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Articles 1 - 30 of 3966

Full-Text Articles in Defense and Security Studies

New Terrorism In New Zealand? The Psychology Of Censorship, Editor Mar 2019

New Terrorism In New Zealand? The Psychology Of Censorship, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes the essentialness of information transmission for terrorism and some psychological findings on related censorship.


Popular Culture And The Psychology Of The Insider Threat, Editor Mar 2019

Popular Culture And The Psychology Of The Insider Threat, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article illustrates an identification between pop culture and an important intelligence, law enforcement, and security issue.


An Exploration Of Transportation Terrorist Stabbing Attacks, Brian Michael Jenkins, Bruce R. Butterworth, Jean-François Clair, Joseph R. Trella Iii Mar 2019

An Exploration Of Transportation Terrorist Stabbing Attacks, Brian Michael Jenkins, Bruce R. Butterworth, Jean-François Clair, Joseph R. Trella Iii

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

In his August 22, 2018 message to supporters of the Islamic State of Iraq and [greater] Syria (ISIS), Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi implored ISIS fighters in Syria and Iraq as well as those on various jihadist fronts in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia not to be dismayed by military setbacks suffered by the Islamic State, but to continue fighting, confident that Allah would ultimately reward those who remained steadfast with victory. In the same message, he exhorted homegrown jihadists abroad— “the fierce lions in the lands of the Cross—Canada, Europe, and elsewhere” to carry out simple attacks within their ...


The Political Psychology Of Death: Until It Do Us Part, Editor Feb 2019

The Political Psychology Of Death: Until It Do Us Part, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes interwoven complexities and psychologies of life and death in the lives of political actors.


“I’Ll Be Your Mirror”, The Soul, And Intelligence And Counterintelligence Applications, Editor Feb 2019

“I’Ll Be Your Mirror”, The Soul, And Intelligence And Counterintelligence Applications, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how the psychological trope of mirroring can explicate mass leadership and betrayals of trust.


When Is Terrorism All In The Family?, Editor Feb 2019

When Is Terrorism All In The Family?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes putative linkages between family relationships and kinds of terrorism.


Psychologies Of Going Nuclear, Editor Feb 2019

Psychologies Of Going Nuclear, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies multiple psychologies affecting joining and withdrawing from nuclear weapons agreements.


The Us Government Shutdown: When Is Personality Shut Out?, Editor Jan 2019

The Us Government Shutdown: When Is Personality Shut Out?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies factors influencing how significant a leader’s personality affects political decision making and behavior.


Psychology Of Cargo Cults And Contemporary Cargo Security, Editor Jan 2019

Psychology Of Cargo Cults And Contemporary Cargo Security, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes a convergence between the psychology of cargo cults and contemporary cargo security


Do Government Shut Downs Shut Down Aviation Security?, Editor Jan 2019

Do Government Shut Downs Shut Down Aviation Security?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

There have been reports of a growing number of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) agents calling in sick and refusing to work for no pay (1). The immediate question becomes, what’s the impact on aviation security? The answer is a negative one, but not as negative as one might think, and one only adding to festering, pre-shutdown problems.


The Convergence Of The War On Terror And The War On Drugs: A Counter-Narcoterrorism Approach As A Policy Response, Lindsay Burton Jan 2019

The Convergence Of The War On Terror And The War On Drugs: A Counter-Narcoterrorism Approach As A Policy Response, Lindsay Burton

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis investigates how and why U.S. policies and agencies are ill-equipped to respond to narco-terrorism and offers some policy recommendations for remedying that. Narco-terrorism is the merging of terrorism and drug trafficking. Terrorist organizations and narcotics traffickers each have much to offer the other; there is potential for symbiosis in the form of cooperation and even hybridization. Examination of the dynamics between terrorist organizations and drug traffickers, combined with an evaluation of the US responses to narcoterrorism in Colombia and Afghanistan, makes it clear that current US policy responses fail to recognize narcoterrorism as a unique challenge, and ...


Managing Cyber Risks & Business Exposure In The Surface Transportation Ecosystem, Jacques R. Francoeur Jan 2019

Managing Cyber Risks & Business Exposure In The Surface Transportation Ecosystem, Jacques R. Francoeur

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This report focuses on Surface Transportation (ST), both fixed and route-based, and the growing threats to their information technology (IT) infrastructures. As an industry, ST seeks to optimize the movement of people and goods, while ensuring safety and resiliency and minimizing environmental impact. Cyber threats are a powerful medium for those with the political, social, and economic motivations and wherewithal to disrupt and destroy existing ST systems. The ultimate objective is to develop a new paradigm to define, describe, design, and deploy the most effective protection, at the lowest cost, in the shortest time within the limits of available resources ...


Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi Dec 2018

Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper attempts to shed the light on challenging issues affecting travel and tourism industry especially in the Middle East such as political, socio-economic and security instability. Due to its geopolitical and historical importance, the paper focuses on the situation in Egypt as a descriptive case study. The methodology relies on historical review and impact assessment to understand the roots and extended branches of instability in the Middle East that led to the Arab Spring, by focusing on the Egyptian case in the last half century. The assessment explains the negative effect of Western and Egyptian policy on extending the ...


Extended Commentary: Military Service Without The Common Rule, Harwood R. Garland Ii. Dec 2018

Extended Commentary: Military Service Without The Common Rule, Harwood R. Garland Ii.

International Social Science Review

The Common Rule does not mention military service members, and hence does not protect them as a vulnerable class of people. Other laws offer protection in relations to clinical research on U.S. military service members, but they are far from the straightforward.


Tall Tales Of Danger And Security: How A Critical Human Security Approach Can Address Major Contradictions Revealed Through A Critical Narrative Analysis Of Dominant U.S. Security Strategies, Stephen Schneider Dec 2018

Tall Tales Of Danger And Security: How A Critical Human Security Approach Can Address Major Contradictions Revealed Through A Critical Narrative Analysis Of Dominant U.S. Security Strategies, Stephen Schneider

Master's Theses

Over many generations, humans have developed many perspectives and practices regarding the best ways to recognize and address what they perceive to be dangerous. Stories are used to help shape and narrate perceptions about the world, and they serve to pass on vital information that impacts how a society responds to threats and vulnerabilities. These narratives of danger and security are subjective to the experiences and political intentions of society, and therefore in many ways are partial and biased in their assessments and policies. This results in flawed security practices that may actually exacerbate threats or create new insecurities. What ...


Personality Profiling And Narratology: Implications For Why People Go Bad, Editor Dec 2018

Personality Profiling And Narratology: Implications For Why People Go Bad, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article suggests the utility of narratology in the post-dictive profiling of political leaders.


Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos Dec 2018

Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Examining the symbolic Gun against its tangible counterpart illuminates abstract attachments of power and superiority this nation associates with the weapon. These elements loaded in the Gun transform the weapon into an object representative of American identity. Analyzing ideological commitments within the Gun guides a critical response to examine disproportionately increasing national gun violence against stagnant federal gun control. The ongoing gun debate must be analyzed in its entirety, beginning at its source - the Second Amendment. Scholars such as Gary Wills dissect the Second Amendment to extract its contextualized intent from modern writers’ manipulated interpretations. It is not the Amendment ...


Psycho-Political Assessment And Making People: What Can We Know?, Editor Dec 2018

Psycho-Political Assessment And Making People: What Can We Know?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes foundational problems in even experts’ knowing people from formal psychological assessment to musings on human nature.


New Documents Shed Light: Why Did Peacekeepers Withdraw During Rwanda’S 1994 Genocide?, Emily A. Willard Dec 2018

New Documents Shed Light: Why Did Peacekeepers Withdraw During Rwanda’S 1994 Genocide?, Emily A. Willard

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Why did the international community decide to withdraw United Nations peacekeeping troops from Rwanda during the 1994 genocide? Analysis of newly released documents and results from an international conference with former U.N. and government officials sheds further light on our understanding of what took place leading up to and during the Rwandan genocide. This article focuses on two key moments: 1) the United States’ reluctance to support the peacekeeping mission from before its mandate began and prior to the killing of U.S. troops in Somalia in autumn 1993; and the United States’ central role pushing the United Nations ...


Does “See Something, Say Something” Work?, Brian Michael Jenkins, Bruce R. Butterworth Dec 2018

Does “See Something, Say Something” Work?, Brian Michael Jenkins, Bruce R. Butterworth

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Do “See Something, Say Something” programs work? The evidence strongly suggests that in the specific case of public surface transportation, the answer is “yes.” Transport staff and passengers play an important role in the prevention of terrorist attacks. By discovering and reporting suspicious objects, they have prevented more than 10 percent of all terrorist attacks on public surface transportation. Detection rates are even better in the economically advanced countries where more than 14 percent of the attempts are detected—and have been improving. This MTI Security Perspective analyzes detections since 1970 and suggests that “See Something, Say Something” campaigns are ...


Hilton Garden Inn Emergency Operations Analysis And Proposal, Mikaela Mcdaniel Dec 2018

Hilton Garden Inn Emergency Operations Analysis And Proposal, Mikaela Mcdaniel

HSEM 494 Practicum/Capstone Project

This project is assigned as a senior practicum by Concordia University for seniors to demonstrate the knowledge and skills acquired throughout their college education in pursuit of a degree in Homeland Security. The ability to identify and assess threat and risk in a company’s emergency operations is a definite demonstration of a student’s acquired knowledge and skill. Such an assessment was done for the Hilton Garden Inn located in Corvallis, Oregon. Through assessment of their current emergency operations, concerns were found regarding their lack of employee training, updates to the emergency operations plan, and documents. This project outlines ...


Marion County, Oregon Integration Of School Emergency Preparedness, Mitch Sechler Dec 2018

Marion County, Oregon Integration Of School Emergency Preparedness, Mitch Sechler

HSEM 494 Practicum/Capstone Project

Collaboration between schools and emergency managers is paramount in addressing the whole community approach to emergency management for increasing preparedness (FEMA, 2011). As every disaster is local, a unified and collaborative approach should be taken to ensure schools are not a hindrance but rather an asset for preparedness, response and recovery efforts. Schools must have ownership and accountability for ensuring they are prepared for emergencies. Additionally, local emergency management agencies with their capabilities, capacity and knowledge must take action in response to the opportunity to build partnerships and expanded their efforts to create a resilient community.


To Walk The Earth In Safety 2018, Pm Wra Dec 2018

To Walk The Earth In Safety 2018, Pm Wra

Global CWD Repository

This 17th Edition of To Walk the Earth In Safety summarizes the United States’ CWD programs in 2017. CWD assistance provides the United States with a powerful and flexible tool to help partner countries manage their stockpiles of munitions, destroy excess small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) and clear explosive hazards such as landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and UXO. Our assistance also helps countries destroy or enhance security of their man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and their threat to civilian aviation, in addition to other weapons and munitions.

The United States is committed to reducing these threats worldwide ...


Risk-Based Performance Metrics For Critical Infrastructure Protection? A Framework For Research And Analysis, Eric F. Taquechel, Marina Saitgalina Dec 2018

Risk-Based Performance Metrics For Critical Infrastructure Protection? A Framework For Research And Analysis, Eric F. Taquechel, Marina Saitgalina

School of Public Service Faculty Publications

Measuring things that do not occur, such as “deterred” or “prevented” terrorist attacks, can be difficult. Efforts to establish meaningful risk-based performance metrics and performance evaluation frameworks based on such metrics, for government agencies with counterterrorism missions, are arguably in a nascent state. However, by studying program theory, logic models, and performance evaluation theory, as well as studying how risk, deterrence, and resilience concepts may be leveraged to support antiterrorism efforts, one may propose a framework for a logic model or other performance evaluation approach. Such a framework may integrate these concepts to help proxy performance measurement for agencies with ...


Psychological Profiling Of Political Leaders: Searching For Three White Whales, Editor Nov 2018

Psychological Profiling Of Political Leaders: Searching For Three White Whales, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes three types of information crucial to psychological profiling of political leaders.


The Psychology Of Time: When The Political Future Is In The Past Not The Present, Editor Nov 2018

The Psychology Of Time: When The Political Future Is In The Past Not The Present, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article illustrates one of political psychology’s challenges-- to change the hold of the past on the present and future of various human collectives in support of security and intelligence objectives.


When Doing What’S Right Is Wrong: The Psychology Of Personnel Security, Editor Nov 2018

When Doing What’S Right Is Wrong: The Psychology Of Personnel Security, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes the psychology behind failed attempts to improve security, regardless of whether the service and product of industry and organization is one of education, health, commodity, process, or security itself.


Building A National Maritime Security Policy, Adriana Avila-Zúñiga Nordfjeld Nov 2018

Building A National Maritime Security Policy, Adriana Avila-Zúñiga Nordfjeld

World Maritime University Ph.D. Dissertations

The issue of port security raised concerns at the highest levels after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 against the United States. Security threats against ports and vessels acquired a new perspective and in 2002 the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, introducing Chapter XI-2 - Special measures to enhance maritime security. This set of regulations enshrines the International Ship and Port Facilities Security Code (ISPS Code), which entered into force on 1 July 2004.

This Code establishes a set of measures to enhance the security of ...


Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 4: National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (Ngia), National Intelligence University (Niu), And National Reconnaissance Office (Nro), Bert Chapman Nov 2018

Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 4: National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (Ngia), National Intelligence University (Niu), And National Reconnaissance Office (Nro), Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Webinar presentation on publicly accessible information resources produced by the U.S. National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGIA), National Intelligence University (NIU), and National Reconnaissance Office. Places significant emphasis on missions of these agencies, their historical accomplishments, coverage of their educational activity, and information on the technologies they have used and are currently using to fulfill their institutional objectives.


The Politics Of Intelligence, Editor Nov 2018

The Politics Of Intelligence, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes the politics of the construct and applications of intelligence in the context of adaptation.