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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

A Question Of Trust: Can We Build An Evidence Base To Gain Trust In Systematic Review Automation Technologies?, Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Stephen B. Gilbert, Brian Hutton Dec 2019

A Question Of Trust: Can We Build An Evidence Base To Gain Trust In Systematic Review Automation Technologies?, Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Stephen B. Gilbert, Brian Hutton

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Background Although many aspects of systematic reviews use computational tools, systematic reviewers have been reluctant to adopt machine learning tools.

Discussion We discuss that the potential reason for the slow adoption of machine learning tools into systematic reviews is multifactorial. We focus on the current absence of trust in automation and set-up challenges as major barriers to adoption. It is important that reviews produced using automation tools are considered non-inferior or superior to current practice. However, this standard will likely not be sufficient to lead to widespread adoption. As with many technologies, it is important that reviewers see “others” in ...


Understanding Organizational Trust Of Zoos And Aquariums, Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner Jan 2018

Understanding Organizational Trust Of Zoos And Aquariums, Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner

Iowa State University Summer Symposium on Science Communication

Zoos and aquariums (ZAs) play a pivotal role in wildlife conservation, including educating the public. Nevertheless, media depictions of ZAs that emphasize animal captivity may erode public trust. We report on the first systematic survey of organizational trust in ZAs, contrasting how people perceive the current performance of ZAs against people’s expectations for establishing trust. The largest disparities between perceptions and expectations were for items that assessed the ethical integrity of ZAs: how well they maintain and communicate about animal welfare. ZAs can fully earn public trust by adjusting their practices and/or their messaging related to ethical integrity.


Classification Of Virtual Fitting Room (Vfr) Technology In The Fashion Industry: From The Perspective Of Customer Experience, Hanna Lee, Yingjiao Xu Jan 2018

Classification Of Virtual Fitting Room (Vfr) Technology In The Fashion Industry: From The Perspective Of Customer Experience, Hanna Lee, Yingjiao Xu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

From the perspective of consumer experience rendered by different technological solutions and devices in the VFR technologies, this study aimed to classify the VFR technologies available in the marketplace. The classification was conducted based on technological variations each solution and device has in terms of the realism of the visually translated figures such as accuracy and attractiveness. The following sources were consulted to obtain data for this study including academic journals, trade magazines, company websites, and other internet sources.


An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam Jan 2018

An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Working extended periods of time in front of sewing machines may cause discomfort to the operators of sewing machines. Sewing machine operators sit for extended periods of time and use their hands to control, handle, or feel objects and tools in repetitive processes which makes them vulnerable to musculoskeletal symptoms. Therefore, this study aims to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among sewing machine operators working in the apparel industry in Bangladesh while considering job characteristics, productivity, job satisfaction, workstation design, and working environment. The results showed that working in front of the sewing machines for a long period of ...


Investigating Marigolds As A Dyestuff For A Small Business: Extraction, Colorfastness, And Care Of Silk And Linen, Kowshik Saha, Md. Mayedul Islam, Sherry Haar Jan 2018

Investigating Marigolds As A Dyestuff For A Small Business: Extraction, Colorfastness, And Care Of Silk And Linen, Kowshik Saha, Md. Mayedul Islam, Sherry Haar

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Two marigold dye solutions, fresh and preserved, were compared for dyeing silk and linen fabric that could be replicated by artisans. Two commercial detergents, Tide Free and Woolite, were evaluated to provide a home washing recommendation. Samples were dyed at 10% on the weight of fiber and exposed to colorfastness to home laundering (American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, AATCC Monograph 6-2016) with both detergents. Color strength and color change CIEL*a*b* values were accessed according to AATCC grayscale. The preserved marigold treatment had significantly (p < 0.05) darker and warmer color strength on both fabrics. Color change, staining from exposure to home laundering was not significantly different between dye solutions, nor between detergents. The study findings do not support home laundering for marigold dyed samples as samples failed to meet ASTM standard for color change, regardless of treatments. Future work should evaluate these treatments against hand laundering conditions.


Consumers' Post-Adoption Of M-Services: Interest In Future M-Services Based On Consumer Evaluations Of Current M-Services, Joohyung Park, Whitney Snell, Sejin Ha, Te-Lin Chung Jan 2011

Consumers' Post-Adoption Of M-Services: Interest In Future M-Services Based On Consumer Evaluations Of Current M-Services, Joohyung Park, Whitney Snell, Sejin Ha, Te-Lin Chung

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

While consumers’ adoption of new technology has received substantial interest from researchers, the mechanism of consumers’ post-adoption evaluation derived from continued use of m-services and its impact on their interest in upcoming m-services are yet to be explored. Drawing on the appraisal → emotional response → coping framework, this study investigates 1) how utilitarian and hedonic values derived from consumers’ basic and innovative benefits of m-services influence their post-adoption satisfaction with current m-services and 2) the impact of post-adoption satisfaction on interest in future m-services in the context of young consumers’ mobile phone use. The results support all the hypothesized relationships except ...


A Computational Laboratory For Evolutionary Trade Network, David Mcfadzean, Deron Stewart, Leigh Tesfatsion Aug 2000

A Computational Laboratory For Evolutionary Trade Network, David Mcfadzean, Deron Stewart, Leigh Tesfatsion

ISU Economic Report Series

This study presents, motivates, and Illustrates the use of a computational laboratory for the Investigation of evolutionary trade network formation among strategically Interacting buyers, sellers, and dealers. The computational laboratory, referred to as the Trade Network Game Laboratory (TNG Lab), Is targeted for the Microsoft Windows desktop. The TNG Lab is both modular and extensible, and has a clear, easily operated graphical user interface. It permits visualization of the formation and evolution of trade networks by means of real-time animations. Data tables and charts reporting descriptive performance statistics are also provided In real time. The capabilities of the TNG Lab ...


Gale-Shapley Matching In An Evolutionary Trade Network Game, Leigh Tesfatsion Apr 1998

Gale-Shapley Matching In An Evolutionary Trade Network Game, Leigh Tesfatsion

ISU Economic Report Series

This study investigates the performance of Gale-Shapley matching in an evolutionary market context. Computational experimental findings are reported for an evolutionary match-and-play trade network game in which resource-constrained traders repeatedly choose and refuse trade partners in accordance with GaleShapley matching, participate in risky trades modeled two-person prisoner's dilemma games, and evolve their trade behavior over time. Particular attention is focused on correlations between ex ante market structure and the formation of trade networks, and between trade network formation and the types of trade behavior and social welfare outcomes that these trade networks support.


A Trade Network Game With Endogenous Partner Selection, Leigh Tesfatsion May 1995

A Trade Network Game With Endogenous Partner Selection, Leigh Tesfatsion

ISU Economic Report Series

This paper develops a Trade Network Game (TNG) that combines evolution ary game play with endogenous partner selection. Resource-constrained buyers and sellers choose and refuse trade partners on the basis of continually updated expected payoffs. Partner selection takes place in accordance with a "deferred choice and refusal" mechanism that is shown to have interesting stability, optimality, and uniqueness properties. The iterated prisoner's dilemma strategies used by buyers and sellers to conduct their trades are evolved over time via a genetic algorithm that biases reproduction in favor of strategies that have been successful in past trades..


Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt Jan 1991

Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It has been more than a decade since microcomputers became available as a new technology for schools. During this decade, computer-related technologies have become an integral part of the educational environment in schools throughout the United States. Many school districts have purchased large amounts of computer-related hardware and software, only to find that many teachers were uncertain of the potential instructional uses of these technologies. Becker (1990) stated that even though computer acquisition has continued to expand in most schools, there has continued to be a small minority of teachers using computers for instruction, learning, or productive work in the ...


Energy Use In The Food And Fiber System, John A. Miranowski Sep 1980

Energy Use In The Food And Fiber System, John A. Miranowski

ISU Economic Report Series

At the organizational meeting of NCR-il2!—Energy Use in the Food and Fiber System—the connnittee identified four key areas pertaining to energy use in the food and fiber system and established subcommittees to evaluate the state of research knowledge in these areas. The subcommittees prepared working papers, which were presented at the annual meeting of NCR-112 and at a subcommittee meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, during 1979...


Economic Comparisons For Harvesting, Storing, And Feeding Dry Forages To Beef Animals, Sydney C. James, Ronald J. Herr Jan 1978

Economic Comparisons For Harvesting, Storing, And Feeding Dry Forages To Beef Animals, Sydney C. James, Ronald J. Herr

ISU Economic Report Series

The purpose of this study was to analyze the costs of harvesting, storing, and feeding dry forages for beef cows. The emphasis was upon large package hay machines and associated equipment. These machines have been available for less than ten years and gained popularity in the past five years. The harvesting of corn stover has enhanced their use...