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Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

2004

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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

From ‘Apprenticeship’ To ‘Training’: An Empirical Enquiry Into, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2004

From ‘Apprenticeship’ To ‘Training’: An Empirical Enquiry Into, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

When a person embarks upon a professional scientific career, what features define their training process? How is this process related to scientific practice and, in general, its development within the organisational setting of the R&D system? The changes affecting contemporary science since the late 20th century mirror several characteristic features of the scientific profession, namely the working conditions of scientists, how professional careers are organised, the way in which scientific work is assessed and how scientists are trained in the academic world. Researchers in academic science today are faced with far-reaching reforms which are currently taking place in universities and official research centres; changes which respond to the growing complexity in the organisation of scientific work and the pressures of science and university policy. Insofar as traditional researchers were considered academic workers, scientists in the public sector must now satisfy the organisational requirements of disciplines and institutions alike. This changing situation has affected the way in which new scientists are recruited and trained and the rôle played by ...


Evaluación Del Plan Andaluz De Investigación, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Manuel Pérez-Yruela, Javier López-Facal Jan 2004

Evaluación Del Plan Andaluz De Investigación, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Manuel Pérez-Yruela, Javier López-Facal

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Este documento presenta las conclusiones del ejercicio de evaluación del Plan Andaluz de Investigación llevado a cabo por el IESA-CSIC. El procedimiento de evaluación se ha basado en paneles de expertos, análisis de datos estadísticos y revisión de documentación.