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2013

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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Information And Communication Technologies And The Digital Divide In Africa: A Review Of The Periodical Literature, 2000-2012, Susan E. Russell, Tom Steele Nov 2013

Information And Communication Technologies And The Digital Divide In Africa: A Review Of The Periodical Literature, 2000-2012, Susan E. Russell, Tom Steele

Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography

The digital revolution has transformed much of the global economy. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a key role in this revolution. However, not everyone has equal access to these technologies. This gap exists on multiple levels, whether between individuals, small segments within a population, countries, or global regions. The term used to refer to this inequality is the digital divide. This bibliography focuses on recent literature written to describe the digital divide on the African continent.


Flight Energy Management Training: Promoting Safety And Efficiency, Juan R. Merkt Oct 2013

Flight Energy Management Training: Promoting Safety And Efficiency, Juan R. Merkt

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Poor aircraft energy management can lead to unsafe and inefficient operations. Despite their impact on safety and economy, energy management skills are not adequately taught or evaluated in civilian pilot training. This paper 1) addresses the need for better energy management training, 2) provides a conceptual and pedagogical framework for later curriculum development, and 3) suggests key attributes of an effective training program. To make the case, the study uses energy management to link safety and efficiency. It then synthesizes energy principles across disciplines and illustrates how such principles, once simplified, become powerful instructional tools. Finally, it suggests that an ...


Flight Skill Proficiency Issues In Instrument Approach Accidents, Richard O. Fanjoy, Julius C. Keller Oct 2013

Flight Skill Proficiency Issues In Instrument Approach Accidents, Richard O. Fanjoy, Julius C. Keller

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Despite procedural modifications and advanced technology instrumentation, instrument approach phase accidents continue to be an issue in general aviation. This exploratory study details an analysis of instrument approach phase accidents that occurred between 2002 and 2012. Particular attention was focused on instrument proficiency check (IPC) currency for pilots involved in accidents during the approach phase of flight. An analysis suggests that more than half of instrument approach accidents evaluated during this study happened within three and half months of the last IPC. A leading cause of these accidents was failure to control the aircraft. Instrument training issues and potential follow-on ...


Measuring Intensity Of Laser Light Penetrating Flight Decks In Laser Illuminations, Randal J. Demik, Stanley Harriman, Ryan S. Phillips, Charles Crowder, Jennifer A. Pfeifer, Shane F. Mchugh, Steven J. Foster, Elizabeth R. De Waard, Michael Streit, Richard B. Antoniolli, Ernest W. Knight, David S. York, Jacob Luedtke Oct 2013

Measuring Intensity Of Laser Light Penetrating Flight Decks In Laser Illuminations, Randal J. Demik, Stanley Harriman, Ryan S. Phillips, Charles Crowder, Jennifer A. Pfeifer, Shane F. Mchugh, Steven J. Foster, Elizabeth R. De Waard, Michael Streit, Richard B. Antoniolli, Ernest W. Knight, David S. York, Jacob Luedtke

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Since 2005, reported laser attacks from people on the ground directed towards arriving and departing aircraft have increased over 300%. A laser aimed at the windshield of an aircraft startles a pilot and may cause injury. This study determined empirical evidence of laser intensity in the flight deck and the potential for harm to the human eye at various distances. Results of this study revealed that relatively low-powered lasers had measured intensity levels through cockpit windshields at the 200 and 500 feet distances that may cause damage to crewmembers’ eyes according to standards established by the federal government. At longer ...


Data Mining The Harness Track And Predicting Outcomes, Robert P. Schumaker Apr 2013

Data Mining The Harness Track And Predicting Outcomes, Robert P. Schumaker

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This paper presented the S&C Racing system that uses Support Vector Regression (SVR) to predict harness race finishes and analyzed it on fifteen months of data from Northfield Park. We found that our system outperforms the most common betting strategies of wagering on the favorites and the mathematical arbitrage Dr. Z system in five of the seven wager types tested. This work would suggest that an informational inequality exists within the harness racing market that is not apparent to domain experts.


Mobile Learning: Designing A Socio-Technical Model To Empower Learning In Higher Education, Pimpaka Prasertsilp Mar 2013

Mobile Learning: Designing A Socio-Technical Model To Empower Learning In Higher Education, Pimpaka Prasertsilp

LUX: A Journal of Transdisciplinary Writing and Research from Claremont Graduate University

Mobile learning is a rapidly developing mode for teaching and learning to deliver content to learners. Additionally, mobile learning can aid both formal learning in traditional classrooms and informal settings outside classes. This paper explains how the mobility of learners can contribute to the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, and experiences, and further investigates how to design an effective model. This study also explores activities in which students can use mobile devices to facilitate their learning. Additionally, there are many factors that affect students’ learning outcomes. In this paper, researcher investigates how to design an effective socio-technical model by integrating ...


90° To 360°, Holly Paronelli Mar 2013

90° To 360°, Holly Paronelli

The STEAM Journal

When I hear STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and Art I think of Math and value. Even though there is value in STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Mathematics) the value as a whole cannot be fully calculated. Art is too indefinite, to vast, too infinite to be calculated, but aspects of STEM can be. Yet even then what we think we know comes down to interpretation, fact is fact for only a while.


Balconies, Joe Guimera Mar 2013

Balconies, Joe Guimera

The STEAM Journal

Recent developments in theoretical physics suggest the possibility of parallel universes. What if we could see two or more universes at the same time? In effect, superimpose a scene from one universe; say a street corner, over the image of the same scene from a second universe? The photograph “Balconies” imagines the possibilities.


Sloane’S Gap: Do Mathematical And Social Factors Explain The Distribution Of Numbers In The Oeis?, Nicolas J.-P. Gauvrit, Jean-Paul Delahaye, Hector Zenil Jan 2013

Sloane’S Gap: Do Mathematical And Social Factors Explain The Distribution Of Numbers In The Oeis?, Nicolas J.-P. Gauvrit, Jean-Paul Delahaye, Hector Zenil

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

The Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS) is a catalog of integer sequences. We are particularly interested in the number of occurrences of N(n) of an integer n in the database. This number N(n) marks the importance of n and it varies noticeably from one number to another, and from one number to the next in a series. “Importance” can be mathematically objective (2^10 is an example of an “important” number in this sense) or as the result of a shared mathematical culture (10^9 is more important than 9^10 because we use a decimal notation ...


Google And The World Brain, Dereck Daschke Jan 2013

Google And The World Brain, Dereck Daschke

Journal of Religion & Film

This is a film review of Google and the World Brain (2013) directed by Ben Lewis.


Forging New Service Paths: Institutional Approaches To Providing Research Data Management Services, Regina Raboin, Rebecca C. Reznik-Zellen, Dorothea Salo Jan 2013

Forging New Service Paths: Institutional Approaches To Providing Research Data Management Services, Regina Raboin, Rebecca C. Reznik-Zellen, Dorothea Salo

Journal of eScience Librarianship

Objective: This paper describes three different institutional experiences in developing research data management programs and services, challenges/opportunities and lessons learned.

Overview: This paper is based on the Librarian Panel Discussion during the 4th Annual University of Massachusetts and New England Region e-Science Symposium. Librarians representing large public and private research universities presented an overview of service models developed at their respective organizations to bring support for data management and eScience to their communities. The approaches described include two library-based, integrated service models and one collaboratively-staffed, center-based service model.

Results: Three institutions describe their experiences in creating the organizational capacity ...


Table Of Contents (V. 25, 2013) Jan 2013

Table Of Contents (V. 25, 2013)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Reviews And End Matter Jan 2013

Reviews And End Matter

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

Zhongguo gudai zhuzi (Chinese Ancient Beads), by Zhu Xiaoli, reviewed by Valerie Hector

Journal: Borneo International Beads Conference 2013, edited by Heidi Munan and Kay Margaret Lyons, reviewed by Karlis Karklins

Glass Beads: Selections from The Corning Museum of Glass, by Adrienne V. Gennett, reviewed by Gretchen Dunn.


Chinese Bead Curtains, Past And Present, Valerie Hector Jan 2013

Chinese Bead Curtains, Past And Present, Valerie Hector

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

Relatively little is known about how beads were combined to form larger structures in China. To address this situation, this paper focuses on Chinese bead curtains. Adopting an approach that is broad rather than deep and empirical rather than theoretical, it collates evidence from the textual, material, oral, and pictorial records to consider bead curtains from various perspectives. To begin, this study defines bead curtains as textiles, door and window ornaments, screens, and types of beadwork. It then discusses bead curtains of the imperial era (221 B.C.-A.D. 1911) as they are referenced in the Chinese textual record ...


Beads From The Hudson's Bay Company's Principal Depot, York Factory, Manitoba, Canada, Karlis Karklins, Gary F. Adams Jan 2013

Beads From The Hudson's Bay Company's Principal Depot, York Factory, Manitoba, Canada, Karlis Karklins, Gary F. Adams

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

There is no other North American fur trade establishment whose longevity and historical significance can rival that of York Factory. Located in northern Manitoba, Canada, at the base of Hudson Bay, it was the Hudson's Bay Company's principal Bay-side trading post and depot for over 250 years. The existing site of York Factory is the last of a series of three posts, the first of which was erected in 1684. Completed in 1792, York Factory III functioned as the principal depot and administrative center for the great Northern Department until the 1860s when its importance began to wane ...


Beads: Journal Of The Society Of Bead Researchers - Volume 25 (Complete) Jan 2013

Beads: Journal Of The Society Of Bead Researchers - Volume 25 (Complete)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 2013

Front Matter

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Early Chinese Faience And Glass Beads And Pendants, Simon Kwan Jan 2013

Early Chinese Faience And Glass Beads And Pendants, Simon Kwan

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

The earliest Chinese beads and pendants were composed of faience and appeared during the early Western Zhou period, around the 11th Century B.C. True glass began to be made about the time of the Spring and Autumn period (771-467 B.C.). An amazing variety of beautiful "dragonfly-eye beads" appeared in China during the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), but these were imported and not local products. The complex eye beads were replaced during the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220) by small, plain glass beads generally intended to be strung together. Perforated glass ear spools were ...


Captions And Color Plates (V. 25, 2013) Jan 2013

Captions And Color Plates (V. 25, 2013)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Rfid, Gps, And 3g: Radio Wave Technologies And Privacy, Lori Bowen Ayre Jan 2013

Rfid, Gps, And 3g: Radio Wave Technologies And Privacy, Lori Bowen Ayre

Collaborative Librarianship

No abstract provided.