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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

The Pedagogy Of Design And Technology At Xavier University Of Louisiana, New Orleans, Shayna Tova Blum Apr 2019

The Pedagogy Of Design And Technology At Xavier University Of Louisiana, New Orleans, Shayna Tova Blum

Faculty and Staff Publications

Abstract. Xavier University of Louisiana (XULA) is a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) university located in New Orleans, Louisiana. As a Historically Black University (HBCU), the university serves a diverse community of students in which many are first-generation, college graduates. Students enrolled in Design courses at XULA are studying in Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Art programs and majoring in subjects such as Computer Science, Physics, Mass Communication, Art, Business, and Science. The interdisciplinary student environment offers a unique opportunity for collaboration and peer learning, whereby students are able to share diverse perspectives on a topic by relating ...


Interactive Sonification Strategies For The Motion And Emotion Of Dance Performances, Steven Landry Jan 2019

Interactive Sonification Strategies For The Motion And Emotion Of Dance Performances, Steven Landry

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The Immersive Interactive SOnification Platform, or iISoP for short, is a research platform for the creation of novel multimedia art, as well as exploratory research in the fields of sonification, affective computing, and gesture-based user interfaces. The goal of the iISoP’s dancer sonification system is to “sonify the motion and emotion” of a dance performance via musical auditory display. An additional goal of this dissertation is to develop and evaluate musical strategies for adding layer of emotional mappings to data sonification. The result of the series of dancer sonification design exercises led to the development of a novel musical ...


A Disturbance Observer-Based Robust Controller Design For Systems With Right Half Plane Zeros And Poles, Emre Sariyildiz, Ilhan Mutlu, Rahim Mutlu Jan 2018

A Disturbance Observer-Based Robust Controller Design For Systems With Right Half Plane Zeros And Poles, Emre Sariyildiz, Ilhan Mutlu, Rahim Mutlu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper analytically derives the bandwidth limitations of Disturbance Observer (DOB) when plants have Right Half Plane (RHP) zero(s) and pole(s). If the plant is non-minimum phase, then the bandwidth of DOB should be set at a lower value than its upper bound to improve the robust stability and performance. If the plant is unstable, then the bandwidth of DOB should be set at a higher value than its lower bound to achieve the robust stability. The upper and lower bounds are analytically derived by using Poisson integral formula. It is shown that the bandwidth limitation of DOB ...


A Preliminary Design Of Application Of Wireless Identification And Sensing Platform On External Beam Radiotherapy, Heranudin, S Bakhri Jan 2018

A Preliminary Design Of Application Of Wireless Identification And Sensing Platform On External Beam Radiotherapy, Heranudin, S Bakhri

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A linear accelerator (linac) is widely used as a means of radiotherapy by focusing high-energy photons in the targeted tumor of patient. Incorrectness of the shooting can lead normal tissue surrounding the tumor received unnecessary radiation and become damaged cells. A method is required to minimize the incorrectness that mostly caused by movement of the patient during radiotherapy process. In this paper, the Wireless Identification and Sensing Platform (WISP) architecture was employed to monitor in real time the movement of the patient's body during radiotherapy process. In general, the WISP is a wearable sensors device that can transmit measurement ...


Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn Dec 2017

Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Highway engineers sometimes believe that if they redesign streets to improve pedestrian safety (for example, by introducing traffic calming techniques) they might be successfully sued for negligent design by motorists. This chapter suggests that in such situations, governments are likely to be protected by discretionary function immunity. In addition, the chapter discusses a variety of technical issues.


Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, the Taguchi method has been used to design optimum mix proportions for geopolymer concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as aluminosilicate source at ambient curing condition. The influences of binder content, alkaline activator to binder content (Al/Bi) ratio, sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide (SS/SH) ratio, and sodium hydroxide (SH) concentration on the geopolymer concrete were investigated. A total of nine mix designs were evaluated. It was found that specimens with a binder content of 450 kg/m3, Al/Bi ratio of 0.35, SS/SH ratio of 2.5, and SH concentration ...


A Robust Force Controller Design For Series Elastic Actuators, Emre Sariyildiz, Haoyong Yu Jan 2017

A Robust Force Controller Design For Series Elastic Actuators, Emre Sariyildiz, Haoyong Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A Series Elastic Actuator (SEA) is designed by placing a passive compliant element between a conventional stiff actuator and link. The intrinsically compliant mechanical structure provides several superiorities, e.g., safety, energy efficiency, high force fidelity, low cost force measurement, high transparency, etc., in advanced robot applications, such as humanoids, quadrupeds and exoskeletons. However, the motion control problem of an SEA is more complicated than that of a conventional stiff actuator due to its higher order dynamics. This paper proposes a novel Active Disturbance Rejection (ADR) based robust force controller for SEAs by combining Differential Flatness (DF) and Disturbance Observer ...


Design And Implementation Of A Novel Web-Based E-Learning Tool For Education Of Health Professionals On The Antibiotic Vancomycin, Stuart Bond, Shelley P. Crowther, Suman Adhikari, Ping Yu, Jay P. Bochard, Craig S. Boutlis, Wilfred W. Yeo, Spiros Miyakis Jan 2017

Design And Implementation Of A Novel Web-Based E-Learning Tool For Education Of Health Professionals On The Antibiotic Vancomycin, Stuart Bond, Shelley P. Crowther, Suman Adhikari, Ping Yu, Jay P. Bochard, Craig S. Boutlis, Wilfred W. Yeo, Spiros Miyakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Collaboration And Co-Location: Making Sense Of Digital Design For Early Childhood Games, Holly Tootell, Mark Freeman, Grant N. Ellmers, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Collaboration And Co-Location: Making Sense Of Digital Design For Early Childhood Games, Holly Tootell, Mark Freeman, Grant N. Ellmers, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The relationship between physical activity and educational and health outcomes is well known. As the significance of digital devices continues to increase, along with societal reliance on them, the provision of programs that draw technology and physical activity together is increasingly important. The recent Pokemon phenomenon is an example of a digitally-driven physical activity that appealed to both adults and children alike. This paper reports on the proof of concept phase of a development that brings to digital life a physical activity program designed specifically for preschoolers. The aim of the JumpStart project was to find a way to engage ...


The Effect Of Nursing Participation In The Design Of A Critical Care Information System: A 4 Case Study In A Chinese Hospital, Yanhong Qin, Ranyun Zhou, Qiong Wu, Xiaodi Huang, Xinli Chen, Weiwei Wang, Xun Wang, Hua Xu, Jing Zheng, Siyu Qian, Changqing Bai, Ping Yu Jan 2017

The Effect Of Nursing Participation In The Design Of A Critical Care Information System: A 4 Case Study In A Chinese Hospital, Yanhong Qin, Ranyun Zhou, Qiong Wu, Xiaodi Huang, Xinli Chen, Weiwei Wang, Xun Wang, Hua Xu, Jing Zheng, Siyu Qian, Changqing Bai, Ping Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Review On Design And Control Aspects Of Robotic Shoulder Rehabilitation Orthoses, Aibek Niyetkaliyev, Shahid Hussain, Mergen Hmcgill University, Ghayesh, Gursel Alici Jan 2017

Review On Design And Control Aspects Of Robotic Shoulder Rehabilitation Orthoses, Aibek Niyetkaliyev, Shahid Hussain, Mergen Hmcgill University, Ghayesh, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Robotic rehabilitation devices are more frequently used for the physical therapy of people with upper limb weakness, which is the most common type of stroke-induced disability. Rehabilitation robots can provide customized, prolonged, intensive, and repetitive training sessions for patients with neurological impairments. In most cases, the robotic exoskeletons have to be aligned with the human joints and provide natural arm movements. This is a challenging task to achieve for one of the most biomechanically complex joints of human body, i.e., the shoulder. Therefore, specific considerations have been made in the development of various existing robotic shoulder rehabilitation orthoses. Different ...


Persuasive Systems Design Features In Promoting Medication Management For Consumers, Khin Than Win, Judy Mullan, Sarah Katherine Howard, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen Jan 2017

Persuasive Systems Design Features In Promoting Medication Management For Consumers, Khin Than Win, Judy Mullan, Sarah Katherine Howard, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Medication safety continues to be a growing concern in the healthcare industry. Providing medication information to consumers and supporting self- management would help to reduce medication errors and to increase medication adherence. This paper reviews the persuasive systems design features used in current medication management applications for consumers. A database search was conducted to identify relevant articles, which were then reviewed using the Persuasive Systems Design model as a framework for analysis. The results highlighted the applicability of these features for the medication management information systems available to consumers. Primary task support and Dialogue support categories were highly cited in ...


Impact Of Structural Design Solutions On The Energy And Thermal Performance Of An Australian Office Building, Mehdi Robati, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Timothy J. Mccarthy Jan 2017

Impact Of Structural Design Solutions On The Energy And Thermal Performance Of An Australian Office Building, Mehdi Robati, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Timothy J. Mccarthy

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Concrete is a heavyweight construction material whose high thermal mass could increase the thermal storage capacity of a building envelope and in turn affect indoor thermal comfort. Selecting an appropriate method for concrete construction and form could also affect the total energy performance and thermal comfort of a building, a fact that is often overlooked by structural engineers. This study presents the results of energy simulations of the potential impact that concrete construction forms, in particular two slab types, and structural materials have on the energy consumption of archetypal commercial office buildings in five major Australia cities (Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra ...


In And Out Line Monitoring System For Volleyball, Kelley White Jun 2016

In And Out Line Monitoring System For Volleyball, Kelley White

Honors Theses

The main goal of this project is to create a line monitoring system for volleyball to aid the line judges in their decision making as well as reduce the frequently misjudged calls. Line calling systems have already been implicated into other sports but there is not one yet for volleyball. This is because volleyball must move on to the next point in a matter of seconds or a delay of game is called against a team. Therefore, there needs to be a system that calls a ball without the need of a replay. The in and out line monitoring system ...


Optimal Design Of Fixture Layout In A Multi-Station Assembly Using Highly Optimized Tolerance Inspired Heuristic, Satish Tyagi, Nagesh Shukla, Sumant Kulkarni Jan 2016

Optimal Design Of Fixture Layout In A Multi-Station Assembly Using Highly Optimized Tolerance Inspired Heuristic, Satish Tyagi, Nagesh Shukla, Sumant Kulkarni

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The multi-station assembly (MSA) process requires auxiliary devices such as fixtures and clamps to accurately locate and firmly hold the workpiece in a desired position. Improper positioning of these fixtures and clamps affects the dimensional integrity of final product. This study determines the optimal design of fixture layout that minimizes the product dimensional variations caused by the manhandling and aging of auxiliaries. In order to model variation propagation from one assembly station to another in the MSA, a state space model is employed. Further, an E-optimality based sensitivity criterion is proposed to mathematically formulate and measure the quality of the ...


Orthogonal Experimental Design Of Titanium Dioxide - Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Electrospun Nanocomposite Membranes For Photocatalytic Applications, Andrew Vild, Sara Teixeira, Klaus Kuhn, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Vitor Sencadas Jan 2016

Orthogonal Experimental Design Of Titanium Dioxide - Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Electrospun Nanocomposite Membranes For Photocatalytic Applications, Andrew Vild, Sara Teixeira, Klaus Kuhn, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Vitor Sencadas

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An orthogonal experimental method was designed to assess the influence of the electrospinning processing parameters on average diameter and distribution of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) fibers. Based on the orthogonal experimental design analysis, electrospun TiO2-PMMA nanocomposites were processed with the optimal polymer processing conditions to obtain thin fibers with a high overall surface area. Further it was found that the average fiber diameter decreases from 2.0 ± 0.5 down to 1.2 ± 0.2 μm with increasing photocatalyst content. Moreover, the wettability of samples was independent of the filler amount, and showed strong hydrophobic behavior. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that ...


Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng Jan 2016

Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Extensive research has been conducted on fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined plain and RC columns, leading to a large number of stress–strain models. Most of these models have been developed for FRP-confined plain concrete and are thus applicable only to concrete in FRP-confined RC columns with a negligible amount of transverse steel reinforcement. The few models that have been developed for concrete under the combined confinement of FRP and transverse steel reinforcement are either inaccurate or too complex for direct use in design. This paper presents an accurate design-oriented stress–strain model for concrete under combined FRP-steel confinement in FRP-confined ...


Design And Development Of A Parametrically Excited Nonlinear Energy Harvester, Tanju Yildirim, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici Jan 2016

Design And Development Of A Parametrically Excited Nonlinear Energy Harvester, Tanju Yildirim, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An energy harvester has been designed, fabricated and tested based on the nonlinear dynamical response of a parametrically excited clamped-clamped beam with a central point-mass; magnets have been used as the central point-mass which pass through a coil when parametrically excited. Experiments have been conducted for the energy harvester when the system is excited (i) harmonically near the primary resonance; (ii) harmonically near the principal parametric resonance; (iii) by means of a non-smooth periodic excitation. An electrodynamic shaker was used to parametrically excite the system and the corresponding displacement of the magnet and output voltages of the coil were measured ...


Exploring Virtual World Innovations And Design Through Learner Voices, Sue Gregory, Brent Gregory, Marcus Mcdonald, Sasha Nikolic, Helen Farley, Judy O'Connell, Des Butler, Lisa Jacka, Scott Grant, Jay Jay Jegathesan Jan 2016

Exploring Virtual World Innovations And Design Through Learner Voices, Sue Gregory, Brent Gregory, Marcus Mcdonald, Sasha Nikolic, Helen Farley, Judy O'Connell, Des Butler, Lisa Jacka, Scott Grant, Jay Jay Jegathesan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Student voice has played a big role in shaping the development and measure of success/failure of virtual worlds in education. Data on past and ongoing educational uses and contexts of use of virtual worlds and associated student feedback was gathered via a survey of educational researchers specialising in virtual worlds. Introduced are a range of specific uses that provide the source of and context for student feedback. Ten major themes emerged from student voices that highlight strengths and weakness and point the way forward for both educators and the students themselves. Positive feedback highlighted experiences of both pedagogical design ...


Thermal Performance Evaluation And Optimal Design Of Buildings With Integrated Air-Based Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Phase Change Materials Using The Hooke-Jeeves Pattern Search Method, Wenye Lin, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2016

Thermal Performance Evaluation And Optimal Design Of Buildings With Integrated Air-Based Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Phase Change Materials Using The Hooke-Jeeves Pattern Search Method, Wenye Lin, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Over the last several decades, many low energy technologies have been developed and deployed to reduce building energy consumption. Among various solutions, solar photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collectors and phase change materials (PCMs) are among the most promising methods receiving increasing attention. This paper presents a thermal performance evaluation and optimal design of buildings integrated with air-based solar PVT collectors and PCMs embedded in the building envelope by using The Hooke-Jeeves pattern search method. The Hooke-Jeeves generalized pattern search is used to search for optimal solutions of the optimization problem. The variables optimized include the PVT air flow rate, additional wall ...


The Future Of Arabic Music: No Sound Without Silence, Nesma Magdy Khodier Vcuq Jan 2016

The Future Of Arabic Music: No Sound Without Silence, Nesma Magdy Khodier Vcuq

Theses and Dissertations

For centuries, Arabic music has been intrinsically linked to Arab culture and by extension bonded to the environmental landscape of the region, reflecting their emotions, moods, and behaviors. Numerous technological advancements in the latter half of the twentieth century, have greatly affected the rich legacy of Arabic music, significantly impacting the natural progression of traditional Arabic musical genres, scales, and instrumentation.

This thesis serves as an introduction to generative methods of music production, specifically music generated through gestures. Through generative music, and its unique ability to map gestures to different musical parameters, music can be produced using computer algorithms.

The ...


Extracting City Traffic Events From Social Streams, Pramod Anantharam, Payam Barnaghi, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth Jan 2015

Extracting City Traffic Events From Social Streams, Pramod Anantharam, Payam Barnaghi, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Cities are composed of complex systems with physical, cyber, and social components. Current works on extracting and understanding city events mainly rely on technology enabled infrastructure to observe and record events. In this work, we propose an approach to leverage citizen observations of various city systems and services such as traffic, public transport, water supply, weather, sewage, and public safety as a source of city events. We investigate the feasibility of using such textual streams for extracting city events from annotated text. We formalize the problem of annotating social streams such as microblogs as a sequence labeling problem. We present ...


The Design Requirements For Libyan Imaging Mini-Satellite (Libyasat-1), Faisel Em M Tubbal, Asem Elarabi, Abdelmonem Etabeb, Hasan Marah, Khaled Beneljankou, Mosbah Bellid, Riyadh El-Bouaishi, Ahmed Amer, Wesam Shita, Saleh Srabet, Akram Alkaseh, Ahmed Turkman Jan 2015

The Design Requirements For Libyan Imaging Mini-Satellite (Libyasat-1), Faisel Em M Tubbal, Asem Elarabi, Abdelmonem Etabeb, Hasan Marah, Khaled Beneljankou, Mosbah Bellid, Riyadh El-Bouaishi, Ahmed Amer, Wesam Shita, Saleh Srabet, Akram Alkaseh, Ahmed Turkman

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper we present the conceptual design of Libyan remote sensing satellite (LibyaSat-1) and its sub-systems requirements. LibyaSat-1 is a 300 kg mini satellite, which will be used to support high resolution multi-spectral earth imaging camera to fulfill the civilian needs. This satellite will operate at LEO of 775 km and will provide a resolution of 2.5 m for the panchromatic band and 10 m for the VIS/NIR bands with 30 km swath. We have presented the mission overview, mission operation concept and mission requirements. Moreover, the System Tool Kit (STK) simulation is used to show the ...


Design Of Geometric Parameters Of A Double-Sided Linear Induction Motor With Ladder Secondary And A Consideration For Reducing Cogging Force, Mochammad Rusli, Christopher David Cook Jan 2015

Design Of Geometric Parameters Of A Double-Sided Linear Induction Motor With Ladder Secondary And A Consideration For Reducing Cogging Force, Mochammad Rusli, Christopher David Cook

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, design of the physical of double-sided linear induction motor with ladder secondary is presented. It has aim to obtain the high-precision of DSLIM for the linear slow speed applications. One of limiting factor for precision linear movement is cogging force. The efforts in reducing the cogging action in rotary induction motor has been conducted very well. However, the cogging force reduction in the DSLIM with ladder secondary has not been done before. The DSLIM provide a great advantages for LIM-driven wheel vehicles for specific applications, for example vehicles that are used in over short distances, e.g ...


Evaluation Of A Partial Ring Design For The Insert Spect/Mri System, Kell Erlandsson, Debora Slavado, Alexandre B. Bousse, Brian F. Hutton Jan 2015

Evaluation Of A Partial Ring Design For The Insert Spect/Mri System, Kell Erlandsson, Debora Slavado, Alexandre B. Bousse, Brian F. Hutton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of the INSERT project is to develop a SPECT insert for a commercial MRI system, for performing simultaneous SPECT/MRI brain studies in humans. We have previously investigated various design options for the detector system, based on a complete ring of detectors. We are now considering a partial ring, due to space limitations. We have investigated the degradation in image quality with a partial ring as compared to a full ring, and the possibility of addressing the limitations by utilising MRI data during reconstruction. Noise-free data were generated by forward-projecting a cylindrical phantom with spherical inserts for a ...


Optimal Design For Energy-Efficient Per-Subcarrier Antenna Selection Mimo–Ofdm Wireless Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei Jan 2015

Optimal Design For Energy-Efficient Per-Subcarrier Antenna Selection Mimo–Ofdm Wireless Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we consider a novel optimal design for per-subcarrier antenna selection multi-input multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems from an energy-efficiency perspective. The optimal number of antennas, i.e., the number of radio frequency chains, that needs to be built-in on a transmitter to achieve the maximum energy-efficiency is determined. Specifically, an optimization problem for maximizing the average energy-efficiency with respect to the number of antennas is formulated. To solve this optimization problem, we first derive a closed-form formula expressing the cost function (i.e., the average energy-efficiency) as a function of the number of antennas. Search algorithms ...


Multi-Phase Variety Trials Using Both Composite And Individual Replicate Samples: A Model-Based Design Approach, Alison B. Smith, David G. Butler, C R. Cavanagh, Brian R. Cullis Jan 2015

Multi-Phase Variety Trials Using Both Composite And Individual Replicate Samples: A Model-Based Design Approach, Alison B. Smith, David G. Butler, C R. Cavanagh, Brian R. Cullis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The present paper provides an approach for the design and analysis of variety trials that are used to obtain quality trait data. These trials are multi-phase in nature, comprising a field phase followed by one or more laboratory phases. Typically the laboratory phases are costly relative to the field phase and this imposes a limit on the number of samples that can be tested. Historically, this has been achieved by sacrificing field replication, either by testing a single replicate plot for each variety or a single composite sample, obtained by combining material from several field replicates. An efficient statistical analysis ...


A New Approach To Reduce The Non-Linear Characteristics Of A Stressed Power System By Using The Normal Form Technique In The Control Design Of The Excitation System, Hadi Lomei, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Mohsen Assili Jan 2015

A New Approach To Reduce The Non-Linear Characteristics Of A Stressed Power System By Using The Normal Form Technique In The Control Design Of The Excitation System, Hadi Lomei, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Mohsen Assili

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, a new approach is presented to reduce the nonlinear characteristics of a stressed power system by reducing its second-order modal interaction through retuning some parameters of the generator excitation system. In order to determine the second-order modal interaction of the system, a new index on nonlinearity is developed using normal form theory. Using the proposed index of nonlinearity, a sensitivity function is formed to indicate the most effective excitation system parameters in the nonlinear behavior of the system. These dominant parameters are tuned to reduce the second-order modal interaction of the system and to reduce the index ...


Extracting City Traffic Events From Social Streams, Pramod Anantharam, Payam Barnaghi, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth Dec 2014

Extracting City Traffic Events From Social Streams, Pramod Anantharam, Payam Barnaghi, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

Cities are composed of complex systems with physical, cyber, and social components. Current works on extracting and understanding city events mainly rely on technology enabled infrastructure to observe and record events. In this work, we propose an approach to leverage citizen observations of various city systems and services such as traffic, public transport, water supply, weather, sewage, and public safety as a source of city events. We investigate the feasibility of using such textual streams for extracting city events from annotated text. We formalize the problem of annotating social streams such as microblogs as a sequence labeling problem. We present ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...