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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Asset Building: Toward Inclusive Policy, Michael Sherraden, Lissa Johnson, Margaret Clancy, Sondra G. Beverly, Margaret S. Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, William Elliott Iii, Trina Shanks William, Deborah Adams, Jami C. Curley, Jin Huang, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yunju Nam, Min Zhan, Chang-Kuen Han Oct 2016

Asset Building: Toward Inclusive Policy, Michael Sherraden, Lissa Johnson, Margaret Clancy, Sondra G. Beverly, Margaret S. Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, William Elliott Iii, Trina Shanks William, Deborah Adams, Jami C. Curley, Jin Huang, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yunju Nam, Min Zhan, Chang-Kuen Han

Center for Social Development Research

This Working Paper has been submitted for inclusion in theEncyclopedia of Social Work's new online edition, which is published by Oxford University Press. Since 1991, a new policy discussion has arisen in the United States and other countries, focusing on building assets as a complement to traditional social policy based on income. In fact, asset-based policy already existed (and still exists) in the United States, with large public subsidies. But the policy is regressive, benefiting the rich far more than the poor. The goal should be a universal, progressive, and lifelong asset-based policy. One promising pathway may be Child ...


A Savings Account For Every Child Born In Israel: Recommendations For Program Implementation, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Meredith Covington, Margaret M. Clancy, Michael Sherraden Apr 2016

A Savings Account For Every Child Born In Israel: Recommendations For Program Implementation, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Meredith Covington, Margaret M. Clancy, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

In November 2015, Israel enacted legislation to create and fund a Child Development Account program. Beginning in 2017, every baby born to an insured Israeli resident will receive a Child Development Account in his or her name. This brief details the policy, which was developed in collaboration with researchers at the Center for Social Development, and offers recommendations to guide its implementation.


Annual Report On The Asset Project's Head Start Family Financial Capability Pilot: 2014–2015, Anne S. Robertson, Jami Curley Apr 2016

Annual Report On The Asset Project's Head Start Family Financial Capability Pilot: 2014–2015, Anne S. Robertson, Jami Curley

Center for Social Development Research

Since the Great Recession (December 2007–2009 in the United States), poverty has compromised many families and increased the prevalence of young children living in neighborhoods of concentrated, deep poverty. However, financial literacy interventions have reported promising outcomes for influencing financial choices and financial knowledge, highlighting the potential of such programs for improving the economic positions of families and children. This report presents results from a mixed-methods evaluation of a financial literacy intervention with Head Start families in the St. Louis metropolitan area. The intervention combines savings incentives and one-on-one coaching with 10 hours of financial education on debt management ...


Head Start Family Financial Capability: 2013–2014 Annual Report Of The Asset Project, Jami Curley, Anne S. Robertson May 2015

Head Start Family Financial Capability: 2013–2014 Annual Report Of The Asset Project, Jami Curley, Anne S. Robertson

Center for Social Development Research

Head Start Family Financial Capability: 2013–2014 Annual Report of the Asset Project


Interviews With Mothers Of Young Children In The Seed For Oklahoma Kids College Savings Experiment, Karen Gray, Margaret Clancy, Margaret S. Sherraden, Kristen Wagner, Julie Miller-Cribbs Nov 2012

Interviews With Mothers Of Young Children In The Seed For Oklahoma Kids College Savings Experiment, Karen Gray, Margaret Clancy, Margaret S. Sherraden, Kristen Wagner, Julie Miller-Cribbs

Center for Social Development Research

Interviews With Mothers of Young Children in the SEED for Oklahoma Kids College Savings Experiment


Effects Of An Individual Development Account Program On Retirement Saving: Follow-Up Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key Nov 2012

Effects Of An Individual Development Account Program On Retirement Saving: Follow-Up Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key

Center for Social Development Research

Using data from a randomized experiment that ran from 1998 to 2003 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, we examine the 10-year follow-up effects on retirement saving of an Individual Development Account (IDA) program. The IDA program included financial education, encouragement to save, and matching funds for several qualified uses of the savings, including contributions to retirement accounts. The results indicate that, as of 2009, 6 years after the program ended, the IDA program had no impact on the propensity to hold a retirement account, the account balance, or the sufficiency of retirement balances to meet retirement expenses.


Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul, Youngmi Kim, Soonung Lee, Michael Sherraden Jun 2012

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul, Youngmi Kim, Soonung Lee, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program for Low-Income Households in Seoul


Individual Development Accounts And Post-Secondary Education: Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key Mar 2012

Individual Development Accounts And Post-Secondary Education: Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key

Center for Social Development Research

This paper presents evidence from a randomized field experiment testing the impact of a 3-year matched savings program on educational outcomes 10 years later. We examine the effect of an Individual Development Account (IDA) program on educational enrollment, degree completion, and increased education level. The IDA program, which ran from 1998 to 2003 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, provided low-income households with financial education and matching funds for qualified savings withdrawals, including a 1:1 match for educational uses. We find a significant impact on education enrollment and positive, but non-significant impacts on degree completion and increase in level of education. We ...


Cash-Flow And Savings Practices Of Low-Income Households: Evidence From A Follow-Up Study Of Ida Participants, David W. Rothwell, Nahid Sultana Feb 2012

Cash-Flow And Savings Practices Of Low-Income Households: Evidence From A Follow-Up Study Of Ida Participants, David W. Rothwell, Nahid Sultana

Center for Social Development Research

This study uses a survey of participants from an Individual Development Account (IDA) matched savings intervention to examine self-reported financial practices (cash flow and savings) five years after the intervention terminated. Latent class analysis produced three groups of financial practices - high, medium, and low functioning. Results showed that some low-income households are carefully managing their finances. Psychological sense of mastery was positively related to high functioning cash-flow and savings. The IDA intervention had no association with latent class membership. Antipoverty interventions should assess the financial practices of participants at the time of service enrollment. Further, social service providers should not ...


Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul (Second-Year Collaborative Research Report), Youngmi Kim, Soonung Lee, Mihyun Kim Jun 2011

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul (Second-Year Collaborative Research Report), Youngmi Kim, Soonung Lee, Mihyun Kim

Center for Social Development Research

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program for Low-Income Households in Seoul (Second-Year Collaborative Research Report)


Ten-Year Impacts Of Individual Development Accounts On Homeownership: Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key Mar 2011

Ten-Year Impacts Of Individual Development Accounts On Homeownership: Evidence From A Randomized Experiment, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden, William Gale, William M. Rohe, Mark Schreiner, Clinton Key

Center for Social Development Research

This paper presents evidence from a randomized field experiment to evaluate the long-term impact of an incentive for household saving. We examine the effect on homeownership of an Individual Development Account (IDA) program which ran from 1998 to 2003 in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The IDA program provided low-income households with financial education and matching funds for qualified savings withdrawals, including a 2:1 match for housing down payments. About 90% of treatment group members opened IDA accounts, and contributions averaged about $1,800. Homeownership rates for both treatment and control groups increased substantially throughout the experiment. Prior work shows that from ...


Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul, Mihyun Kim, Jisung Kwon, Sunwook Chung, Hyunmira Hong, Yunju Nam, Youngmi Kim, Eunlye Lee Jun 2010

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program For Low-Income Households In Seoul, Mihyun Kim, Jisung Kwon, Sunwook Chung, Hyunmira Hong, Yunju Nam, Youngmi Kim, Eunlye Lee

Center for Social Development Research

Seoul Hope Plus Savings Accounts: Asset-Building Program for Low-Income Households in Seoul


Assets As A Resource Variable In The Stress Management Of Low-Income Families, David Rothwell, Chang-Keun Han Sep 2009

Assets As A Resource Variable In The Stress Management Of Low-Income Families, David Rothwell, Chang-Keun Han

Center for Social Development Research

The hard times resulting from the 2008 recession represent an opportunity to re-examine the theoretical framework for how families use economic resources to adjust and adapt to stress. Sherraden’s (1991) theory of assets and McCubbin and Patterson’s (1983) Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response (FAAR) model are used to demonstrate how assets relate to family stressors and demands among a sample of 839 low-income families. The negative relationship between assets and financial stressors and financial strain suggest that the expansion of social welfare policies promoting assets among low-income families may positively influence family relations. Future research on family relations ...


Exploring Saving Performance In An Ida For People With Disabilities: Some Preliminary Findings, Margaret Lombe, Jin Huang, Michelle Putnam, Kate Cooney Jul 2008

Exploring Saving Performance In An Ida For People With Disabilities: Some Preliminary Findings, Margaret Lombe, Jin Huang, Michelle Putnam, Kate Cooney

Center for Social Development Research

Asset development policies have been promoted as a means to create a more inclusive “ownership society.” During the past few years, asset building scholarship has begun to focus specifically on marginalized groups including persons with disabilities. Using a sample of Individual Development Account (IDA) program participants (N=376), we examine effects of disability status on IDA saving performance; we also assess variations in saving performance by individual and programmatic characteristics. Our results suggest that disability status, in addition to a number of individual and program characteristics, is associated with saving performance in an IDA. Implications for practice and scholarship are ...


Does Banking Experience Matter: Differences Of The Banked And Unbanked In Individual Development Accounts, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yeong H. Yeo, Mathieu R. Despard, Min Zhan Jul 2008

Does Banking Experience Matter: Differences Of The Banked And Unbanked In Individual Development Accounts, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Yeong H. Yeo, Mathieu R. Despard, Min Zhan

Center for Social Development Research

Using data from the 4-year American Dream Demonstration, this study compared saving performance and program participation of banked participants (n = 1,538) with unbanked participants (n = 466) enrolled in 14 IDA programs across the United States. The study found that unbanked participants had $3.26 lower average monthly net deposit (p<.05) and 5% lower deposit frequency (p<.001) than banked participants. Unbanked participants had 45% greater odds of dropout than banked participants (p<.001). Further analyses looking at the intervening variables suggested that the combined effects of car ownership, education, race, and monthly savings targets significantly reduced the savings gap between the two groups.


Global Savings, Assets And Financial Inclusion: Lessons, Challenges, And Directions, Jamie M. Zimmerman, Ray Boshara, Michael Sherraden, Li Zou, Kate Mckee, Leslie Meek-Wohl, Amy Feldman Jul 2007

Global Savings, Assets And Financial Inclusion: Lessons, Challenges, And Directions, Jamie M. Zimmerman, Ray Boshara, Michael Sherraden, Li Zou, Kate Mckee, Leslie Meek-Wohl, Amy Feldman

Center for Social Development Research

Global Savings, Assets and Financial Inclusion: Lessons, Challenges, and Directions


Asset-Based Policy In Rural China: An Innovation In The Retirement Social Insurance Program, Baorong Guo, Jin Huang, Li Zou, Michael Sherraden Jul 2007

Asset-Based Policy In Rural China: An Innovation In The Retirement Social Insurance Program, Baorong Guo, Jin Huang, Li Zou, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

In response to the growing rural-urban inequality, China is undertaking a series of policy initiatives to promote rural development. In addition to redistributive policies aiming at social protection, asset-based policy, which integrates social protection and social investment, is another viable option for progressive rural development. In 1998, the Hutubi local government in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China implemented an innovative retirement program which allows account holders to use accounts as legal collateral to borrow small loans and invest in productive assets such as farming supplies and equipment, education, and small businesses. Using the data gathered by the program ...


Asset-Building And Investment In Kenya: Small Pilot Project And Directions, Becky Wachera Gitonga, Kenneth Schultz, Matthew Meyer, Francis Ngambi Jul 2007

Asset-Building And Investment In Kenya: Small Pilot Project And Directions, Becky Wachera Gitonga, Kenneth Schultz, Matthew Meyer, Francis Ngambi

Center for Social Development Research

Asset-Building and Investment in Kenya: Small Pilot Project and Directions


Increasing Parent Educational Expectations For Children In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Potential Role Of Assets, Gina Chowa, William Elliott Iii Jul 2007

Increasing Parent Educational Expectations For Children In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Potential Role Of Assets, Gina Chowa, William Elliott Iii

Center for Social Development Research

It is commonly held in the education literature that parent expectations are an important factor in predicting children’s achievement in school. However, little research has been conducted on educational expectations of parents living in developing countries. In this study of Ugandans we examine whether parents save more when they are given access to Asset Development Accounts (ADAs) and financial training than parents receiving financial training but no ADAs, and/or parents with no ADA or financial training. We find that Ugandan parents who receive both an ADA and financial training experience an increase in mean wealth of US$77 ...


中国农村资产社会政策: 社会养老保险制度的变革 [Asset-Based Policy In Rural China: An Innovation In The Retirement Social Insurance Program], Baorong Guo, Jin Huang, Li Zou, Michael Sherraden Jul 2007

中国农村资产社会政策: 社会养老保险制度的变革 [Asset-Based Policy In Rural China: An Innovation In The Retirement Social Insurance Program], Baorong Guo, Jin Huang, Li Zou, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

In response to the growing rural-urban inequality, China is undertaking a series of policy initiatives to promote rural development. In addition to redistributive policies aiming at social protection, asset-based policy, which integrates social protection and social investment, is another viable option for progressive rural development. In 1998, the Hutubi local government in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China implemented an innovative retirement program which allows account holders to use accounts as legal collateral to borrow small loans and invest in productive assets such as farming supplies and equipment, education, and small businesses. Using the data gathered by the program ...


Assets Beyond Saving In Individual Development Accounts, Chang-Keun Han, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden Jul 2007

Assets Beyond Saving In Individual Development Accounts, Chang-Keun Han, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

This study examines whether participation in Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) leads to a significant growth in assets beyond saving in the IDA accounts. Using a longitudinal experimental research design for low-income IDA participants, we test for impacts on five measures of assets: liquid assets, other financial assets, total financial assets, real assets, and total assets. Results show that, while there are no large differences in liquid and financial assets between the treatment group and the control group, IDA participants in the take-up group have more real assets and total assets than members of the control group. Results suggest that additional ...


Do Institutions Really Matter For Saving Among Low-Income Households? A Comparative Approach, Chang-Keun Han, Michael Sherraden Jul 2007

Do Institutions Really Matter For Saving Among Low-Income Households? A Comparative Approach, Chang-Keun Han, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

This study aims to examine the extent to which competing theories explain saving of low-income households in Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). Competing theories include individual-oriented perspective, social stratification perspective, and institutional saving theory. This study uses American Dream Demonstration (ADD) data collected at the Tulsa IDA program. Compared with the individual perspective and the social stratification perspective, institutional features explain a significant part of the variance in saving outcomes measured by average monthly net deposit (AMND) and deposit frequency ratio (DFR). Findings suggest that an inclusive asset-based policy should be designed with institutional structures encouraging low-income households to save.


Fostering Low-Income Homeownership: A Longitudinal Randomized Experiment On Individual Development Accounts, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Jung-Sook Lee, Kate Irish, Chang-Keun Han Jul 2007

Fostering Low-Income Homeownership: A Longitudinal Randomized Experiment On Individual Development Accounts, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Jung-Sook Lee, Kate Irish, Chang-Keun Han

Center for Social Development Research

For low-income families, homeownership represents an important strategy to move out of poverty and offers long-term social and economic development opportunities. Individual Development Account (IDA) programs facilitate savings towards assets such as home purchase through matched savings, financial education and case management. Using longitudinal experiment data from the American Dream Demonstration, this study examines the influence of IDA participation on homeownership rates among low-income participants after 18 months (Wave 2) of program participation and after 48 months (Wave 3) at program completion. Involvement in specific home-search activities at Waves 2 and 3 was measured to determine whether these activities mediated ...


Attitudes Toward Institutional Features And Savings In Individual Development Accounts: Latent Class Analysis, Chang-Keun Han, Michael Sherraden Jul 2007

Attitudes Toward Institutional Features And Savings In Individual Development Accounts: Latent Class Analysis, Chang-Keun Han, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

This exploratory study focuses on classifying attitudes toward institutional features of Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). This study also examines to what extent the attitudes change and how they are associated with savings in IDAs. While attitudes toward IDAs are generally positive, latent class analysis (LCA) found 3 groups, “highly positive," “moderately positive,” and “mixed opinion.” Race is significantly associated with the classification. This study found dynamic changes in attitudes at 18 months and 48 months after the baseline interview. While attitudes became somewhat more positive for 18% of participants, they became more negative for 26%. It was also found that ...


Individual Development Accounts: Frequently Asked Questions, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Kate Irish Jul 2007

Individual Development Accounts: Frequently Asked Questions, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Kate Irish

Center for Social Development Research

Individual Development Accounts: Frequently Asked Questions


State Policy Options For Building Assets, Leslie Parrish, Heather Mcculloch, Karen Edwards Jul 2006

State Policy Options For Building Assets, Leslie Parrish, Heather Mcculloch, Karen Edwards

Center for Social Development Research

State Policy Options for Building Assets


State-Level Individual Development Account (Ida) Policy: Opportunities And Challenges For Rural Areas, Karen Edwards, Jon Bailey Jul 2006

State-Level Individual Development Account (Ida) Policy: Opportunities And Challenges For Rural Areas, Karen Edwards, Jon Bailey

Center for Social Development Research

State-Level Individual Development Account (IDA) Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for Rural Areas


Using Individual Development Accounts For Microenterprise Development, Fred M. Ssewamala, Margaret Lombe, Jami C. Curley Jul 2006

Using Individual Development Accounts For Microenterprise Development, Fred M. Ssewamala, Margaret Lombe, Jami C. Curley

Center for Social Development Research

This study examines whether there is a role for microenterprise development as an anti-poverty strategy in the United States. This question is important because skeptical views exist regarding whether, generally, poor Americans would have the enthusiasm to undertake the risk of dealing with small-businesses, especially given that the United States has a public welfare system to take care of the poor and “abundant jobs” for those with the skills—compared to most developing countries where the only alternative open for a family investing in a small-business may be starvation. Using data from 14 community-based programs promoting small-business investment through Individual ...


Using Individual Development Accounts To Save For A Home: Are There Differences By Race?, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Kristen Wagner Jul 2006

Using Individual Development Accounts To Save For A Home: Are There Differences By Race?, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Kristen Wagner

Center for Social Development Research

Research indicates that homeownership is a key variable in wealth accumulation. Using data from the American Dream Demonstration, this study examines the performance of low-incomeblacks and whites saving for homeownership through Individual Development Accounts (IDAs), a matched saving program. Results show black IDA participants saved smaller amounts and less frequently. Furthermore, findings suggest institutional variables have different associations with savings for blacks and whites. Implications for policymakers and program administrators are discussed regarding differential targeting of race groups in the design and implementation of programs aimed toward increasing savings and assets accumulation for low-income and minority households.


Wealth Building In Rural America: Potential In Human Diversity, Jami C. Curley, Brian Dabson, Anna Lee, Kathleen K. Miller, Luxman Nathan, Trina R. Shanks, Michael Sherraden Jul 2006

Wealth Building In Rural America: Potential In Human Diversity, Jami C. Curley, Brian Dabson, Anna Lee, Kathleen K. Miller, Luxman Nathan, Trina R. Shanks, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Wealth Building in Rural America: Potential in Human Diversity