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Full-Text Articles in Models and Methods

David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis Feb 2023

David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Under what conditions do violent nonstate actors (VNA) succeed against states? Why does David sometimes beat Goliath? Since at least the time of Thucydides and the Peloponnesian Wars, the realist narrative in international relations measures power primarily in relative, coercive, and deterrent terms. Strong states should accordingly face fewer constraints and enjoy more options while pursuing their national interests. Unconventional warfare, and its subsets of terrorism and insurgency, should—given these circumstances, end in VNA failure. Sometimes, however, VNAs find success. By comparing the literature on historical and current case studies, I propose that a set of preconditions and two mechanisms …


Research On Market Allocation Efficiency Of Data Elements, Han Qiao, Zhuolun Li Oct 2022

Research On Market Allocation Efficiency Of Data Elements, Han Qiao, Zhuolun Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Promoting the market allocation of data elements is the key to realize the value of data resources, which drives the high-quality development of digital economy. Based on the literature review, this study first analyses the theoretical process of market allocation of data elements, and divides the whole process into two stages: market-based construction and value-based allocation. According to the proposed theoretical model, this study designs the network DEA model with additional intermediate inputs to calculate the market allocation efficiency of data elements of 30 provincial administrative regions in China from 2019 to 2020. Moreover, by Malmquist index analysis, we further …


Research On Measurement Of Digital Economy Growth And Data As Production Factor, Xianchun Xu, Yaru Hu, Meihui Zhang Oct 2022

Research On Measurement Of Digital Economy Growth And Data As Production Factor, Xianchun Xu, Yaru Hu, Meihui Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Research on measurement of digital economy growth and data as a production factor are important research topics under the background of digital transformation. This study firstly combs the concept, scope, and classification of digital economy, and elaborates the calculation method of digital economy growth. Then, it discusses the concept, characteristics, and classification of data, as well as the concept and value measurement of data assets. Furthermore, it puts forward relevant suggestions on the challenges faced by the measurement of digital economy growth and the data as a production factor. This research is expected to provide references for promoting the measurement …


Dilemmas And Suggestions On Market-Based Data Allocation, Jinzhao Liu, Shouyang Wang Oct 2022

Dilemmas And Suggestions On Market-Based Data Allocation, Jinzhao Liu, Shouyang Wang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Big data is the primary engine for advancing the development of the digital economy, and market-based data allocation is a crucial method for promoting the development of China's digital economy. However, the current issues of "unclear ownership", "difficult pricing", and "imperfect transaction mechanisms" have severely constrained the market-based allocation of data. The study begins with a discussion of the dilemma of data rights delimitation, pricing, and trading. Then review the strategic initiative of international data market construction and the development of China's data trading market. Finally, based on the practice of China's big data market construction, the study proposes some …


Promote Market-Oriented Allocation Of Data Elements, Accelerate Release Of New Drives Of Digital Economy—Preface On Special Column “Market-Oriented Allocation Of Data Elements”, Shouyang Wang, Yongmiao Hong, Han Qiao Oct 2022

Promote Market-Oriented Allocation Of Data Elements, Accelerate Release Of New Drives Of Digital Economy—Preface On Special Column “Market-Oriented Allocation Of Data Elements”, Shouyang Wang, Yongmiao Hong, Han Qiao

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.


Promoting Safe And Orderly Flow Of Cross-Border Data To Lead Development Of Globalization Of Digital Economy, Yongmiao Hong, Ming Zhang, Ying Liu Oct 2022

Promoting Safe And Orderly Flow Of Cross-Border Data To Lead Development Of Globalization Of Digital Economy, Yongmiao Hong, Ming Zhang, Ying Liu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

While cross-border data flow considerably improves the effectiveness of cross-border collaborations, it also faces issues of data sovereignty, national security, conflict of interest, privacy protection and data regulation. It has become a link to the global economy and the center of the game of the new order. First of all, this study analyzes the role of cross-border data flow in economic globalization from the perspective of the economic impact of data elements. It then analyzes the constraints of cross-border data flow in the global context and lists the benefits and drawbacks of China’s data element market construction. In the end, …


Thoughts On National Unified Data Asset Registration System, Lihua Huang, Mengke Guo, Zhiqing Shao, Xuan Qin, Qifeng Tang Oct 2022

Thoughts On National Unified Data Asset Registration System, Lihua Huang, Mengke Guo, Zhiqing Shao, Xuan Qin, Qifeng Tang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Data asset registration is a vital component of data factor market system. Recently, several Chinese regions and institutions have begun to work on data asset registration, but problems persist for the unclear concept of data asset registration and the deficiency of registration and service systems. By virtue of summarizing the active typical registration system in China, this study puts forward the concept of data asset registration and the "seven unifications" principle of registration. The new data value chain is established based on the perspective of factor flow, and the concepts of resource-based and operational data assets are proposed. Moreover, this …


Washington State Sausage Making: Attempting To Measure The Efficiency Of The Legislature., Jonathon E. Church Oct 2022

Washington State Sausage Making: Attempting To Measure The Efficiency Of The Legislature., Jonathon E. Church

Access*: Interdisciplinary Journal of Student Research and Scholarship

This paper explores the importance of understanding the legislative process, particularly in the way a bill dies, in order to critique and measure government efficiency. The information was gathered through interviews with former and current members of the State Legislature and from first-hand experience while working as an intern during the 2022 legislative session. In conjunction with this, part one of the paper utilizes multiple sources, such as Edward D. Seeberger, author of “Sine Die: A Guide to the Washington State Legislative Process,” the State Constitution, and the State Legislatures guides and manuals, to present a detailed description of the …


On Building Data Market Based On Supply Side, Chaochun Huang Oct 2022

On Building Data Market Based On Supply Side, Chaochun Huang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Data market is the foundation of digital economy. Following General Secretary Xi Jinping's thought on promoting the classification, grading and separation of data, defining the rights and ensuring proper use of data, this study focuses on the main theoretical and practical issues of building data market by answering three questions which are why to build it, what to build, and how to build. It finds that the digital economy shows three-stages of development. With the enterprise data becoming dominant, it puts forward realistic requirements and offers development opportunities for data market. To overcome the obstacles in the way of building …


Think Tank Science And Engineering: Construction Of New High-End Think Tank Starts From Specialization And Scientifization To Disciplinization—Interview With Professor Pan Jiaofeng, Editorial Office Bulletin Of Chinese Academy Of Sciences Sep 2022

Think Tank Science And Engineering: Construction Of New High-End Think Tank Starts From Specialization And Scientifization To Disciplinization—Interview With Professor Pan Jiaofeng, Editorial Office Bulletin Of Chinese Academy Of Sciences

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.


Biblical Principles Of Reform And Regeneration: An Intellectual Framework For Christians Addressing Social Change, Kahlib Fischer Sep 2022

Biblical Principles Of Reform And Regeneration: An Intellectual Framework For Christians Addressing Social Change, Kahlib Fischer

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

This paper seeks to provide Biblical perspective on social and cultural reform. At the time of this writing, much upheaval in the form of a pandemic, race riots, and political protests have manifested both within America and abroad. In turn, these disputes have carried over into conflict within various denominations of the Church itself. This paper will provide some guiding Biblical themes from Scripture that are relevant to these very difficult issues today. It will also address common pitfalls the Church can easily fall into in dealing with these issues, and how these extremes can be avoided.


Visualizing Politics In Indonesia: The Design And Distribution Of Election Posters, Colm A. Fox Sep 2022

Visualizing Politics In Indonesia: The Design And Distribution Of Election Posters, Colm A. Fox

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Where studies have shown that visuals are the primary means of political communication, research continues to focus largely on text-based information. To add to our understanding of visual-political communications, this article analyses Indonesian election posters since the 1950s. Drawing on historical materials and on a content analysis of 4,000 election posters, it asks why election posters have been designed and distributed in particular ways. Findings indicate that in the past, posters used singular, though powerful, social symbols to mobilize demographic groups behind political parties. However, contemporary posters are more visually complex and more candidate-centered, making arguments as to what the …


Emergence Of A Norm From Resistance: Using Simulation To Explore The Macro Implications Of Social Identity Theory, Khadijeh Salimi, Jesse T. Richman, Regina Karp, George P. Richardson, David Anderson Sep 2022

Emergence Of A Norm From Resistance: Using Simulation To Explore The Macro Implications Of Social Identity Theory, Khadijeh Salimi, Jesse T. Richman, Regina Karp, George P. Richardson, David Anderson

Political Science & Geography Faculty Publications

We usually hope that social norms discourage injustice. However, we are all witnesses to harmful norms enforced by governments, such as xenophobia, which need to be contested and changed. Previous studies have concluded that it is possible to change a harmful norm through contestation by powerless actors if suitable structural conditions exist. However, these structural conditions have not been sufficiently studied and, as such, are the focus of this paper. Our paper begins with a review of well-established micro-level theories of social identity theory (SIT), recast as a set of 42 discrete theoretical statements. These statements are then re-expressed in …


Scrutinizing Precarity: In Search Of Emancipatory Potential, Jaime Aznar Erasun Aug 2022

Scrutinizing Precarity: In Search Of Emancipatory Potential, Jaime Aznar Erasun

Emancipations: A Journal of Critical Social Analysis

This paper provides a review and discussion on the emancipatory potential of the notion of ‘precarity’. Since the 1980s, the notion of ‘precarity’ has been used increasingly by scholars and activists to account for variegated grievances. Specifically, it has been used to address issues related to the transformations of labour in the XXIst century: neoliberal reorganization of labour markets, increasing unavailability of stable jobs, increased personal debts, debilitating labour unions or the lack of accessible housing among other issues. However, beyond structural grievances voiced by everyday workers, precarity can also serve as an analytical tool to pin down socially induced …


The Data Science Of Predicting Elections, Kenn S. Mcdonald Aug 2022

The Data Science Of Predicting Elections, Kenn S. Mcdonald

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Psephology is the statistical study of election data, often used by data journalists and political operatives to predict the results of elections before they occur. In a Canadian context, this new field of data science has been notably used by CBC and Maclean's to create prediction models for federal and provincial elections.

This project created one such model to predict the 2022 Ontario General Election. It ran under the conventional Uniform Swing method with regional poll averages from CBC News used as inputs.


Gendering Coalitional Presidentialism In Brazil, Malu A. C. Gatto, Pedro A. G. Dos Santos, Kristin N. Wylie Jul 2022

Gendering Coalitional Presidentialism In Brazil, Malu A. C. Gatto, Pedro A. G. Dos Santos, Kristin N. Wylie

Political Science Faculty Publications

Coalitional presidentialism is a power-sharing strategy deployed in multiparty presidentialist democracies that entails the distribution of cabinet positions to coalition partners to facilitate governability. This model of governance is increasingly common worldwide, gaining growing scholarly interest. The consequences of coalitional presidentialism for women’s cabinet representation, however, have received scant attention. In this article, we provide a gendered analysis of the Brazilian experience with coalitional presidentialism. Through the quantitative analysis of an original dataset of all ministerial appointments (N = 597) under eight Brazilian presidents (1985–2019) and a descriptive assessment of the coalitional dynamics during that period, we evaluate the …


Research On Internationalization Of China’S Think Tanks, Chunhui Gan Jul 2022

Research On Internationalization Of China’S Think Tanks, Chunhui Gan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The international development of Chinese think tanks is of great significance in promoting the modernization of national governance, supporting public diplomacy and promoting cultural exchanges between China and other countries. In the process of highquality development, Chinese think tanks should focus on improving their ability to set and research global issues, improving the quality of international exchanges and cooperation, carrying out international talent training and organization building, innovating skills and methods of international communication, initiating think tank diplomacy, and providing guarantee on the institutional framework and mechanism for internationalization.


Index Of S&T Innovation And Development For Qinchuangyuan Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Weilan Suo, Kun Guo, Xiaolei Sun, Qiang Ji Jun 2022

Index Of S&T Innovation And Development For Qinchuangyuan Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Weilan Suo, Kun Guo, Xiaolei Sun, Qiang Ji

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Index research on the science and technology (S&T) innovation and development is a typical think tank research that originates from practice, is used for practice, and is higher than practice. However, existing research has several problems, such as insufficient theory and single perspective. This is not conducive to ensure the scientificity of research process and the accuracy of research results. Fortunately, the think tank double helix methodology has the typical characteristics of systematic thinking, whole-process guidance, and operational ideas, which provides new ideas for effectively solving the above problems. Thus, based on the think tank double helix methodology, this study …


Evaluation Of Regional Innovation Environment Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Chidong Zhang, Dawei Song, Jiaofeng Pan Jun 2022

Evaluation Of Regional Innovation Environment Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Chidong Zhang, Dawei Song, Jiaofeng Pan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The evaluation of regional innovation environment (RIE) is an important policy tool to strengthen the construction of regional innovation system (RIS). At present, the research is academic rather than decision-making, and lacks the guidance of research methods of think tanks based on the complex social system. Based on the think tank double helix methodology raised by Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASISD), this work carries out a systematic and in-depth study on the evaluation of China's RIE and its index system in the new era on the basis of objective and scientific evaluation of relevant research …


Think Tank Double Helix Methodology On Employment Problems In Internet Age, Yan Xia, Feng Zhang, Jiaofeng Pan Jun 2022

Think Tank Double Helix Methodology On Employment Problems In Internet Age, Yan Xia, Feng Zhang, Jiaofeng Pan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

With the world-renowned development and proliferation of the Internet in China, we have seen the dawning of the IoE (Internet of everything) era, where there will be significant permeation into all corners of society. The new formats as Internet economy and digital economy become the new momentum for economic growth, and it will have profound impact on the demand for skills, which is considerably high on the agenda of social research. Accordingly, we need to grasp the law of development, have insight of trends, make predictions and give policy response. This study proposes to build a new think tank research …


Theoretical Thinking On Practical Application Of Double Helix Methodology In Think Tank Research, Bin Yang, Biao Shi Jun 2022

Theoretical Thinking On Practical Application Of Double Helix Methodology In Think Tank Research, Bin Yang, Biao Shi

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The Double Helix Methodology regards think tank research as a relatively independent and special research topic, from the analysis, fusion, and restoration process of think tank research, based on the process fusion method of DIIS and the logical hierarchy method of MIPS iterating with each other, analyzing the spiral coupling relationship between them, and forming a complete and systematic theoretical framework and methodological system from the characteristics of time and space. This methodology comes from the founder's long-term strategic and policy research practice, and is also effectively applied to many national major research projects, national high-end think tank projects and …


Decomposing Research Problems In Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Guoliang Yang, Jiaofeng Pan Jun 2022

Decomposing Research Problems In Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Guoliang Yang, Jiaofeng Pan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

How to correctly analyze and decompose the research problems considering the complexity of think tank research problems, especially the major needs of the country, is of great significance for proposing scientific and effective problem solutions. One of the key issues in the Think Tank Double Helix Methodology the need to analyze research problems from the process of "analysis-convergence-reduction". That is to decompose them into a series of sub-problems, and to combine various types of knowledge to investigate the sub-problems, and to conduct a comprehensive restitution of the research problem to propose a satisfactory solution to the original problem finally. In …


Impact And Enlightenment Of Eu’S “Industry 5.0” To High-Quality Development Of China’S Manufacturing—Research On Application Of Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Lu Zhao, Dawei Song, Feng Zhang, Jiaofeng Pan Jun 2022

Impact And Enlightenment Of Eu’S “Industry 5.0” To High-Quality Development Of China’S Manufacturing—Research On Application Of Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Lu Zhao, Dawei Song, Feng Zhang, Jiaofeng Pan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The world is experiencing a great change with the combined impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the post-epidemic era, the world's major economies have begun to plan their strategic adjustments, economic revival and transformation. Industry 5.0, as the EU's new strategy to plan the "New Industrial Revolution" and promote industrial transformation in Europe, has raised wide attentions in the world and has become a hotspot of think tank research. Guided by the think tank double helix methodology, this study constructed a cognitive framework to study industrial strategy and its related complex system issues such as international relations, science and technology …


Layout Of Basic Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Jinbo Wan, Jian Jiao, Peng Du Jun 2022

Layout Of Basic Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Jinbo Wan, Jian Jiao, Peng Du

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The layout of basic research is a typical multi-stakeholder and multi-disciplinary comprehensive policy research, which is suitable to be guided by the think tank double helix methodology. Firstly, the study summarizes the "organization" and theoretical understanding of basic research layout. Secondly, based on MIPS logical hierarchy method and DIIS process fusion method, the study analyzes the fusion mechanism of "discipline layout" and "task layout" of basic research. Finally, the study puts forward the promotion strategies and measures of the future basic research layout from four aspects:system layout, discipline layout, task layout, and international layout.


Methodological Innovation In Research Of Science And Technology Ethics, Xiao Lu, Xinzhe Li, Huihui Liu Jun 2022

Methodological Innovation In Research Of Science And Technology Ethics, Xiao Lu, Xinzhe Li, Huihui Liu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The rapid development of modern science and technology not only brings benefits to human society, but also brings huge ethical risks and challenges. How to carry out systematic science and technology ethics research has become an important issue currently. Science and technology ethics research is a typical interdisciplinary, comprehensive, and complex think tank problem that draws upon the fields of natural sciences and social sciences. The relevant research is reviewed to found out important issues and themes in the field, and the think tank double helix methodology is used to propose conceptual framework and practical method in the science and …


Constructing Green Gdp Evaluation System By Using Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Hongbing Wang, Yijun Liu, Dawei Song Jun 2022

Constructing Green Gdp Evaluation System By Using Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Hongbing Wang, Yijun Liu, Dawei Song

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

In the new development stage, taking green GDP as the starting point for the development of green economy, low-carbon economy, and circular economy and an important indicator to measure high-quality development, sustainable development, and modernization is an effective way to ensure the construction of "beautiful China", basically realize socialist modernization and achieve the goal of carbon neutrality. This study uses the double helix theory of think tank to innovate a new paradigm of green GDP research and broaden the research path of GDP evaluation system. In terms of epistemology, the think tank double helix methodology provides a new systematic perspective …


Public Opinion Governance And Think Tank Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Qianqian Li, Yijun Liu, Ning Ma, Hongbing Wang Jun 2022

Public Opinion Governance And Think Tank Research Based On Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Qianqian Li, Yijun Liu, Ning Ma, Hongbing Wang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Public opinion governance research is a typical think tank research driven by big data, which should deal with the "five major challenges" faced by China's economic transformation, social transformation, and reform challenges, namely, risk intertwined challenges, modeling complexity challenges, interdisciplinary challenges, social impact challenges, and scenario uncertainty challenges. The Think Tank Double Helix Methodology provides an effective research paradigm to guide the whole process of public opinion governance and think tank research. Based on this methodology, opinion research could effectively respond to the five significant challenges and serve the demands of national governance. This paper demonstrates a deep understanding of …


The Cult Fascist: Establishing Cultic Behavior In Proud Boys And Incels, Aj Ashland Jun 2022

The Cult Fascist: Establishing Cultic Behavior In Proud Boys And Incels, Aj Ashland

University Honors Theses

Is the Alt-Right a cult? Certainly, we can see religious fervor intertwine with politics as we see in the far-right, with artwork of Trump being crucified like Jesus, pierced in his side by Nancy Pelosi analogous to Longinus (Cole, 2020), or in the golden statue of Trump at CPAC (Beauchamp, 2021). But, do we see similar, potentially cultic, behavior within Alt-Right groups? It turns out we do see this behavior. Within this study, I determine via the Advanced Bonewits' Cult Danger Evaluation Frame what level of cultic behavior exists within Incels and Proud Boys. In doing so, I intend to …


Convergence And Hegemony: The United States And China In The 21st Century, Daniel Wilcox Jun 2022

Convergence And Hegemony: The United States And China In The 21st Century, Daniel Wilcox

Honors Theses

The extreme economic growth of the Republic of China is neither a new phenomenon nor a topic that has not been extensively examined, however, how this convergence of economic power between the United States and rising China translates to potential political power is an important area of discussion. The US has been forced to face a tumultuous beginning to the 21st century. Characterized by unprecedented terrorist attacks, subsequent wars that have brought economic and moralistic costs, increasing domestic partisan division, and a questioning of what it is to be an American, it is an unthinkable reality following the 1991 …


U.S. Extremism And Media: How The New Age Of Politics Speaks To Media Usage, Josephine R. Haneklau May 2022

U.S. Extremism And Media: How The New Age Of Politics Speaks To Media Usage, Josephine R. Haneklau

Senior Honors Projects, 2020-current

On January 6th, 2021, the nation watched from their television screens as a group of extremists stormed the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. An interesting emotion fell over the U.S. public – it was both shocking and not shocking at all. The attack on the Capitol was a by-product of years of internal division, catapulted by Trump’s presidency. Between racial divisions and the progression of Black Lives Matter, the advancement of COVID and its governmental policies, and Trump’s divisive nature of president at a peak, it seemed almost inevitable that an offense like this would occur.

As political conversations …