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Social Work Commons

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Arthur J. Altmeyer, Roger A. Lohmann Aug 2013

Arthur J. Altmeyer, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Arthur J. Altmeyer (1891-1972) was a key figure in the design and implementation of the U.S. Social Security system. Appointed to the original Social Security Board by President Franklin Roosevelt, he advocated expansion of the program and expanded benefits for many years. His career also involved advocacy in the civil service system and opposed political patronage in the Social Security system.


Edwin E. Witte, Roger A. Lohmann Jun 2010

Edwin E. Witte, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Edwin E. Witte was a Professor of Economics at the University of Wisconsin and Chairman of the Committee on Economic Security, which oversaw the drafting of the original Social Security Act. Witte is generally acknowledged as the principal author of the Social Security legislation as it went to Congress. In later years, he consulted on the National Labor Relations Act and continued to teach and supervise Ph.D. students.


Giving Circles, Roger A. Lohmann Feb 2009

Giving Circles, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

A giving circle is a group of members pool their funds and information in collective or joint donations to organizations, causes or individuals. The article reviews some of the research on giving circles in the first decade of the 21st century.


Financial Management: Social Agency, Social Enterprise And Social Economy, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann Oct 2007

Financial Management: Social Agency, Social Enterprise And Social Economy, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

There has been a quiet revolution in financial management practice in social agencies in recent decades, symbolized by the transition from fund to enterprise accounting and increasing recognition of the ‘third sector’ of the social economy. The traditional voluntary agency model of donations has been joined by grants, performance contracts, ‘managed care’ and an array of other options, and traditional voluntary agency based and public agency practice now exist alongside corporate for profit service delivery and various forms of private practice. Social enterprise and entrepreneurship are a common theme in all this diversity, as social agencies must aggressively seek out ...


Multiple Roles Of A Rural Administrator, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann May 2004

Multiple Roles Of A Rural Administrator, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Basic administrative procedures are similar in rural and urban areas. Even so, rural human service administrators are often not prepared for the many roles they must assume in small and underfunded rural agencies. The roles may include personnel director, budget officer, accountant, fundraiser, supervisor, building and maintenance supervisor, volunteer coordinator, group developer, community organizer, public educator, policy analyst, and director of public relations and marketing.


Managed Care: The Questionable Triumph Of Financial Management, Roger A. Lohmann Jan 1997

Managed Care: The Questionable Triumph Of Financial Management, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Managed Care is a generic term for a broad and constantly changing mix of health insurance, assistance and payment programs which seek to retain quality and access while controlling the cost of physical and mental health services. The introduction of managed care fundamentally transforms the traditional “agency” relationships on which modern social work was built. Little research on its impact on social services is currently available. The managed care model, with its distinctive external patterns of accountability, raises serious questions about the continuing viability of the “social agency” model of practice to which social work has been committed for most ...


Justice, Citizenship, Social Cohesion And The Commons, Roger A. Lohmann Jul 1996

Justice, Citizenship, Social Cohesion And The Commons, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

There is great ferment in political and social theory today due to a number of major changes are taking place in the larger social world and our understandings of it including the crisis of the welfare state; the emergence of more open societies in Russia, Central Europe, Latin America and many of the countries of the Pacific Rim; general movement away from class/stratification and toward group membership as central themes for national politics in many countries; a major crisis of the modernization paradigm; the emergence of a truly-global economy; and the emergence of the internet as a global communications ...


Nonprofit Community Service And The Hidden Cost Of Information Technology, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann Apr 1995

Nonprofit Community Service And The Hidden Cost Of Information Technology, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Will the information superhighway – like its concrete counterpart, the interstate highway system – turn out to be a good idea but too expensive to maintain properly? This paper will explore issues associated with the initial and ongoing costs of adopting information technology for nonprofit community service organizations, with particular attention to access and use of the information superhighway. Several possible explanations for the lag in adoption of internet technology will be explored. One of these will be the "null hypothesis" that resources and services currently available over the internet may still be insufficient to justify the costs involved for nonprofits. The ...


Why Didn't The Dogs Bark?, Roger A. Lohmann, Shirley Stewart Burns Mar 1995

Why Didn't The Dogs Bark?, Roger A. Lohmann, Shirley Stewart Burns

Faculty Scholarship

This study examines patterns of news coverage of five West Virginia mining disasters in local, regional and national news media. It grew out of an effort to follow up an earlier study of relief efforts at the Monongah mine disaster of 1907. One of the principal findings is that local newspapers consistently provided limited coverage of mining disasters and almost no coverage of relief efforts carried on in the wake of disasters. National coverage, by the New York Times and regional coverage by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reveals a number of persistent themes and some important differences.


The Internet As Commons: A Tale Of Enclosure, Roger A. Lohmann Oct 1993

The Internet As Commons: A Tale Of Enclosure, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

The original model of the internet developed as an electronic commons for scientists and academics. It will be only a matter of time before the same rich and powerful information barons who already control such "fourth estate" communication industries as newspaper, magazine and book publishing, television networks and movie production facilities establish their toll-booths on the information superhighway as well. Fortunately, within this electronic ocean of corporate and proprietary feudalism, there may also be room for an archipelago of freistaaten; "free citystates" functioning as autonomous and self-governing islands for the arts, sciences, humanities, social service and community.


Special Events And Community Elites: An Exploratory Study, Roger A. Lohmann Nov 1991

Special Events And Community Elites: An Exploratory Study, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Special events are an important phenomenon in the American voluntary sector, both as a form of fundraising activity and as celebrations of the efforts of volunteers and recognition of the importance of causes and problems. This unpublished paper reports on a study of a national sample of elite special events publicized in a national circulation magazine which at the time published a regular feature in each issue highlighting charitable events. Findings profile the kinds of events and beneficiaries identified as special events during the 1980s, before an extensive amount of fundraising research had been done.


Aging And Social Policy, Roger A. Lohmann Mar 1991

Aging And Social Policy, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Social planning has a long history in social work. It has gone from an early emphasis on community as the modal point to an emphasis on public policy planning at the state and federal levels and recently to an emphasis on organizational issues and initiatives. Social planning has been a primary tool in the long-term development of new institutions and practices brought about by the unprecendented increases in the size of the aged population. Probably the oldest intact social planning systems for aging in most American communities today are the networks of community planning which grew up in the voluntary ...


Foreword: Managing Contracted Services In The Nonprofit Agency, By Susan Bernstein, Roger A. Lohmann Jan 1991

Foreword: Managing Contracted Services In The Nonprofit Agency, By Susan Bernstein, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Susan Bernstein's qualitative research of the New York City system of social service contracting between public and nonprofit organizations offers a unique and troubling look at the system of social service contracting.


The Organization And Administration Of Korean Social Welfare: A Review Of The Literature, Roger A. Lohmann Feb 1990

The Organization And Administration Of Korean Social Welfare: A Review Of The Literature, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is an effort to provide an overall view of the organization

and administration of Korean Social Welfare. It is based upon a literature

review of published materials on the subject in both Korean and English.

This study is part of a research initiative on East Asian social administration

at the West Virginia University School of Social Work. The basic effort is to

examine aspects of social administration in East Asian countries and

compare them with administrative practices in the Anglo-American tradition.

The paper was prepared with the assistance of two doctoral students.

Ms. Younock Kim and Mr. Sienam ...


Social Agency Accountability In Two Cultures, Roger A. Lohmann Dec 1989

Social Agency Accountability In Two Cultures, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

The research reported in this paper is an effort to shed empirical light on traditional accountability in a cross-cultural perspective. Because of the suspicion of a connection between the persistence of the issue in the United States and indigenous cultural factors (most notably the uniquely enduring influence of the Protestant ethic) it was decided to investigate the issue through a comparison of some of the accountability practices of American social agencies with those outside the United States. This study compares the operation of certain accountability dynamics in samples of social agencies in the Appalachian region of the United States and ...


Social Welfare In Emerging World Culture, Roger A. Lohmann Nov 1988

Social Welfare In Emerging World Culture, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

The paper argues for the emergence of a world-wide universal pluralistic culture, in which a common core of humanitarian values will eventually be institutionalized in the major institutions of each society in ways which are consistent with the unique historical, cultural, economic and political context of that society. It is this process of adaptation of universal, or at least trans-cultural, values to the unique circumstances of individual cultures which can be called "indigenization".


Automating The Social Work Office: Science Fictions And Practical Realities, Roger A. Lohmann Mar 1986

Automating The Social Work Office: Science Fictions And Practical Realities, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Social work was not originally an office-based profession but has become one in the past few decades. In the process, the information technology of social work practice has changed relatively little. Social work practice has yet to develop unique computer applications, comparable to developments in medicine, law, architecture, education and other fields. Most interest in computer applications in social work to date has been clerical and made use of off-the-shelf applications. The potential of currently available technology for office automation in social work offers the prospect not only for important productivity improvement, but also for a means to dealing with ...


From Social Welfare To Welfare Society: A Humane World Beyond Social Welfare?, Roger A. Lohmann Feb 1986

From Social Welfare To Welfare Society: A Humane World Beyond Social Welfare?, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

In the 1980's, the relationship of social welfare activities to the future has been dramatically altered. Until the conservative ascendency of the Reagan government, the future of social welfare was defined largely in terms of the incremental welfare state, characterized by gradual expansion of tax supported programs and benefits, with periodic policy refinements and extensions of benefits and coverages to new populations. Since 1980, all sorts of "doom and gloom" has been spread--mostly linked to short-term developments. This paper is an effort to propose a moderately optimistic alternative future for one segment of the social welfare system--personal care services ...


Natural Language Processing And Computer Use In Social Work, Roger A. Lohmann, Jay Wolvovsky Feb 1979

Natural Language Processing And Computer Use In Social Work, Roger A. Lohmann, Jay Wolvovsky

Faculty Scholarship

Can computers do social work? Can social workers do computers? This article seeks to outline a text-oriented approach to answering these questions through an approach labeled Natural Language Processing.


Symbolic Interaction And Social Planning: Perspectives From The Early Years, Roger A. Lohmann Mar 1978

Symbolic Interaction And Social Planning: Perspectives From The Early Years, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

The principal thesis of this paper is that the inadequacies of recent efforts at social planning are essential failures of theory, rather than failures of practice. Economic, land use and social welfare planners it is suggested have all shared a common unwillingness or inability to abandon commitments to an essentially utilitarian rhetoric of reasoned behavior, wherein means are matched with ends, persons are viewed as essentially self-interested and goal-directed rational problem solvers operating on schedules of goal attainment known or predictable by the planners. Symbolic interaction theory has resources to revitalize planning theory. Selected publications by John Dewey, G.H ...


Urban-Designed Programs For The Rural Aged: Are They Exportable?, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann Jul 1976

Urban-Designed Programs For The Rural Aged: Are They Exportable?, Roger A. Lohmann, Nancy Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

There are a variety of problems that affect older people in rural areas. In the first part of this paper, we examine four problems affecting the rural aged in particular: health, income, housing and social integration into rural communities. In the second part of the paper, we examine the question of whether programs to deal with these problems that have developed in various cities in the United States can readily be translated into rural communities. The paper concludes with a warning that the urban crisis, largely discovered by human services and other urbanists in the 1960s, is increasingly being expropriated ...


Medicare, Medicaid And The Geriatric Residential Environment, Nancy Lohmann, Roger A. Lohmann Jan 1971

Medicare, Medicaid And The Geriatric Residential Environment, Nancy Lohmann, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

This article reports on a study of interstate differences in the availability of nursing home beds, personal care home slots and public housing, and attempts to assess the impact of the adoption of Medicare and Medicaid six years before on the availability of these components of what was termed the "geriatric residential environments continuum" or GRE. The underlying idea is that components of long-term health care, personal care and housing/shelter are three common elements of a wide variety of public policy for the aged.