Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 2786

Full-Text Articles in Defense and Security Studies

State Sovereignty And Human Security: The Migration-Securitization Nexus In The Global South, Eugene R. Sensenig Nov 2017

State Sovereignty And Human Security: The Migration-Securitization Nexus In The Global South, Eugene R. Sensenig

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper deals with the issues of state sovereignty and refugee policy in insecure and marginalized regions of the Global South. Using the displaced Syrian populations (UN-recognized and undocumented) in Lebanon as a case in point, the attempt will be made to portray and discuss the responses of underdeveloped host communities to overwhelming increases in the size of their non-national population. Lebanon has faced various waves of refugees since its independence in 1943, making up between 2.5% (Iraqis) and 25% (Syrians) of the entire citizen population, currently estimated to be slightly over 4 million. Almost 500,000 Palestinian refugees ...


Cia: The Critical Years, Ryan Freer Oct 2017

Cia: The Critical Years, Ryan Freer

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

Our foreign policy agenda in the Middle East is attributed to the decisions of the CIA's Director's of Intelligence (DCI) and the President's they served. The author examines how two DCI's, an a third to a lesser degree, have impacted the agency during their tenures, and how the operations of the CIA in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran in the decades leading up to the attacks of 9/11 culminated in this tragedy.


The Dod's Cultural Policy: Militarizing The Cultural Industries, Tanner Mirrlees Oct 2017

The Dod's Cultural Policy: Militarizing The Cultural Industries, Tanner Mirrlees

communication +1

In pursuit of this Special Issue’s goal to “push the traditional boundaries of cultural policy studies,” this article conceptualizes the US Department of Defense (DoD) as a cultural policy agency. All cultural policy is goal-oriented and aims to act within and have effects upon “the cultural.” Cultural policy scholars examine how State agencies, policies, and regulations act upon to influence: the cultural industries; cultural texts; and, national identities and citizen-subjects. Although the US Federal government has no official cultural policy agency like Canada (the Department of Heritage) or France (the Ministry of Culture), this article conceptualizes the DoD—one ...


The New American Slavery: Capitalism And The Ghettoization Of American Prisons As A Profitable Corporate Business, David A. Liburd Sep 2017

The New American Slavery: Capitalism And The Ghettoization Of American Prisons As A Profitable Corporate Business, David A. Liburd

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The labor of enslaved Africans and Black Americans played a large part in the history of colonial America, with the American plantation being the epicenter for all that was to be produced. While the two have never been completely tied together, capitalism and modern day slavery have been linked with one another. Some analysis sees slavery as a remote form of capitalism, a substitute, to an antiquated form of labor in the modern world.

Slave plantations adopted a new concentration in size and management, referred to by W.E. DuBois as a change "from a family institution to an industrial ...


Trumping Norms: Whither The International Liberal Order?, Maureen Jones Sep 2017

Trumping Norms: Whither The International Liberal Order?, Maureen Jones

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper’s main objective is to develop potential theories on the future of American foreign policy within the Trump Administration. The paper will begin by evaluating the norm of statehood and will discuss the contributions of John Meyer to the statehood discourse. Through analysis of Meyer’s work, this paper will develop a standardized structure of statehood within the global order. Furthermore, the paper will analyze the Westphalian international order and discuss the viability of this system leading up to 2017. The Westphalian international system has been the primary system for which nation-states aim to gain acceptance and its ...


Rivalry In The Middle East: The History Of Saudi-Iranian Relations And Its Implications On American Foreign Policy, Derika Weddington Aug 2017

Rivalry In The Middle East: The History Of Saudi-Iranian Relations And Its Implications On American Foreign Policy, Derika Weddington

MSU Graduate Theses

The history of Saudi-Iranian relations has been fraught. This relationship has impacted the United States’ role in the Persian Gulf. Prior to the formation of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, bilateral relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran could be characterized in terms of mutual understanding which allowed them to become integral parts of the American foreign policy in the1970s. This policy was intended to safeguard Western interests in the Persian Gulf after the British left. Saudi-Iranian cooperation during this time was in stark contrast to the hostile relationship that developed between them following the Iranian Revolution in 1979 ...


Midnight In America: Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse And The 21st Century Threat To The United States, Angela Weaver Aug 2017

Midnight In America: Nuclear Electromagnetic Pulse And The 21st Century Threat To The United States, Angela Weaver

MSU Graduate Theses

The electromagnetic pulse (EMP) effects produced by the detonation of a nuclear weapon at high altitude are capable of causing widespread destruction in the U.S. homeland with few to no immediate casualties. The threat of nuclear EMP attack against the United States was recognized as probable during the Cold War but as time passed, the threat lost consciousness among U.S. policy makers as other issues and threats rose to the forefront. Simultaneously, the United States military and civilian society grew increasingly reliant upon emerging electronic systems and capabilities while adversary nations and rogue states rapidly pursued nuclear weapons ...


Cybersecurity In An Age Of Cyberterrorism, University Of South Alabama Aug 2017

Cybersecurity In An Age Of Cyberterrorism, University Of South Alabama

Crime/Violence

Bibliography and photographs of a display of government documents from the University of South Alabama.


Physical Screening And Testing: From Purpose To Research To Application, Rob Orr Jul 2017

Physical Screening And Testing: From Purpose To Research To Application, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Session Objectives:

•Discuss the purposes of different physical assessments

•Designing measures useful for assessing tactical personnel

•Applying assessments in the field


The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope Jul 2017

The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope

Rob Marc Orr

BACKGROUND: The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations. METHODS: Several literature databases (Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBAS) were searched using key search words and terms to identify ...


Musculoskeletal Fitness As A Predictor Of Injury During Police Academy Training: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Rob Orr, Matthew Stewart, Rodney P. Pope, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton Jul 2017

Musculoskeletal Fitness As A Predictor Of Injury During Police Academy Training: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Rob Orr, Matthew Stewart, Rodney P. Pope, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton

Rob Marc Orr

Introduction:

• Tactical training institutions (like those for military, law enforcement and firefighting) often implement intensive training regimes to adequately prepare their candidates (Bullock et al. 2010)

• Recruit training physical fitness assessment items are performed to determine baseline fitness of each recruit

• Previous research has investigated fitness measures as a positive injury predictor among tactical recruits during basic training (Bedno et al., 2013; Knapik et al., 2001; O’connor et al., 2011; Rosendal, et al., 2003)

• However protocols generally include aerobic fitness as part of the process with predominantly military recruit populations (Lisman, et al. 2013: Knapik et al., 2001)


A Physical Fitness Profile Of State Highway Patrol Officers By Gender And Age, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Richard Flores, Robert G. Lockie, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes Jul 2017

A Physical Fitness Profile Of State Highway Patrol Officers By Gender And Age, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Richard Flores, Robert G. Lockie, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes

Rob Marc Orr

Background: Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population. Methods: Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39.52 ± 8.09 yrs; mean height = 180.72 ± 7.06 cm; mean weight = 93.66 ± 15 ...


A Detailed Analysis Of Serious Personal Injuries Suffered By Full Time And Part Time Soldiers, Rodney P. Pope, Adam Norman, Ben Schram, Rob M. Orr Jul 2017

A Detailed Analysis Of Serious Personal Injuries Suffered By Full Time And Part Time Soldiers, Rodney P. Pope, Adam Norman, Ben Schram, Rob M. Orr

Rob Marc Orr

No abstract provided.


Reflecting Back On The Ebola Outbreak And The Future Of Bioterrorism, Christian Pedersen Jul 2017

Reflecting Back On The Ebola Outbreak And The Future Of Bioterrorism, Christian Pedersen

Pepperdine Policy Review

In the wake of the 2014 Ebola outbreak, policy makers have focused on the public health components which led to the outbreak, the efforts to control it, and mitigate the impact of the outbreak. Some of the most enlightening aspects of the outbreak, pertain to National Security. The crisis demonstrated some crucial challenges the United States would have to plan for to effectively respond to a bioterrorist attack.


A Detailed Analysis Of Serious Personal Injuries Suffered By Full Time And Part Time Soldiers, Rodney P. Pope, Adam Norman, Ben Schram, Rob M. Orr Jul 2017

A Detailed Analysis Of Serious Personal Injuries Suffered By Full Time And Part Time Soldiers, Rodney P. Pope, Adam Norman, Ben Schram, Rob M. Orr

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

No abstract provided.


Musculoskeletal Fitness As A Predictor Of Injury During Police Academy Training: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Rob Orr, Matthew Stewart, Rodney P. Pope, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton Jul 2017

Musculoskeletal Fitness As A Predictor Of Injury During Police Academy Training: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Rob Orr, Matthew Stewart, Rodney P. Pope, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Introduction:

• Tactical training institutions (like those for military, law enforcement and firefighting) often implement intensive training regimes to adequately prepare their candidates (Bullock et al. 2010)

• Recruit training physical fitness assessment items are performed to determine baseline fitness of each recruit

• Previous research has investigated fitness measures as a positive injury predictor among tactical recruits during basic training (Bedno et al., 2013; Knapik et al., 2001; O’connor et al., 2011; Rosendal, et al., 2003)

• However protocols generally include aerobic fitness as part of the process with predominantly military recruit populations (Lisman, et al. 2013: Knapik et al., 2001)


Sloan On Geopolitics, Geography, And Strategy History In Geopolitics, Bert Chapman Jun 2017

Sloan On Geopolitics, Geography, And Strategy History In Geopolitics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Geopolitical literature is experiencing a renaissance and scholars representing classical and critical perspectives in this field bring multifaceted assessments to historical and current international political and security issues. Sloan’s Geopolitics, Geography and Strategic History, which is part of Routledge’s Geopolitical Theory Series, examines connections between geography, strategy, and history and is the subject of this review and analysis. Three thesis questions examined by the author include why the geographical scope of political objectives and following strategies of nation states change, how do these changes occur, and over what time period do these changes occur. Sloan examines why the ...


A Physical Fitness Profile Of State Highway Patrol Officers By Gender And Age, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Richard Flores, Robert G. Lockie, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes Jun 2017

A Physical Fitness Profile Of State Highway Patrol Officers By Gender And Age, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Richard Flores, Robert G. Lockie, Charles Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes

Tactical Research Unit Publications

Background:

Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population.

Methods:

Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39.52 ± 8.09 yrs; mean height = 180.72 ± 7.06 cm; mean weight = 93.66 ± 15 ...


Friend Or Foe: The United States Military Bases In Okinawa South Korea And The Philippines, Caochong Zeng Jun 2017

Friend Or Foe: The United States Military Bases In Okinawa South Korea And The Philippines, Caochong Zeng

Honors Theses and Student Projects

Pax Americana has been not only established by the policy-makers in Washington but also sustained by the global presence of G.l.s. Until 2015, 150,560 U.S. military personnel were stationed in over 150 countries with Japan the Middle East and Germany hosting the most American soldiers. To accommodate American troops overseas, U.S. military installations have also been constructed on foreign lands to achieve regional stability and to implement the U.S. grand strategy. The co-existence of the American military and the local society however has been problematic - social economic and environmental conflicts between bases and locals ...


Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving May 2017

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving

Rodney P Pope

Overview:

• Psychological preparation –Scott Gayton

• Injury risks & impacts –Rod Pope

• Security & protection of teams –Shane Irving

• Hot & humid conditions –Matt Brearley

• Preparing for field operations –Richard Gorey

• Load carriage –Rob Orr

• Wrap-Up & Panel Q & A –Rod Pope


Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving May 2017

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving

Rob Marc Orr

Overview:

• Psychological preparation –Scott Gayton

• Injury risks & impacts –Rod Pope

• Security & protection of teams –Shane Irving

• Hot & humid conditions –Matt Brearley

• Preparing for field operations –Richard Gorey

• Load carriage –Rob Orr

• Wrap-Up & Panel Q & A –Rod Pope


Incidence Rates For Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Reserve Vs Full Time Soldiers, And A Comparison Of Reporting Systems, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr May 2017

Incidence Rates For Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Reserve Vs Full Time Soldiers, And A Comparison Of Reporting Systems, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Objective:

To determine incidence rates of reported work health and safety (WHS) incidents and injuries in Army Reserve (ARES) and Australian Regular Army (ARA) personnel and assess the relative performance of the WHS incident reporting system, compared to ‘point-of-care’ systems.

Methods:

WHS incident data for a 24-month period were extracted from a military database. Reported WHS incident and injury rates for both populations were calculated and compared. The WHS injury rates were compared with previously published injury incidence rates based on ‘point-of-care’ incident reporting in Army populations to ascertain relative performance of WHS and ‘point-of-care’ systems.

Results:

In both populations ...


Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving May 2017

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Overview:

• Psychological preparation –Scott Gayton

• Injury risks & impacts –Rod Pope

• Security & protection of teams –Shane Irving

• Hot & humid conditions –Matt Brearley

• Preparing for field operations –Richard Gorey

• Load carriage –Rob Orr

• Wrap-Up & Panel Q & A –Rod Pope


The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone May 2017

The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone

Honors Theses

Costa Rica is one of the few developed countries in the world to be completely demilitarized. In the first chapter, this thesis explores why the country decided to demilitarize and how effective their demilitarization has been. Further statistical analysis is applied in Chapter 2 to determine the effect military spending has on growth in Latin America. With Costa Rica experiencing great stability and growth following their demilitarization and the statistical analysis showing military spending to have a negative impact on growth in Latin America, the third and final chapter explores other Latin American countries that could benefit from demilitarization.


The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope May 2017

The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope

Tactical Research Unit Publications

BACKGROUND:

The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations.

METHODS:

Several literature databases (Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBAS) were searched using key search words and terms to identify ...


Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas May 2017

Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

This paper analyzes the factors that influence the American electorate’s support of Israel using data gleaned from the 2016 American National Election Study. Americans have formally recognized the state of Israel since 1948, starting 11 minutes after it declared its independence. Since then, American foreign policy has consistently endeavored to create and maintain a strong Israeli state in the Middle East. However, there is general agreement among foreign policy experts that such one-sided support for Israel has been both economically as well as strategically costly. According to experts, such support has at times contradicted the broader foreign policy goals ...


The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy May 2017

The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

The United States has a long tradition of assimilating diverse peoples into a shared culture and thus developing a transformative, holistic national identity. Despite this historical affinity for immigration, there have also been points during which rose issues with migrants entering the country illegally. Once this happens, politicians must decide how to deal with an influx of undocumented aliens. This paper focuses on amnesty acts, particularly ones past through the American Congress in the past century. The relationship between amnesty legislation and immigration flow will be investigated. Also, an exploration of European policies towards immigration will all be conducted in ...


Differences In Initial Fitness Scores Between Highway Patrol Cadets Who Successfully Complete Or Fail To Complete A 27-Week Training Academy, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Charles Kornhauser, Kym Holmes, Ryan Holmes, Rodney Pope May 2017

Differences In Initial Fitness Scores Between Highway Patrol Cadets Who Successfully Complete Or Fail To Complete A 27-Week Training Academy, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Charles Kornhauser, Kym Holmes, Ryan Holmes, Rodney Pope

Rob Marc Orr

Research suggests that law enforcement is primarily a sedentary occupation. However, officers may have to respond rapidly to unpredictable situations and this can dramatically increase their physiological loads. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological demands placed on Australian state police officers carrying out operational tasks.


A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope May 2017

A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope

Rob Marc Orr

Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant ...


Mass Surveillance And Terrorism: Does Prism Keep Americans Safer?, Tayler Houston May 2017

Mass Surveillance And Terrorism: Does Prism Keep Americans Safer?, Tayler Houston

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.