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Articles 1 - 30 of 2815

Full-Text Articles in Defense and Security Studies

Israelis And Palestinians: Does Bringing Them Together Keep Them Apart?, Editor Sep 2018

Israelis And Palestinians: Does Bringing Them Together Keep Them Apart?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies psychological complexities when interaction and cooperation among adversaries are presumed to reduce conflict.


Writing The Official History Of The Joint Intelligence Committee, Michael Goodman Sep 2018

Writing The Official History Of The Joint Intelligence Committee, Michael Goodman

Secrecy and Society

This article recounts the experience of a professional historian in being given the keys to the kingdom: access to the classified vaults of Britain’s Joint Intelligence Committee. This article includes some of the problems in having access, but complying with the sensitivities around official accounts, difficulties in writing a global history, or trying to make the work of a committee interesting and accessible, and of trying to determine the impact of intelligence on policy.



Historical Amnesia: British And U.S. Intelligence, Past And Present, Calder Walton Sep 2018

Historical Amnesia: British And U.S. Intelligence, Past And Present, Calder Walton

Secrecy and Society

Many intelligence scandals in the news today seem unprecedented - from Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. Presidential election, to British and U.S. intelligence agencies monitoring activities of their citizens. They seem new largely because, traditionally, intelligence agencies on both sides of the Atlantic were excessively secretive about their past activities: even the names “GCHQ” and “NSA” were airbrushed from declassified records, and thus missing from major historical works and scholarship on on post-war international relations. The resulting secrecy about British and U.S. intelligence has led to misunderstandings and conspiracy theories in societies about them. Newly opened secret ...


Collaboration And Research Practice In Intelligence, Minna Räsänen Sep 2018

Collaboration And Research Practice In Intelligence, Minna Räsänen

Secrecy and Society

Close, intensive research collaboration between universities, companies, and the public sector can open up new and different opportunities for qualitative research, and provide analytic and empirical insights that otherwise might be difficult to obtain. The aim of this paper is to explore collaboration as a means of doing research with the intelligence community. Experiences from a research project concerning dilemmas the practitioners face in their organization within the Swedish Armed Forces, serve as a starting point for this reflective discussion. It is argued here that collaboration is suitable when change is required. The mutual learning between the actors feeds into ...


Ethnographic Research In The U.S. Intelligence Community: Opportunities And Challenges, Bridget Nolan Sep 2018

Ethnographic Research In The U.S. Intelligence Community: Opportunities And Challenges, Bridget Nolan

Secrecy and Society

This article considers lessons learned from conducting research inside the intelligence community. Drawing on a year of ethnographic field work and interviews at the National Counterterrorism Center, I show that “boundary personnel”- people who navigate between the worlds of academia and national security - provide value added in the form of tacit knowledge that outside researchers would not be able to deliver. At the same time, these people face delays, challenges to freedom of information, and ethical considerations that are unique to their positions. Despite setbacks, social scientists must continue their engagement with national security organizations to further our understanding of ...


Secrecy Vs. Disclosure Of The Intelligence Community Budget: An Enduring Debate, Anne Daugherty Miles Sep 2018

Secrecy Vs. Disclosure Of The Intelligence Community Budget: An Enduring Debate, Anne Daugherty Miles

Secrecy and Society

Little known U.S. congressional documents, dating from the 1970s, debate public disclosure of Intelligence Community (IC) budget. The documents offer a rich repository of the arguments on both sides of the debate and shine a light on the thoughtful, measured congressional oversight practiced in formative years of the House and Senate intelligence committees.


Do Voters Vote Against Their Interests?, Editor Sep 2018

Do Voters Vote Against Their Interests?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some basic psychological constructs which may help ‘explain’ why some voters seem to vote against their own interests.


The Challenge Of Securing Kenya: Past Experience, Present Challenges And Future Prospects, Mumo Nzau, Mohammed Guyo Aug 2018

The Challenge Of Securing Kenya: Past Experience, Present Challenges And Future Prospects, Mumo Nzau, Mohammed Guyo

The Journal of Social Encounters

The dynamic nature of insecurity and mitigation strategies cannot be adequately understood without comparing the present conjuncture and the past experiences. This paper provides a temporal assessment of security in Kenya by scanning convergent and divergent insecurity experiences and mitigation strategies of the regimes of Jomo Kenyatta, Daniel Arap Moi, Mwai Kibaki and Uhuru Kenyatta. The security dynamics have been shaped by drivers located at local, national and global levels. The convergence of local insecurity and protracted transitional terrorist attacks has produced a high trajectory of insecurity with a negative impact on the economy, social cohesion and stability. The contradiction ...


A Triadic Approach To Deception In Strategic Counterintelligence Operations, Editor Aug 2018

A Triadic Approach To Deception In Strategic Counterintelligence Operations, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes a model for inducing deception in strategic counterintelligence operations based on the psychology of communications and influence.


The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt Aug 2018

The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship

This Article offers a new way of thinking about the military. The U.S. military’s existing legal architecture arose from tragedy: in response to operational military failures in Vietnam, the 1980 failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt and other military misadventures, Congress revamped the Department of Defense (DoD)’s organization. The resulting law, the Goldwater-Nichols Act, formed two militaries within the DoD that endure to this day. These two militaries – the operational military and the administrative military – were once opaque to the outside observer but have emerged from the shadows in light of recent conflicts. The operational military remains the ...


The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash Aug 2018

The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

What configuration of strategies and discourses enable the white male and settler body politic to render itself as simultaneously wounded and invulnerable? I contextualize this question by reading the discursive continuities between Euro-America’s War on Terror post-9/11 and Algeria’s War for Independence. By interrogating political-philosophical responses to September 11, 2001 beside American rhetoric of a wounded nation, I argue that white nationalism, as a mode of settler colonialism, appropriates the discourses of political wounding to imagine and legitimize a narrative of white hurt and white victimhood; in effect, reproducing and hardening the borders of the nation-state. Additionally ...


Global Media Wars: The Ironic Prescience Of George Orwell, Editor Aug 2018

Global Media Wars: The Ironic Prescience Of George Orwell, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes similar psychologies among people who intend to tell the truth and those who intend to lie. It posits the writings of George Orwell on political communication as relevant today as back in the 1940s.


Tortured Policies On Torture: Notes From The House Of The Dead?, Editor Aug 2018

Tortured Policies On Torture: Notes From The House Of The Dead?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes issues needing to be resolved before policies on the use of enhanced interrogation techniques including torture are developed, implemented, and assessed.


Counterterrorist Profiling, The Self, And The Problem Of Open And Quiet Skies, Editor Aug 2018

Counterterrorist Profiling, The Self, And The Problem Of Open And Quiet Skies, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Psychological profiling supporting counterterrorism may be based on an invalid presumption.


The Mercenary Tradition And Conflict Privatization: A Revolutionary Shift In The Cyclical Nature Of Mercenary Use, Joseph M. Tribble Aug 2018

The Mercenary Tradition And Conflict Privatization: A Revolutionary Shift In The Cyclical Nature Of Mercenary Use, Joseph M. Tribble

MSU Graduate Theses

This paper seeks to show that there has existed through time, a cyclical nature in the use of mercenaries, which has left imprints on societies that continue to exist in the presence of international law against their use. Looking at modern elements of this tradition, the paper will attempt to show how there has been a revolution in military affairs since the formation of the United Nations Conventions against Mercenaries, in which a number of elements of this culture have converged at once, existing in the international community and what this means for international security moving forward. The paper will ...


National Security And Education: What Is Graduating College Worth?, Editor Jul 2018

National Security And Education: What Is Graduating College Worth?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

There are newly shared positive correlations between genetics and college graduation. Although higher education including college graduation has national security import, social policy implications based on such data are less clear.


Fake News: Is Truth Really Under Attack?, Editor Jul 2018

Fake News: Is Truth Really Under Attack?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Attacking fake news may be as fake as fake news. Or so suggests Western epistemology.


Who’S Running The World? Psychological Assessment Of Political Leaders, Editor Jul 2018

Who’S Running The World? Psychological Assessment Of Political Leaders, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Should psychological assessment techniques be applied to global political leaders with the results conveyed to general publics worldwide? These techniques may not yet be ready for prime time.


The Political Nature Of Defense Policy In Congress, Timothy Welter Jul 2018

The Political Nature Of Defense Policy In Congress, Timothy Welter

Dissertations

Is defense policy more collegial than other policy issues addressed by Congress? More specifically, what are the institutional and political motives which drive a majority of the members of Congress to consistently transcend partisanship in order to pass defense focused legislation into law?

The purpose of this study was to test whether or not the consideration of defense policy in the House of Representatives is unique in its ability to transcend partisanship. And if so, why?

Hypothesis: The formulation of defense policy in the U.S. House of Representatives is approached with more collegiality than other policy issue areas, mainly ...


Psychological Warfare And The Kingdom Of Shame, Editor Jul 2018

Psychological Warfare And The Kingdom Of Shame, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Psychological warfare is commonly referred to as a battle for hearts and minds. But inducing desired behavioral change is more complicated as the psychology of shame illustrates.


Extra-Territorial Consequences Of Nato’S War On Serbia, Chuka Stephen Enuka Jul 2018

Extra-Territorial Consequences Of Nato’S War On Serbia, Chuka Stephen Enuka

International Journal of Security Studies

This paper discusses the NATO war on Serbia and its implications beyond the shores and territorial boundary of Serbia. Moved by what it described as gross violation of human rights, and the images of burning homes resulting from the raging conflict in Kosovo in 1999, NATO intervened into the situation by declaring war against the sovereign state of Serbia in defense of the Albanians in Kosovo. The war, like wars generally, produced effects, especially on Serbia. Besides the implications of this war on Serbia, it had far reaching consequences on the territories and countries beyond Serbia. It is to these ...


Role Of Home Guard In Building Security Of Poland. Change Management And Leadership In Polish Army, Mateusz Marszałek Mr Jul 2018

Role Of Home Guard In Building Security Of Poland. Change Management And Leadership In Polish Army, Mateusz Marszałek Mr

International Journal of Security Studies

In these uncertain times, when unregularly war is very common and when we were witnesses of helplessness of major countries against Afghanistan or Chechnya, it is important to change the definition of (every) country's military potential. In my essay I show how Home Guard composes the main answer for questions about raise the security level in country. From history to current conception I discuss purposes and structure of Home Guard. Then, there is a few words about place wher theory meets practise – part of “Practical Home Guard militaries functioning” shows reality of Home Guard is making conditions to effective ...


Sniffer Dogs, Kayla Holland Jul 2018

Sniffer Dogs, Kayla Holland

International Journal of Security Studies

Sniffer dogs have worked alongside law enforcement officers, military units, border patrols and search and rescue teamss since the 1980s. There are two training locations for canines. One is located in Front Royal, Virginia. The headquarters of the Customs and Border Protection Canine Training center is located in El Paso, Texas. There has been many different studies conducted on sniffer dogs and their ability to detect certain odors. One of those studies was conducted by Osterkamp (2011) who examined how dogs are capable of transporting particular scents in water into their noses. Water dogs have been used in the U ...


Evolution Of Community Policing In New York City, Kristine Lamburini Jul 2018

Evolution Of Community Policing In New York City, Kristine Lamburini

Honors College Theses

This study examines the various community policing initiatives, or lack of community policing initiatives, within the New York City Police Department (NYPD) from 1984 to present. Community policing is a policing model that is currently in the forefront of the criminal justice field due to strained relationships between many communities and the police. The community policing initiatives examined in this study are organized as follows: the Community Patrol Officer Program (C-POP) under Police Commissioner Ward (1984-1989); the Safe Streets, Safe City Program under Police Commissioner Brown (1989-1992), which established community policing as the dominant operational philosophy in the NYPD; Broken ...


Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam Jun 2018

Recommended Corrective Security Measures To Address The Weaknesses Identified Within The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute, Khadija Moussaid, Oum Keltoum Hakam

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The Shapash Nuclear Research Institute (SNRI) data book was issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2013. The hypothetical facility data book describes the hypothetical site, which is divided into two areas: the low-security area, known as the administrative area, and the very high-security area, known as the protected area. The book contains detailed descriptions of each area’s safety and security measures, along with figures of multiple buildings in both areas, and also includes information about the site’s computer networks.

This paper aims to identify security weaknesses related to the institute’s location, the Administrative Area ...


Psychologies Of The Immigration Wars: Can We And Should We Support Diversity?, Editor Jun 2018

Psychologies Of The Immigration Wars: Can We And Should We Support Diversity?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

As with the global war on terror, there are the immigration wars. What are some psychological foundations?


Treason, Treachery, And Betrayal Of Trust: The Psychological Search For The Why, Editor Jun 2018

Treason, Treachery, And Betrayal Of Trust: The Psychological Search For The Why, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Treason, treachery, and betrayal of trust constitute a motif of human history. Can scientific psychology help us understand why?


International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman Jun 2018

International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Overview of international energy geopolitical trends. Emphasizes the importance of the Persian Gulf, South China Sea, East China Sea, Russia, and the Arctic to U.S. and international economic and strategic developments. Stresses the continuing importance of fossil fuels in domestic and international energy consumption, the variety of energy sources being used by various global regions, the potential for military conflict over access to natural resources, and how emerging energy leaders will determine global energy, environmental, and international security developments.


Winning The Disinformation War: Suturing The Soul, Editor Jun 2018

Winning The Disinformation War: Suturing The Soul, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In a world of false facts and fake news, what is the crucial psychology underlying what people believe?


Conducting Nuclear Security Culture Self-Assessments In Nuclear Research Facilities Using The Iaea Methodology, Anhar Riza Antariksawan, Khairul Khairul, Heru Umbara, Endang Kristuti, Bayu Purnomo Jun 2018

Conducting Nuclear Security Culture Self-Assessments In Nuclear Research Facilities Using The Iaea Methodology, Anhar Riza Antariksawan, Khairul Khairul, Heru Umbara, Endang Kristuti, Bayu Purnomo

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN) has promoted the culture and assessment of nuclear security in Indonesia since 2010. After conducting a successful trial assessment in 2012, BATAN performed a second self-assessment in 2015 in three nuclear facilities. The assessment's methodology followed the guidelines set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the techniques used in applying the IAEA methodology and to discuss the primary outcomes of the assessment. The data collection consisted of surveys, interviews, document reviews, and observations. A total of about 50% of the three facilities ...