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Undergraduate Honors Theses

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Everyone Is Pro-Life: The Historical And Cultural Influences On Elite Discourse Of Abortion In Argentina, Emily Earls May 2019

Everyone Is Pro-Life: The Historical And Cultural Influences On Elite Discourse Of Abortion In Argentina, Emily Earls

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Due to its influential roots in Latin America, the Catholic Church is often an explanation for understanding abortion policy discourse and outcomes. Considering the case of Argentina and its debates to legalize abortion in Congress June/August 2018, there may be reason to suspect the Catholic Church as a wholistic or even dominant explanation of the values that were expressed. In this paper, I trace relevant topics such as human rights, the law, science, and health in the debates, ultimately culminating in the conclusion that at the core of all concerns, regardless of the side that is arguing, is life ...


Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann Jan 2019

Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Decades after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) demonized Confucianism as a backwards philosophy, Confucianism has once again become popular in Chinese political culture and society. This paper investigates how the president of the People's Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is using Confucian rhetoric to legitimize himself and the CCP. The paper explores the Chinese people's search for a national moral identity, the resurgence of Confucianism, and finally examines the speech Xi gave on the 40th Anniversary of the Reforms and Opening-up.


Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh Jan 2019

Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: Sikhs have been largely ignored in the literature surrounding criminal justice and religious tolerance. The many pressures faced by this group, including hate crimes, present an urgent need for political scientists to understand the issues this community faces and further, to challenge those issues to ensure their well-being. This research examines both of these concepts through two separate analyses: a meta-analysis and a survey experiment. In the meta-analysis, the Sikh experience is contextualized by assessing trends in media coverage and representation of turbans in the United States. This section reports a meta-analysis of 81 published journals, articles, and studies ...


Corruption And Soccer In Africa: Empirical Evidence On The Determinants Of Association Soccer Success In The Continent, Mustafa Zahid Jan 2018

Corruption And Soccer In Africa: Empirical Evidence On The Determinants Of Association Soccer Success In The Continent, Mustafa Zahid

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Despite the popularity of soccer in Africa, African teams tend to underperform in international competitions such as the World Cup relative to European and South American teams. Studies have been conducted on what determines performance in international soccer. These studies stress the importance of wealth, talent pool, and soccer culture on determining performance. However, these studies focus more generally on the entire world, and, in some instances, omit African nations due to a lack of data. Additionally, the focus on a wide sample of the world results in the omission of some potentially crucial variables in relation to Africa, specifically ...


Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee Jan 2018

Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, far right-wing political parties have gained power around the world. Far-right movements build a populist, anti-establishment support base through the use of ethno-nationalism and xenophobic policies and slogans. This article applies the models and party frames used to study European far-right movements and applies them to the case of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP), a party whose policies under prime ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe have pushed the party from having a center-right stance to having more of a far-right nationalist and populist one. Using this framework I find that the LDP has utilized ...


National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin Jan 2018

National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The pharmaceutical medicines in one member state of the European Union do not belong in any other member state unless that member state’s national medicines agency has approved them. In this paper I look at the two procedures that exist, the mutual recognition procedure and the decentralized procedure. I ask what affects the variation in ease and stringency within the regulatory decisions of the national competent authorities when acting as the reference member state. I hypothesize that institutions and economic political ideology influence the regulatory decisions, leading to more or less finalized procedures. Multi-variate regressions confirm the permeability of ...


Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito Jan 2018

Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores various possible answers to the question, “Why are some people in Botswana more tolerant of individuals with HIV/AIDS than others?” A disease that impacts a large percentage of people in Botswana, this research aims to focus on reasons why intolerance exists as a means to alleviate negative consequences on individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS. This study explores religiosity, urbanism, gender, age, and education in order to accomplish this. The results of the research through a multiple regression shows that an increase in both religiosity and urbanism are statistically significant when explaining higher levels of tolerance towards ...


Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson Jan 2018

Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study analyzes the effects of counter-stereotypical depictions of drug users in popular media and film, and the abilities of these media exemplars in eliciting positive attitudes towards drug users and progressive drug policy. Psychological theories of framing and priming effect were used to understand the mechanisms of how beliefs in media are communicated and absorbed in audience members, and their historical use in demonizing drug users in the past. Through content analysis of Moonlight and Orange is the New Black, I use Exemplification Theory to show the profound effects of stereotypical and counter-stereotypic characters in films to incite new ...


What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson Jan 2018

What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past several decades right-wing populism has reshaped European politics. The late 20th and early 21st centuries are experiencing the rise of several right-wing populist parties in countries including France, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, Poland, Britain, and many others. This rise in right-wing populism is not a new phenomenon, and many of these parties trace their roots back to the 1970s as globalization permeated Europe. In this paper, I will examine the peculiar phenomena regarding the varying levels of success these right-wing populist parties have experienced. Specifically, I focus on the success of both the Norwegian and Swiss populist parties ...


Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire Jan 2018

Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire

Undergraduate Honors Theses

How do voters behave when faced when faced with direct democracy measures? What informational cues do voters rely on when, unlike candidate races there is no explicit labeling of an “R” or a “D” on the ballot? I used election results from the 2014 midterm and 2016 presidential elections in Colorado to determine 1) if people do indeed vote on initiatives according to their political affiliation, 2) to what degree people vote in a partisan manner, and 3) what factors within and outside of an initiative impact the partisanship of their vote. I found that, to a high degree, a ...


Female Representation At The Federal Level In Post-Reunification German Political Parties, Melissa Mcelroy May 2017

Female Representation At The Federal Level In Post-Reunification German Political Parties, Melissa Mcelroy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work analyzes and draws conclusions about female representation in the post-reunification German federal government, based on the ideologies and policies of German political parties. By examining female party membership and comparing it to party platforms, it clarifies the unique factors that draw German women to political parties and allow them to rise in their ranks. Analysis of these factors has applications in recruitment of women, maintenance of party loyalty, and female voter turnout.


The Role Of Eu And Nato Conditionality On Developing Democracies: A Georgian Case Study, Carolyn A. De Roster May 2017

The Role Of Eu And Nato Conditionality On Developing Democracies: A Georgian Case Study, Carolyn A. De Roster

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis evaluates the effect of EU and NATO conditionality on institutional change in the Republic of Georgia. It hypothesizes that as developing democracies undergo prolonged accession processes with the EU and/or NATO, citizens are more likely to become disillusioned with the accession process. Disillusionment among citizens allows for the election anti-Western, non-democratic candidates and political parties to power, who, once elected, are able to institute non-democratic reforms that reverse institutional democratization. This thesis tests this theory using a mixed qualitative and qualitative analysis of Georgia, and draws parallels with the theory-building case of Turkey. Overall, the thesis finds ...


Responding To International Health Emergencies: Comparing The World Health Organization Response To Ebola And Zika, Halia M. Czosnek Apr 2017

Responding To International Health Emergencies: Comparing The World Health Organization Response To Ebola And Zika, Halia M. Czosnek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores explanations for why the WHO and its Member States responded differently in each of the two cases. The epidemiology, securitization, and organizational theory literatures suggest three primary answers to these questions. I have used these literatures to formulate three explanations through which to examine each case. I assess the Ebola and Zika cases along two dependent variables: time from the start of the outbreak to the WHO and Member States’ response, and the amount of financial and human resources allocated to the response. The epidemiological explanation focuses on the lethality and transmissibility of each virus. In this ...


What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko Jan 2017

What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The European Court of Justice as it stands today is is one of the most influential transnational judicial institutions. The court exercises an unusually expansive range of jurisdiction over the member states of the European Union, and has played a creative role in expanding its own competencies through the process of constitutionalization. The mechanisms through which the court embellishes its own abilities, especially its ability to supersede the law of its member states, is a point of concern when analyzing the court’s legitimacy and democratic deficit within the European Union. This study follows trends of public support for the ...


Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia Jan 2017

Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia

Undergraduate Honors Theses

What causes pro-life people to support an exception for an abortion in the case of pregnancy by rape? Given the arguments that usually surround protecting the fetus, support for the exception is logically inconsistent; what seems to matter, then, is whether women are guilt. After striving to understand why this exception exists and controlling for variables like sex, biblical fundamentalism, church attendance, education, and age, I find that the presence of empathy ultimately allows individuals within an extreme issue to compromise on their beliefs. Further it was established that other beliefs or behaviors such as authoritarianism and sexism were found ...


Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson May 2016

Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Why do some states have policies that aggressively reduce carbon emissions, while others ignore the threat of climate change? In a world where increasingly extreme weather patterns threaten food production and species extinction, and where rising sea levels and frequent storms damage coastal infrastructure, it is now essential for states to mitigate these effects.

My paper analyzes the role of media attention on climate change and environmental association membership rates on the most recent climate change mitigation policies of South Africa, the United States, and Germany. It argues that media and environmental associations influence a population’s desire to reduce ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson Apr 2016

Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Current research has suggested that facial expressions may not only be the result of emotional experiences, but they may also play a role in shaping emotion itself. This idea, known as the Facial Feedback Hypothesis, has been supported in a number of various areas of psychology. The weak version of the hypothesis tested in this study suggests that facial feedback may intensify or inhibit an underlying emotion already present. One area of psychology untouched by the facial feedback hypothesis appears to be political evaluations. We hypothesized that activation of the zygomatic major muscle in the face (normally present when expressing ...


The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland Jan 2016

The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper documents how the narrative of space exploration in the United States (U.S.) has changed from the Cold War to today. It examines the policy and rhetoric of eight U.S. presidential administrations in regards to space exploration: Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, and Obama. The paper also discusses how the overall field of space exploration has changed over time. To investigate this narrative, the paper first examines the history of U.S. space exploration from the Cold War to today, and also examines three current conditions of the field of ...


The Relationship Between Power-Sharing And Separatism: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Aaron A. Barth Jan 2016

The Relationship Between Power-Sharing And Separatism: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Aaron A. Barth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

State borders on maps do not always correspond with how they exist in actuality. Regionalism and ethnonationalism complicate political and territorial dynamics within a state. In some cases, it appears that the federal arrangements of certain subnational territories within a larger state can threaten national stability. Some states have attempted to ease ethnic tension by adopting power-sharing policies. Consociationalism, in which political arrangements are designed to encourage inclusiveness and cooperation, has been touted as one approach to safeguarding stable democracy in multiethnic states. Its effectiveness is not entirely clear, and the scholarship present varying reports of how it affects support ...


Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver Jan 2015

Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis takes a deep historical look at the adaptation of Mohandas Gandhi’s nonviolent ideology and strategy in the civil rights movement in the American South in order to understand the composition, construction, and behavior of the modern nonviolent movement known as 15M in Spain. The complete translation of Gandhi’s repertoire resulted in the formation of subversive groups, or contentious communities, which shared the common goal of desegregation and cultural integration of the southern black population. These contentious communities regrouped in nonviolent efforts, and interacted as a groupuscule with the same ideology.

This adaptation of nonviolent ideology and ...


The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson Jan 2015

The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses a combination of foreign aid data and development proxies to assess the value of health related foreign aid and the achievements of the global community during times of increased aid focus. It uses regression models to present a statistically significant relationship between aid and health outcomes, and then utilizes three case studies comparing similar countries in order to reinforce the argument, and account for any inconsistencies within the models. Both the models and the case studies support aid as an asset in the health development of a state, and the implication is that, if this is indeed ...


The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman Jan 2015

The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The biggest fish in the sea the whale shark, Rhincodon typus, still remains one of the biggest mysteries. This species named the whale shark, after it’s size, is one of the most charismatic shark species in the world. This colossal, yet harmless shark surfaces in certain areas across the globe. The sites where these sharks surface and aggregate are transforming into ecotourism hotspots. Globally, these ecotourism sites are valued at US$ 66 million (Higman, Luck, & CABI, 2008). However, a growing problem with these sites is the absence of positive management strategies that protect the sharks, and allow humans to ...


Selectivity Of Television Media: The Effects Of Quasi-Social Networks On Voter Participation, Mykala Keuter Jan 2015

Selectivity Of Television Media: The Effects Of Quasi-Social Networks On Voter Participation, Mykala Keuter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Television has changed the way average citizens receive information. It has made expressing opinions to a mass amount of people very quickly a possibility. Conventional wisdom suggests that most forms of television depress political participation. However, as the forms of media change and the types of shows change to function more as a social network than simply entertainment, then perhaps television has the capacity to persuade people and to make them more likely to participate. This can potentially change the way in which election seasons function and political parties spend their funds. The only way to get at this is ...


Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson Jan 2015

Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper studies the relationship between maternal access to health care and democracy. Access to female health services is a critical metric in measuring the overall quality of health care globally, and is an indicator of a state’s cultural, social, and political development. Likewise, the degree of political freedom in a country is correlated with the amount of funding social welfare programs receive (Brown and Hunter, 1999; Navarro et al., 2006).

In this paper, I examine how states ranging from democratic to authoritarian provide health care for their female populations. Using data provided by the World Bank and Freedom ...


Differentiated College-Prep Course Access: An Analysis Of Colorado Public Schools, Alexandra Wolk Jan 2015

Differentiated College-Prep Course Access: An Analysis Of Colorado Public Schools, Alexandra Wolk

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis makes the case that the United States has an education system that provides different access to different kinds of students. More specifically, this paper questions whether or not students have differentiated access to classes that would realistically prepare them for and help them get accepted to college. The question this thesis attempts to answer is: Are schools systematically shunting low socio-economic status students into non-college tracks compared to students with higher socio-economic statuses? Through original data collection and data obtained from a case study it is clear that there is an achievement gap between low income and high-income ...


Polisee, Polido? Examining The Inter-Municipal Communication Of Climate Action Policy And Strategy, Emily Raquel Sandoval Jan 2015

Polisee, Polido? Examining The Inter-Municipal Communication Of Climate Action Policy And Strategy, Emily Raquel Sandoval

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This undergraduate thesis provides an examination of inter-city communication regarding climate change policy in the United States. It examines some of the existing literature regarding municipal climate action, policy dissemination, and existing formal communication networks for cities. Through the results of a 20-question survey sent to municipal employees specializing in climate action policy design and implementation, this thesis analyzes whether communication exists between cities and if so, how such communication relates to other city characteristics. The thesis finds that cities are in general communicating directly with and researching the policies of their peers using a variety of media and methods ...


The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker Jan 2015

The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the effects of civil society’s involvement in the Tunisian democratic transition through a case study on its contributions to the constitution drafting process. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following its popular uprising against authoritarian leader Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and successful transition to democracy. Many, however, have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break aided by the country’s small size, religious and ethnic homogeneity, pre-existing liberal social values, and “relatively moderate” Islamist party. Those focused on such “Tunisian exceptionalism” conclude that the country’s transition has little to teach other countries in political flux ...