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Science and Technology Studies Commons

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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 534

Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Research Data Services In Academic Libraries: Data Intensive Roles For The Future?, Carol Tenopir, Dane Hughes, Suzie Allard, Mike Frame, Ben Birch, Lynn Baird, Robert J. Sandusky, Madison Langseth, Andrew Lundeen Dec 2015

Research Data Services In Academic Libraries: Data Intensive Roles For The Future?, Carol Tenopir, Dane Hughes, Suzie Allard, Mike Frame, Ben Birch, Lynn Baird, Robert J. Sandusky, Madison Langseth, Andrew Lundeen

DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups

Objectives: The primary objectives of this study are to gauge the various levels of Research Data Service academic libraries provide based on demographic factors, gauging RDS growth since 2011, and what obstacles may prevent expansion or growth of services.

Methods: Survey of academic institutions through stratified random sample of ACRL library directors across the U.S. and Canada. Frequencies and chi-square analysis were applied, with some responses grouped into broader categories for analysis.

Results: Minimal to no change for what services were offered between survey years, and interviews with library directors were conducted to help explain this lack of change ...


Toward A More Scientifically Literate Public, Michael Bass Dec 2015

Toward A More Scientifically Literate Public, Michael Bass

UCF Forum

As a society we do a terrible job of educating our children to become scientifically literate. Sure, we have STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) programs throughout the country, and with some justification we can brag about the successes of students that are in or who have graduated from such learning experiences.


Intent Classification Of Short-Text On Social Media, Hemant Purohit, Guozhu Dong, Valerie L. Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth Dec 2015

Intent Classification Of Short-Text On Social Media, Hemant Purohit, Guozhu Dong, Valerie L. Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Social media platforms facilitate the emergence of citizen communities that discuss real-world events. Their content reflects a variety of intent ranging from social good (e.g., volunteering to help) to commercial interest (e.g., criticizing product features). Hence, mining intent from social data can aid in filtering social media to support organizations, such as an emergency management unit for resource planning. However, effective intent mining is inherently challenging due to ambiguity in interpretation, and sparsity of relevant behaviors in social data. In this paper, we address the problem of multiclass classification of intent with a use-case of social data generated ...


“Personas” To Support Development Of Cyberinfrastructure For Scientific Data Sharing, Kevin Crowston Nov 2015

“Personas” To Support Development Of Cyberinfrastructure For Scientific Data Sharing, Kevin Crowston

DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups

Objective: To ensure that cyberinfrastructure for sharing scientific data is useful, system developers need to understand what scientists and other intended users do as well as the attitudes and beliefs that shape their behaviours. This paper introduces personas — detailed descriptions of an “archetypical user of a system” — as an approach for capturing and sharing knowledge about potential system users.

Setting: Personas were developed to support development of the ‘DataONE’ (Data Observation Network for Earth) project, which has developed and deployed a sustainable long-term data preservation and access network to ensure the preservation and access to multi-scale, multi-discipline, and multi-national environmental ...


Assessing Student Perceptions Of Indigenous Science Co-Educators, Interest In Stem, And Identity As A Scientist: A Pilot Study, Sarah Alkholy, Fidji Gendron, Tanya Dahms, Maria Pontes Ferreira Nov 2015

Assessing Student Perceptions Of Indigenous Science Co-Educators, Interest In Stem, And Identity As A Scientist: A Pilot Study, Sarah Alkholy, Fidji Gendron, Tanya Dahms, Maria Pontes Ferreira

Nutrition and Food Science Faculty Research Publications

Minorities are underrepresented in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, post-secondary STEM education, and show high academic attrition rates. Academic performance and retention improve when culturally relevant support is provided. The interface of Western science and Indigenous science provides an opportunity for bridging this divide. We hypothesized that there would be regional (U.S.A. vs. Canada) differences amongst post-secondary students regarding these variables: perceptions of traditional Elders as STEM co-educators; interest in STEM; and self-identity as a scientist. We conducted a short-term longitudinal pilot study of an interdisciplinary, multi-institutional, and cross-cultural STEM course in the spring of ...


Predicting Toucan Locations In Panama Using Arcgis, Daniel J. Herrera Nov 2015

Predicting Toucan Locations In Panama Using Arcgis, Daniel J. Herrera

Geography: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

Toucans are omnivorous birds native to southern Latin America and South America. They are non-migratory, and their range is disputed among experts. In an attempt to develop a better understanding of the range and behavior of toucans, correlations between toucan presence and geographic features of the area were analyzed to create a location probability map.


Ezdi's Semantics-Enhanced Linguistic, Nlp, And Ml Approach For Health Informatics, Raxit Goswami, Neil Shah, Amit P. Sheth Oct 2015

Ezdi's Semantics-Enhanced Linguistic, Nlp, And Ml Approach For Health Informatics, Raxit Goswami, Neil Shah, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

ezDI uses large and extensive knowledge graph to enhance linguistics, NLP and ML techniques to improve structured data extraction from millions of EMR records. It then normalizes it, and maps it with various computer-processable nomenclature such as SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, ICD-9, ICD-10, CPT, and LOINC. Furthermore, it applies advanced reasoning that exploited domain-specific and hierarchical relationships among entities in the knowledge graph to make the data actionable. These capabilities are part of its highly scalable AWS deployed heath intelligence platform that support healthcare informatics applications, including Computer Assisted Coding (CAC), Computerized Document Improvement (CDI), compliance and audit, and core measures and ...


Social Health Signals, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Swapnil Soni, Amit P. Sheth Oct 2015

Social Health Signals, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Swapnil Soni, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Recently Twitter, has emerged as one of the primary medium for sharing and seeking of the latest information related to variety of the topics including health information. Recently, Twitter has emerged as one of the primary mediums for sharing and seeking the latest information related to a variety of topics, including health information. Although Twitter is an excellent information source, identification of useful information from the deluge of tweets is one of the major challenge. Twitter search is limited to keyword based techniques to retrieve information for a given query and sometimes the results do not contain real-time information. Moreover ...


Feedback-Driven Radiology Exam Report Retrieval With Semantics, Sarasi Lalithsena, Luis Tari, Anna Von Reden, Benjamin Wilson, Brian J. Kolowitz, John Kalafut, Steven Gustafson, Amit P. Sheth Oct 2015

Feedback-Driven Radiology Exam Report Retrieval With Semantics, Sarasi Lalithsena, Luis Tari, Anna Von Reden, Benjamin Wilson, Brian J. Kolowitz, John Kalafut, Steven Gustafson, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Clinical documents are vital resources for radiologists to have a better understanding of patient history. The use of clinical documents can complement the often brief reasons for exams that are provided by physicians in order to perform more informed diagnoses. With the large number of study exams that radiologists have to perform on a daily basis, it becomes too time-consuming for radiologists to sift through each patient's clinical documents. It is therefore important to provide a capability that can present contextually relevant clinical documents, and at the same time satisfy the diverse information needs among radiologists from different specialties ...


Implicit Information Extraction From Clinical Notes, Sujan Perera Oct 2015

Implicit Information Extraction From Clinical Notes, Sujan Perera

Kno.e.sis Publications

We address the problem of extracting implicit information from the unstructured clinical notes. Here we introduce the problem of 'implicit entity recognition in clinical notes', propose a knowledge driven approach to address this problem and demonstrate the results of our initial experiments.


Don't Just Blindly Follow All 'Green' Trends -- Do Your Research First, Michael Bass Sep 2015

Don't Just Blindly Follow All 'Green' Trends -- Do Your Research First, Michael Bass

UCF Forum

Nowadays it is politically correct to be “green” – to say and do things that seem to minimize one’s impact on the environment and to preach to others to do the same.


Our Technological Past And Future: From Predigital To Postdigital Apocalypses, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Sep 2015

Our Technological Past And Future: From Predigital To Postdigital Apocalypses, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

SPU Works

An exploration of technological hopes and fears in apocalyptic literature.


Knowledge Sharing Behaviour Of Academics In The Polytechnic Ibadan, Misbau Abiola Abdur-Rafiu Mr, Adeola O. Opesade Dr Sep 2015

Knowledge Sharing Behaviour Of Academics In The Polytechnic Ibadan, Misbau Abiola Abdur-Rafiu Mr, Adeola O. Opesade Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to investigate the factors driving the academics to engage in work-related knowledge sharing activity using a conceptual model adapted from Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) of Ajzen (1991) and the two affective components (affective commitment and affect-based trust). A descriptive survey research design covering academics in all departments of the five faculties in The Polytechnic, Ibadan was employed.The literature review covered knowledge management KM, knowledge sharing KS and knowledge sharing behaviour KSB. Self-structured questionnaire based on the adapted model were administered as data collection instrument. Complete enumeration survey study was carried out because the ...


Automatic Emotion Identification From Text, Wenbo Wang Sep 2015

Automatic Emotion Identification From Text, Wenbo Wang

Kno.e.sis Publications

Emotions are both prevalent in and essential to most aspects of our lives. They in- fluence our decision-making, affect our social relationships and shape our daily behavior. With the rapid growth of emotion-rich textual content, such as microblog posts, blog posts, and forum discussions, there is a growing need to develop algorithms and techniques for identifying people’s emotions expressed in text. It has valuable implications for the studies of suicide prevention, employee productivity, well-being of people, customer relationship management, etc. However, emotion identification is quite challenging partly due to the following reasons: i) It is a multi-class classification problem ...


Mission Possible: How Fda Can Move At The Speed Of Science, Margaret Anderson, Gail H. Cassell, Maria C. Freire, Lynn Goldman, Peter K. Honig, Frederick Kushner, Mark Mclellan, Barbara J. Mcneil, Martin A. Philbert, Bruce M. Psaty, Alan J. Russell, Ellen Sigal Sep 2015

Mission Possible: How Fda Can Move At The Speed Of Science, Margaret Anderson, Gail H. Cassell, Maria C. Freire, Lynn Goldman, Peter K. Honig, Frederick Kushner, Mark Mclellan, Barbara J. Mcneil, Martin A. Philbert, Bruce M. Psaty, Alan J. Russell, Ellen Sigal

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

In 2013, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs charged the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Science Board, an advisory committee of national experts across various scientific disciplines, to make recommendations on areas deemed critical to the Agency’s ability to carry out its scientific mission. The Science Looking Forward Subcommittee was created to evaluate these three principal areas:

  1. How FDA can meet emerging and future trends in science and technology
  2. How FDA can better use collaborations to advance its mission and
  3. How FDA can support a culture of scientific excellence and creativity.

The Subcommittee was also asked to ...


Topscholar® Brochure, Connie Foster, Jennifer Wilson Aug 2015

Topscholar® Brochure, Connie Foster, Jennifer Wilson

TopSCHOLAR® Presentations and Reports

An updated brochure that gives basic points, contacts, and guidelines for TopSCHOLAR, the research and creative activity database of Western Kentucky University, launched May 1, 2007


Building A New Academic Library Web Site, Ann S. Johnston Mrs., Pam Greenlee, Matt W. Marcukaitis, Ian M. Lopshire Aug 2015

Building A New Academic Library Web Site, Ann S. Johnston Mrs., Pam Greenlee, Matt W. Marcukaitis, Ian M. Lopshire

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

The Benner Library Web site at Olivet Nazarene University was targeted for an update and those responsible desired a systematic, efficient approach to the process. The project needed clear goals and careful coordination of all stakeholders, including all levels of patrons, library professionals and staff, and university administrators. A team composed of web developers, programmers, and graphic designers accomplished the technological process, but communication between team members and stakeholders was essential. The methodical approach proved to be time-consuming, but effective.


A Toast! To The International Year Of Light, Michael Bass Jul 2015

A Toast! To The International Year Of Light, Michael Bass

UCF Forum

December 2013, at the United Nations’ 68th General Assembly meeting, the assembled countries could not as usual solve the problems of world conflicts, human slavery, wide-spread famine and the Israeli-Palestinian question. So, it decided to do something it could: It declared that 2015 would be the International Year of Light.


Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas Jul 2015

Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas

Politics Summer Fellows

Contemporary mainstream discussions of the Supreme Court are often qualified with the warning that the nine justices are out of touch with everyday American life, especially when it comes to the newest and most popular technologies. For instance, during oral argument for City of Ontario v. Quon, a 2010 case that dealt with sexting on government-issued devices, Chief Justice John Roberts famously asked what the difference was “between email and a pager,” and Justice Antonin Scalia wondered if the “spicy little conversations” held via text message could be printed and distributed. While these comments have garnered a great deal of ...


The Development Of An Eye-Tracking Program To Examine Working Memory During Gameplay, Jett Bagley, Po-Lei Lee, Yolanda Rankin Jul 2015

The Development Of An Eye-Tracking Program To Examine Working Memory During Gameplay, Jett Bagley, Po-Lei Lee, Yolanda Rankin

G-STEM Posters

The fluxuation in Alpha and Beta neural oscillations and the cognitive abilities of participants were invesgiated in correlation to eye movements during gameplay to study the relationship between working memory, brain activity and game performance. The purpose of this experiement is give insight into the causes of differences in individual working memory performace. The subjects sat in a sheilded room with Electroencephalography (EEG) electrodes placed along the frontal bone to target occiptal lobe activity. The subjects’ Alpha and Beta waves were monitored during closed eye rest, open eye rest and gameplay. The subjects’ eye movements were tracked during gameplay using ...


Scalable Euclidean Embedding For Big Data, Zohreh S. Alavi, Sagar Sharma, Lu Zhou, Keke Chen Jul 2015

Scalable Euclidean Embedding For Big Data, Zohreh S. Alavi, Sagar Sharma, Lu Zhou, Keke Chen

Kno.e.sis Publications

Euclidean embedding algorithms transform data defined in an arbitrary metric space to the Euclidean space, which is critical to many visualization techniques. At big-data scale, these algorithms need to be scalable to massive dataparallel infrastructures. Designing such scalable algorithms and understanding the factors affecting the algorithms are important research problems for visually analyzing big data. We propose a framework that extends the existing Euclidean embedding algorithms to scalable ones. Specifically, it decomposes an existing algorithm into naturally parallel components and non-parallelizable components. Then, data parallel implementations such as MapReduce and data reduction techniques are applied to the two categories of ...


Becoming "Smart" About Relationship Building: Foster Care Youth And The Use Of Technology, Ramona Denby Brinson, Efren Gomez, Keith A. Alford Jul 2015

Becoming "Smart" About Relationship Building: Foster Care Youth And The Use Of Technology, Ramona Denby Brinson, Efren Gomez, Keith A. Alford

Publications

Key Findings:

Youth participants reported satisfaction with services and positive feelings about the smartphone.

The youth participants felt that the smartphone gave them a “voice” and control over the people with whom they wanted to talk.

Certain phone restrictions developed by project leadership were unenforceable.

Youth had certain expectations about the phone and its use but when the phone did not work or was “locked” (e.g., for data overuse) it created friction between the youth and their service provider.

Service-providers report that the phones help to create a sense of normalcy for the youth. Youth “were able to be ...


Domain Specific Document Retrieval Framework For Real-Time Social Health Data, Swapnil Soni Jul 2015

Domain Specific Document Retrieval Framework For Real-Time Social Health Data, Swapnil Soni

Kno.e.sis Publications

With the advent of the web search and microblogging, the percentage of Online Health Information Seekers (OHIS) using these online services to share and seek health real-time information has in- creased exponentially. OHIS use web search engines or microblogging search services to seek out latest, relevant as well as reliable health in- formation. When OHIS turn to microblogging search services to search real-time content, trends and breaking news, etc. the search results are not promising. Two major challenges exist in the current microblogging search engines are keyword based techniques and results do not contain real-time information. To address these challenges ...


Evaluating A Potential Commercial Tool For Healthcare Application For People With Dementia, Tanvi Banerjee, Pramod Anantharam, William L. Romine, Larry Wayne Lawhorne Jul 2015

Evaluating A Potential Commercial Tool For Healthcare Application For People With Dementia, Tanvi Banerjee, Pramod Anantharam, William L. Romine, Larry Wayne Lawhorne

Kno.e.sis Publications

The widespread use of smartphones and sensors has made physiology, environment, and public health notifications amenable to continuous monitoring. Personalized digital health and patient empowerment can become a reality only if the complex multisensory and multimodal data is processed within the patient context, converting relevant medical knowledge into actionable information for better and timely decisions. We apply these principles in the healthcare domain of dementia. Specifically, in this study we validate one of our sensor platforms to ascertain whether it will be suitable for detecting physiological changes that may help us detect changes in people with dementia. This study shows ...


The Spectrum Of Control: A Social Theory Of The Smart City, Jathan Sadowski, Frank A. Pasquale Jul 2015

The Spectrum Of Control: A Social Theory Of The Smart City, Jathan Sadowski, Frank A. Pasquale

Faculty Scholarship

There is a certain allure to the idea that cities allow a person to both feel at home and like a stranger in the same place. That one can know the streets and shops, avenues and alleys, while also going days without being recognized. But as elites fill cities with “smart” technologies—turning them into platforms for the “Internet of Things” (IoT): sensors and computation embedded within physical objects that then connect, communicate, and/or transmit information with or between each other through the Internet—there is little escape from a seamless web of surveillance and power. This paper will ...


Computers And Procrastination: Why So Little Research?, Nick Breems Jul 2015

Computers And Procrastination: Why So Little Research?, Nick Breems

Faculty Work Comprehensive List

As computer and internet technology becomes an ever-greater part of the fabric of our everyday lives, we find that not all of the effects are as beneficial as we might like. One frequently noticed example of this that working on a computer seems to make us more prone to procrastination. While this there is significant anecdotal evidence for this phenomenon, and it is nearly taken for granted in the popular press and productivity blogs, there has been very little research that directly addresses the intersection of computer use and procrastination. For a tool widely perceived to enhance our productivity, this ...


The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll Jun 2015

The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll

SPU Works

Marc Prensky, who popularized the term “digital natives” more than ten years ago, now emphasizes the need for “digital wisdom”: using digital technologies wisely to become wiser. Recent research reveals that so-called digital natives are often “digital naïves”—familiarity with digital technologies does not translate into facility with them. Incoming college students report declining confidence in their computer skills and report very modest improvements by the time they graduate. Employers report deficiencies in the technological skills of college graduates and, perhaps most troubling, studies of youth and young adults show that ethical and moral reasoning does not extend much beyond ...


Trust Management: Multimodal Data Perspective, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan Jun 2015

Trust Management: Multimodal Data Perspective, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth Jun 2015

"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Exploring Bridge-Engine Control Room Collaborative Team Communication, Aditi Kataria, Eric Holder, Gesa Praetorius, Michael Baldauf, Jens-Uwe Schröder-Hinrichs Jun 2015

Exploring Bridge-Engine Control Room Collaborative Team Communication, Aditi Kataria, Eric Holder, Gesa Praetorius, Michael Baldauf, Jens-Uwe Schröder-Hinrichs

Journal Publications

The EC funded CyClaDes research project is designed to promote the increased impact of the human element in shipping across the design and operational lifecycle of ships. It addresses the design and operation of ships and ship systems. One of the CyClaDes’ tasks is to create a crew‐centered design case‐study examination of the information that is shared between the Bridge and Engine Control Room (ECR) that helps the crew coordinate to ensure understanding and complete interconnected tasks. This information can be provided in various ways, including communication devices or obtained from a common database, display, or even the ...