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2008

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Diagrams Of Transnational Diffusion, M.J. Peterson Sep 2008

Diagrams Of Transnational Diffusion, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Diagrams showing transnational diffusion of ethical standards and physical effects.


Transnational Diffusion Of Ideas And Technologies, M.J. Peterson Aug 2008

Transnational Diffusion Of Ideas And Technologies, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Most historians of ideas and technological change agree that a hazard model can best describe the spread of ideas, practices, or innovations from the originators to others. The elements of the hazard model also direct attention to the likelihood that people will first learn about a new idea or technological advance and then choose to adopt it.


Appropriate Technology, M.J. Peterson Aug 2008

Appropriate Technology, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Appropriate Technology described as "low impact technology" is based on highly advanced scientific and engineering research. The strong attraction to industrial and developing countries is due to its low cost, small scale, and low environmental impact.


Module 1.3.A: Transnational Diffusion Of Ideas And Practices, M.J. Peterson Aug 2008

Module 1.3.A: Transnational Diffusion Of Ideas And Practices, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Understanding the processes by which ideas and debates diffuse across countries is an important precursor to understanding several concepts and issues in international ethics. Includes Chart for Discussion of National Differences in Technology Use; Appropriate Technology Reading and Exercise; and Transnational Diffusion of Ideas and Technologies.


Module 2.3.A: Ethical Conflicts Between Nations, M.J. Peterson Aug 2008

Module 2.3.A: Ethical Conflicts Between Nations, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Developing effective international level regulatory responses is particularly difficult when national ethical preferences collide. This module seeks to develop sensitivity to these difficulties.


Mechanisms Of Transnational Accountability, M.J. Peterson Aug 2008

Mechanisms Of Transnational Accountability, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

The absence of a world government means there are no central world courts or regulatory agencies who can step-in when an individual or a corporation causes harm to others on a transnational level. However, there are ways to take advantage of regulatory and standard systems around the world that when enforced, can hold persons or groups doing the harm accountable for.


Ethical Evaluation Of New Technologies: Genetically Modified Organisms And Plants, M.J. Peterson, Ronald Sandler Aug 2008

Ethical Evaluation Of New Technologies: Genetically Modified Organisms And Plants, M.J. Peterson, Ronald Sandler

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

As developments in biotechnology continue, new ethical questions arise concerning our ability to manipulate and intervene with what is conceived as "natural". Genetic modification (GM) is one clear example of this revolutionary development in biotechnology which inspires debate on its impact to human welfare.


Transnational Aspects Of Ethical Debate, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Transnational Aspects Of Ethical Debate, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

In today's globalized world, ethical theory and moral philosophy have to address the challenges of cultural moral relativism. The different ethical beliefs of many societies around the world deserve equal respect whatever and wherever the content rule is derived from.


Module 1.1: Workplace Ethics In Transnational Contexts, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Module 1.1: Workplace Ethics In Transnational Contexts, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Professional codes of ethics are not consistent across countries. Scientists and engineers increasingly work in cross-cultural environments that necessitate skills to negotiate changes in ethical standards in a single, transnational workplace. This module discusses transnational aspects and applications of professional codes of ethics. Includes essays on the Roots of Interconnection: Communications, Transportation and Phases of the Industrial Revolution; the Transnational Aspects of the Ethical Debate, Multinational Corporations in Transnational Accountability; and Resolving Ethical Disagreements. As well as resources outlining the Sources and Extent of Environmental Harm, the UNESCO Description of Engineers’ Work, WFEO’s Model Code of Ethics, and Organizational ...


Module 1.2: International Accountability, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Module 1.2: International Accountability, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

International-level mechanisms that hold researchers, research institutes, firms, or others accountable to society are often misunderstood or ignored in current science and engineering curricula. This module will discuss accountability in terms of innovation, self-regulation, scientific unions, corporate pressures, public and private standards, and corporation-specific campaigns and social movements.


Roots Of Interconnection: Communications, Transportation And Phases Of The Industrial Revolution, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Roots Of Interconnection: Communications, Transportation And Phases Of The Industrial Revolution, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Broadening access to communication technology and transportation have increased the possibility of interconnection between societies. Until the Industrial Revolution, interconnection between societies were limited to education in foreign universities, occasional collaboration in labs or projects, and exchange of research outcomes through publications and conference presentations.


Diagrams Of Scientific Organizations, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Diagrams Of Scientific Organizations, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Organizational diagrams of the International Council of Scientific Unions, UNESCO, and others.


Resolving Ethical Disagreements, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Resolving Ethical Disagreements, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

Resolving ethical disagreements in scientific, technical, and/or engineering fields could be feasible or difficult depending on the state of the objective information, and the quality of the ethical reasoning behind it. Good ethical debate must bring the resources of both objective knowledge formation and ethical reasoning together to ensure that the situation in which the ethics will be applied is understood as accurately as possible.


Multinational Corporations In Transnational Accountability, M.J. Peterson Feb 2008

Multinational Corporations In Transnational Accountability, M.J. Peterson

International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering

National and transnational effort to expand accountability in the development and application of science and technology focuses on multinational corporations (MNC). They are one of the primary channels for transnational diffusion and use of new developments in applied science.