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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2006

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

This article seeks to explain why different types of volunteer organizations are prevalent in different countries. It hypothesizes that patterns of volunteer participation are a function of citizen attitudes toward governmental and individual responsibility for caring for society. Those countries (e.g., Japan)—where citizens think that governments should be responsible for dealing with social problems—will tend to have higher participation in embedded volunteer organizations, such as parent-teacher associations. Those countries (e.g., the United States)—where citizens think that individuals should take responsibility for dealing with social problems—will tend to have more participation in nonembedded, organizations, such ...


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...