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Articles 1 - 30 of 95

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Motivations For Advance Care And End-Of-Life Planning Among Lgb Older Adults, Kristie L. Seelman, Terri Lewinson, Lily Engleman, Allex Allen Jul 2018

Motivations For Advance Care And End-Of-Life Planning Among Lgb Older Adults, Kristie L. Seelman, Terri Lewinson, Lily Engleman, Allex Allen

Social Work Faculty Publications

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults are more likely than their heterosexual peers to experience health disparities, discrimination from healthcare providers based on sexual orientation, and rejection from their family of origin, all of which can complicate medical care and decision making, as well as end-of-life arrangements. Yet, relatively few studies of LGB seniors have looked at motivations for advance care and end-of-life planning, which are strategies that can help ensure that healthcare treatment and end-of-life wishes are enacted as desired. The present qualitative study investigated this topic with a purposive sample of nine LGB and same-gender-loving adults in ...


Differences In Mental, Cognitive, And Functional Health By Sexual Orientation Among Older Women: Analysis Of The 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Kristie L. Seelman Jan 2018

Differences In Mental, Cognitive, And Functional Health By Sexual Orientation Among Older Women: Analysis Of The 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Kristie L. Seelman

Social Work Faculty Publications

Background and Objectives: This study addresses a gap in the knowledge base regarding whether there are differences in mental, cognitive, and functional health between sexual minority women aged 65 and older and their heterosexual counterparts, as well as whether disparities are moderated by age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity.

Research Design and Methods: This study analyzes 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 21 states. Multivariate logistic regression is used to test the hypotheses.

Results: Compared to heterosexual women, lesbian/gay women aged 65 and older report worse functional health and bisexual women report worse cognitive health and more ...


Do Transgender Men Have Equal Access To Health Care And Engagement In Preventive Health Behaviors Compared To Cisgender Adults?, Kristie L. Seelman, Jordan F. Miller, Zoe E. R. Fawcett, Logan Cline Jan 2018

Do Transgender Men Have Equal Access To Health Care And Engagement In Preventive Health Behaviors Compared To Cisgender Adults?, Kristie L. Seelman, Jordan F. Miller, Zoe E. R. Fawcett, Logan Cline

Social Work Faculty Publications

Based on data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, this study looks at whether transgender men have the same rates of health care access and engagement in preventive health behaviors as cisgender adults in the U.S. and whether race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and rural residence moderate these relationships. While there are some differences for transgender men, these differences no longer reach statistical significance after controlling for other sociodemographic factors. Rural residence and having less education are significant moderators for some models related to health care access and preventive health. We detail implications for social workers within health ...


The Importance Of Psychoneuroimmunology For Social Workers, Jill Littrell Jan 2018

The Importance Of Psychoneuroimmunology For Social Workers, Jill Littrell

Social Work Faculty Publications

A wealth of information regarding how the immune system can influence the brain and result in changes in mood and behavior has accumulated. Inflammation is a causal factor in some cases of major depression and psychotic disorders, and predicts whether trauma will result in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Fortunately, studies in the area of psychoneuroimmunology have also suggested ways to decrease inflammation. Knowledge of this information is vital for social workers so that the impact of their interventions can be maximized. Moreover, for macro-practice social workers the information underscores the importance of access to nutritional food, access to safe ...


The Apparatus Of Social Reproduction: Uncovering The Work Functions Of Transgender Women, William A. Lane, Kristie L. Seelman Jan 2018

The Apparatus Of Social Reproduction: Uncovering The Work Functions Of Transgender Women, William A. Lane, Kristie L. Seelman

Social Work Faculty Publications

The apparatus of social reproduction describes the process by which knowledge production contributes to oppressive conditions. This article explains and defines this process through the application of a critical theoretical lens informed the Foucauldian concept of apparatus or dispositif and social reproduction as developed by feminist activists and intellectuals. This process has a notable influence on the political economic conditions of transgender women, conditions that include disproportionate reliance on the use of criminalized economies such as sex work. Social workers inadvertently influence this process through an overreliance on broad categorizations for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer populations, which impede ...


Transgender Noninclusive Healthcare And Delaying Care Because Of Fear: Connections To General Health And Mental Health Among Transgender Adults, Kristie L. Seelman, Matthew J.P. Colón-Diaz, Rebecca H. Lecroix, Marik Xavier-Brier, Leonardo Kattari Jan 2017

Transgender Noninclusive Healthcare And Delaying Care Because Of Fear: Connections To General Health And Mental Health Among Transgender Adults, Kristie L. Seelman, Matthew J.P. Colón-Diaz, Rebecca H. Lecroix, Marik Xavier-Brier, Leonardo Kattari

Social Work Faculty Publications

Purpose: There are many barriers to reliable healthcare for transgender people that often contribute to delaying or avoiding needed medical care. Yet, few studies have examined whether noninclusive healthcare and delaying needed medical care because of fear of discrimination are associated with poorer health among transgender adults. This study aims to address these gaps in the knowledge base.

Methods: This study analyzed secondary data from a statewide survey of 417 transgender adults in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States. Independent variables included noninclusive healthcare from a primary care provider (PCP) and delay of needed medical care because of ...


Coping Strategies Used By Lgb Older Adults In Facing And Anticipating Health Challenges: A Narrative Analysis, Kristie L. Seelman, Terri Lewinson, Lily Engleman, Olivia Maley, Alex Allen Jan 2017

Coping Strategies Used By Lgb Older Adults In Facing And Anticipating Health Challenges: A Narrative Analysis, Kristie L. Seelman, Terri Lewinson, Lily Engleman, Olivia Maley, Alex Allen

Social Work Faculty Publications

Given that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults face notable health disparities compared to their heterosexual counterparts, there is a need for understanding how LGB adults cope with health challenges in late life. The current study analyzes narratives from nine LGB adults age 65 and older living in an urban area in the Southeast U.S. Participants spoke of coping strategies related to health promotion behaviors, shifting perspectives of health and body, trusting in spirituality for comfort, and accepting the end of life. We discuss implications for social services professionals who work with older LGB adults and for future ...


From Evidence-Based Policies To Positive Outcomes: How To Fund What Really Works In Child Welfare, Susan Snyder Jan 2017

From Evidence-Based Policies To Positive Outcomes: How To Fund What Really Works In Child Welfare, Susan Snyder

Social Work Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Interventions For Healthy Aging Among Mature Black Lesbians: Recommendations Gathered Through Community-Based Research, Kristie L. Seelman, Mary Anne Adams, Tonia C. Poteat Dec 2016

Interventions For Healthy Aging Among Mature Black Lesbians: Recommendations Gathered Through Community-Based Research, Kristie L. Seelman, Mary Anne Adams, Tonia C. Poteat

Social Work Faculty Publications

Black lesbians have unique needs for gerontological services that reflect their experiences of intersectional oppression and resilience. Yet, there is a major knowledge gap about interventions that promote healthy aging in this population as voiced by Black lesbians themselves. To address this need, 100 Black lesbians, ranging in age from 41 to 91, participated in focus groups in Atlanta, Georgia, to discuss their experiences of aging, health needs, and recommendations for interventions. Through thematic analysis, we identified six themes related to suggested approaches for healthy aging interventions. We discuss implications of these findings for aging practice and future research.


Victimization And Microaggressions Targeting Lgbtq College Students: Gender Identity As A Moderator Of Psychological Distress, Kristie L. Seelman, Michael R. Woodford, Z Nicolazzo Dec 2016

Victimization And Microaggressions Targeting Lgbtq College Students: Gender Identity As A Moderator Of Psychological Distress, Kristie L. Seelman, Michael R. Woodford, Z Nicolazzo

Social Work Faculty Publications

LGBTQ discrimination continues to be common on college campuses. While a number of studies have examined blatant victimization among students, little attention has been given to LGBTQ microaggressions. In this study, we examine both blatant victimization and microaggressions and their association with psychological distress among LGBTQ college students (N=497) and look at whether gender identity moderates these relationships. Both forms of discrimination are associated with lower self-esteem and greater stress and anxiety. Victimization is more negatively associated with self-esteem among trans* students. Our findings emphasize the importance of addressing both blatant and subtle forms of discrimination targeting LGBTQ college ...


A Comparison Of Health Disparities Among Transgender Adults In Colorado (Usa) By Race And Income, Kristie L. Seelman, Sarah R. Young, Megan Tesene, Luis R. Alvarez-Hernandez, Leo Kattari Nov 2016

A Comparison Of Health Disparities Among Transgender Adults In Colorado (Usa) By Race And Income, Kristie L. Seelman, Sarah R. Young, Megan Tesene, Luis R. Alvarez-Hernandez, Leo Kattari

Social Work Faculty Publications

Transgender individuals face heightened risks for discrimination, harassment, and violence that impact their psychosocial well-being and physical health. However, few studies have thoroughly examined the general physical and mental health of transgender adults or within-group health differences by race/ethnicity and income. To that end, after controlling for health insurance status, age, and engagement in exercise, this study asks: (a) Are transgender people of color more likely than White transgender individuals to experience poor health outcomes? and (b) Is lower annual household income among transgender adults associated with poorer health outcomes? The study analyzes secondary data from a survey of ...


Expanding Access To Medication Assisted Treatment: The U.S. Government’S Response To The Current Heroin Epidemic, Jill Littrell Jan 2016

Expanding Access To Medication Assisted Treatment: The U.S. Government’S Response To The Current Heroin Epidemic, Jill Littrell

Social Work Faculty Publications

The rates of heroin addiction and opiate overdoses have skyrocketed in America in the last decade. The government’s response is to expand the availability of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT). Because social workers can be expected to be a significant component of the workforce in providing MAT, MAT is relevant to social workers. Many social workers who are working in the area of addictions do not hold favorable views of MAT. This paper considers their objections and evaluates the validity of the basis for these objections. The rationale for the government’s approach is provided and validity of the rationale ...


Diagnostic Criteria For Problematic Internet Use Among U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard Jan 2016

Diagnostic Criteria For Problematic Internet Use Among U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

Empirical studies have identified increasing rates of problematic Internet use worldwide and a host of related negative consequences. However, researchers disagree as to whether problematic Internet use is a subtype of behavioral addiction. Thus, there are not yet widely accepted and validated diagnostic criteria for problematic Internet use. To address this gap, we used mixed-methods to examine the extent to which signs and symptoms of problematic Internet use mirror DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder, gambling disorder, and Internet gaming disorder. A total of 27 university students, who self-identified as intensive Internet users and who reported Internet-use-associated health and ...


Transgender Adults’ Access To College Bathrooms And Housing And The Relationship To Suicidality, Kristie L. Seelman Jan 2016

Transgender Adults’ Access To College Bathrooms And Housing And The Relationship To Suicidality, Kristie L. Seelman

Social Work Faculty Publications

Transgender and gender non-conforming people frequently experience discrimination, harassment, and marginalization across college and university campuses (Bilodeau, 2007; Finger, 2010; Rankin, et al., 2010; Seelman et al., 2012). The minority stress model (Meyer, 2007) posits that experiences of discrimination often negatively impact the psychological well-being of minority groups. However, few scholars have examined whether college institutional climate factors—such as being denied access to bathrooms or gender-appropriate campus housing—are significantly associated with detrimental psychological outcomes for transgender people. Using the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, this study analyzes whether being denied access to these spaces is associated with lifetime suicide ...


Diagnostic Criteria For Problematic Internet Use Among U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard Jan 2016

Diagnostic Criteria For Problematic Internet Use Among U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

Empirical studies have identified increasing rates of problematic Internet use worldwide and a host of related negative consequences. However, researchers disagree as to whether problematic Internet use is a subtype of behavioral addiction. Thus, there are not yet widely accepted and validated diagnostic criteria for problematic Internet use. To address this gap, we used mixed-methods to examine the extent to which signs and symptoms of problematic Internet use mirror DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder, gambling disorder, and Internet gaming disorder. A total of 27 university students, who self-identified as intensive Internet users and who reported Internet-use-associated health and ...


The Effect Of U.S. University Students' Problematic Internet Use On Family Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Susan Snyder, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Matthew O. Howard Dec 2015

The Effect Of U.S. University Students' Problematic Internet Use On Family Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Susan Snyder, Wen Li, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

This is the first study to investigate how college students in the U.S. with problematic Internet use perceive the role the Internet plays within their families of origin. The sample included 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as excessive Internet users. Participants reported spending more than 25 hours a week on the Internet on non-school or non-work-related activities and reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. This study provides descriptive statistics from participants' completion of two problematic Internet use measures (i.e., Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale) and reports findings from four focus ...


Patterns Of Inhalant Use Among Incarcerated Youth, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard Sep 2015

Patterns Of Inhalant Use Among Incarcerated Youth, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

Inhalant use is especially prevalent among antisocial youth and can have serious health consequences. However, the extant literature has not investigated how use of various inhalants may co-occur among incarcerated youth. This study begins to address this gap in the literature by using latent class analyses to form distinct typologies of inhalant use. Study participants were residents (N = 723) of 27 Missouri Division of Youth Services facilities. Interviews assessed psychiatric symptoms, antisocial traits, delinquency, trauma, suicidality, and substance use behaviors. The mean age of the mostly male, ethnically diverse sample was 15.5 (S.D. = 1.2) years old. The ...


School Engagement Among Lgbtq High School Students: The Roles Of Safe Adults And Gay-Straight Alliance Characteristics, Kristie L. Seelman, Nicholas Forge, N. Eugene Walls, Nadine Bridges Jul 2015

School Engagement Among Lgbtq High School Students: The Roles Of Safe Adults And Gay-Straight Alliance Characteristics, Kristie L. Seelman, Nicholas Forge, N. Eugene Walls, Nadine Bridges

Social Work Faculty Publications

Student school engagement, or the person-environment fit between a student and the student’s school, is a construct that has received increasing attention in the school psychology literature in recent years. However, little research has examined this construct among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning (LGBTQ) students or analyzed whether factors such as access to safe adults, the presence of a Gay-Straight Alliance (GSA), characteristics of a GSA, or personal involvement in a GSA may connect to engagement. The current study used sequential multiple regression to examine data from a sample of LGBTQ high school students (N = 152) from ...


Health Care Planning Decisions Among Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Older Adults, Vincent Roberts Apr 2015

Health Care Planning Decisions Among Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Older Adults, Vincent Roberts

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


An Exploration Of The "Boarder Crisis" And The Adoption Of Children From Latin American Countries, Jana Woodiwiss-Geter Apr 2015

An Exploration Of The "Boarder Crisis" And The Adoption Of Children From Latin American Countries, Jana Woodiwiss-Geter

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Accessing Faith-Based Organizations Using Public Transportation: A Qualitative And Gis Study, Olivia Maley Apr 2015

Accessing Faith-Based Organizations Using Public Transportation: A Qualitative And Gis Study, Olivia Maley

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Unequal Treatment Of Transgender Individuals In Domestic Violence And Rape Crisis Programs, Kristie L. Seelman Jan 2015

Unequal Treatment Of Transgender Individuals In Domestic Violence And Rape Crisis Programs, Kristie L. Seelman

Social Work Faculty Publications

Transgender people often face barriers in accessing culturally competent domestic violence and rape crisis services, yet few studies have used a national sample of transgender people to study this topic or examine differential rates of discrimination within this population. The National Transgender Discrimination Survey, conducted in 2008-2009 by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, collected data about discrimination affecting transgender people across a variety of settings. The present study involves secondary data analysis of this dataset to examine whether certain sociodemographic factors and psychosocial risks are significant predictors of unequal treatment of ...


Patterns Of Inhalant Use Among Incarcerated Youth, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard Jan 2015

Patterns Of Inhalant Use Among Incarcerated Youth, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

Inhalant use is especially prevalent among antisocial youth and can have serious health consequences. However, the extant literature has not investigated how use of various inhalants may co-occur among incarcerated youth. This study begins to address this gap in the literature by using latent class analyses to form distinct typologies of inhalant use. Study participants were residents (N = 723) of 27 Missouri Division of Youth Services facilities. Interviews assessed psychiatric symptoms, antisocial traits, delinquency, trauma, suicidality, and substance use behaviors. The mean age of the mostly male, ethnically diverse sample was 15.5 (S.D. = 1.2) years old. The ...


Health Characteristics Of Solo Grandparent Caregivers And Single Parents: A Comparative Profile Using The Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, Deborah M. Whitley, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Sarah Brennenstuhl Jan 2015

Health Characteristics Of Solo Grandparent Caregivers And Single Parents: A Comparative Profile Using The Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, Deborah M. Whitley, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Sarah Brennenstuhl

Social Work Faculty Publications

Objectives. To describe the health characteristics of solo grandparents raising grandchildren compared with single parents.

Methods. Using the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, respondents identified as a single grandparent raising a grandchild were categorized as a solo grandparent; grandparent responses were compared with single parents. Descriptive analysis compared health characteristics of 925 solo grandparents with 7,786 single parents.

Results. Compared to single parents, grandparents have a higher prevalence of physical health problems (e.g., arthritis). Both parent groups have a high prevalence of lifetime depression. A larger share of grandparents actively smoke and did no recreational physical exercise ...


Underserved Adoptive Families: Disparities In Postadoption Access To Information, Resources, And Services, Robin M. Hartinger-Saunders Jan 2015

Underserved Adoptive Families: Disparities In Postadoption Access To Information, Resources, And Services, Robin M. Hartinger-Saunders

Social Work Faculty Publications

Parents who adopt children from the U.S. foster care system typically do so with assurances from the state that postadoption services will be accessible by the family, if needed, after the adoption is finalized. From the state’s perspective, the foremost purpose of these services is to ensure that the family remains intact, thereby avoiding adoption dissolution—a traumatic and costly outcome whereby the child is returned to state custody. This study looks specifically at underserved adoptive families—those who report needing specific services after adoption finalization, yet who are then unable to access these needed services through the ...


Characteristics Of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use In U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Wen (Vivian) Li Anthony, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard Jan 2015

Characteristics Of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use In U.S. University Students: A Mixed-Methods Investigation, Wen (Vivian) Li Anthony, Jennifer E. O'Brien, Susan Snyder, Matthew O. Howard

Social Work Faculty Publications

Studies have identified high rates and severe consequences of Internet Addiction/Pathological Internet Use (IA/PIU) in university students. However, most research concerning IA/PIU in U.S. university students has been conducted within a quantitative research paradigm, and frequently fails to contextualize the problem of IA/PIU. To address this gap, we conducted an exploratory qualitative study using the focus group approach and examined 27 U.S. university students who self-identified as intensive Internet users, spent more than 25 hours/week on the Internet for non-school or non-work-related activities and who reported Internet-associated health and/or psychosocial problems. Students ...


Transgender Individuals’ Access To College Housing And Bathrooms: Findings From The National Transgender Discrimination Survey, Kristie L. Seelman May 2014

Transgender Individuals’ Access To College Housing And Bathrooms: Findings From The National Transgender Discrimination Survey, Kristie L. Seelman

Social Work Faculty Publications

Within higher education settings, transgender people are at risk for discrimination and harassment within housing and bathrooms. Yet, few have examined this topic using quantitative data or compared the experiences of subgroups of transgender individuals to predict denial of access to these spaces. The current study utilizes the National Transgender Discrimination Survey to research this issue. Findings indicate that being transgender and having another marginalized identity matters for students’ access to housing and bathrooms. Trans women are at greater risk than gender-nonconforming people for being denied access to school housing and bathrooms. Implications for practice and research are detailed.


Effective After School Programming In Black Communities, Jarae Clark Apr 2014

Effective After School Programming In Black Communities, Jarae Clark

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual And Transgender (Lgbt) Youth In New York City: Insights From The Field, Nicholas Forge, Geoffrey L. Ream Jan 2014

Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual And Transgender (Lgbt) Youth In New York City: Insights From The Field, Nicholas Forge, Geoffrey L. Ream

Social Work Faculty Publications

$is article reviews existing information about homeless lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in New York City. It describes how the frequently heard narrative about them—“kicked out” of familial homes to the streets for being LGBT, heavy involvement with hard drugs and sex work, broad prevalence of HIV and suicidality—misrepresents the majority. It foregrounds issues that really are faced by most homeless LGBT youth, such as trauma, discrimination in foster care and shelters, structural barriers to exiting homelessness, and emerging adult development.


Will The Treatment Protocols For Schizophrenia Be Changing Soon?, Jill Littrell Jan 2014

Will The Treatment Protocols For Schizophrenia Be Changing Soon?, Jill Littrell

Social Work Faculty Publications

In recent decades the understanding of the core physiology giving rise to schizophrenia has advanced markedly. Current pharmacological interventions fail to target the core problems in schizophrenia. Several important outcome studies call into question whether current medications actually make long term outcomes worse. These new studies follow the recognized negative side effect of anti-psychotic drugs. The implication of these findings for social workers who work with the seriously mentally ill are discussed. Alternatives to current pharmacological treatments which are more targeted toward the core physiology of schizophrenia are reviewed.