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Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

2009

Science and Innovacion Policy / Políticas de Ciencia e Innovación

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Scientists In Charge: The Side Effects Of Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Javier López-Facal, Irene Ramos-Vielba Jan 2009

Scientists In Charge: The Side Effects Of Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Javier López-Facal, Irene Ramos-Vielba

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

What are the implications of the fact that the most important positions in science policy are held by credentialed and experienced researchers? We propose that appointing scientists to high-level responsibilities in R&D systems have some side effects for both policy making and for the organizational arrangements in S&T organizations that rely on public funding. Stratification mechanisms in the governance of science create a kind of hybrid career between research and science policy. People needed for managing public bodies and research organizations are researchers with expertise in the special arrangements of science. At the same time, distinguished scientists are ...


“The Harder They Fall”: Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2009

“The Harder They Fall”: Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

This article studies professional careers between research and positions of responsibility in the governance of science. The process by which researchers are recruited in science policy organizations is studied as well as the conditioning social mechanisms which intervene in the subsequent development of their careers. 65 professional life stories of researchers that have held management, policy making and political positions in the Spanish R&D system between 1975 and 2007 have been employed. The study identifies organizational, cognitive and institutional social mechanisms that affect the researchers’ careers depending on the scientific specialties of origin, the positions held and the length ...


Anillos De Crecimiento En El Árbol De La Ciencia. La Evolución Institucional Del Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Científicas, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Enrique Tortosa-Martorell Jan 2009

Anillos De Crecimiento En El Árbol De La Ciencia. La Evolución Institucional Del Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Científicas, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Enrique Tortosa-Martorell

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

¿Cuáles son los factores que influyen en los modelos organizativos de los grandes centros públicos de investigación de ámbito nacional? ¿Cómo afectan los cambios a la naturaleza de la actividad científica que realizan? Este artículo utiliza el caso del CSIC para estudiar un proceso de cambio organizativo teniendo en cuenta la tensión entre la dependencia del Estado de estos centros y el alto nivel de autonomía de sus comunidades científicas. El principal propósito es explicar cómo la transformación de la estructura de autoridad, junto a la dependencia de agencias de financiación y evaluación, da lugar a la emergencia de las ...