attempts, and about their psychiatric diagnoses. The lethality ...


Misbehaviors Of Front-Line Research Personnel And The Integrity Of Community-Based Research, Gala True, Leslie B. Alexander, Kenneth A. Richman Jun 2011

Misbehaviors Of Front-Line Research Personnel And The Integrity Of Community-Based Research, Gala True, Leslie B. Alexander, Kenneth A. Richman

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

There has been little empirical research into misconduct and misbehavior among community research workers who recruit and collect data in vulnerable and marginalized health populations and are also members of those same communities. We conducted qualitative interviews with community research workers and traditional research assistants to understand the context and consequences of misbehaviors that pose a threat to research ethics and data integrity. In our sample, more community research workers acknowledged engaging in research wrongdoing than did traditional research assistants. These behaviors were most prevalent among community research workers who were not well-integrated into the research team. We suggest best ...


Race And The Local Politics Of Punishment In The New World Of Welfare, Richard C. Fording, Joe Soss, Sanford F. Schram Mar 2011

Race And The Local Politics Of Punishment In The New World Of Welfare, Richard C. Fording, Joe Soss, Sanford F. Schram

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

To illuminate how race affects the usage of punitive tools in policy implementation settings, we analyze sanctions imposed for noncompliant client behavior under welfare reform. Drawing on a model of racial classification and policy choice, we test four hypotheses regarding client race, local context, and sanctioning. Based on longitudinal and cross-sectional multilevel analyses of individual-level administrative data, we find that race plays a significant role in shaping sanction implementation. Its effects, however, are highly contingent on client characteristics, local political contexts, and the degree to which state governments devolve policy control to local officials.


Review Of Theories Of Social Capital: Researchers Behaving Badly, By Ben Fine, Sanford F. Schram Mar 2011

Review Of Theories Of Social Capital: Researchers Behaving Badly, By Ben Fine, Sanford F. Schram

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Familism And Family Environment Among Suicidal Latinas: Three Family Types, Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, Lauren Gulbas, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle Jan 2011

Familism And Family Environment Among Suicidal Latinas: Three Family Types, Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, Lauren Gulbas, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

This study examined the relationship between familism and family environment type as well as the relationship between family environment type and suicide attempts among Latina youth. Latina teen attempters (n=109) and non-attempters (n=107) were recruited from the NYC area. Latent class analysis revealed three family environment types: tight-knit; intermediate-knit; and loose-knit. Tight-knit families (high cohesion and low conflict) were significantly less likely to have teens that attempted suicide as compared to intermediate-knit families or loose-knit families. Moreover, familism increased the odds of being in the tight-knit family vs. the loose-knit family and the odds of being in the ...


Making Sense Of Meta-Analysis: A Critique Of "Effectiveness Of Long-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy", Julia H. Littell, Aron Shlonsky Jan 2011

Making Sense Of Meta-Analysis: A Critique Of "Effectiveness Of Long-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy", Julia H. Littell, Aron Shlonsky

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Evidence-based practice depends in part on knowledge derived from relevant research. For any given topic, there are likely to be many, potentially relevant studies; a careful appraisal and synthesis of the results of these studies is needed to understand the state of the empirical evidence. Meta-analysis is widely used to combine results of quantitative studies; yet this method is unfamiliar to many people and, as a result, meta-analyses are often uncritically accepted. In this article, we argue that meta-analysis is only one component of a good research synthesis. We critique a recent meta-analysis on the effectiveness of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy ...


Conflict, Health Care And Professional Perseverance: A Qualitative Study In The West Bank, Cindy A. Sousa, Amy Hagopian Jan 2011

Conflict, Health Care And Professional Perseverance: A Qualitative Study In The West Bank, Cindy A. Sousa, Amy Hagopian

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

The past three decades have been a time of considerable global conflict, affecting over 50 countries and causing substantial impacts on civilian health. While many effects are direct results of violence, conflict also impinges on health through indirect means. The restricted mobility of health care staff and patients, targeting of health care workers, and stressful working conditions disrupt the ability of health care workers in conflict zones to function effectively. This paper explores the challenges experienced by health care workers in West Bank, Palestine, as well as their strategies of persistence. Research activities included participant observation and interviews with health ...