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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 564

Full-Text Articles in Psychology

How Tolerable Is Delay? Consumers' Evaluations Of Internet Web Sites After Waiting, Benedict G.C Dellaert, Barbara E. Kahn Dec 1998

How Tolerable Is Delay? Consumers' Evaluations Of Internet Web Sites After Waiting, Benedict G.C Dellaert, Barbara E. Kahn

Marketing Papers

The effect of waiting times on consumers’ retrospective evaluations of internet web sites is investigated in four computer-based experiments. Results show that waiting can, but does not always, negatively affect evaluations of web sites. They also show that the potential negative effects of waiting can be neutralized by effectively managing waiting experiences. A conceptual framework and formal random utility model are introduced.


Psychohistory And Personality Assessment By Proxy: Comments On Ritzler And Singer (1998), Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Psychohistory And Personality Assessment By Proxy: Comments On Ritzler And Singer (1998), Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article comments on the psychohistorical use of the "MMPI-2 by proxy" technique that is described by Long Island University's Barry Ritzler and Meredith Singer in the October 1998 Issue of the Journal of Personality Assessment.


The Psychology Of Stereotypes: When The Positive Becomes Negative And The Negative Positive, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

The Psychology Of Stereotypes: When The Positive Becomes Negative And The Negative Positive, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some of the positive and negative features of positive and negative stereotypes.


From The Ibpp Research Associates. Turkey Zeynep Cemalcilar, Zeynep Cemalcilar Dec 1998

From The Ibpp Research Associates. Turkey Zeynep Cemalcilar, Zeynep Cemalcilar

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author -Zeynep Cemalcilar -discusses his current educational studies in psychology at Purdue University and its impact on his home country of Turkey.


Trends. The Inside Threat To The Outsider: Venezuela's Hugo Chavez Frias, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Trends. The Inside Threat To The Outsider: Venezuela's Hugo Chavez Frias, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the political strategy of running for political office as an "outsider" in representative democracies.


An Update On Sex And Politics, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

An Update On Sex And Politics, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies some of the common psychological phenomena related to sexual allegations against political leaders.


A Case Against Bringing Monsters To Justice: Pinochet, Deterrence, And Personal Identity, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

A Case Against Bringing Monsters To Justice: Pinochet, Deterrence, And Personal Identity, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article presents a philosophical psychology case against subjecting former national leaders who allegedly committed atrocities committed while they were in power to adjudication through a criminal or civil justice system.


Explorations In Causality And Causal Attributions: Russians On The Murder Of Galina Starovoitova, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Explorations In Causality And Causal Attributions: Russians On The Murder Of Galina Starovoitova, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article illustrates the complexities of attributing psychological import to causal attributions. The recent murder of a Russian psychologist/politician is employed as a socio-emotive backdrop.


Trends. Trafficking In Drug Trafficking: The United States Government Searches For New Military Operating Locations And Basing Sites In South America, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Trends. Trafficking In Drug Trafficking: The United States Government Searches For New Military Operating Locations And Basing Sites In South America, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the interdiction approach to counter drug trafficking.


Nuclear Psychologies: On The First Use Of Nuclear Weapons And Reductions In Nuclear Arsenals, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Nuclear Psychologies: On The First Use Of Nuclear Weapons And Reductions In Nuclear Arsenals, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes how the psychological rationales for, and the consequences of, the same nuclear policies can be constructed very differently by different groups of nuclear policymakers. Some possible rationales for these differences are offered.


Trends. Letter Bombs In Australia: A Psychological Commentary, Ibpp Editor Dec 1998

Trends. Letter Bombs In Australia: A Psychological Commentary, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the psychological aspects of letter bombers.


Geographic Variation In Alarm Calls Of Gunnison's Prairie Dogs, C. N. Slobodchikoff, S. H. Ackers, M. Van Ert Dec 1998

Geographic Variation In Alarm Calls Of Gunnison's Prairie Dogs, C. N. Slobodchikoff, S. H. Ackers, M. Van Ert

Communication Skills Collection

Geographic variation in alarm calls of Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) was analyzed at regional and local scales. Alarm calls in response to a common stimulus (the same human) were recorded at four colonies near Flagstaff, Arizona, and at six sites throughout the southwestern United States. The acoustic structure of calls was analyzed for seven call variables. Regional differences fit the prediction of greater differences with increased geographical separation. Differences between colonies at a local scale were not related to geographical distance, suggesting that local dialects exist within a region. Differences in the level of predation by humans …


Tips, Volume 18, No. 4 & 5, 1998/1999, Wolf P. Wolfensberger Dec 1998

Tips, Volume 18, No. 4 & 5, 1998/1999, Wolf P. Wolfensberger

Training Institute Publication Series (TIPS)

• Poverty & the Poor

• The Gulf Between the Haves & Have Nots

• The Transfer of Wealth Upward

• Homelessness

• Crime

• Punishment

• The Jail & Prison Scene

• Torture

• Religion in Society

• Modernists' Chaotic & Confused Religiosity

• Contemporary Idolatries

• Miscellaneous Other Points About Religion in Society

• The Family

• Children

• Public Morality

• The Collapse of the Culture of Modernism & Its Social Institutions

• The Collapse of the Democratic Process

• Collapse of Civic Institutions

• Collapses of Citizen Functionality

• Entitlement Mentalities & Litigiousness

• Disfunctional Formalization …


Shyness And Social Discomfort As Measured By The Mmpi-2, Lori Hebel Dec 1998

Shyness And Social Discomfort As Measured By The Mmpi-2, Lori Hebel

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide additional validity information for the Social Introversion Scale (Si), the Social Introversion Sub-scales (Si 1, Si 2 and Si 3), the Social Discomfort Content Scale (SOD) and the component scales (SOD 1 and SOD 2) of the MMPI-2. Previous research has focused on comparing the MMPI-2 with other self-report measures. The present study attempted to determine how well the MMPI-2 predicted behavioral observations of shyness and anxiety and self-reported discomfort in social situations. 88 participants took the MMPI-2 and then participated in a group activity. Observer and self-ratings of this activity were …


Examining The Training And Practice Of School Psychologists: A Survey Of Intern Supervisors, Christopher Matthews Dec 1998

Examining The Training And Practice Of School Psychologists: A Survey Of Intern Supervisors, Christopher Matthews

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

A survey was conducted to examine internship supervisors' perceptions of the level of preparation being provided to school psychology interns in the areas of Traditional Assessment, Non-Traditional Assessment, Consultation, Interventions, and Other skill areas. Twenty-five training institutions from 16 states were rated by the supervisors. The responding supervisors' job roles primarily consisted of practicing school psychologists. It was reported that interns spent about half of the total time in internship activities performing Traditional Assessment. Time spent in performing activities in the areas of Consultation, Interventions, and Nontraditional Assessment made up the majority of the other half with close to the …


Temporal Integration In 17- And 20-Month Old Infants As Assessed By Elicited Imitation, Rebecca M. Starr Dec 1998

Temporal Integration In 17- And 20-Month Old Infants As Assessed By Elicited Imitation, Rebecca M. Starr

Student Work

The present study used a unique task derived from the elicited imitation paradigm to assess temporal integration in 17- and 20-month-old infants. Experiment 1 implemented a simpler task than has previously been used in order to tap temporal integration ability in 17-month-olds. The results indicated that the performance of 17- month-olds did not improve over that of previous research (de Haan & Bauer 1997). Experiment 2 added storage and processing demands to the de Haan and Bauer task in order to assess the robustness of temporal integration ability in 20-month-olds. The results indicated that the performance of 20-month-olds did not …


The Effects Of Social Skills Training And Reciprocal Social Skills Training With Parent/Guardian(S) On Behavior And Recidivism Of First Time Adjuncted Youth, Kathleen A. Bailey Dec 1998

The Effects Of Social Skills Training And Reciprocal Social Skills Training With Parent/Guardian(S) On Behavior And Recidivism Of First Time Adjuncted Youth, Kathleen A. Bailey

Dissertations

This research investigates the effect of social skills training on 46 first-time adjudicated males, ages 13 through 15 and placed on traditional probation. The independent variable was the type of group. Three types of groups were conducted: Group I (youth who received social skills training with their parents or guardians), Group II (youth who received social skills training without parents’ or guardians’ participation), and Group III (a control group of youth who did not receive social skills training). The dependent variable was the Jesness Inventory scales and subscales scores, and the type of offenses (status, misdemeanor, and felony). The research …


A Meta-Analytic Investigation Of The Effect Of Freshman Seminars On Student Attrition At Four Year Colleges And Universities, Raymond Brown Dec 1998

A Meta-Analytic Investigation Of The Effect Of Freshman Seminars On Student Attrition At Four Year Colleges And Universities, Raymond Brown

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Tinto (1975) theorized that for a student to complete his/her education, he/she must integrate socially as well as academically at the institution. Freshman seminars are designed to ease students into college life and provide them with skills to cope socially and academically, thereby paving the way for institutional integration and, ultimately, degree completion. Researchers at a number of institutions have evaluated the effectiveness of the freshman seminar at reducing freshman to sophomore year attrition. They have reported mixed results. Here, the literature addressing the efficacy of freshman seminars for reducing attrition is reviewed using meta-analysis. The number of weekly contact …


Reasons, Goals, And Incentives For Corporate Philanthropy To Arts Organizations, Marsonda Mcnutt Schroeder Dec 1998

Reasons, Goals, And Incentives For Corporate Philanthropy To Arts Organizations, Marsonda Mcnutt Schroeder

Theses and Dissertations

One of the methods employed by corporations to create a favorable relationship with its publics is to use philanthropy to not- for-profit organizations such as the arts. From a communication point of view, this action may be looked upon as a gesture between the corporation, the recipient, and the publics which involves messages both sent and received. Research on this communication gesture is important because arts organizations need to know how the process works in order to help secure philanthropic dollars. Corporations need to understand the results of the process so that they can more effectively achieve the goals for …


The Effect Of Biculturalism On Self-Esteem In Northern Plains Native American College Students, Mary J. Wilkie Dec 1998

The Effect Of Biculturalism On Self-Esteem In Northern Plains Native American College Students, Mary J. Wilkie

Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to examine the effect of biculturalism on self esteem in a sample of 51 Northern Plains Native American college students (29 females, 22 males). Subjects completed the Northern Plains Biculturalism Inventory (NPB1; Allen & French, 1994) and the Index of Self-Esteem (ISE; Hudson, 1982). Pearson Product- Moment correlations, independent t-tests, a multiple regression analysis, and an one-way analysis-of-variance was performed using the SPSS statistical package to examine, if any, the relationships between the NPBI subscales and the ISE total scores. This design tested the applicability of the Orthogonal Theory of Biculturalism (Oetting & …


Science Experiences Of Six Elementary Student Teachers: A Case Study, Jacqueline K. Wilcox Dec 1998

Science Experiences Of Six Elementary Student Teachers: A Case Study, Jacqueline K. Wilcox

Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on the science experiences of six elementary student teachers. The purpose of the study was to learn how preservice teachers make meaning of science teaching during their student teaching experience. The sources of data were interviews with participants, descriptive field notes from observations of their science teaching, and artifacts collected from the site. The themes that emerged from data analysis were personal and professional career influences and constant adjustments of teaching strategies. The participants experienced these themes in varying intensities.

Learning to teach science to elementary children for the first time is complicated by the context …


Reconsidering Solidarity In The Mormon Village, Todd L. Goodsell Dec 1998

Reconsidering Solidarity In The Mormon Village, Todd L. Goodsell

Theses and Dissertations

In what became a classic rural community study, Lowry Nelson concluded in his first Mormon village series in the 1920's that the Mormon village is characterized by an extraordinary sense of solidarity. He claimed that this strong solidarity can be primarily explained by four factors of the social group: leadership, conflict, cooperation, and ideology. After resurveying the Mormon village in 1950, he concluded that solidarity had declined. However, a few problems become apparent to the present researcher looking back upon Nelson's findings. One of them is that Nelson never had a clear definition of solidarity to begin with. Another is …


Modern Sexist Attitudes Toward Female Supervisors, Eric Dulaney Dec 1998

Modern Sexist Attitudes Toward Female Supervisors, Eric Dulaney

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Despite the passage of The Civil Rights Act of 1964, women employed by an organization generally remain in the entry level positions, while their male counterparts are promoted throughout the organization's hierarchy. Although there are many theories that attempt to explain the reasons for this disparity between men and women in the workforce, one of the popular attributions is sexism. In this study, the investigator applied the theoretical framework of Modern Sexism to examine modern sexist attitudes toward female supervisors. Three hundred and twenty-two undergraduate students were asked to fill out several sexism measures and to evaluate vignettes of male …


Synthesis And Characterization Of Polycyclic Bis(Tert-Butylamido)Cyclodiphosph(Iii)Azane Complexes Of Lithium, Magnesium, And Tin, Ingo Schranz Dec 1998

Synthesis And Characterization Of Polycyclic Bis(Tert-Butylamido)Cyclodiphosph(Iii)Azane Complexes Of Lithium, Magnesium, And Tin, Ingo Schranz

Theses and Dissertations

Synthesis and single-crystal X-ray studies of the bis(fert-butylamido) cyclodiphosphazane cis-[(tBuNP)2(tBuNH)2], 1, and its lithium, magnesium, and tin(IV) salts are described. The pristine molecule has crystallographic C2 symmetry, both N-H groups being disposed in an endo fashion, and crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2/c with unit cell dimensions (193 K) a = 9.600(4) A, b = 5.904(4) A, c = 18.97(1) A, /? = 101.09(3)°, and Z = 2. Treatment of 1 with "BuLi or (nBu)2Mg in refluxing THF yielded the heterocubic cA-[(tBuNP)2(*BuNLi • THF)2], 2, and the seco-heterocubic [(tBuNP)2(‘BuN)2]Mg»(THF)2, 3, respectively. The crystal data (233 K) for the dilithio …


Male Sexual Orientation Among Religious Men: A Discriminant Function Analysis, James L. Born Dec 1998

Male Sexual Orientation Among Religious Men: A Discriminant Function Analysis, James L. Born

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The ecological changes of human society especially in Western civilization via scientific, industrial, and technological revolutions have altered the foundations of what "masculinity" means in the l.990's. This study was designed to discriminate and predict three masculine sexual orientation groups based upon father-son relations, gender, religious spirituality, psychological maltreatment/abuse, and shame. Data were obtained from 92 male volunteer participants (gay=32, heterosexual=32, x-gay=28) who identify as Christians or who affiliate with a Christian organization. Instruments used were the Boyhood Gender conformity Scale (BGCS), the Father Forgiveness Perception Scale (FFPS), the Home Environment Questionnaire (HEQ) (i.e., Child Abuse Trauma Scale), Internalized Shame …


Nature Vs. Nurture: Are Leaders Born Or Made? A Behavior Genetic Investigation Of Leadership Style, Andrew Johnson, Philip Vernon, Julie Mccarthy, Mindy Molson, Julie Harris, Kerry Jang Nov 1998

Nature Vs. Nurture: Are Leaders Born Or Made? A Behavior Genetic Investigation Of Leadership Style, Andrew Johnson, Philip Vernon, Julie Mccarthy, Mindy Molson, Julie Harris, Kerry Jang

Andrew M. Johnson

With the recent resurgence in popularity of trait theories of leadership, it is timely to consider the genetic determination of the multiple factors comprising the leadership construct. Individual differences in personality traits have been found to be moderately to highly heritable, and so it follows that if there are reliable personality trait differences between leaders and non-leaders, then there may be a heritable component to these individual differences. Despite this connection between leadership and personality traits, however, there are no studies of the genetic basis of leadership using modern behavior genetic methodology. The present study proposes to address the lack …


A Multi-Media Computer Application For Undergraduate Instruction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder As A Model, A. R. Arachy, Lisa (Miller) Zilinski, I. B. Johanson, L. M. Terry Nov 1998

A Multi-Media Computer Application For Undergraduate Instruction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder As A Model, A. R. Arachy, Lisa (Miller) Zilinski, I. B. Johanson, L. M. Terry

Lisa Zilinski

The study of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be used as a model to understand neuro-biological mechanisms of behavior. Neuropharmacological and neuroanatomical studies of children with ADHD can be used to stimulate interest in these fields incorporating both clinical and basic issues. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the use of a multi-media computer application (Hyperstudio) in the presentation of complex neurobiological material using ADHD as a clinical example. The growing availability of computers and multi-media software in educational settings can enhance lectures and increase the opportunity for interactive study by students. The purpose of this paper …


Power Relationships In Graduate Degree Supervision, Marcus R. Wigan Nov 1998

Power Relationships In Graduate Degree Supervision, Marcus R. Wigan

Marcus R Wigan

Supervision of graduate students has been well-studied from many different angles, but the power relationships have been the subject of only a few investigations. This thesis reports on a survey of the power relationship perceptions of Victoria University graduate students and supervising staff. A US instrument (Aguinis, Nesler, Quigley, Lee & Tedeschi, 1996) was used in a modified to obtain power relationship factors based on French and Raven’s categorisation of power relationships. These Victoria university power instrument (VUPI) scales were those of Aguinis, modified for Australian intitutions. Item analysis showed that the new scales to be well behaved and to …


From The Republic Of South Africa To The World At Large: Does The Truth Set One Free?, Ibpp Editor Nov 1998

From The Republic Of South Africa To The World At Large: Does The Truth Set One Free?, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the assumption that with the truth comes the triumph of the therapeutic in individual life and that of the collective.


Information Warfare And The Hacktivist, Ibpp Editor Nov 1998

Information Warfare And The Hacktivist, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides comments on the significance of hacktivism.