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Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann Jan 2019

Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Decades after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) demonized Confucianism as a backwards philosophy, Confucianism has once again become popular in Chinese political culture and society. This paper investigates how the president of the People's Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is using Confucian rhetoric to legitimize himself and the CCP. The paper explores the Chinese people's search for a national moral identity, the resurgence of Confucianism, and finally examines the speech Xi gave on the 40th Anniversary of the Reforms and Opening-up.


Chinese Government’S Inability To Use Film – One Of The Most Powerful Cultural Tools Of Soft Power Expansion – To Achieve Its Soft Power Expansion Goals: Lessons For China To Tackle Its Soft Power-Deficit Problem, Kyungin Kim Nov 2018

Chinese Government’S Inability To Use Film – One Of The Most Powerful Cultural Tools Of Soft Power Expansion – To Achieve Its Soft Power Expansion Goals: Lessons For China To Tackle Its Soft Power-Deficit Problem, Kyungin Kim

International Political Economy Theses

Many scholars of Chinese soft power commonly believe that despite the fact that China has been working hard to achieve successful soft power expansion, one of the biggest factors that leads to Chinese soft power deficit or failure of the Chinese government to effectively trump “China threat” is its inability to use its cultural industries as a tool to fulfill its soft power expansion goals. This is a major obstacle to China in achieving its goal of successful Chinese soft power expansion, as it is said that culture is the most traditional and powerful source of soft power expansion. This ...


An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok Jan 2018

An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Corruption is a well-documented problem in China, as well as many other developed and undeveloped countries across the world. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries that have undergone rapid economic transformation, allowing large amounts of wealth to fall into the hands of a select few individuals. Although corruption has been researched extensively, what is less covered are potential solutions that the country, and others looking to carry out similar reform, could use to combat corruption most effectively. As China has transitioned from a planned economy to a market economy, and the economy has become more powerful than ever, corruption ...


A Political Ecology Of Information: Media And The Dilemma Of State Power In China, Michael L. Miller Jun 2017

A Political Ecology Of Information: Media And The Dilemma Of State Power In China, Michael L. Miller

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, I employ a Weberian concept of social power in order to theorize the challenges posed by, and the varieties of state response to, the dilemma of state power: the need of all states to empower societies with social capacities that may, in turn, threaten state interests. Through a comparison of traditional and new forms of media in China, I show that rather than posing qualitatively new types of challenges to authoritarian states, new media exacerbate the dilemma of state power. They do so because along each of three dimensions of social control, new media shift the relationship ...


Failure Or Adjustment?: An Analysis Of The Slowing Growth Of The Chinese Economy, Kay G. Degraw Jan 2017

Failure Or Adjustment?: An Analysis Of The Slowing Growth Of The Chinese Economy, Kay G. Degraw

Honors Theses

With GDP growth for the 2016 fiscal year reported at 6.7%, it appears that the Chinese economy has departed from the three-decade period in which GDP growth averaged plus-10%. While both academic journals and media outlets have accredited this slowdown to a variety of factors, existing research has failed to conflate the economic and political factors into a comprehensive explanation. Consequently, this thesis examines the causative factors behind the slowing of the Chinese economy though the analysis of three contesting plausibility probes centered on the impact of corruption, statism, and structural economic change. The results of the plausibility probes ...


Comparative Study Of British-Argentine Relations And Chinese-Argentine Relations: A Look At Core-Periphery Models, Maggie Flynn Apr 2016

Comparative Study Of British-Argentine Relations And Chinese-Argentine Relations: A Look At Core-Periphery Models, Maggie Flynn

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

This paper addresses the exploitative relationship seen amongst core-periphery areas as described in world systems theory through analyzing relations between Argentina and China as well as other trade partners. Looking at trends in trade, including general commodity trade statistics and trade of primary versus non-primary products, this study aims to demonstrate the growing treatment of Argentina as a periphery in relation to China as a core in contrast to Argentina’s relatively fixed status with the rest of its trade partners. The study also looks at Chinese investments in infrastructure that help support the idea of a core-periphery relationship from ...


The Prospect Of Democracy: China’S Possibility Of Political Reform, Chase Thomas Jan 2016

The Prospect Of Democracy: China’S Possibility Of Political Reform, Chase Thomas

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

What factors help or hinder democratization in China? Democracy in China is not an unknown term, but the difficulty of making “democratic” reforms in China has raised the question of if China will democratize. This literature review and analysis will examine the factors, which help or hinder democratization in China through economic and cultural means. By using a literature review as well as reviewing the concepts of democracy and prerequisites thereof, three scenarios for democratization will be determined. Through the use of the information provided in the latter, I predict that while democracy is possible in China, the state will ...


The Power Of Creativity: How Web-Based Parody Encourages Chinese Civil Participation, Amber Boczar Jan 2015

The Power Of Creativity: How Web-Based Parody Encourages Chinese Civil Participation, Amber Boczar

International ResearchScape Journal

This article investigates that relationship between e’gao (parody using web-based media) and Chinese civil participation. E’gao (恶搞 EUH-gow) uses videos, images, and text based campaigns that use humor to remove fear of political commentary and action. By detailing the development of China’s internet use, and the creation of the e’gao movement, I argue that e’gao removes the fear of participating in campaigns and movements, which criticize government policy and actions on both local and state levels, by using humor and anonymity of large online numbers. E’gao can provide a way for the common citizens ...


Goodbye To Europe And Hello To Asia: The New Imperialism Of “Chindia” In Africa, Sybil Gelin (Class Of 2014) Jan 2014

Goodbye To Europe And Hello To Asia: The New Imperialism Of “Chindia” In Africa, Sybil Gelin (Class Of 2014)

Writing Across the Curriculum

In 2006, the Chinese government released its first ever Africa policy paper. In the document, the government of China announced its plans to forge a strong and enduring relationship with Africa on the basis of four ideals: mutual tolerance despite differing ideologies, cooperation in international politics, economic intercourse predicated upon fairness, and observance of Africa’s right to choose its own path to economic development.[1] This document, along with the third Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (or FOCAC) (at which more than forty-five African leaders gathered to discuss the future of China-Africa relations), served as a springboard for future Chinese ...


China's Soft Power Offensive In The United States: Cultural Diplomacy, Media Campaigning, And Congressional Lobbying, Kalika A. Tullock Jan 2013

China's Soft Power Offensive In The United States: Cultural Diplomacy, Media Campaigning, And Congressional Lobbying, Kalika A. Tullock

CMC Senior Theses

As China’s economic and military power develops and expands, it has been focusing recent efforts on upgrading its soft power in order to quell concerns and apprehensions about its rise. As the two most powerful nations in the world, China and the United States have both attached great importance to Sino-U.S. relations, recognizing that the structure of the future global community will be largely dependent upon these two countries effectively collaborating in shaping the global structure and improving global issues. Facing an American public that views China as a threat and competitor, as well as Western media that ...


Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg Oct 2012

Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

In releasing the United States Department of Defense’s (DoD) Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense and Defense Budget Priorities and Choices in January 2012, President Barack Obama and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta offered a rationale for the administration’s reductions in defense spending. By stating that the shift in strategic direction is an effort to “put our fiscal house in order” and a response to the 2011 Budget Control Act, which requires DoD to reduce spending by $487 billion between fiscal years 2012 and 2021, the United States’ NATO partners in Europe were given ...


From Cheeseburgers To Chopsticks, Caitlin Byrne Jul 2011

From Cheeseburgers To Chopsticks, Caitlin Byrne

Caitlin Byrne

Extract: In the post Cold-War globalized world, Australian diplomats are entering into unchartered waters. At a strategic level, Australia's domestic and foreign policy priorities-including climate change, regional and global security and economic stability-are increasingly global in nature. At the same time, the international geopolitical order is undergoing profound change. The rise and rise of China, the emergence of India and the corresponding decline in the unchallenged paramountcy of the USA are powerful factors challenging the foundations of the international order. Such changes could signal the end of the Western liberal order, so how should Australia prepare? This case finds ...


China And The New Asia: Policy Recommendations, Tasha N. Haug Apr 2011

China And The New Asia: Policy Recommendations, Tasha N. Haug

Senior Honors Theses

The People’s Republic of China is an indispensable political and economic force in Asia. With the majority of the United States’ foreign economic interests invested in the Asia-Pacific region, the leading role that China is taking is a major concern. The Asia-Pacific region is strategically important to the US. How US policy makers craft foreign policy toward Asia has a direct impact on US involvement in the region. Unless the US becomes more invested in Asia, develops a comprehensive understanding of China’s role in the region, and proactively pursue strategic relationships, US influence in Asian affairs will become ...


The Emerging Civil Society In China And Its Impact On Democratization, Haolu Wang Jan 2010

The Emerging Civil Society In China And Its Impact On Democratization, Haolu Wang

Honors Theses

Recent years have seen an emerging civil society in an authoritarian China. The authoritarian embrace of civil society challenges the conventional wisdom that civil society is closely linked to democracy. In Beijing, the rhetoric of civil society linked less to democracy than to modernization. However, does civil society development have any impact on democratization in authoritarian regimes? The thesis tries to provide a tentative answer by studying civil society and democratization in post-Mao China. As a result of economic development and political reforms, gradual political liberalization has marked a shift of state-society relations that gives rise to a certain degree ...


Why Brazil Has Not Grown: A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian, Indian, And Chinese Economic Management, Fernando Ferrari, Anthony Petros Spanakos Mar 2008

Why Brazil Has Not Grown: A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian, Indian, And Chinese Economic Management, Fernando Ferrari, Anthony Petros Spanakos

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This paper does not aim to dispute that Brazil would benefit from reforms in any or all of these areas. Rather, the paper offers a skeptical perspective on reform menus and proposes an alternative explanation for the faster growth of Brazil’s peers India and China2. The paper begins by introducing (section 1) the idea of the BRICs countries, to establish the basis for comparisons of most similar cases. It then surveys the results of a generation of Washington Consensus era growth (section 2). Although there is a considerable amount of divergence over what causes growth, it seems that something ...


How Chen Shui-Bian Won: The 2004 Taiwan Presidential Election And Its Lmplications, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Jul 2004

How Chen Shui-Bian Won: The 2004 Taiwan Presidential Election And Its Lmplications, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The year 2004 is the year of elections. In addition to America's race for the White House, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea, and Taiwan all have national elections to replace their executives or legislators. But of these, only Taiwan's (the official name remains Republic of China, ROC for short) March 20 presidential election, combined with a first-ever nationwide referendum, meant high-stake international consequences involving two nuclear giants- the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC, or China).


Trends. The United States, People's Republic Of China, And Apologies: Not Only Mind Games, Editor Apr 2001

Trends. The United States, People's Republic Of China, And Apologies: Not Only Mind Games, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the meaningufulness of an official apology in the context of the United States - China(PRC) diplomatic relations.


Trends. The Ghost In The Machine: Is Bill Clinton Running Us Policy On China, Editor Apr 2001

Trends. The Ghost In The Machine: Is Bill Clinton Running Us Policy On China, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses aviation safety and the continuity of use/misuse of words by U.S. administrations, regardless of political affiliation.


Trends. Nato And Yugoslavia: Data On Data, On Knowing What To Know, Editor May 1999

Trends. Nato And Yugoslavia: Data On Data, On Knowing What To Know, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the recent North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) bombing of the People's Republic of China's embassy in Belgrade.


Trends. Human Rights And Military Conflict: Numerology Versus Quantitative Analysis, Editor May 1999

Trends. Human Rights And Military Conflict: Numerology Versus Quantitative Analysis, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

the author discusses a journalist's comments on the United Nations Human Rights Commission vote to take no action on a human rights censure motion against the People's Republic of China.


Trends. Pinning The Tail On The Donkey: A Legacy Of The Legacy Codes, Editor Apr 1999

Trends. Pinning The Tail On The Donkey: A Legacy Of The Legacy Codes, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses a Taiwanese-born U.S. citizen that was alleged to have spied against the US and for the People's Republic of China.


Trends. Humane And Inhumane Rights: President Clinton's Trip To China, Editor Jul 1998

Trends. Humane And Inhumane Rights: President Clinton's Trip To China, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses President Clinton's performance in China as one that variously exacerbated, paid lip service to, discounted, and/or ignored the human rights violations of his hosts.


Trends. U.S. Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor Jun 1998

Trends. U.S. Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Re-posted from November 8, 1998 [IBPP, Vol. 1, No. 2] in the context of the most current controversies in United States (US)-People's Republic of China (PRC) relations, the editor discusses foreign policy as it relates to China through the lens of behavioral psychology.


Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong?, Editor Nov 1997

Trends. Human Rights And Mental Health: What Happens When The Right Are Wrong?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

In this analysis the author discusses the moral and ethical criteria of those who seek to prevent human rights violations.


Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor Nov 1996

Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses foreign policy as it relates to China through the lens of behavioral psychology.