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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Rock Bolt Corrosion - An Experimental Study, Naj Aziz, P Craig, Jan Nemcik, Faisal Hai Sep 2015

Rock Bolt Corrosion - An Experimental Study, Naj Aziz, P Craig, Jan Nemcik, Faisal Hai

Faisal I Hai

The effect of long term exposure of full size bolts to corrosive environments is presented. A special test rig was used to test four bolts under different loading conditions. Four X-grade identical profile bolts, each 21·7 mm core diameter (23·7 mm full diameter) were subjected to prolonged corrosion testing using acid sulphate water. The pH value of the circulated water varied between 3·4 and 4·3. The corrosion exposure test period lasted 3·5 years. Two bolts were axially loaded to 10 t and 20 t force respectively, the third bolt was subjected to a 360 Nm ...


Improved Workflow Modelling Using Role Activity Diagram-Based Modelling With Application To A Radiology Service Case Study, Nagesh Shukla, John Keast, Darek Ceglarek Apr 2015

Improved Workflow Modelling Using Role Activity Diagram-Based Modelling With Application To A Radiology Service Case Study, Nagesh Shukla, John Keast, Darek Ceglarek

Nagesh Shukla

The modelling of complex workflows is an important problem-solving technique within healthcare settings. However, currently most of the workflow models use a simplified flow chart of patient flow obtained using on-site observations, groupbased debates and brainstorming sessions, together with historic patient data. This paper presents a systematic and semi-automatic methodology for knowledge acquisition with detailed process representation using sequential interviews of people in the key roles involved in the service delivery process. The proposed methodology allows the modelling of roles, interactions, actions, and decisions involved in the service delivery process. This approach is based on protocol generation and analysis techniques ...


The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2015

The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Anthony A Espinoza Mr

High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a radiation treatment technique capable of delivering large dose rates to the tumor. Radiation is delivered using remote afterloaders to drive highly active sources (commonly 192Ir with an air KERMA strength range between 20 000 and 40 000 U, where 1 U = 1 uGy m2/h in air) through applicators directly into the patient's prescribed region of treatment. Due to the obvious ramifications of incorrect treatment while using such an active source, it is essential that there are methods for quality assurance (QA) that can directly and accurately verify the treatment plan and ...


The Role Of Pyrimidine And Water As Underlying Molecular Constituents For Describing Radiation Damage In Living Tissue: A Comparative Study, Martina C. Fuss, L Ellis-Gibbings, Darryl B. Jones, M J. Brunger, Francisco Blanco, A Muñoz, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Gustavo Garcia Jan 2015

The Role Of Pyrimidine And Water As Underlying Molecular Constituents For Describing Radiation Damage In Living Tissue: A Comparative Study, Martina C. Fuss, L Ellis-Gibbings, Darryl B. Jones, M J. Brunger, Francisco Blanco, A Muñoz, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Gustavo Garcia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Water is often used as the medium for characterizing the effects of radiation on living tissue. However, in this study, charged-particle track simulations are employed to quantify the induced physicochemical and potential biological implications when a primary ionising particle with energy 10 keV strikes a medium made up entirely of water or pyrimidine. Note that pyrimidine was chosen as the DNA/RNA bases cytosine, thymine, and uracil can be considered pyrimidine derivatives. This study aims to assess the influence of the choice of medium on the charged-particle transport, and identify how appropriate it is to use water as the default ...


Brittle Versus Ductile Behaviour Of Nanotwinned Copper: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Linqing Pei, Cheng Lu, Xing Zhao, Liang Zhang, Kuiyu Cheng, Guillaume Michal, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Brittle Versus Ductile Behaviour Of Nanotwinned Copper: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Linqing Pei, Cheng Lu, Xing Zhao, Liang Zhang, Kuiyu Cheng, Guillaume Michal, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Nanotwinned copper (Cu) exhibits an unusual combination of ultra-high yield strength and high ductility. A brittle-to-ductile transition was previously experimentally observed in nanotwinned Cu despite Cu being an intrinsically ductile metal. However, the atomic mechanisms responsible for brittle fracture and ductile fracture in nanotwinned Cu are still not clear. In this study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at different temperatures have been performed to investigate the fracture behaviour of a nanotwinned Cu specimen with a single-edge-notched crack whose surface coincides with a twin boundary. Three temperature ranges are identified, indicative of distinct fracture regimes, under tensile straining perpendicular to the twin ...


Molecular Dynamics Study On The Grain Boundary Dislocation Source In Nanocrystalline Copper Under Tensile Loading, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, A Kiet Tieu, Linqing Pei, Xing Zhao, Kuiyu Cheng Jan 2015

Molecular Dynamics Study On The Grain Boundary Dislocation Source In Nanocrystalline Copper Under Tensile Loading, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, A Kiet Tieu, Linqing Pei, Xing Zhao, Kuiyu Cheng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Grain boundary (GB) is the interface between different oriented crystals of the same material, and it can have a significant effect on the many properties of materials. When the average or entire range of grain size is reduced to less than 100 nm, the conventional plastic deformation mechanisms dominated by dislocation processes become difficult and GBmediated deformation mechanisms become increasingly important. One of the mechanisms that can play a profound role in the strength and plasticity of metallic polycrystalline materials is the heterogeneous nucleation and emission of dislocations from GB. In this study, we conducted molecular dynamics simulations to study ...


Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton Jan 2015

Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The development of the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technique requires an understanding of the hazards posed by the operation of high-pressure CO2 pipelines. To allow the appropriate safety precautions to be taken, a comprehensive understanding of the consequences of unplanned CO2 releases is essential before the deployment of CO2 pipelines. In this paper, we present models for the predictions of discharge rate, atmospheric expansion and dispersion due to accidental CO2 releases from high-pressure pipelines. The GERG-2008 Equation of State (EOS) was used in the discharge and expansion models. This enabled more precise 'source strength' predictions ...


A Survey And Study Of Planar Antennas For Pico-Satellites, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Raad Raad, Kwan-Wu Chin Jan 2015

A Survey And Study Of Planar Antennas For Pico-Satellites, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Raad Raad, Kwan-Wu Chin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Works on pico-satellites have gained momentum recently, especially those that consider pico-satellites as part of a much larger constellation or swarm. This feature allows pico-satellites to provide high temporal resolution of observational data and redundancy. In particular, it reduces the need for satellite-to-ground communications and, hence, helps save energy and allows the execution of distributed processing algorithms on the satellites themselves. Consequently, satellite-to-satellite or cross-link communication is critical. To realize these advantages, the cross-link antenna employed on pico-satellites must meet many criteria, namely, small size, lightweight, low-power consumption, high gain, wide bandwidth, circular polarization, and beam steerability. To date, no ...


Comparison Of Oncentra ® Brachy Ipsa And Graphical Optimisation Techniques: A Case Study Of Hdr Brachytherapy Head And Neck And Prostate Plans, Michael Jameson, Lucy Ohanessian, Vikneswary Batumalai, Virendra Patel, Lois C. Holloway Jan 2015

Comparison Of Oncentra ® Brachy Ipsa And Graphical Optimisation Techniques: A Case Study Of Hdr Brachytherapy Head And Neck And Prostate Plans, Michael Jameson, Lucy Ohanessian, Vikneswary Batumalai, Virendra Patel, Lois C. Holloway

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are a number of different dwell positions and time optimisation options available in the Oncentra® Brachy (Elekta Brachytherapy Solutions, Veenendaal, The Netherlands) brachytherapy treatment planning system. The purpose of this case study was to compare graphical (GRO) and inverse planning by simulated annealing (IPSA) optimisation techniques for interstitial head and neck (HN) and prostate plans considering dosimetry, modelled radiobiology outcome and planning time. Four retrospective brachytherapy patients were chosen for this study, two recurrent HN and two prostatic boosts. Manual GRO and IPSA plans were generated for each patient. Plans were compared using dose-volume histograms (DVH) and dose coverage ...


Study On Surface Asperity Flattening In Cold Quasi-Static Uniaxial Planar Compression By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Method, Hejie Li, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong, Jingtao Han Jan 2015

Study On Surface Asperity Flattening In Cold Quasi-Static Uniaxial Planar Compression By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Method, Hejie Li, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong, Jingtao Han

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In order to study the surface asperity flattening in a quasi-static cold uniaxial planar compression, the experimental results of atomic force microscope and electron backscattered diffraction have been employed in a ratedependent crystal plasticity model to analyze this process. The simulation results show a good agreement with the experimental results: in this quasi-static deformation process, lubrication can hinder the surface asperity flattening process even under very low deformation rate. However, due to the limitation of the model and some parameters, the simulation results cannot predict all the properties in detail such as S orientation {123}and the maximum stress in ...


A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2015

A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Geogrids are widely used in ballasted rail tracks for reinforcement and stabilisation. During train operation, ballast becomes contaminated or fouled due to infiltration of fines from the surface, mud pumping from the subgrade, and degradation, which decreases the performance of the geogrids. This paper presents the results of a laboratory and numerical simulation to study the effect that coal fines have on the interface between ballast and geogrid. The stress-strain behaviour of fresh and fouled ballast reinforced by geogrid was investigated via a series of large scale direct shear tests in the laboratory and numerical simulations using the Discrete Element ...


Structural Evolution Of Electrodes In The Ncr And Cgr Cathode-Containing Commercial Lithium-Ion Batteries Cycled Between 3.0 And 4.5 V: An Operando Neutron Powder-Diffraction Study, Wei Kong Pang, Moshiul Alam, Vanessa K. Peterson, Neeraj Sharma Jan 2015

Structural Evolution Of Electrodes In The Ncr And Cgr Cathode-Containing Commercial Lithium-Ion Batteries Cycled Between 3.0 And 4.5 V: An Operando Neutron Powder-Diffraction Study, Wei Kong Pang, Moshiul Alam, Vanessa K. Peterson, Neeraj Sharma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The dissimilar lattice-evolution of the isostructural layered Li(Ni,Co,Al)O2 (NCR) and Li(Ni,Co,Mn)O2 (CGR) cathodes in commercial lithium-ion batteries during overcharging/discharging was examined using operando neutron powder-diffraction. The stacking axis (c parameter) of both cathodes expands on initial lithiation and contracts on further lithiation. Although both the initial increase and later decrease are smaller for the CGR cathode, the overall change between battery charged and discharged states of the c parameter is larger for the CGR (1.29%) than for the NCR cathode (0.33%). We find these differences are correlated ...


Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato Jan 2015

Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Micro forming is a key technology for an industrial miniaturisation trend, and micro deep drawing (MDD) is a typical micro forming method. It has great advantages comparing to other micro manufacturing methods, such as net forming ability, mass production potential, high product quality and complex 3D metal products fabrication capacity. Meanwhile, it is facing difficulties, for example the so-called size effects, once scaled down to micro scale. To investigate and to solve the problems in MDD, a combined micro blanking-drawing machine is employed and an explicit-implicit micro deep drawing model with a voronoi blank model is developed. Through heat treatment ...


3d Bridge Microdosimeter: Charge Collection Study And Application To Rbe Studies In 12C Radiation Therapy, Linh T. Tran, Dale A. Prokopovich, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Mark I. Reinhard, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2015

3d Bridge Microdosimeter: Charge Collection Study And Application To Rbe Studies In 12C Radiation Therapy, Linh T. Tran, Dale A. Prokopovich, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Mark I. Reinhard, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Radiotherapy using heavy ion beam such as Carbon-ion has the advantage for the treatment of deep-seated tumour over conventional radiotherapy with X-rays due to an enhanced dose deposition in the Bragg peak (BP) at the end of the ion range. The highest dose can be deposited in the tumour with much lower doses to the surrounding healthy tissue. The Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) of a carbon-ion radiotherapy beam greatly depends on a depth of the target volume in the body and the nuclear fragmentation process that increases close to the BP or spread out BP (SOBP) as well as neutrons ...


An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In-situ neutron diffraction during cyclic tension-compression loading (þ3.5% to 2.8%) of a 17Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C steel that exhibits concurrent transformation and twinning -induced plasticity effects indicated a significant contribution of intragranular back stresses to the observed Bauschinger effect. Rietveld analysis revealed a higher rate of martensitic transformation during tension compared to compression. Throughout cycling, a0-martensite exhibited the highest phase strains such that it bears an increasing portion of the macroscopic load as its weight fraction evolves. On the other hand, the e-martensite strain remained compressive as it accommodated most of the internal strains caused by the shape misfit associated ...


An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing Of Sus304 Circular Cups, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato, Xiaofeng He, Pengfei Li Jan 2015

An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing Of Sus304 Circular Cups, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato, Xiaofeng He, Pengfei Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Micro deep drawing is a promising technology for mass production of complex 3D micro metal products. Significant size effects at a micro scale, however, obstruct application of this technology and block utilisation of traditional finite element method (FEM). Therefore, a micro tensile test system was developed to obtain accurate material properties considering size effects. Subsequently, a Voronoi blank model was developed for the micro scale simulation. Moreover, micro deep drawing experiments were conducted and their results were compared with the simulation results. The simulation results have a good agreement with the experimental data. Furthermore, the wrinkling at the cup mouth ...


Relationship Between Ct-Derived Gross Tumour Volume (Gtv) And The Fdg-Pet/Ct-Derived Metabolic Tumour Volume (Mtv): An Exploratory Study In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Radical Radiotherapy, A Oar, Michael Jameson, I. A Ho Shon, Penny Phan, Lois C. Holloway, Danyang Wang, Joseph Descallar, A Pramana, Shalini K. Vinod, E Koh, M Field Jan 2015

Relationship Between Ct-Derived Gross Tumour Volume (Gtv) And The Fdg-Pet/Ct-Derived Metabolic Tumour Volume (Mtv): An Exploratory Study In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Radical Radiotherapy, A Oar, Michael Jameson, I. A Ho Shon, Penny Phan, Lois C. Holloway, Danyang Wang, Joseph Descallar, A Pramana, Shalini K. Vinod, E Koh, M Field

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Poster presentation from The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists 65th Annual Scientific Meeting, 29 October-1 November 2015, Adelaide, Australia