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Full-Text Articles in Psychology

The Importance Of Sleep For Flexibly Coping With Daily Stress, Calissa Leslie-Miller Jan 2022

The Importance Of Sleep For Flexibly Coping With Daily Stress, Calissa Leslie-Miller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Coping flexibility, the ability to match coping strategy choice to the demands of a situation, has been found to diminish the effects of daily stress. Despite the importance of high levels of coping flexibility, little research has explored factors that can predict one’s ability to demonstrate coping flexibility. One promising avenue for such research is the role of sleep. This research aims to explore the importance of sleep as a predictor of daily coping flexibility across two studies. Study one consists of one hundred and fifty college student participants who were recruited in the Spring 2021 semester at the College …


Error Commission And Aging: Using Single-Trial Movement Kinematics To Decode The Time-Course Of Response Monitoring Processes During Complex Decisions In Older And Younger Adults, Emily Norton Jan 2022

Error Commission And Aging: Using Single-Trial Movement Kinematics To Decode The Time-Course Of Response Monitoring Processes During Complex Decisions In Older And Younger Adults, Emily Norton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

We are constantly making decisions in everyday life that involve interactions with our environment: from simple behaviors like deciding to reach for your cup of coffee to complex behaviors like deciding which route to take to work. It is well known that these decisions require constant monitoring, such that decision-making is not a discrete event and requires initiation, monitoring, and evaluation for success. This process can be seen during error-corrections, in which an initial plan was implemented, an error was recognized, and a new plan was implemented to correct the initial response. While we have learned a great deal about …


Transpersonal In Counselor Education: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Unity Nova Walker Jan 2022

Transpersonal In Counselor Education: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Unity Nova Walker

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The aim of this qualitative study was to capture the experiences of master's levelcounselors-in-training who take transpersonal counseling courses. Instructors of such courses aim both to help students develop competence in counseling clients who have had transpersonal experiences--those that, despite their occurrence beyond the usual limits of reality, are believed by experiencers to be real (Holden, 1999), and to promote counselor development (Walker, 2022). Participants were four students who had completed such a course, two each from two U.S. universities, one located in the Southwest and the other in the East. I conducted a transcendental phenomenological analysis by interviewing participants, …


The Effects Of Explicit And Implicit Racial Bias On Evaluations Of Individuals Involved With The Criminal Justice System, Annabelle Bass Jul 2021

The Effects Of Explicit And Implicit Racial Bias On Evaluations Of Individuals Involved With The Criminal Justice System, Annabelle Bass

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A racialization of crime exists in American society with Black men in particular being associated with crime. The purpose of this research was to examine whether perceptions of criminal sentencing decisions and perceptions of male criminal offenders would vary as a function of race and are associated with explicit and implicit racial bias. Four studies were conducted utilizing a within-subjects design in which participants viewed fictitious case records for Black and White criminal offenders and completed measures of bias and perceptions of the sentencing decision and the offenders themselves. Two studies included samples of White American adults (n = 113 …


Spirtual First Responders: The Experiences Of Imams In Their Mosques During Their Personalized Interactions With The Congregants They Serve, Leila Khalid Warraich Jul 2021

Spirtual First Responders: The Experiences Of Imams In Their Mosques During Their Personalized Interactions With The Congregants They Serve, Leila Khalid Warraich

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this hermeneutic phenomenological study was to explore the experiences of Imams in their mosques during their personalized interactions with the congregants they serve. A review of the literature was conducted, and the theoretical framework of the study was social constructivism. Eight Imams were identified as meeting the criteria for the study. Data collection consisted of a demographic questionnaire, a semi-structured interview, and artifact collection. A hermeneutic phenomenological method was used to analyze the data which resulted in five themes around Imam’s experience with their congregants. Additional findings are also discussed, along with implications, limitations, and future research.


The Dynamics Of Resilience In A Centering Meditation: A Longitudinal Randomized Controlled Trial, Stephanie Dorais Jul 2021

The Dynamics Of Resilience In A Centering Meditation: A Longitudinal Randomized Controlled Trial, Stephanie Dorais

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In use for centuries across nations, meditation is still one of the widely used interventions to promote holistic health. Despite its large research base, many forms of meditation in use still have yet to be subject to empirical research. Centering prayer has been an established contemplative practice since the third century and has recently gained popularity at the turn of the last century. Individuals practiced centering to find stillness and, through the stillness, their inner strength. Due to its lack of empirical evidence, centering practice has primarily remained in religious or contemplative circles outside instead of counseling treatment. Furthermore, it …


I Should Know Better: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis Of New Counselors' Experiences Navigating Their Implicit Biases, Okenna Egwu Jul 2021

I Should Know Better: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis Of New Counselors' Experiences Navigating Their Implicit Biases, Okenna Egwu

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Implicit biases are known to have potentially damaging effects in counselors’ professional work. Although it is widely accepted that all people have these personal and unconscious biases, it has been difficult for researchers to identify strategies for consistently eradicating them on an individual level. To engage in multiculturally competent practice, counselors are directed to make every effort to eliminate latent biases. In order to understand how clinicians go about doing this, Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was employed to explore the nature of counselors’ experiences navigating and addressing their implicit biases. The findings of this study revealed a need for more training …


The Effect Of Supervision Training For School Counselors On Supervision Knowledge And Supervisor Self-Efficacy, Adrienne Marie Backer Jan 2021

The Effect Of Supervision Training For School Counselors On Supervision Knowledge And Supervisor Self-Efficacy, Adrienne Marie Backer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the effect of supervision training on participating school counselors’ supervision knowledge and supervisor self-efficacy. A randomized experimental research design allowed the unbiased examination of outcomes associated with participation in the Site Supervision Training for School Counselors (SST-SC) program. The researcher conducted repeated measures analyses of variance to explore the effect of a seven-week, asynchronous online site supervision training intervention on school counselors’ supervision knowledge and supervisor self-efficacy. The results indicated a statistically significant main effect for time for supervision knowledge, with both groups showing an increase in test scores from pre- to post-test, regardless of participation in …


The Longitudinal Impact Of Moral Injury On Combat Soldiers: A Narrative Inquiry Study, David Gosling Jan 2020

The Longitudinal Impact Of Moral Injury On Combat Soldiers: A Narrative Inquiry Study, David Gosling

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explores the confluence of Narrative Inquiry's three commonplaces of temporality, sociality, and place on the experiences of five combat veterans with combat-designated Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) across the lifespan. In particular, the study examines the longitudinal components of Moral Injury (MI) before, during, and after combat operations. Chapter 4 explores the individual narratives of the participants, Chapter 5 examines common narrative threads between participants, and Chapter 6 is the author's subsequent extrapolations on the subject matter given his own experiences as a combat veteran of the Iraq War.


Personality Profiles And Political Regions: A Latent Profile Analysis Approach, Tianfang Yang Jan 2020

Personality Profiles And Political Regions: A Latent Profile Analysis Approach, Tianfang Yang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Big Five personality traits have been shown to be one important psychological process that underlie differences in political orientation. An abundance of work has found that political conservatism is consistently predicted by trait Conscientiousness, whereas political liberalism is consistently predicted by Openness to Experience. Other work found that political behaviors may be related to regional differences in personality. The present study extended existing work by examining the numbers and features of distinct personality profiles within Republican, Democratic, and swing regions of the United States. To do so, we conducted latent profile analysis (LPA) to determine different personality profiles within different …


Internet-Based Cultural Competence Training For White Undergraduate Students At Predominantly White University, Nyx Robey Jan 2020

Internet-Based Cultural Competence Training For White Undergraduate Students At Predominantly White University, Nyx Robey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Students from underrepresented racial groups experience higher rates of both explicit and subtler forms of racial prejudice and discrimination (Ellis, Powell, Demetriou, Huerta-Bapat, Carmen & Panter, 2019; Harwood et al., 2012; Ray, 2013; Stevens, Liu, & Chen, 2018; Vaccaro, 2010). Cultural competence training may benefit individuals in celebrating culturally-based differences as strengths, cognitively understanding their experience and cognitively empathizing with the experience of others, as well as building skills to better cross-cultural interactions (Glockshuber, 2005; Minami, 2008; Sue et al., 1982; Sue, 2001 Sue & Sue, 2013). This process can be beneficial particularly for White students (Chao, Wei, Good & …


Parent And Peer Emotion Socialization As Predictors Of Adolescent Internalizing Symptomatology: The Role Of Emotion Via Structural Equation Modeling, Molly Elizabeth Miller Jan 2020

Parent And Peer Emotion Socialization As Predictors Of Adolescent Internalizing Symptomatology: The Role Of Emotion Via Structural Equation Modeling, Molly Elizabeth Miller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Parental and peer emotion socialization as well as adolescent emotion regulation are significant predictors of adolescent psychopathology (Gaertner et al., 2010; Shortt et al., 2016). When a parent is unsupportive of their youth's emotional displays, the adolescent is at greater risk for internalizing disorders (Shewark & Blandon, 2015). During adolescence, friends are also socializers of youth's emotions and those peers who respond in validating ways may buffer against the development of internalizing disorders (Bowker & Rubin, 2009). Research analyzing these constructs has relied almost exclusively on one form of measurement (e.g., McKee et al., 2018) and often emotion regulation has …


Mindfulness Moderates The Association Between Internalizing Symptomatology And Emotional Eating, Ti Hsu Jan 2020

Mindfulness Moderates The Association Between Internalizing Symptomatology And Emotional Eating, Ti Hsu

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Emotional eating is defined as the tendency to increase food consumption in order to modify negative emotional states. Although it is counter to the more typical response of decreasing food intake in the face of distress, emotional eating is observed in both eating disordered and healthy populations and is associated with overweight and obesity. Theories on emotional eating attribute its cause to inadequate emotion regulation, specifically an inability to draw awareness to and accept distress. Mindfulness, or the ability to pay attention to one's internal and external experiences, is negatively associated with both emotional eating and psychological distress. Only one …


A Longitudinal Examination Of Problem Behaviors In Children With Incarcerated Fathers Using Latent Growth Curve Analyses, Daryl Hesse Jan 2020

A Longitudinal Examination Of Problem Behaviors In Children With Incarcerated Fathers Using Latent Growth Curve Analyses, Daryl Hesse

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Research has found that children with an incarcerated parent are at greater risk for externalizing behaviors (e.g., Kjellstrand & Eddy, 2011), which are associated with a plethora of developmental consequences including poorer family function (Donenberg & Baker, 1992), less academic achievement (Breslau et al., 2010), and later delinquency (Fergusson & Horwood, 1995). The present study modeled externalizing behaviors for individuals with and without incarcerated fathers. Utilizing latent growth curve analysis (LGCA) models and data from a large, multisite study, we modeled mother-reported problem behaviors from ages 54 months to 15 years. As predicted, on average, externalizing behaviors decreased over time. …


Challenges Finding Employment: An Investigation Of Implicit Vs. Explicit Attitudes Towards Autistic Adults, Bendu Mercy Jackson Jan 2020

Challenges Finding Employment: An Investigation Of Implicit Vs. Explicit Attitudes Towards Autistic Adults, Bendu Mercy Jackson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Despite the pervasiveness of autism (1 in 54), implicit and explicit attitudes towards people with ASD are mainly adverse (Cage et al., 2019). Although in recent years, more research has been conducted to investigate implicit attitudes towards other mental illnesses (Teachman, Wilson, & Komorovskaya, 2006) and physical disabilities (Nosek et al. 2007), few studies have assessed implicit and explicit attitudes toward adults with autism. The main goal of the study was to investigate Non-ASD individuals’ implicit and explicit attitudes toward autistic individuals. We hypothesized that participants would have negative implicit attitudes but report positive explicit attitudes towards autistic individuals, participants …


Measuring Social Ecology: Comparing Perceptions Of Personal And Societal Relational Mobility In Japan And The United States, Caroline Mackenzie Jordan Jan 2020

Measuring Social Ecology: Comparing Perceptions Of Personal And Societal Relational Mobility In Japan And The United States, Caroline Mackenzie Jordan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Relational mobility, i.e., the degree to which individuals are afforded opportunities to voluntarily form and terminate relationships in a given society, is proposed in previous research to underlie many cultural differences in psychology. However, questions remain about how to best measure the construct of relational mobility, and whether to consider relational mobility as a construct existing on the environmental or individual level. In this study, we test the measurement invariance of one proposed alternate measure, the personal mobility scale across the United States (n = 1,698) and Japan (n = 2,224). We then compare correlations between personal mobility and individual …


Trait Absorption: Correlates And Role In A Mindfulness-Based Intervention For Social Anxiety, Joshua Lipson Jan 2020

Trait Absorption: Correlates And Role In A Mindfulness-Based Intervention For Social Anxiety, Joshua Lipson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Trait absorption, defined by Tellegen and Atkinson (1974) as “a disposition for having episodes of ‘total’ attention that fully engage one’s representational … resouces”, has been explored in connection to placebo response, mystical experience, religiosity, and synesthesia. However, absorption has not been explored as a predictor of psychotherapeutic outcomes. Over the course of two studies, we sought to gain an understanding of absorption’s trait-level associations, as well as its role as a predictor of social anxiety reduction after a brief mindfulness paradigm. Namely, we hypothesized that individuals higher in trait absorption would experience larger reductions in social anxiety after a …


Investigating Facilitation Strategies And Engagement In Correctional Mindfulness Programs: A Grounded Theory, Alexander Joseph Seth Hilert Jan 2020

Investigating Facilitation Strategies And Engagement In Correctional Mindfulness Programs: A Grounded Theory, Alexander Joseph Seth Hilert

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Mindfulness has received growing attention as an empowering approach for the treatment of addiction and mental health disorders in the criminal justice system. Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, this study explored the teaching practices of volunteers who currently facilitate mindfulness programs in correctional settings. A total of fifteen volunteer meditation teachers and three former group members were interviewed. The researcher utilized interview data to construct a grounded theory which conceptualizes the barriers volunteers face, helpful facilitation strategies, and factors which promote and threaten the engagement of group members. The results of this grounded theory illustrate culturally responsive facilitation strategies …


Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo Jan 2019

Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Distress tolerance (DT), or the ability to effectively withstand aversive internal experiences, is related to diverse physical and mental health benefits, including resilience to depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. DT might prevent health problems by promoting more adaptive and less maladaptive emotion regulation decisions in the face of stressful events. The present study—a pilot investigation that is the basis for a forthcoming study—tested this hypothesis by examining between- and within-person associations of DT with a repertoire of 12 common emotion regulation strategies. We recruited 25 high-anxiety university students to complete surveys of DT and emotion regulation efforts in response to …


The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart Jan 2019

The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There are a multitude of factors that influence college students’ mental health. Among such factors, there is little research on the influence of family functioning, social competence, and social support on the mental health of college students. This quantitative research study examined the relationships among the identified variables utilizing structural equation modeling. Results indicate that although there are relationships between each variable, the a priori theoretical model established by the researcher did not fit the data well. Implications for mental health practitioners and researchers are explored in light of the researcher’s findings.


Age-Related Differences In Inhibitory Function: Investigation Of Simon And Flanker Conflicts In Erps, Rachel Scrivano Jan 2019

Age-Related Differences In Inhibitory Function: Investigation Of Simon And Flanker Conflicts In Erps, Rachel Scrivano

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

It is unclear whether or not older adults experience more difficulty managing cognitive conflict by inhibiting distracting stimuli and/or ignoring irrelevant information than younger adults. A common procedure used to measure inhibitory function is through the use of congruent and incongruent stimuli. Specifically, past literature that used tasks like the Simon and flanker have found differing effects on reaction times and various event-related potential (ERP) amplitudes and latencies, suggesting that either inhibitory function is a unitary mechanism or multifaceted. Moreover, research exhibits uncertainty for whether or not age influences deficits to inhibitory function. Another way to measure inhibitory deficits with …


The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin Aug 2018

The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a Narrative Analysis of the hidden strengths and positive qualities inherent to identified psychiatric diagnosis. Seven individuals were interviewed on two occasions and also corresponded with me via email and telephone. Analysis of individual narratives yielded common thematic elements and common plot points, these factors were further analyzed and contemplated in the light of their implications for the Counseling profession. an informed critique of the research design is presented, followed by implications and suggestions for future research.


Distinguishing Between Goosebumps, Tingling, Coldness, And Shivers According To Affective Composition, Lena Marie Wadsworth Aug 2018

Distinguishing Between Goosebumps, Tingling, Coldness, And Shivers According To Affective Composition, Lena Marie Wadsworth

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"The chills" refers to a set of bodily sensations – goosebumps, tingling, coldness, and shivers – that accompany emotion. Maruskin, Thrash and Elliot (2012) identified two higher order clusters of chills sensations that differed in affective tone. "Goosetingles" tend to accompany positive emotions, tend to be elicited by reward-related stimuli, and enhance feelings of closeness with others. "Coldshivers" tend to accompany negative emotions, tend to be elicited by threat-related stimuli, and enhance feelings of social isolation. Factor analyses have also identified four lower order factors of chills (goosebumps, tingling, coldness, and shivers), but validity research has not established distinct nomological …


The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck Jul 2018

The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Contrary to traditional theories that religious morals influence sexual attitudes, recent research has found that controlling for sexual attitudes largely reduces associations between various moral views and religiosity. Based on these findings, the reproductive religiosity model was proposed in which being sexually restricted leads individuals to increase their religious involvement. However, the model a) does not account for religious belief and b) claims that sexual behavior mediates the effect of various variables on church attendance without employing a mediation model. to address these points, this study tests reproductive variables in a multiple regression to examine their ability to independently predict …


Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod Jun 2018

Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Physiological stress reactivity is closely linked to emotional disorders like depression and anxiety and is believed to play a causal role in their development. Similar patterns of exaggerated reactivity across a wide range of emotional disorders indicate that physiological hyperreactivity to stress may be a multifinal, or shared, risk factor for these disorders. However, current literature examines stress reactivity in only one or two disorders at a time and is based off categorical classification systems that assume mental disorders to be discrete entities. Recent research into the observed distribution of symptoms of mental illness contests this assumption and proposes that …


Motive-Goal Congruence, Imagination, And Well-Being: A Longitudinal Analysis With A Structural Equation Model, Yoon Young Sim Apr 2018

Motive-Goal Congruence, Imagination, And Well-Being: A Longitudinal Analysis With A Structural Equation Model, Yoon Young Sim

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to 1) examine individual differences in, and the 2) temporal precedence among, the motive-goal congruence, imagination, and well-being. I hypothesized that participants high in congruence will be high in spontaneous imagination and well-being assessments. For the temporal precedence, I proposed motive-goal congruence precedes spontaneous imagination and that spontaneous imagination precedes well-being. I employed the random intercepts cross-lagged panel model (RI-CLPM), the statistical model in which fully separate the within-person level from the between-person level. the current research partially supported the hypotheses with its detection of between-person level difference. Some possible reasons for the lack …


Parent And Friend Emotion Socialization As Correlates Of Adolescent Eating Behavior, Margaret Eileen Cameron Apr 2018

Parent And Friend Emotion Socialization As Correlates Of Adolescent Eating Behavior, Margaret Eileen Cameron

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Eating disorders and disordered eating affect about half a million teenagers in the United States. Restrained eating is a type of disordered eating behavior where individuals limit their food intake to avoid weight gain, maintain their current weight, or lose weight. Although researchers have examined numerous predictors of this eating style, there are gaps in the literature related to the role of emotion socialization on restrained eating. Parents and peers continually interact with adolescents; as such, both groups often witness adolescents’ emotion expressivity behaviors. They can respond supportively or unsupportively and these responses contribute to adolescents’ emotion regulation strategies. The …


The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus Jan 2018

The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

According to Stamm (2010), variables in counselors’ work environment, personal environment, and client environment precipitate the development of compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue, which comprises secondary traumatic stress and burnout, is an occupational hazard for counselors, and new counselors are especially vulnerable. A supervisory style that exhibits servant leadership traits may provide necessary support and counteract compassion fatigue symptoms for counseling residents. Servant leadership shares many philosophical assumptions of the counseling profession and addresses the administrative challenges many clinical supervisors face today (Evans, Wright, Murphy, & Maki, 2016). A sample of 241 counseling residents participated in the study and completed several …


Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl Jan 2018

Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This work explores the utility of using magnitude (ERSP), phase angle (ITPC), and cross-frequency coupling (PAC) indices derived from electroencephalogram (EEG) recording using spectral decomposition as unique biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), respectively. The experimental protocol was a visual oddball discrimination task conducted during a brief (approximately 20 minute) recording session. Participants were 60 older adults from an outpatient memory clinic diagnosed with either aMCI (n=29; M=73.0; SD=9.32) or AD (n=31; M=78.29; SD=8.28) according to NIA-AA criteria. Results indicate that ITPC values differ significantly between AD and MCI groups. Findings contribute to a growing …


The Effects Of Intranasal Orexin-A On Mk-801-Induced Attentional Deficits: Addressing Cognitive Impairment In An Nmda Receptor Hypofunction Model Of Schizophrenia, Eden Blake-Lea Maness Aug 2017

The Effects Of Intranasal Orexin-A On Mk-801-Induced Attentional Deficits: Addressing Cognitive Impairment In An Nmda Receptor Hypofunction Model Of Schizophrenia, Eden Blake-Lea Maness

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Schizophrenia (SZ) is a debilitating condition wherein those afflicted experience positive symptoms, including hallucinations and delusions, as well as negative symptoms, including alterations of processing affecting cognition and social interactions. The NMDA receptor hypofunction model of SZ asserts that a reduction in hippocampal NMDA receptor input produces the pathology of this disorder, promoting excessive frontocortical excitatory neurotransmission – particularly overstimulation of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons – that ultimately impairs cognitive and sensorimotor processes. Orexin-A (OxA), a neuropeptide principally involved in wakefulness and appetitive behaviors, has been shown to demonstrate cognitive-enhancing qualities in models of psychiatric and neurodegenerative illness. In the …