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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven Nov 2018

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Project Resilience: A community-based Resilience Initiative to engage rural adolescents towards healthy functioning

Project Resilience, a community-based resilience initiative was developed to address public concern. In the first part of the year of 2012 in a rural Mid-Atlantic state, eight adolescents and young adults died by suicide. Concerned public officials asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assist with the epidemiologic investigation of these deaths. Mental health problems were found to be a significant contributing factor to the fatal suicide attempts. The scope of this paper will explore the potential influence of rural stress, trauma and violence ...


Accomplices In The Academy In The Age Of Black Lives Matter, Jessica Powell, Amber Kelly Apr 2017

Accomplices In The Academy In The Age Of Black Lives Matter, Jessica Powell, Amber Kelly

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

While a growing number of white scholars and activists identify themselves as allies to people of color as they engage in movements to end institutional racism, others have criticized this alignment. Instead, an emerging and alternative framework calls for white scholars and activists to act as accomplices, working in solidarity with people of color within social justice and anti-racists movements. This paper discusses the differences between these two stances, with implications for white educators and scholars in the teaching and social work professions. We aim to provide a framework for moving conversations around race and justice forward, as well as ...


Does The Money Matter? Analyzing The Relationship Between The Change In Veteran Expenditures And The Changes In Veteran Suicide And Homeless Rates, Michael Joe Martinez Jan 2017

Does The Money Matter? Analyzing The Relationship Between The Change In Veteran Expenditures And The Changes In Veteran Suicide And Homeless Rates, Michael Joe Martinez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Homelessness and suicide are two issues that plague the U.S. veteran community. This research addresses the funding allocated toward veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs and the changing veteran homelessness as well as suicide incidences. Previous research has indicated that social programs can benefit veterans at high risk for suicide or homelessness. It is theorized that an increased budget for the Department of Veterans Affairs can create more resources to not only help veterans seeking help at the Department, but also to reach out to more veterans who are not currently seeking assistance with Veterans Affairs. Analyzing data ...


Case Manager Communication Patterns & Foster Parent Satisfaction, Melissa Marie Denlinger Jan 2016

Case Manager Communication Patterns & Foster Parent Satisfaction, Melissa Marie Denlinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

More than 415,000 children reside in foster care (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). Despite the high number of children who need homes, only 20% of the entire pool of foster parents care for 60-80% of foster children, and 47%-62% of foster parents quit within one year of receiving placements in their home (Gibbs & Wildfire, 2007). Research has demonstrated that a lack of appropriate foster homes is linked to placement instability and adverse effects on children’s overall health and well-being (CWLA, 2007). Thus, it is imperative to improve foster parent retention in order to ...


Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp Feb 2015

Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Freire’s writings beyond Pedagogy of the Oppressed offer value to social justice educators looking to deeply explore and inform their own practice. His ideas related to class suicide, authority and freedom, political clarity, educational directivity and epistemological circling can enhance social justice educators approach to recognizing personal prejudices, negotiating emotions, personal disclosure, and navigating authority in educational settings. Through phenomenological reflections on my social justice education practice as a curriculum designer and facilitator within higher education, Freire’s ideas are used to analyze my experiences and provide insight for how I can re-imagine my practice to contribute to democratic ...


Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self Jan 2015

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis of University LGBT Center Theoretical Foundations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the framing discourse of theorization and practice surrounding university-based Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) resource centers. Building on interdisciplinary work by critical feminist, race, and queer scholars in sociology, social work, education, and political science, this study proposed a vital shift from identity politics (Combahee River Collective, 1977) and multicultural (Jay, 1994; Ward, 2008) theorizing and practice frameworks to praxis grounded in intersectional understandings of identity and resistance to interlocking systems of oppression (Razack, 1999) which (re ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


A Phenomenological Case Study Of An Adoptive Couple's Journey Through The Adoption Process Of A Child From An Asian Country, Shannon M. Wetzler Jan 2008

A Phenomenological Case Study Of An Adoptive Couple's Journey Through The Adoption Process Of A Child From An Asian Country, Shannon M. Wetzler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A journey of a Caucasian adoptive couple, residing in the Midwest, followed when they pursued the adoption of a child from South Korea. The history of transracial adoption (the placement of children with parents of another race) and international adoption was described in terms of how the early adoption policies currently influence adoptive parents today. Adoptive parent's choice to travel to the child's birth country, their experiences and introduction to adoption, and their attitude towards adoption were discussed. The importance of the adoptive parents having a social support network and understanding of the child's birth culture were ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill Jan 2006

Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the event of family breakdown, removing the child from the home is one of the most common forms of state intervention, and is one of the primary interventions provided when a parent experiences severe problems related to caring for their children. This investigation examined predictors and consequences of the transition from one primary caregiver to another among African American youth. The sample consisted of African American children being raised by various members of their families including biological parents, relatives, and non-relatives. Respondents were participants in a large-scale study of African American children and their families, the Family and Community ...


Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison Jan 2001

Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Fifty percent of all marriages end in divorce prior to the seventh year of marriage (Bee, 1994; National Center for Health Statistics, 1991). As a result many young children live with one parent. The U.S. Census Bureau (1998) estimates this effects 19.8 million children. Children living in single-headed households are more likely to suffer social, emotional, economic, educational, health and psychological problems (Chase-Lansdale, & Heatherington, 1990; Emery, 1988). Parents also experience difficulties adjusting to the end of a relationship. Amato (1993) believes this transition phase of divorce lasts between 2 to 5 years. Family law/divorce mediation was created to lessen ...


Supervisory Needs Of In-Home Therapists As Compared With Therapists Of Clinical Settings , Milagros Teresa Masini Rivera Jan 2000

Supervisory Needs Of In-Home Therapists As Compared With Therapists Of Clinical Settings , Milagros Teresa Masini Rivera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares supervisory needs of in-home therapists with therapists of clinical settings. This body of research provides a framework for examining the needs of in-home family therapist and therapists in clinical settings. This paper also reviews the literature regarding the field of family therapy and in-home family therapy. A major contribution of this study is the development of an instrument to assess needs that are important for in-home therapists and therapists working in other settings such as hospitals, residential treatment units, university clinics, private practice, community agencies, schools, nursing homes, employee assistance program and health maintenance organizations. This study ...


Termination: How Families Experience The End Of Family Therapy , Henry Boone Grant Jr. Jan 1999

Termination: How Families Experience The End Of Family Therapy , Henry Boone Grant Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Families who experienced a successful outcome to family therapy appeared to be ready to terminate when they had made a paradigm shift in their thinking about family problems and how to resolve them. In this study families communicated two signs of readiness to terminate therapy: (1) the family stopped focusing on the child as a problem and viewed the child as growing up; (2) the parental dyad expressed a renewed sense of confidence in themselves to handle any relationship problems that might arise in the family. Families who remain focused on the problems of the child were not confident in ...


An Inquiry Into The Experiences Of Adolescents In Multiple Residential Treatment Settings: Do Perceptions Change Over Time And At Follow-Up? , Timothy Francis Heinrichs Jan 1998

An Inquiry Into The Experiences Of Adolescents In Multiple Residential Treatment Settings: Do Perceptions Change Over Time And At Follow-Up? , Timothy Francis Heinrichs

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is a qualitative study that examined the perceptions of adolescents who have been placed in residential treatment. Analyzed were respondents who were in treatment at the time of the interview, respondents who had been out of treatment for less than one year, and respondents out of treatment more than one year;The researcher was interested in whether adolescents' perceptions of placement changed following treatment, as well as over time. Further, respondents were asked whether the tenets of Labeling or Deterrence Theories applied to their experiences;Respondents in treatment at the time of the interview initially responded with complaints ...


Stigma And Utilization Of Mental Health Services , Jill Gaffney Valde Jan 1996

Stigma And Utilization Of Mental Health Services , Jill Gaffney Valde

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines what kinds of background variables predict stigma and what impact stigma has on the utilization of formal mental health services. Prior research indicates that gender, age cohort, rural versus urban residency, and socioeconomic status have differing effects on utilization. A model of health behavior was tested using data from a panel study of 1,487 adults in the state of Iowa. The results indicate that stigma reflects the use of formal mental health services and that the impact is different for men and women. For women, stigma has a direct effect on utilization of formal mental health ...


Adolescent Mental Health Services Utilization: Influences Of Family And Social Context , Mark Francis Schmitz Jan 1996

Adolescent Mental Health Services Utilization: Influences Of Family And Social Context , Mark Francis Schmitz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decade the problems of rural America have become increasingly apparent as part of the national political agenda. A major focus has been the concerns regarding mental health services for rural children and adolescents. The present study uses a four-wave panel design to examine the influences of the family and social context on adolescent mental health services use. Structural equation modeling and logistic regression techniques are used to test the viability of different methods of analysis when the primary dependent variables are dichotomous and badly skewed. Results show the importance of parental warmth and supportiveness, and the crucial ...


Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates Jan 1996

Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing foster parent licensing. Data collected on survey questionnaires and telephone interviews included personal characteristics, altitudes toward parenting, attitudes toward foster parenting, and perceptions of foster parent training. Data were collected prior to foster parent preservice training, immediately after training, and 6 months following training. Participants included 113 persons (77 females and 36 males) who attended foster parent training in Iowa. Logistic regressions were performed and indicated that attitudes toward parenting and perceptions of foster parent training had significant (p <.01) effects on foster parent licensing. Permutations were performed to ensure results were not artifactual. The model explained 23% of the total variance and correctly predicted 79% of all cases. Persons with more appropriate parenting attitudes were more likely to become licensed foster parents. Perceived usefulness of 2 of the 7 training objectives were found to have an effect on foster parent licensing. The significant (p <.05) training objectives were "preparing for the role of foster parent" and "understanding the foster care system." Neither personal characteristics (such as age, gender, and income) nor attitudes toward foster parenting influenced foster parent licensing;Persons with more education were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful in meeting several training objectives. Furthermore, more educated participants were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful overall. T-tests indicated significant differences (p <.01) in parenting and foster parenting attitudes between white and nonwhite participants. While both whites and nonwhites held appropriate attitudes toward parenting, white participants scored significantly lower (p <.01) than nonwhite participants. Lower scores indicated more appropriate parenting attitudes. Female participants identified with the role of foster parent significantly more than their male cohorts. These results suggest that foster parent preservice training must take into account the various needs of persons from diverse backgrounds.


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


Multiple Formats In The Collaborative Application Of The "As If" Technique In The Process Of Family Therapy Supervision , Sally Ann St. George Jan 1994

Multiple Formats In The Collaborative Application Of The "As If" Technique In The Process Of Family Therapy Supervision , Sally Ann St. George

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Experiences with using two different formats of the "as if" listening technique in the process of family therapy supervision were chronicled. The "as if" process involves listening and reacting from a position other than one's usual or preferred position. This other position is one of a multiplicity of versions or understandings of how one would act from that position and is not measured by how accurately it matches the behaviors of those who actually occupy those positions;Participants' comments about the application of "as if" processes in supervision were organized into categories according to the Tesch (1990) scheme. The ...


Families On Both Sides Of The Mirror: A Structural Variation Of The Multiple Family Therapy Model , Daniel Paul Wulff Jan 1994

Families On Both Sides Of The Mirror: A Structural Variation Of The Multiple Family Therapy Model , Daniel Paul Wulff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A variation of the multiple family therapy model was designed that gave client families opportunities to observe each other's therapy and to provide feedback on their observations. This qualitative study allowed the participants to assist in the design, principally by deciding how to give their feedback to one another;Using families as therapeutic teams behind a one-way mirror helped diminish the mystique often associated with such technology. This unique process also gave the families opportunities to be helpful and enjoy the benefits of that role;The reactions and descriptions of the participants were analyzed using an organizing system devised ...


Reported Parental Role Performance, Parental One-On-One Behavior, Parental Expectations, And Problems With Children In Adoptive And Nonadoptive Families , Barbara Jeanette Gaddis Jan 1994

Reported Parental Role Performance, Parental One-On-One Behavior, Parental Expectations, And Problems With Children In Adoptive And Nonadoptive Families , Barbara Jeanette Gaddis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the parenting practices and attitudes of the parents of adopted children with parenting practices and attitudes of parents for whom children are solely biologically related. The data were obtained from the National Survey of Families and Households, a national survey consisting of a probability sample of 13,017 respondents;Four different dependent variables were examined: reported parental role performance, reported parental expectations of their children, and reported parental one-on-one behavior with their children, and reported problems with children in the household. Adoption was always the independent variable. Three ordinary least squares regression ...


An Ethnography Of Chinese Families In America: Implications For Family Therapy , Shi-Jiuan Wu Jan 1993

An Ethnography Of Chinese Families In America: Implications For Family Therapy , Shi-Jiuan Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to discover the grounded experiences of Chinese families living in the U.S.A. In order to get a better picture of Chinese families, a new point of view (postmodernism) and a different methodology (ethnography) is needed. Rarely, however, has postmodernism been applied to ethnic family therapy. Since family therapy is a relatively new field, there has not been much research on ethnicity and the needs of diverse families. However, recent work suggests a growing interest in identifying approaches to family therapy that meet the needs of specific ethnic groups. Specifically, postmodern research focuses ...


Gender And Gender Identity As Predictors Of Perceived Sexual And Emotional Needs Of Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrators , Henry Lynn Pothast Jan 1989

Gender And Gender Identity As Predictors Of Perceived Sexual And Emotional Needs Of Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrators , Henry Lynn Pothast

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated gender and gender identity as predictors of child sexual abusers' perceived sexual and emotional need fulfillment in adult partnerships. The overall sample of 75 male, and 38 female, perpetrators of child sexual abuse was obtained as part of a larger study including perpetrators and nonperpetrators of both genders;For gender, the results showed both perceived sexual need and perceived emotional need to be significantly greater for the women than for the men. This contradicts the predicted relationship between gender and perceived sexual need and supports the hypothesized effect of gender on perceived emotional need;The Masculinity and ...


Child Sexual Abuser Perceptions Of Police And Social Work Investigators , Bernita Irene Jacobson Jan 1988

Child Sexual Abuser Perceptions Of Police And Social Work Investigators , Bernita Irene Jacobson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The perceptions of child sexual abuse perpetrators about their treatment by social work and police investigators were examined as part of a larger study of child sexual abusers. The perpetrators perceptions of the concern, fairness, and competence of both social work and police investigators were explored;The perpetrators were further rated on masculinity and femininity using the BEM Sex Role Inventory Short form. Matched pairs t-tests were used to analyze the data;In the analysis, the only variable that was statistically significant was fairness, with the perpetrators perceiving police, surprisingly, as being more fair than social workers;While difference in ...


Socioeconomic And Process Variables Influencing Households' Satisfaction With Future Plans, Financial Status And Quality Of Life , Olive Mwihaki Mugenda Jan 1988

Socioeconomic And Process Variables Influencing Households' Satisfaction With Future Plans, Financial Status And Quality Of Life , Olive Mwihaki Mugenda

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major objectives of this study were to (1) identify the demographic and economic factors that influence satisfaction with quality of life, (2) study the causal relationships between communication, money management practices, satisfaction with financial status and satisfaction with quality of life, and (3) ascertain whether financial planning, and satisfaction with future plans contribute to one's satisfaction with quality of life;The data used in this study were collected in 1986 as a follow-up study of household's solvency status done in a Midwestern town in 1982. The sample consisted of 123 personal interviews. The unit of analysis was ...


A County-Level Analysis Of American Fertility In Relation To Social Change: The Case Of The North Central Region In 1980 , Yousry Abdel-Hamid Raslan Jan 1986

A County-Level Analysis Of American Fertility In Relation To Social Change: The Case Of The North Central Region In 1980 , Yousry Abdel-Hamid Raslan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relationship between development as a process of social change and American fertility on the county level is at issue in this study. It is assumed that while all American counties are at a certain high level of development, different counties might have different potential for development. A specific question, therefore, is: are the counties different in the levels of development?, and if they are, how is development related to fertility variations among counties?;The conceptual framework of the structural-functional approach, namely the Parsonian perspective on social change and the main tenet of the demographic transition theory were adapted to ...


Farmer Motivation Patterns In Participating In Adaptive Crop Research Trials/ Demonstrations In Sierra Leone , Amadu Muhamed Bangura Jan 1983

Farmer Motivation Patterns In Participating In Adaptive Crop Research Trials/ Demonstrations In Sierra Leone , Amadu Muhamed Bangura

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Agricultural development programs in many developing countries are failing to achieve the goal of self sufficiency in food because farmers have negative attitudes toward the programs or recommended practices. Farmers may resist new practices due to their inappropriateness and the cultural, social, psychological, economic, and bureaucratic constraints within the community. Unfortunately, research on the adoption and diffusion process has been largely confined to developed countries. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify factors affecting farmers' participation in agricultural development programs in a developing country situation. The theoretical model emphasizes farmer motivation for participating in and adopting recommended practices;The ...


Tolerance Of Ambiguity As A Component Of Foster Home Satisfaction , Kathleen Sampson Eastman Jan 1978

Tolerance Of Ambiguity As A Component Of Foster Home Satisfaction , Kathleen Sampson Eastman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.