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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

An Assessment Of The Strengths And Needs Of Rural Social Workers In The Northwestern United States, Jon William Talebreza-May, Rachel Jensen, Nathan Shay Jul 2017

An Assessment Of The Strengths And Needs Of Rural Social Workers In The Northwestern United States, Jon William Talebreza-May, Rachel Jensen, Nathan Shay

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Although rural social work continues to be on the fringe of social work practice in the United States, a committed group of practitioners work to update and expand upon current knowledge (Lohmann & Lohmann, 2005). Studies have been carried out across the country as to the state of rural social work practice, the unique barriers and strengths that come from this line of work, as well as the problems that lead social work to be necessary in rural areas (Daley, 2015; Lohman & Lohmann, 2005; Mackie et al., 2016). Though well-researched in the United States, examination of rural social work practice in the geographic region of the Northwest continues to be developed.The current study conducted an online exploratory needs assessment asking rural social workers in Oregon, Washington, Wyoming, and Idaho to give input regarding perceived professional and community based strengths and needs. The findings will be used to describe responses as ...


Book Review: Social Work Practice For Promoting Health And Wellbeing: Critical Issuesbook Review, Denise Raven Jul 2017

Book Review: Social Work Practice For Promoting Health And Wellbeing: Critical Issuesbook Review, Denise Raven

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Book Review: Liz Beddoe and Jane Maidment (Eds.) 2014 New York, New York: Routledge Press 280 pages Softcover: $52.95 US ISBN-13: 978-0-415-53521-2


Book Review: The Small-Town Midwest: Resilience And Hope In The Twenty-First Century, Peter A. Kindle Jul 2017

Book Review: The Small-Town Midwest: Resilience And Hope In The Twenty-First Century, Peter A. Kindle

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Book Review: Julianne Couch 2016 Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press 233 pages Paperback: $35.00


Book Review: At The Core And In The Margins: Incorporation Of Mexican Immigrants In Two Rural Midwestern Communities, Sarah B. Garlinton Jul 2017

Book Review: At The Core And In The Margins: Incorporation Of Mexican Immigrants In Two Rural Midwestern Communities, Sarah B. Garlinton

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Book Review: Julia Albarracin 2016 East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press 208 pages Paperback, $39.95 E-ISBN-13: 9781609174927 E-ISBN-10: 1609174925 Print-ISBN-13: 9781611862065 Print-ISBN-10: 161186206X


Childhood Obesity: A Survey Of The Nutrition And Physical Activity Components Of The Coordinated School Health (Csh) Program In Rural Tennessee, Courtney Nichole Haun, Zachary Mahafza, Aj Good, Victor Nettey Jul 2017

Childhood Obesity: A Survey Of The Nutrition And Physical Activity Components Of The Coordinated School Health (Csh) Program In Rural Tennessee, Courtney Nichole Haun, Zachary Mahafza, Aj Good, Victor Nettey

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

With the rise in childhood overweight and obesity rates in the United States, understanding the issue has become of mainstay importance. This study provides insight into the nutritional knowledge and related health perceptions of parents’ whose children have participated in a Coordinated School Health (CSH) program in rural Tennessee. Surveys were distributed between two elementary grade level school systems in Washington County, Tennessee, to serve the need of interpreting the knowledge, values, and ideas on childhood health regarding CSH program effectiveness. While our findings across both schools revealed moderate levels of parental knowledge on health and nutritional issues, we also ...


Don’T Get The Epizootus! Challenges And Promises Of Modern Rural Health Care, Michael Daley Jul 2017

Don’T Get The Epizootus! Challenges And Promises Of Modern Rural Health Care, Michael Daley

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Rural communities face a crisis in terms of access, funding for health care, and the overall health needs of these communities. There are also shortages of health care professionals in rural areas. As national priorities shift away from health care to border security, small towns may be hard pressed to meet their residents’ health care needs. Professional advocacy for rural people to address these issues is recommended.


From The Editor, Peg Munke Jul 2017

From The Editor, Peg Munke

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

No abstract provided.


Gullah Geechee Families: Land And Culture, Lisa Moore Jul 2017

Gullah Geechee Families: Land And Culture, Lisa Moore

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

The legacy of Black land ownership and cultural autonomy is not a well-known narrative of Black history in the United States, which is reflected in the dearth of material addressing these legacies. This history presents a narrative of Black rural life in the United States that offers rural social work professionals another framework to understand the legacies of fictive kin and collective values often overlooked when engaging Black families and communities. Gullah/Geechee families represent a narrative of Black life in the United States that reflects the power of being left with opportunities to develop a culture and tradition of ...


In Memoriam: Rip Barry Lane Locke, Peg Munke Jul 2017

In Memoriam: Rip Barry Lane Locke, Peg Munke

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

No abstract provided.


Maneuverability Experiences Faced By Individuals Who Use Wheelchairs In Rural Settings: A Qualitative Analysis, Kaycee Lynn Bills Jul 2017

Maneuverability Experiences Faced By Individuals Who Use Wheelchairs In Rural Settings: A Qualitative Analysis, Kaycee Lynn Bills

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

People who have never been in a wheelchair do not understand how difficult simple tasks such as going to work, school, or completely daily living tasks can be. Many studies have discussed the experiences of those who use wheelchairs for mobility. This study qualitatively examines the daily experiences those who use wheelchairs face, despite the advances in policies to accommodate for people who have disabilities. The purpose of this study was to address this social problem by interviewing those who use wheelchairs in order to identify the day-to-day challenges that these individuals face. The sample derived from young adults living ...


Perception Of Bullying In A Rural Independent School District: A Survey Of Pal Students, Edward Randle, Deneece Ferrales, Shaquita Scott Jul 2017

Perception Of Bullying In A Rural Independent School District: A Survey Of Pal Students, Edward Randle, Deneece Ferrales, Shaquita Scott

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

The objective of this study was to explore students’ perceptions of bullying in intermediate (fifth and sixth grades) and middle school (seventh and eighth grades) students in a rural school in southern Texas. Analysis of student-led and student-developed surveys provided a description of 271 student responses. The results are consistent with previous research but raise some questions about how students perceive bullying and how they perceive themselves or others as victims, bullies, or witnesses.


Rural Social Work: Recruitment, Job Satisfaction, Burnout, And Turnover, Aaron Raymond Brown, Jayme Walters, Aubrey Jones, Omotola Akinsola Jul 2017

Rural Social Work: Recruitment, Job Satisfaction, Burnout, And Turnover, Aaron Raymond Brown, Jayme Walters, Aubrey Jones, Omotola Akinsola

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Rural agencies have unique challenges related to recruitment and retention of social workers. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine job satisfaction, burnout and turnover among rural social workers. Based on 28 included articles, results indicate: (a) rural social workers tend to be from rural areas or have completed training in rural settings; (b) poor job satisfaction predicts turnover among rural social workers; (c) rural vs. urban differences for satisfaction, burnout, intention to leave, and turnover are mixed; and (d) greater work-life balance and supervisory support increase retention among rural social workers. This study provides recommendations for informing education ...


Sex Trafficking And Rural Communities: A Review Of The Literature, Ruby Aguirre, Katelyn Harris, Molly Rose Hilgenberg, Melody Soper, Pamela H. Bowers Jul 2017

Sex Trafficking And Rural Communities: A Review Of The Literature, Ruby Aguirre, Katelyn Harris, Molly Rose Hilgenberg, Melody Soper, Pamela H. Bowers

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Sex trafficking is a pervasive threat across the globe and all fifty states of the United States, especially for underage female youth. However, there is a dearth of literature and awareness in domestic rural areas. Sex trafficking is a form of human trafficking that threatens all communities, including rural areas. This extended literature review looks closely at recent studies, and the grey literature to garner a better understanding of the implications for rural social work practice. The review concludes with recommendations and implications for future research, policy, and practice.


Social Workers’ Evidence-Based Practice Use And Challenges In Rural Environments: A Systematic Review, Mingun Lee Jul 2017

Social Workers’ Evidence-Based Practice Use And Challenges In Rural Environments: A Systematic Review, Mingun Lee

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Over the past decade, the demand for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in the social work field has increased. Previous studies indicate that EBP promotes clinical decision making based on current best evidence and decreases the use of ineffective interventions. However, social workers still face a variety of barriers to become evidence-based practitioners. Particularly, social workers practicing in rural areas face increased barriers to make use of evidence in practice. This study conducted a systematic review of current literature to find evidence related to social workers’ use of EBP and their barriers in rural settings. Reviews were limited to social work studies ...


Use Of Evidence-Based Practice To Enhance Decision-Making In Rural Child Welfare Practiceuse Of Evidence-Based Practice To Enhance Decision-Making In Rural Child Welfare Practice, Karen Rice Jul 2017

Use Of Evidence-Based Practice To Enhance Decision-Making In Rural Child Welfare Practiceuse Of Evidence-Based Practice To Enhance Decision-Making In Rural Child Welfare Practice, Karen Rice

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Child welfare practitioners need to ensure they employ effective decision-making when implementing services to families at risk for abuse and/or neglect of their children. Utilizing a structured decision making process, specifically an evidence-based process, may enhance case outcomes (Hagermoser-Sanetti, & Kratochwill, 2009). Evidence-based practice is an attempt to bridge the gap between research and practice (Hagell, & Spencer, 2004). Evidence-based practice (EBP) is defined as a “process that blends current best evidence, community values and preferences, and agency, societal, and political considerations in order to establish programs and policies that are effective and contextualized” (Regehr, Stern, & Shlonsky, 2007, p. 410), which is crucial when working in rural communities (Belanger & Stone, 2008; Landsman, 2012; Saltman, Gumpert, Allen-Kelly, Zubrzycki, 200X). In most developed countries, use of EBP is the goal of public services (Nutley, Walter, & Davies, 2009). In the past two decades, there has been a more conscientious attempt to use EBP in various social work settings including child welfare, employment, health, juvenile justice, mental health, and substance abuse (Fixsen, Blase, Naoom, & Wallace ...


Working With Latinos In Rural Communities: “Nuts And Bolts”, Wilma Cordova, Aparecida De Fátima Cordeiro Dutra Jul 2017

Working With Latinos In Rural Communities: “Nuts And Bolts”, Wilma Cordova, Aparecida De Fátima Cordeiro Dutra

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Latinos currently compromise 16% of the entire U.S. population and 9.3% live in rural areas ((U.S. Census, 2010). These current percentages indicate that most social workers will work with this population at least once during their careers. Therefore, it is important that social workers develop skills and knowledge to work effectively with Latinos. Working with Latinos in our current sociopolitical climate poses many challenges for social workers working in rural areas. However, if social workers adhere to the guidelines and standards initially established by the profession and implement best practices many of their efforts will be successful ...


Building The Health Capability Set In A Purépecha Community To Assess Health Interventions, Marco Ricardo Téllez Cabrera Sep 2016

Building The Health Capability Set In A Purépecha Community To Assess Health Interventions, Marco Ricardo Téllez Cabrera

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Health capabilities can be viewed as the ability and opportunity to achieve health states according to the different styles of life valued by people. This paper contrasts and explores the dimensions that could be included in the health capability set to assess health interventions in Cuanajo, Mexico, expanding upon a previous work and using in-depth semi-structured interviews. Cuanajo is a semirural indigenous Purépecha community located in western Mexico. While the final objective is to generate measures of outcomes in economic evaluations of health interventions to be carried out in this community, this study reinforces the dimensions that could be employed ...


Impact Of Flood On Rural Population And Strategies For Mitigation: A Case Study Of Darbhanga District, Bihar State, India, Vikash Kumar, Suk Yin Caroline Cheng, Ajit Kumar Singh Sep 2016

Impact Of Flood On Rural Population And Strategies For Mitigation: A Case Study Of Darbhanga District, Bihar State, India, Vikash Kumar, Suk Yin Caroline Cheng, Ajit Kumar Singh

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Floods are one of the most disastrous acts of nature and impact human life in multiple ways. Damages by floods in rural areas are more severe compared to urban counterparts due to poverty, limited infrastructures and access to resources and health care services. The Province of Bihar in India, with a population of 104.1 million, has 76 per cent of the population living under recurring threat of floods. In 2008, Bihar experienced severe floods in the northern region that affected more than 2.3 million people; and in 2013, they affected more than 5.9 million in 3768 villages ...


Ideas For Capacity Building And Educational Empowerment Of Female Children In Rural Butaleja, Uganda: Applying The Central Human Capability Approach, Renuka Mahari De Silva Sep 2016

Ideas For Capacity Building And Educational Empowerment Of Female Children In Rural Butaleja, Uganda: Applying The Central Human Capability Approach, Renuka Mahari De Silva

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Building upon the concepts of Capability Approach, this paper discusses how these ideas can be effectively utilized within the setting of a small rural village in Uganda, Africa to empower female children to create a valuable life that affects positive social change. Colonization left a devastating blow to the socioeconomic conditions among many ethnic communities in Uganda. However, Uganda’s political outlays and social constructs further deepened the inequity gap between female and male children. This paper explores ways in which female children may be given the capacity to create agency for themselves as a stepping stone towards building a ...


Investigating Students' Experiences With Sexual Victimization And Their Perceptions Of The Overall Campus Climate At A Rural Institution, Jordana N. Navarro, Shelly Clevenger Sep 2016

Investigating Students' Experiences With Sexual Victimization And Their Perceptions Of The Overall Campus Climate At A Rural Institution, Jordana N. Navarro, Shelly Clevenger

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

This study examined sexual assault of both females and males attending a mid-sized rural southern college campus with fewer than 12,000 students. The online survey (N = 659) included questions to measure attempted and/or completed rape, sexual coercion, and sexual contact. We investigated whether perceptions of the overall campus climate differed between student survivors and student non-victims. Findings indicated that sexual victimization occurred at this university, and that this social problem is not limited to large urban schools.


Systematic Review Of Veterans' Coping Strategies: How Can Rural Veterans Improve Their Quality Of Life?, Tracey Marie Barnett, Alexa Smith-Osborne, Freda Barnett-Braddock Sep 2016

Systematic Review Of Veterans' Coping Strategies: How Can Rural Veterans Improve Their Quality Of Life?, Tracey Marie Barnett, Alexa Smith-Osborne, Freda Barnett-Braddock

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

This systematic review examines the empirical literature on an emerging body of coping strategies (CS), both civilian readjustment and health-risk related, experienced by United States military veterans exposed to combat stress and other military lifestyle stressors. Studies that met inclusion criteria were selected among quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods studies published in peer-reviewed journals. Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome (PICO) criteria and Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) were applied to all studies. Seventeen reports meeting a priori inclusion criteria were extracted from 107 studies accessed through 9 electronic databases. Data were synthesized to investigate two research questions informing ...


Reinventing Social Work Education And Service Delivery In Rural Areas: An Interdisciplinary Model For Serving Vulnerable Populations, Wayne R. Moore, Fran Pearson, John C. Rife, K. Jay Poole, Lelia S. Moore, Antonia M. Reaves Sep 2016

Reinventing Social Work Education And Service Delivery In Rural Areas: An Interdisciplinary Model For Serving Vulnerable Populations, Wayne R. Moore, Fran Pearson, John C. Rife, K. Jay Poole, Lelia S. Moore, Antonia M. Reaves

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

This article presents an interprofessional case study approach to serving the social service and health needs of vulnerable persons living rural communities. This project, the Congregational Social Work Education Initiative (CSWEI), is funded by a health care foundation. Persons in rural areas are often at risk for poverty, homelessness and lack of access to needed health and social services. The case study demonstrates the opportunities for collaboration between professional social work, religiously affiliated organizations (RAOs) and nursing in order to reduce health and mental health disparities among residents in rural areas.


Project Empower: An Innovative Approach To Community Behavioral Health Service Delivery, Saundra H. Starks, Elizabeth L. Jones, Suzie T. Cashwell, Karissa Stokes Sep 2016

Project Empower: An Innovative Approach To Community Behavioral Health Service Delivery, Saundra H. Starks, Elizabeth L. Jones, Suzie T. Cashwell, Karissa Stokes

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Project EMPOWER was a grant funded initiative designed to positively impact a rural community by providing behavioral health services and case management to low-income families. An interdisciplinary service team comprised of behavioral health specialists and graduate level interns in the fields of social work, psychiatric nursing, and counseling worked to provide services under the supervision of a doctorate level clinical social work professor. Community partnerships were forged to increase opportunities for community members to have accessible, affordable services. Using an empowerment model rooted in systems and integrated practice, the services included assessments, referrals, group, individual and family counseling, child care ...


Book Review: Rural Crime And Community Safety, Maryann Thrush Sep 2016

Book Review: Rural Crime And Community Safety, Maryann Thrush

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Book Review: Rural Crime and Community Safety Vania Ceccato 2016 New York, NY: Routledge 394 pages $54.95 (Paperback) ISBN-10: 0415856434 ISBN: 978-0-203-72568-9 (ebook).


Book Review: Aging In Rural Places Policies, Programs, And Professional Practice, Heidi Moore Sep 2016

Book Review: Aging In Rural Places Policies, Programs, And Professional Practice, Heidi Moore

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Book Review: Aging in Rural Places Policies, Programs, and Professional Practice Kristina Hash, Elaine T. Jurkowski, & John A. Krout 2014 New York, NY: Spring Publishing Company, LLC 336 pages Softcover: $70.00 US ISBN-10: 0826198090 ISBN-13: 978-0-8261-9809-9


Rough River, Loren Sundlee Sep 2016

Rough River, Loren Sundlee

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Poem.


Searching The Site Fifty Years After The Fire, Maureen Tolman Flannery Sep 2016

Searching The Site Fifty Years After The Fire, Maureen Tolman Flannery

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Poem.


Traditional Lyric, Bruce Elliot Alford Sep 2016

Traditional Lyric, Bruce Elliot Alford

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Poem.


Distant Music, John Palen Sep 2016

Distant Music, John Palen

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Poem.


From The Guest Editors, Dheeshana S. Jayasundara, Randall Nedegaard Sep 2016

From The Guest Editors, Dheeshana S. Jayasundara, Randall Nedegaard

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

Journal of Contemporary Rural Social Work

Special Issue, Volume 8, Number 1

2016

From the Guest Editors: Dheeshana Jayasundara and Randall C. Nedegaard, University of North Dakota