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Full-Text Articles in Psychology

Mental Health Psychosocial And Child Protection For Syrian Adolescent Refugees In Jordan, Irene Lopez May 2016

Mental Health Psychosocial And Child Protection For Syrian Adolescent Refugees In Jordan, Irene Lopez

Irene Lopez

In order to ensure effective and appropriate interventions, International Medical Corps (IMC), with support from UNICEF, undertook detailed studies to understand the mental health and psychosocial (MHPSS) needs of Syrian refugee adolescents both in the camp and non-camp communities in Jordan. The purpose of the assessment is to assist in informing services that optimally encourage adolescent development, safety, and well-being. This report calls critical attention to Syrian adolescents' mental health and psychosocal priorities, as identified by adolescents themselves. This report provides an overview of the study, which used mixed qualitative and quantitative methods with 2028 Syrian adolescent refugees in five …


Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

The objective of our study was to implement assessment measures concerning the professional development of psychology majors (APA Goal #5). Sophomore and senior-level psychology majors completed a battery of measures and we examined those outcomes for the expected developmental changes over time.


Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

We studied 21 junior-level psychology majors and their critical thinking and statistical reasoning skills. Modifying the Lawson et al. (2015) scoring rubric, we measured both critical thinking ability and developed a new measure of statistical reasoning. Tese methods may help psychology educators assess student competence within APA Goal 2.


Apa Guidelines For The Undergraduate Psychology Major, Version 2.0, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Apa Guidelines For The Undergraduate Psychology Major, Version 2.0, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

[No abstract available.]


To Go Or Not To Go: Graduate Study In Psychology, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Matthew Genuchi, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

To Go Or Not To Go: Graduate Study In Psychology, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Matthew Genuchi, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

We examined if providing students with resources can make a difference in the consideration of graduate school regarding self-efficacy, certainty, confidence, and awareness. Twenty-six first-year psychology majors were randomly assigned to one of four study conditions, and also completed a 16-item pretest-posttest survey about graduate school intentions.


Becoming Psychologically Literate: Responding To Those With Symptoms Of Depression, Amy C. Blommer, Sophia A. Garcia, Claire Short, Eric Amsel, R. Eric Landrum, Regan Gurung Apr 2016

Becoming Psychologically Literate: Responding To Those With Symptoms Of Depression, Amy C. Blommer, Sophia A. Garcia, Claire Short, Eric Amsel, R. Eric Landrum, Regan Gurung

R. Eric Landrum

Three samples totaling over 1000 participants read a scenario about a potentially depressed person who solicited their advice. Participant responses were coded for the level of psychological literacy expressed, which increased with a college education in psychology. Te results suggest psychology students are learning to become psychologically literate.


Attitudes Towards Anorexia Nervosa: Volitional Stigma Differences In A Sample Of Pre-Clinical Medicine And Psychology Students, Amy Bannatyne, Peta Stapleton Apr 2016

Attitudes Towards Anorexia Nervosa: Volitional Stigma Differences In A Sample Of Pre-Clinical Medicine And Psychology Students, Amy Bannatyne, Peta Stapleton

Peta B. Stapleton

Background:

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a highly stigmatised condition, with treatment often involving multidisciplinary care. As such, understanding and comparing the attitudes of emerging mental health and medical professionals towards AN, within the content of sex-based differences, is pertinent to facilitate the development of targeted stigma interventions.

Aims:

Examine the volitional stigmatisation of AN in emerging medical and mental health professionals.

Method:

Participants (N = 126) were medical (n = 41) and psychology students (n = 85) who completed a range of attitudinal outcome measures (e.g. Causal Attributions Scale, Eating Disorder Stigma Scale, Opinions Scale, Characteristics Scale and Affective Reaction …


Psychological Capital, Adaptability, Coping With Change, And Employee Engagement In A Multinational Company, Richard E. Hicks, Eva-Maria Knies Apr 2016

Psychological Capital, Adaptability, Coping With Change, And Employee Engagement In A Multinational Company, Richard E. Hicks, Eva-Maria Knies

Richard Hicks

The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) affected many organizations across the world. There are numerous studies that have examined the financial impacts on organizations and employees but few that have investigated the human capabilities and qualities of employees who survived the crisis. The current study examined the relationships among Psychological Capital (PsyCap: involving self-efficacy, optimism, hope and resilience), individual and organizational adaptability in handling change, and employee engagement after the GFC of 2009, in a multinational organization with headquarters in Europe. The sample totaled 183 employees from across Europe, the US, and Asia. The Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Utrecht Work Engagement …


American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander Apr 2016

American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander Apr 2016

American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


Understanding Violence, Elizabeth Englander Apr 2016

Understanding Violence, Elizabeth Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

What impels human beings to harm others - family members or strangers? And how can these impulses and actions be prevented or contolled? Heightened public awareness of, and concern about, what is widely perceived as a recent explosion of violence - on a spectrum from domestic abuse to street crimes - has motivated behavioural and social scientists to cast new light on old questions. Many hypotheses have been offered. This volume sorts, structures and evaluates them. The author draws on contemporary research and theory in varied fields - sociology, clinical psychology, psychiatry, social work, neuropsychology, behavioural genetics, child development and …


American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander Apr 2016

American Violence: Where Does The Danger Really Come From?, Elizabeth Kandel-Englander

Elizabeth K Englander PhD

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse Clients: An Empirical Study Of Clinical Psychology Trainees, Chandra Mundon, Melissa Anderson, Lisa Najavits Mar 2016

Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse Clients: An Empirical Study Of Clinical Psychology Trainees, Chandra Mundon, Melissa Anderson, Lisa Najavits

Melissa L. Anderson

Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) and its frequent comorbidity with mental illness, individuals with SUD are less likely to receive effective SUD treatment from mental health practitioners than SUD counselors. Limited competence and interest in treating this clinical population are likely influenced by a lack of formal training in SUD treatment. Using a factorial survey-vignette design that included three clinical vignettes and a supplementary survey instrument, we investigated whether clinical psychology doctoral students differ in their level of negative emotional reactions toward clients with SUD versus major depressive disorder (MDD); whether they differ in their attributions …


Dealing With Student Anxiety, Diane Suffridge Feb 2016

Dealing With Student Anxiety, Diane Suffridge

Diane A. Suffridge

A presentation on how university faculty can recognize and deal with student anxiety.


Relationships Among Transformational And Transactional Leadership Styles, Role Pressures, Stress Levels, And Coping Resources In Senior Queensland Catholic Education Executives, Lynette Hand, Richard Hicks, Mark Bahr Feb 2016

Relationships Among Transformational And Transactional Leadership Styles, Role Pressures, Stress Levels, And Coping Resources In Senior Queensland Catholic Education Executives, Lynette Hand, Richard Hicks, Mark Bahr

Mark Bahr

There is considerable research available on general organizational leadership but limited research in relation to religious educational organizations and the leadership styles of executive staff. The Queensland Catholic Education (QCE) executives are thought to emphasize transformational more than transactional leadership styles but little information is available on the relationships of these styles to stress within the faith-based organizations, and to the role stressors faced and levels of coping resources. This paper reports on a study of 136 QCE executive leaders (of the total 220 executives) relating leadership styles adopted, strain (stress) experienced, personal coping resources, and selected role stressors (role …


Ability To Recall Specific Detail And General Detail (Gist) In Young Old, Middle Old, And Older Adults, Victoria Alexander, Mark Bahr, Richard Hicks Feb 2016

Ability To Recall Specific Detail And General Detail (Gist) In Young Old, Middle Old, And Older Adults, Victoria Alexander, Mark Bahr, Richard Hicks

Mark Bahr

Declining cognition has been associated with detrimental consequences such as decline in independence and reduced quality of life. If we can understand the nature of the decline, we may be able to reduce the detrimental consequences. It seems that with increasing age we remember the general detail of the stimuli, rather than the specific details. Recall of general information but failure to identify the specific instances previously known or studied is termed gist error, and this is seen to be indicative of age related change in memory. Previous studies have compared younger vs older age groups; meaning that the time …


Athletic Participation, Fraternity Membership, And Sexual Aggression Among College Men: A Meta-Analytic Review, Sarah Murnen, Marla Kohlman Jan 2016

Athletic Participation, Fraternity Membership, And Sexual Aggression Among College Men: A Meta-Analytic Review, Sarah Murnen, Marla Kohlman

Marla Kohlman

A meta-analysis of the data relating either college athletic participation or fraternity membership to attitudes and behaviors associated with sexual aggression was conducted with 29 studies which yielded 57 effect sizes. Membership in each male group was associated to a moderate extent with rape-supportive attitudes, and to a smaller extent with self-report of sexually aggressive behavior. There was much variability in the data that could be partially predicted by variables such as the size of the college, the validity of the study, and the age of the research participants. The involvement of these all-male groups in the perpetuation of hypermasculine …


Symptom Patterns Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Deaf Trauma Survivors, Melissa Anderson, Amanda Sortwell, Kelly Wolf Craig, Douglas Ziedonis Jan 2016

Symptom Patterns Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Deaf Trauma Survivors, Melissa Anderson, Amanda Sortwell, Kelly Wolf Craig, Douglas Ziedonis

Melissa L. Anderson

Details about Deaf people’s pattern of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms remain relatively unknown due to inaccessible methods used in most epidemiological research. We conducted semi-structured American Sign Language interviews with 16 trauma-exposed Deaf individuals to explore their PTSD symptom patterns. Half met criteria for current PTSD, a rate higher than the general population. Underlying this disparity may be heightened rates of dissociation and psychogenic amnesia reported by many Deaf trauma survivors. Future research with large samples of Deaf survivors is needed to clarify this hypothesis, and to inform interventions that more accurately target Deaf people’s pattern of trauma symptoms.


Applying The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model Of Hiv- Risk To Youth In Psychiatric Care, Geri Donenberg, Rebecca Schwartz, Erin Emerson, Helen Wilson, Fred Bryant, Gloria Coleman Jan 2016

Applying The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model Of Hiv- Risk To Youth In Psychiatric Care, Geri Donenberg, Rebecca Schwartz, Erin Emerson, Helen Wilson, Fred Bryant, Gloria Coleman

Fred B. Bryant

This study examined the utility of cognitive and behavioral constructs (AIDS in-formation, motivation, and behavioral skills) in explaining sexual risk taking among 172 12–20–year-old ethnically diverse urban youths in outpatient psy-chiatric care. Structural equation modeling revealed only moderate support for the model, explaining low to moderate levels of variance in global sexual risk taking. The amount of explained variance improved when age was included as a predictor in the model. Findings shed light on the contribution of AIDS informa-tion, motivation, and behavioral skills to risky sexual behavior among teens re-ceiving outpatient psychiatric care. Results suggest that cognitive and behavioral factors …


Self-Other Disturbance In Borderline Personality Disorder: Neural, Self-Report, And Performance-Based Evidence, Michael Hallquist, Joesph Beeney, William Ellison, Kenneth Levy Dec 2015

Self-Other Disturbance In Borderline Personality Disorder: Neural, Self-Report, And Performance-Based Evidence, Michael Hallquist, Joesph Beeney, William Ellison, Kenneth Levy

William D Ellison

Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display an impoverished sense of self and representations of self and others that shift between positive and negative poles. However, little research has investigated the nature of representational disturbance in BPD. The present study takes a multimodal approach. A card sort task was used to investigate complexity, integration, and valence of self-representation in BPD. Impairment in maintenance of self and other representations was assessed using a personality representational maintenance task. Finally, functional MRI (fMRI) was used to assess whether individuals with BPD show neural abnormalities related specifically to the self and what brain areas …


Gender And Theory Of Mind In Preschoolers’ Group Effort: Evidence For Timing Differences Behind Children’S Earliest Social Loafing, Robert Thompson, Bill Thornton Dec 2015

Gender And Theory Of Mind In Preschoolers’ Group Effort: Evidence For Timing Differences Behind Children’S Earliest Social Loafing, Robert Thompson, Bill Thornton

Bill Thornton

This study explored mental state reasoning within the context of group effort and possible differences in development between boys and girls. Preschool children (59 girls, 47 boys) were assessed for theory of mind (ToM) ability using classic false belief tests. Children participated in group effort conditions that alternated from one condition, where individual effort was transparent and obvious, to one where individual effort remained anonymous. The aim was to investigate if emergent mental state reasoning, after controlling for age, was associated with the well-known phenomenon of reduced effort in group tasks (“social loafing”). Girls had slightly higher ToM scores and …


Social Motivation Is Associated With Elevated Salivary Cortisol In Boys With An Asd, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos Nov 2015

Social Motivation Is Associated With Elevated Salivary Cortisol In Boys With An Asd, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos

Vicki Bitsika

Because social communication difficulties and stress are common in children with an ASD, and because it has been hypothesised that the two are related, the association between these two variables was investigated in a sample of 90 boys with an ASD and who were aged between 6 years and 12 years of age. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) was completed by the parents of these boys about their sons, plus salivary cortisol samples were collected from the boys. Results indicated that only one aspect of the boys' SRS was significantly correlated with cortisol—Social Motivation (SM). Factor analyses revealed two discrete …


Measuring Depression In Prostate Cancer Patients: Does The Scale Used Make A Difference?, Christopher Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David Christie, Myra Hunter Nov 2015

Measuring Depression In Prostate Cancer Patients: Does The Scale Used Make A Difference?, Christopher Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David Christie, Myra Hunter

Vicki Bitsika

This study investigated differences in the scores, relative severity and major depressive disorder (MDD) and subsyndromal depression status from three standardised self-report scales for depression in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression subscale (HADS-D), the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression were administered to a sample of 138 PCa patients via mail-out self-reports in Queensland, Australia during May 2014. Despite significant correlations between the total scores from the three scales, severity classification differed across the three scales and there was evidence of considerable underestimation of depression by the HADS-D …


Age-Related Differences In The Association Between Stereotypic Behaviour And Salivary Cortisol In Young Males With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos Nov 2015

Age-Related Differences In The Association Between Stereotypic Behaviour And Salivary Cortisol In Young Males With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos

Vicki Bitsika

To identify if age influenced the relationship between one of the central symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and physiological stress, the association between stereotypic behaviour (SB) and stress-related cortisol concentrations was examined in a sample of 150 young males with an ASD. Parent-rated SB was significantly correlated with cortisol concentrations for boys aged 6 years to 12 years but not for adolescents aged 13 years to 18 years. This age-related difference in this association was not a function of cortisol concentrations but was related to differences in SB across these two age groups. IQ did not have a significant …


Profiling Arson, Katarina Fritzon, Rebekah Doley, Ryan Bell Nov 2015

Profiling Arson, Katarina Fritzon, Rebekah Doley, Ryan Bell

Ryan Bell

Overview: Criminal psychological profiling is the forensic technique of inferring personal, psychological, demographic, and behavioral characteristics of offenders based on crime scene evidence. While the majority of research concerning criminal pro-filing has been focused on the investigation of crimes of sexual violence such as murder and rape, criminal psychological profiling is frequently described as being applicable to the investigation of serial arson crimes, and the frequency with which psychological profiling has been used in the investigation of arson crimes has been growing steadily over the past 30 years (Drabsch 2004; Kocsis 2004, 2006; Turvey1999). This current entry reviews the growing …


Diabetes And Sleep Disorders: A Synergism That Complicates Neurological Treatment, Pennie Seibert, Michael Mooney, Rachel Aguilar, Elora Williams, Katherine Nissans Nov 2015

Diabetes And Sleep Disorders: A Synergism That Complicates Neurological Treatment, Pennie Seibert, Michael Mooney, Rachel Aguilar, Elora Williams, Katherine Nissans

Pennie S. Seibert

No abstract provided.


Parkinson’S Disease: Comparing Impacts On General Health And Well-Being Experienced By Individuals With Pd And Their Caregivers, Pennie Seibert, Colleen Poulton, Jory Peredes Nov 2015

Parkinson’S Disease: Comparing Impacts On General Health And Well-Being Experienced By Individuals With Pd And Their Caregivers, Pennie Seibert, Colleen Poulton, Jory Peredes

Pennie S. Seibert

No abstract provided.


Working In The Music: Advancing Clinical Practice Skills, Nancy Jackson, Annie Heiderscheit, Susan Gardstrom, James Hiller Nov 2015

Working In The Music: Advancing Clinical Practice Skills, Nancy Jackson, Annie Heiderscheit, Susan Gardstrom, James Hiller

Susan Gardstrom

This experiential workshop is designed to assist experienced music therapy clinicians in advancing their clinical practice skills by participating in and processing music psychotherapy methods and interventions. Presenters will provide case illustrations, facilitate experiential exercises, and demonstrate how to maximize the power of music, effectively process the therapeutic experience,and develop an evidence-based practice. Approved for 5 CMTEs


Black Male College Achievers And Resistant Responses To Racist Stereotypes At Predominantly White Colleges And Universities, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D. Oct 2015

Black Male College Achievers And Resistant Responses To Racist Stereotypes At Predominantly White Colleges And Universities, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

In this article, Shaun R. Harper investigates how Black undergraduate men respond to and resist the internalization of racist stereotypes at predominantly White colleges and universities. Prior studies consistently show that racial stereotypes are commonplace on many campuses, that their effects are usually psychologically and academically hazardous, and that Black undergraduate men are often among the most stereotyped populations in higher education and society. The threat of confirming stereotypes has been shown to undermine academic performance and persistence for Blacks and other minoritized students. To learn more about those who succeed in postsecondary contexts where they are routinely stereotyped, Harper …


Mood And Emotion Control: Some Thoughts On The State Of The Field, Dianne Tice, Harry Wallace Oct 2015

Mood And Emotion Control: Some Thoughts On The State Of The Field, Dianne Tice, Harry Wallace

Harry M. Wallace

The myriad perspectives and topics introduced by the authors and commentators in this issue highlight the complexities of the current state of affect regulation research. The viewpoints expressed were incredibly diverse yet relatively few of these viewpoints were contradictory or redundant. This demonstrates the fertility of affect regulation as a research area but it presents problems for authors facing the task of literature integration. The authors, as well as the commentators, differed in their methods, definitions, emphasis, perspective, and breadth of scope. This diversity of approaches reflects the current state of the field of affect regulation: There is no dominant …