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1995

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Remarks Made At The Telecom 95 Conference, 3 October 1995, Nelson Mandela Sep 1995

Remarks Made At The Telecom 95 Conference, 3 October 1995, Nelson Mandela

Trotter Review

This is a reprint of the address made by President Nelson Mandela at the TELECOM 95 Conference from October 3, 1995. In his remarks, he stressed the importance of new technologies for the development of the African continent, as well as the need for the expansion of communication and information networks. President Mandela also set forth his own "set of principles designed to enable the full participation of both the developed countries and the developing countries in building a global information society."


Who Determines What Our Children See, Read, Do, Or Learn On The Internet?, Sondlo Leonard Mhlaba Sep 1995

Who Determines What Our Children See, Read, Do, Or Learn On The Internet?, Sondlo Leonard Mhlaba

Trotter Review

The issue of appropriate use of the Internet at home and in schools is being hotly debated right now in, and outside, the Internet. In March 1995 Marlene Goss wrote a letter to the discussion list of the Consortium for School Networking (CoSNdisc@list.cred.net) appealing to educational policymakers to focus on access and equity when dealing with Internet in schools, instead of focusing on restricting such access. She found it remarkable how many hours were being spent "deciding student use when only 3% of the classroom teachers, professional adults, have use of the Internet." Her point was not ...


Quest To Own The Information Superhighway: How Much Of It Can Blacks Realistically Expect To Own?, Matthew S. Scott Sep 1995

Quest To Own The Information Superhighway: How Much Of It Can Blacks Realistically Expect To Own?, Matthew S. Scott

Trotter Review

On the so-called information superhighway, cable systems, wire telephone lines, cellular services, satellite delivery and broadcast properties are converging to create an interconnecting electronic system on which audio, video and text can travel worldwide. Even though the system is not yet complete, many African Americans have expressed concern that they will somehow be left out on the back roads without an ownership stake. This essay will attempt to answer some of those questions pertinent to this quest of ownership.


Creative Destruction In The Information Age: The Fallout On America's Latino Communities, Anthony G. Wilhelm Sep 1995

Creative Destruction In The Information Age: The Fallout On America's Latino Communities, Anthony G. Wilhelm

Trotter Review

The 104th Congress is in the midst of the first wholesale reform of telecommunications regulation in one-half century. The new regulatory framework emerging in the Republican-controlled Congress, if enacted, will usher in a radically deregulated, market-driven telecom environment, one in which the benefits of the emerging national information infrastructure will likely be distributed differentially, based on ethnicity and socio-economic status. Many U.S. residents may actually be charged higher rates for essential telecommunication services after deregulation (just as they did when cable television was deregulated), which may force many vulnerable users off the network. In addition, the concentration of media ...


Computer Utilization And Attitudinal Patterns In A Black Community, James Jennings Sep 1995

Computer Utilization And Attitudinal Patterns In A Black Community, James Jennings

Trotter Review

During the Spring and Summer of 1995 The William Monroe Trotter Institute conducted a survey of resident utilization patterns and attitudes towards various facets of computer technology. This survey was commissioned by Freedom House, Inc. and supported with a grant from the AT&T Foundation in Boston, Massachusetts. The goal of this survey, composed of adult residents who have been served by Freedom House, and agency representatives of a small number of selected community-based organizations, is to inform planners at this agency about the computer technical needs, interests, and utilization patterns of its clients.


Empowering Communities Of Color Through Computer Technology, Michael Roberts Sep 1995

Empowering Communities Of Color Through Computer Technology, Michael Roberts

Trotter Review

As we hurtle towards the 21st century, an increasing number of individuals start to realize that the ability to use computers and information technology resources effectively will determine how well individuals, organizations, and communities function in a rapidly changing technological society. Numerous studies, including one conducted in the Summer 1995 of Boston's Black community by Freedom House and The Trotter Institute, and highlighted in this issue, have documented the need of Americans—students, workers, unemployed, youth, adults and senior citizens, to become knowledgeable and proficient in the use of computers and information technology. There are several questions that do ...


Frameworks For Evaluating Technology Transfer, Saskia Wilhelms Sep 1995

Frameworks For Evaluating Technology Transfer, Saskia Wilhelms

Trotter Review

Technology can help us to keep air and water clean, to educate ourselves and others, and to make our lives more comfortable. Technology, however, has in the ears of many, a threatening ring. Whether technology serves human well-being depends on its usage. Dust-covered computers, abandoned factories, underutilized hospitals, chemical plants polluting our environment, nuclear power threatening our health—negative instances of technology application abound. To obtain greater positive results, technology has to be applied and transferred according to criteria that enable us to assess potential benefits and risks associated with the technology. Technology transfer includes tangible and intangible assets, such ...


Democracy, Technology And The Civil Rights Project, Caesar L. Mcdowell, Marianne S. Castano Sep 1995

Democracy, Technology And The Civil Rights Project, Caesar L. Mcdowell, Marianne S. Castano

Trotter Review

Democracy has been defined as "a political system in which the whole people make, and are entitled to make, the basic determining decisions on important matters of public policy." While the United States is often touted as the world's leading proponent of democracy, many U.S. citizens find themselves unable to engage in one of the central acts of democracy—creating public voice through public engagement. Public engagement in the United States is constrained by our inability to talk through our shared, complementary and divergent values. This lack of public engagement and our inability to speak in a "public ...


Technological Revolution And The Black Studies Curriculum: A Course Proposal, Abdul Alkalimat Sep 1995

Technological Revolution And The Black Studies Curriculum: A Course Proposal, Abdul Alkalimat

Trotter Review

A technological revolution is changing the world. The computer is fast becoming the universal tool in all aspects of work, production and communication, and innovations in bio-technology are fast transforming agriculture and health. The main impact of this technological revolution has been to restructure the economy, both the centers of accumulation as well as the labor process. It is also restructuring the methods by which people communicate, form and maintain communities. In general, the objective basis of social life is being fundamentally changed.

This essay proposes a basic course that not only focuses on the technological revolution, but should be ...


Politics And The Information Superhighway, Bobby L. Rush Sep 1995

Politics And The Information Superhighway, Bobby L. Rush

Trotter Review

The following statement was delivered on 24 May 1995 by the Congressman in support of the markup of The Communications Act of 1995.


An Interview With E. David Ellington, President Of Netnoir, Inc., Harold W. Horton Jr. Sep 1995

An Interview With E. David Ellington, President Of Netnoir, Inc., Harold W. Horton Jr.

Trotter Review

The following article is an interview with E. David Ellington, who was the President of NetNoir, Inc., a company "dedicated to digitizing, archiving, and distributing global Afrocentric content."


Introduction, James Jennings Sep 1995

Introduction, James Jennings

Trotter Review

This issue of the Trotter Review focuses on one of the most important set of challenges facing the Black community in the U.S., and that is, how to access, and manage, and control, significant facets and processes associated with the information superhighway. This current issue identifies the nature of the challenges, but also proposes some strategies that the Black community and its leadership might consider to ensure both access and control over information technology.


The Power Of Information And Communities Of Color, Lana W. Jackman, Patricia C. Payne Sep 1995

The Power Of Information And Communities Of Color, Lana W. Jackman, Patricia C. Payne

Trotter Review

In this age of the Information Superhighway, access to information has become a "human rights" issue for communities of color. Access to information is the backbone for economic growth in the world marketplace. Information literacy, the ability to find, evaluate, analyze, and use information effectively is the currency of infinite power and control of one's economic, social, and political destiny. For communities of color to gain access to this phenomenal communications/technological revolution, there is a need to become information literate.


Patent & Trademark Depository Library Association Newsletter Mar 1995

Patent & Trademark Depository Library Association Newsletter

Journal of the Patent and Trademark Resource Center Association

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents (V.7, 1995) Jan 1995

Table Of Contents (V.7, 1995)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Captions And Color Plates (V.7, 1995) Jan 1995

Captions And Color Plates (V.7, 1995)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 1995

Front Matter

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Social Status Gradations Expressed In The Beadwork Patterns Of Sarawak's Orang Ulu, Heidi Munan Jan 1995

Social Status Gradations Expressed In The Beadwork Patterns Of Sarawak's Orang Ulu, Heidi Munan

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

The peoples of Central Borneo, known collectively as the Orang Ulu, used to display social stratification by restricting the types of ornaments an individual might use and wear. "High-ranking" motifs were the human figure, the hornbill, and the tiger or leopard. The Orang Ulu are bead connoisseurs who incorporated seed beadwork in their costume and belongings; a person could only make use of beaded items proper to his or her social stratum. Religious and social changes have democratized these once strictly aristocratic societies and their handicrafts. Today's beadworker produces not only for her own family but for the souvenir ...


Reviews And End Matter Jan 1995

Reviews And End Matter

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

Kelly: Trade Beads and the Conquest of Mexico reviewed by Jeffrey M. Mitchem

Eiseman and Herbert: The PANTONE Book of Color Pantone, Inc.: PANTONE Textile Color Guide - Paper Edition reviewed by Karlis Karklins

Rasmussen, Hansen and Nüsman (eds.): Glass Beads: Cultural History, Technology, Experiment and Analogy reviewed by Frank Siegmund

Jargstorf: Glass Beads from Europe reviewed by Jamey D. Allen


Merovingian Beads On The Lower Rhine, Frank Siegmund Jan 1995

Merovingian Beads On The Lower Rhine, Frank Siegmund

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

This paper presents a classification for beads of the Merovingian period (ca. A.D. 450-750) in the Lower Rhine region of Germany. Strings of beads recovered from graves are ordered by a seriation (correspondence analysis) which results in an ethnic (Roman vs. Frankish) and chronological structuring of the material. By comparing this with the chronological scheme established for the other archaeological finds, it becomes evident that the favored types of beads changed about every two generations. Besides changes in distinctive types, a development in general color preference is also observed.


Beads: Journal Of The Society Of Bead Researchers - Volume 7 (Complete) Jan 1995

Beads: Journal Of The Society Of Bead Researchers - Volume 7 (Complete)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Prosperity, Reverence And Protection: An Introduction To Asian Beadwork, Valerie Hector Jan 1995

Prosperity, Reverence And Protection: An Introduction To Asian Beadwork, Valerie Hector

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

Fascinating and diverse beadworking traditions have flourished in Asia for more than 1000 years, with the preponderance of surviving specimens dating to the 19th and 20th centuries. Based on a lecture presented at the Third International Bead Conference in Washington, D.C., in 1995, this article introduces Asian beadwork as a fruitful topic of inquiry for bead specialists. Representative examples produced in the last millennium by various cultures in South Asia, mainland and island Southeast Asia and East Asia are shown and discussed. Although they certainly testify to the material wealth of their makers, in many cases these pieces also ...


The Beads Of Tenth- To Twelfth-Century Hungary, Katalin Szilágyi Jan 1995

The Beads Of Tenth- To Twelfth-Century Hungary, Katalin Szilágyi

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

An examination of the beads recovered from three Hungarian cemeteries in use during the 10th-12th centuries resulted in the identification of 61 distinct bead types. Seven of these were found to be significant on the basis of frequency analysis, and represent the beads most used by the local population. The study is enhanced by comparative material from a number of other contemporary archaeological sites in and around the country. The classification system developed for this study is applicable to other geographical areas and time periods, and may be expanded or otherwise modified to suit the needs of other researchers.


Technology Policy: A Fixture On The National Agenda, Robert M. Kidd, Richard C. Hill, James S. Ward Iv Jan 1995

Technology Policy: A Fixture On The National Agenda, Robert M. Kidd, Richard C. Hill, James S. Ward Iv

Maine Policy Review

In his commentary, Robert Kidd, president of the Maine Science and Technology Foundation, echoes the call by Rycroft, Kash and Adams in their article [this issue] for a new technology policy focused on industrial competitiveness. He defines a partnership role for states in the design and implementation of national technology priorities. James Ward, IV and Richard Hill, raise several questions in their commentary. Can we rely on the federal government to successfully direct this policy area? How would a new technology policy impact the roles and responsibilities of the private and public sectors? What can we learn from partnerships between ...


The Divided Information Superhighway, Robert Kuttner Jan 1995

The Divided Information Superhighway, Robert Kuttner

Maine Policy Review

This issue marks the introduction of the Margaret Chase Smith Essay, which will be a feature in each issue honoring Sen. Smith by focusing on issues related to citizenship, ethics in government, and integrity as a virtue of public leadership. In this first essay, economist Robert Kuttner asks some important ethical questions about the new world of electronic communications. He suggests that who plays and who pays are very important issues that have not been adequately considered in the highly technical and competitive world that will mark the 21st century. [This essay originally appeared as a column in the ...