Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1974

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 142

Full-Text Articles in Psychology

Maturity Of Adolescent Unwed Mothers, Sarah L. Claiborne Dec 1974

Maturity Of Adolescent Unwed Mothers, Sarah L. Claiborne

Dissertations and Theses

Adolescence traditionally has been recognized and accepted as a period of exploration of an occasional rebellion against the adult world. Explorations are viewed by behavioral scientists as a quest for identity expansion, and as such, a necessary phase for attaining maturity. Several tasks have been identified which each adolescent must complete if he is to reach maturity. For the present these tasks can be summarized as character formation, attainment of sexual identity, establishment of mature relationships and emancipation from parental control.

Society's attitude towards the rebellion and exploitation of youth is mixed. This confusion seems related to a general breakdown …


Decision-Making Style As A Factor In The Selection Of Task-Group Coordinator, David E. Morris Dec 1974

Decision-Making Style As A Factor In The Selection Of Task-Group Coordinator, David E. Morris

Student Work

To date, emergent leadership literature has not clearly indicated what variables influence group members' perception and subsequent selection of a group leader. One approach to the study of this problem has been to analyze group members' verbal behavior to identify empirically behaviors which are more frequent among leaders than nonleaders within a task group. The basic assumption underlying this approach appears to be that a group selects as its leader that individual from the group who most frequently exhibits some specific "leadership behavior(s)." The literature indicates, however, that this approach has been misleading and inconclusive. For example, in an early …


The Relationship Between Expectation, Belief, And Anxiety In A Speaking Situation, George (Tod) William Bossert Dec 1974

The Relationship Between Expectation, Belief, And Anxiety In A Speaking Situation, George (Tod) William Bossert

Doctoral Dissertations

Subjects were given bogus test results that indicated they would be either "relatively calm" or "highly anxious" in a speaking situation. They were also given either an anxiety-okay belief or an anxiety-not-okay belief. The expectations and beliefs given subjects by the experimenter were called manipualted expectations and beliefs. Subjects also filled out forms indicating whether they expected to be calm or anxious and whether they believed anxiety was or was not okay. The expectations and beliefs of the subject were called prior expectation and beliefs.

Each subject was given an expectation and a belief and then requested to make a …


An Analysis Of Participation And Leadership In A College Seminar, Hugh J. Phillips Dec 1974

An Analysis Of Participation And Leadership In A College Seminar, Hugh J. Phillips

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

The task of this research was to describe the rates and patterns of verbal behavior emitted in a college seminar, under two leadership conditions, teacher leadership and student leadership. The subjects were 12 college students and the course's associate professor. The data were gathered by using R. F. Bale's interaction process analysis. Results indicate that rates of verbal behavior and numbers and rates of paired student-to-student interaction were higher under student leadership than under teacher leadership. In addition, there was a more equitable distribution of responses under student leadership than under teacher leadership.


Couple Awareness And Communication, Gary Johnson Dec 1974

Couple Awareness And Communication, Gary Johnson

Honors Theses

Along with many other psychologists and sociologists, I am alarmed by the rapid increase in divorce rates. Toffler, in Future Shock, suggests one result of increasing technology might be the break up of the basic family unit. Gone are the days of the average couple meeting and settling down in the same town they have always lived in, surrounded by a secure and stable milieu. No longer are most women satisfied to take on the role of housewife, accepting their main responsibility as cleaning, cooking, and clothing their families. A marriage in our increasingly changing society is made up of …


Rehearsal Of The Incorrect Alternative In Verbal Discrimination Learning, David L. Clugston Dec 1974

Rehearsal Of The Incorrect Alternative In Verbal Discrimination Learning, David L. Clugston

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

All memory tasks can be divided into those which require recall and those which require recognition. Recall tasks are considered the more difficult of the two tasks, since a response which is not the same as the stimulus must be produced. Recognition tasks, on the other hand, always have the correct item along with a number of incorrect or distractor items, and thus require only that the correct item be identified (i.e., discriminated from the other stimuli). Thus, the response of a name to the picture of somebody or something is a recall task, while the selection of the correct …


Temporal Patterning In Adjusting Avoidance, Bruce Edward Hamilton Dec 1974

Temporal Patterning In Adjusting Avoidance, Bruce Edward Hamilton

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Prediction Of Turnover In A St. Louis Bank By Use Of A Weighted Application Blank, Soon Meng Tow Dec 1974

Prediction Of Turnover In A St. Louis Bank By Use Of A Weighted Application Blank, Soon Meng Tow

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


An Application Of The Species-Specific Defense Reaction Hypothesis, Michael R. Petersen Dec 1974

An Application Of The Species-Specific Defense Reaction Hypothesis, Michael R. Petersen

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Feeling Good And Helping: Really?, Gregory A. Blevins Dec 1974

Feeling Good And Helping: Really?, Gregory A. Blevins

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Possible Relationships Between Sex-Role Orientation, The Motive To Avoid Success And The Inhibition Of Aggression In Women, Joan Dayger Behn, Barbara Mcduffee Mecca Nov 1974

An Investigation Of Possible Relationships Between Sex-Role Orientation, The Motive To Avoid Success And The Inhibition Of Aggression In Women, Joan Dayger Behn, Barbara Mcduffee Mecca

Dissertations and Theses

In this study, it was proposed that the extent to which an individual accepts the collection of attitudes, mannerisms, and abilities the culture endorses as being feminine or masculine (which we are referring to as sex-role orientation) is related to the appearance of inhibiting fears of social rejection and uneasiness about one’s femininity (which we refer to as the need or motive to avoid success). We further hypothesized that women interested in achievement, being less strongly sex-typed, would feel deviant and exposed as women and would be likely to place a premium on the maintenance of other feminine attributes.

Ever …


Social Work, Sociology, And Social Diagnosis, Harris Chaiklin Oct 1974

Social Work, Sociology, And Social Diagnosis, Harris Chaiklin

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Excerpt from the full-text article:

A new type of scholar-practitioner is needed; one who can contribute to both sociology and social work. To this point sociology has had the advantage because it has more of the needed people than social work; it just won't let them out of the closet. Social work has always been better than its own self-image. Lack of scholarship has hindered organizing and presenting the hard won knowledge which the field has acquired. The way to bring this scattered information together is by developing typologies which are refined in practice and common to both fields. Only …


Future-Time Perspective In Negro And White Adolescents, Anees A. Sheikh, Michael Twerski Oct 1974

Future-Time Perspective In Negro And White Adolescents, Anees A. Sheikh, Michael Twerski

Psychology Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Psychopathology, Responsibility, And Understanding, Michael Pritchard Sep 1974

Psychopathology, Responsibility, And Understanding, Michael Pritchard

Michael Pritchard

No abstract available.


The Convergence Of The Interactionist And Behavioral Approaches To Deviance, Stuart A. Kirk, Eileen D. Gambrill Sep 1974

The Convergence Of The Interactionist And Behavioral Approaches To Deviance, Stuart A. Kirk, Eileen D. Gambrill

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper compares two theoretical perspectives on deviance, the behavioral and interactionist. Although these two perspectives arise from separate disciplines and intellectual traditions, we will argue that their approaches to the study of deviance in general and to mental illness in particular share many basic similarities, as well as some important differences, and that an analysis of each helps us understand the limitations and strengths of the other.

The behavioral and interactionist perspectives are chosen for examination for three reasons. First, it is our opinion that these two theoretical approaches represent the most creative recent work by sociologists and psychologists …


The Effects Of Small Growth Groups On Self-Concept As Measured By The Tennessee Self Concept Scale, Bruce Blythe Sep 1974

The Effects Of Small Growth Groups On Self-Concept As Measured By The Tennessee Self Concept Scale, Bruce Blythe

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The specific problem investigated in the study was to determine the effects that small growth groups would have on the self-concepts of the participants. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was used as a measure. The experimental group (N=30) and the control group (N=30) were comprised of college students enrolled in Introductory Psychology classes at Western Kentucky University. The group members participated in ten sessions over a five week period. An analysis of variance of the split plot design was conducted to measure the hypothesized change in self due to the treatment. The conclusion of this study is that participants in …


The Relative Attenuation Of Self-Stimulation, Eating And Drinking Produced By Dopamine-Receptor Blockade, E. T. Rolls, B. J. Rolls, P. H. Kelly, S. G. Shaw, R. J. Wood, Robert H.I. Dale Sep 1974

The Relative Attenuation Of Self-Stimulation, Eating And Drinking Produced By Dopamine-Receptor Blockade, E. T. Rolls, B. J. Rolls, P. H. Kelly, S. G. Shaw, R. J. Wood, Robert H.I. Dale

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Spiroperidol, which blocks dopamine (DA) receptors, attenuated self-stimulation of the nucleus accumbens, septal area, hippocampus, anterior hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area. Dopamine is thus involved in self-stimulation of many sites (in addition to the lateral hypothalamus). The attenuation was not a simple motor impairment of the speed of bar-pressing in that the nucleus accumbens and septal self-stimulation rates were lower than those in treated animals self-stimulating at other sites (Experiment 1). Feeding was partly attenuated, and drinking was much less attenuated by the spiroperidol. Since the rats bar-pressed for brain- stimulation reward, chewed pellets to eat, and licked a tube …


Cognitive Differentiation And Information Processing, Monica Brien Aug 1974

Cognitive Differentiation And Information Processing, Monica Brien

Student Work

Thirty-eight subjects selected on the basis of extreme REP test scores participated in a task requiring them to make ratings of comfort when presented with hypothetical persons with differing personality attributes. Attribute sets were composed of five bipolar construct dimensions determined individually for each subject by extracting constructs that were mutually unrelated (differentiated) or mutually related (undifferentiated). Subjects rated each of 32 different attribute combinations. It .was expected that the mutually related construct dimensions ot the undifferentiated group would increase the likelihood of cue inconsistency and result in ratings formed on the basis of a nonadditive model of information processing …


Analysis Of The Proctor And Self-Paced Components Of The Personalized System Of Instruction, Janice Joyner Maclin Aug 1974

Analysis Of The Proctor And Self-Paced Components Of The Personalized System Of Instruction, Janice Joyner Maclin

Doctoral Dissertations

The primary purposes of this study were to determine the effect of modifying the proctor and self-paced components of the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI). Research has shown that students in Personalized courses score higher on final exams and rate the course higher than those enrolled in lecture courses. The components of the system have not been manipulated to determine the effect on student performance, progress or attitudes. The first purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of the independent variable of proctors' grades being contingent upon the final examination performance of students assigned to them upon the …


The Positive Effects Of Study Objectives Generalize To Novel Probes, Joan Warmbold Boggs Aug 1974

The Positive Effects Of Study Objectives Generalize To Novel Probes, Joan Warmbold Boggs

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Projective Expression Of Need For Achievement In Women, Robert S. Gibson Aug 1974

The Projective Expression Of Need For Achievement In Women, Robert S. Gibson

Masters Theses

Introduction

Psychologists generally assume that the motive to achieve is one of the major determinants to striving to succeed. A theoretically consistent body of data exists which enables one to predict achievement behavior as a function of the strength of the achievement motive, when it applies to men (Atkinson, 1958; Bardwick, 1971; McClelland, Atkinson, Clark, & Lowell, 1953). However, when one attempts to find psychological data to predict achievement behavior in women, there is difficulty.

The few comparable studies of achievement motivation in females that have been made are neither consistent with the findings for males, not even consistent with …


The Development Of Generalized Imitation In An Autistic Boy, Andrew L. Reitz Aug 1974

The Development Of Generalized Imitation In An Autistic Boy, Andrew L. Reitz

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of An Absence Policy On Attendance And Grades, Judith A. Adelman Aug 1974

The Effects Of An Absence Policy On Attendance And Grades, Judith A. Adelman

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Protestant Ethic Effect With Children In Multi-Choice Environment, Linda Brunick Aug 1974

The Protestant Ethic Effect With Children In Multi-Choice Environment, Linda Brunick

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Nineteen first graders were placed in a four-choice situation which allowed investigation of the "Protestant ethic effect" (PEE). The S's task was to obtain tokens which could be traded for toys and candy. Tokens were available from any or all of the following quadrants (Q): (Q1) a location where the S was allowed the option to manipulate a toggle switch and/or obtain freely accessible tokens, (Q2) a location at which tokens were freely accessible, and (Q4) a work location in which the S received tokens contingent upon the operation of a toggle switch. A …


A Relationship Between The Bender-Gestalt & The Burks Behavior Rating Scale For Organic Brain Dysfunction, Judith Chenet Aug 1974

A Relationship Between The Bender-Gestalt & The Burks Behavior Rating Scale For Organic Brain Dysfunction, Judith Chenet

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Sixty randomly selected first, second, and third graders were rated on the Burks Behavior Rating Scale for Organic Brain Dysfunction and were administered the Bender-Gestalt. The scores from each Burks category were compared to the Koppitz Developmental score on their corresponding Bender-Gestalt protocol. A Spearmar Rho indicated significant correlations (p<.05) between the total Burks score and the Koppitz Bender-Gestalt, the Vegetative-Autonomic scale and the Koppitz Bender- Gestalt, and the Perceptual -Discriminative scale and the Koppitz Bender- Gestalt. A nonsignificant negative correlation was found between the Burks Social-Emotional scale and the Koppitz Bender-Gestalt.


An Interpersonal Investigation Of 'Swinging'- An Alternative Style Of Marriage, John Milton Mccauley Aug 1974

An Interpersonal Investigation Of 'Swinging'- An Alternative Style Of Marriage, John Milton Mccauley

Doctoral Dissertations

As demonstrated by statistics and described by experts, traditional marriage is not proving to be a satisfactory relationship for many. The proportion of divorces is annually rising and the institution of marriage has been described aptly as a calamity. This author conducted an interpersonal study of couples involved in one alternative to traditional marriage--"Swinging."

Subjects were obtained via written letter to those swingers who advertised in a swinging magazine. Eight couples participated in the study. The procedure took place in their homes and averaged about six hours. The procedure consisted of the administration of the complete Leary Interpersonal Analysis, the …


Discussion Procedures In College Teaching, Victor A. Arredondo Aug 1974

Discussion Procedures In College Teaching, Victor A. Arredondo

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Variables Affecting Self Modification Techniques, Patricia Ann Hartlep Aug 1974

An Investigation Of Variables Affecting Self Modification Techniques, Patricia Ann Hartlep

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


A Behavioral-Analysis, Systems Approach In A University-Based, Food Co-Operative, Harry M. Kent Aug 1974

A Behavioral-Analysis, Systems Approach In A University-Based, Food Co-Operative, Harry M. Kent

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Simultaneous But Unequal Response-Independent Pay To Pairs Of Human Subjects On Masseter Emg And Bodily Movements, David M. Keenan Aug 1974

The Effects Of Simultaneous But Unequal Response-Independent Pay To Pairs Of Human Subjects On Masseter Emg And Bodily Movements, David M. Keenan

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.