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Theses/Dissertations

Western Washington University

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Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

No File Left Behind: The Predicament Of Archival Appraising In The Digital Age, Jennifer M. Newby Jan 2014

No File Left Behind: The Predicament Of Archival Appraising In The Digital Age, Jennifer M. Newby

WWU Graduate School Collection

Technology is continually changing. New advancements in technology allow records creators to employ a plethora of different mediums. Records created born-digitally are entering the archives, and archivists are challenged in appraising records that may be available only on outdated or unreadable software or hardware platforms. This thesis examines key issues regarding working with, especially appraising, born-digital materials in archival collections. The archival profession confronts inadequate education on technological challenges, a need to reexamine archival theories and methodologies regarding appraisal, and a general terror when it comes to working with born-digital material. Through use of interviews, this thesis explores the practical …


Local Government Records Management: A Case Study Of Bellingham, Wa, Katherine Magee Jan 2014

Local Government Records Management: A Case Study Of Bellingham, Wa, Katherine Magee

WWU Graduate School Collection

While many authors have compiled guides and treatises on records management in general, employees of local governments such as counties and cities have a scarcity of sources to reference. Despite many local governments falling under the purview of their state archives or equivalent, specialized, practical guides in applying records management principles in today’s economic climate are crucial to the success of a local government’s records program. This thesis compares the writings of several authors on records management theory, including some writings specially tailored to local government records management. This comparison reveals similarities running throughout all the authors’ works, even in …


Leadership And Team Building Factors That Contribute To The Success Of Archives And Records Management Institutions, Jordan L. (Jordan Lydia) Grimmer Jan 2014

Leadership And Team Building Factors That Contribute To The Success Of Archives And Records Management Institutions, Jordan L. (Jordan Lydia) Grimmer

WWU Graduate School Collection

This thesis examines archival and records management institutions' organizational culture, as well as the impact that organizational culture has on supporting the success and goals of the institution. Most archival organizations are comprised of a limited number of staff, along with very limited funding. The intent of this research thesis is to explore and identify the essential components of leadership and teambuilding that are most effective in the unique setting and structure of archival and records management institutions. In order to identify the essential components that correlate with the overall success of the archival and records management institution, a survey …


Educational Materials: Serving Those In Education And Archival Identity Online, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise) Hillier Jan 2014

Educational Materials: Serving Those In Education And Archival Identity Online, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise) Hillier

WWU Graduate School Collection

This thesis explores how archives and special collections are making use of social media and interactive tools (or "Web 2.0 technologies") online to serve a specific user group; teachers and students. Outreach and design for user groups on terms that work for them is the best way to turn them into patrons of archives and increase use the use of archives' traditionally under-utilized, but valuable, resources. Chapter One lays out what these terms are for teachers and students as their use of technology increases. In Chapter Two I discuss my survey of 262 archival websites in order to establish what …


South Dakota Open Records Legislation: A Case Study In The Struggle For Government Accountability, Sara Casper Jan 2013

South Dakota Open Records Legislation: A Case Study In The Struggle For Government Accountability, Sara Casper

WWU Graduate School Collection

Although archivists have traditionally seen themselves as passive recipients and caretakers of records, there is an increasing recognition of the power and influence archivists have in shaping the historical record and collective memory. This recognition has led to calls for archivists to use their power to promote social justice and government accountability. One important way to do this is to ensure maximum access to government records. Governments by their nature prefer to restrict records from the public, sometimes with the noble goal of protecting individual privacy, but most often because they wish to maintain power and control over their citizens. …


Etxeak Of Memory: The Basque Diaspora In The Oroitzapenak Oral History Project, Jill N. (Jill Nagy) Anderson Jan 2013

Etxeak Of Memory: The Basque Diaspora In The Oroitzapenak Oral History Project, Jill N. (Jill Nagy) Anderson

WWU Graduate School Collection

Throughout the verdant hills of the Pyrenees, the foundation of Basque culture is built on the foundations of the etxeak - the immense houses that form the centerpiece of Basque farms and symbolize the incredible cultural inheritance of the Basque people. This inheritance is most evident in their shared language, Euskara, and in their shared pride - both of which followed the Basques throughout their long history in the New World. A joint project between the University of Nevada in Reno and the Basque Museum and Cultural Center in Boise, Idaho, with funding by the Basque government, is documenting the …


Avenues Of Mutual Respect: Opening Communication And Understanding Between Native Americans And Archivists, Cara S. Bertram Jan 2012

Avenues Of Mutual Respect: Opening Communication And Understanding Between Native Americans And Archivists, Cara S. Bertram

WWU Graduate School Collection

The Protocols for Native American Archival Materials have called upon archivists to acknowledge and respect Native Americans' needs for privacy and control over their culture. While many archivists have protested against the restriction of Native American archival materials, the morals and ethics within the profession are not far from the needs of Native communities. This thesis will examine imperial archive, archival theory, current copyright laws, writings on archival ethics, and case studies of archives and Native communities. This investigation will demonstrate the practicality and application of the Protocols for Native American Archival Materials, and its importance to the archival profession …


Motion Picture Film As A Government Record: Framing Films Within Archival Theory And Preparing For The Digital Future, Heidi Holmstrom Jan 2012

Motion Picture Film As A Government Record: Framing Films Within Archival Theory And Preparing For The Digital Future, Heidi Holmstrom

WWU Graduate School Collection

Governments have created and used motion picture films since soon after their invention, but government archivists have an uneasy relationship with films. Historically, the traditional archival literature has overlooked films in favor of a focus on textual records, while the film archive literature is unconcerned with the archival concept of the record. To define the scope of the problem, this thesis demonstrates the paucity of archival literature addressing motion picture film as a government record. Moving forward, motion pictures are examined through a lens of archival theory and set in their rightful place among other formats of government records. It …


Business Archives And Web 2.0: Increasing Archival Access And Making The Archives And Asset, Doug Mann Jan 2012

Business Archives And Web 2.0: Increasing Archival Access And Making The Archives And Asset, Doug Mann

WWU Graduate School Collection

This thesis explores the ways business archives can use Web 2.0 applications for both internal and external archival processes. As corporate archives create websites and in some cases blogs and other Web 2.0 applications (Facebook and Flickr pages), they have the opportunity to increase access to their holdings, but they also risk becoming a potential liability to the corporation through privacy and copyright lawsuits, as well as accidental divulgence of company secrets or publication of materials that are then used to create a bad image of the corporation. This thesis questions whether business archives can utilize Web 2.0 applications to …


No Dust In Cyberspace?: The Effects Of Internet Technology On Perceptions Of Archives, Caitlin Patterson Jan 2012

No Dust In Cyberspace?: The Effects Of Internet Technology On Perceptions Of Archives, Caitlin Patterson

WWU Graduate School Collection

Drawing on research into digital technologies and their effects on society and archives, as well as research on the public image of archives, this thesis examines whether technological changes, specifically the Internet, have had any effects on public perceptions of archives and if so to determine the nature of those effects. It relies on a survey to measure possible effects of Internet technology on perceptions of archives. Findings suggest that there are a number of ways in which the Internet may be affecting perceptions of archives, including prompting both increased expectations for the provision of digital information and materials and …


Cemeteries As Archives: Who Says Dead Men Tell No Tales?, Andrea Chaddock Jan 2011

Cemeteries As Archives: Who Says Dead Men Tell No Tales?, Andrea Chaddock

WWU Graduate School Collection

Cemeteries are more than just the final resting place of our ancestors; many scholarly fields have found the cemetery to be a valuable historical resource. The cemetery contains a wealth of information, including the personal stories of those buried there, the actions of the organization that created it, and the beliefs of the people in the community to which it belongs. In many cases, the cemetery is the only remaining documentary evidence about a person or a group of people. The archival profession has tasked itself with preserving the documentary heritage of the full spectrum of society, but it has …


Deserving Of Trust: Ethics In The American Archival Profession, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Thompson Jan 2011

Deserving Of Trust: Ethics In The American Archival Profession, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Thompson

WWU Graduate School Collection

This thesis explores ways in which the American archival profession, through the Society of American Archivists (SAA), can promote the trustworthiness of archives and archivists. The further professionalization, which involves the creation of a cohesive organization, standards, and a code of ethics, of the archival field is one proposed starting point. Currently, SAA is already on the path of professionalization. For some occupations, professionalization also includes the enforcement of standards and ethics, as well as the certification of members. I argue that for the American archival profession, however, these are not the paths to take. Enforcement and certification require infrastructure …


The Jewish Impact On The Social And Economic Manifestation Of The Gibraltarian Identity, Andrea Hernandez Jan 2011

The Jewish Impact On The Social And Economic Manifestation Of The Gibraltarian Identity, Andrea Hernandez

WWU Graduate School Collection

The diverse fabric of life which comprises Gibraltar encompasses various ethnic backgrounds including but not limited to; Maltese, East Indian, Moroccan, Italian, Spaniard, and Sephardic Jews. The aim of this thesis is to examine the contribution of the Sephardic Jew in respect to the cultural and economic development of the Gibraltarian. This is accomplished by highlighting the historical relationships between the countries of Spain, England, and Morocco with their Jewish population, and secondly by using both primary and secondary research materials to delve into the daily life of a Sephardic Jew during the early colonial development of Gibraltar between 1704 …


The Recipe For Erms Sustainability: A Survey Of How Organizations Have Implemented Electronic Records Systems, Danelle Court Jan 2011

The Recipe For Erms Sustainability: A Survey Of How Organizations Have Implemented Electronic Records Systems, Danelle Court

WWU Graduate School Collection

Electronic records inundate our daily lives and our organizations. Management of these electronic records, however, is often inadequate. Electronic records management systems are a tool that can help effectively manage electronic records, and many organizations are starting to implement an electronic records management system in order to become more efficient and effective. How can one make the electronic records system successful and sustainable? To address these concerns, the author conducted an Electronic Records System Survey, with over four hundred participants. The responses suggest five components that can make an electronic records system sustainable in an organization: 1. Visible leadership and …


Appraising Archivists: Documentation And The Need For Accountability In The Appraisal Process, Samantha N. Cross Jan 2011

Appraising Archivists: Documentation And The Need For Accountability In The Appraisal Process, Samantha N. Cross

WWU Graduate School Collection

Appraisal is one of the first steps in archival processing and arguably the most crucial. Embedded in this process are two concepts fundamental to archives: power of the archivist over the collection and trust, by the public, in the archivist to make decisions regarding the historical record. Justification for decisions regarding appraisal, however, are lacking and archivists have yet to make any headway in establishing a means of accountability. Through the implementation of a formalized appraisal report, archivists can thoroughly document the appraisal process while simultaneously justifying their decisions to the greater archival communities and the public at large. This …


The Documentation Of Tragedy In The Archives: Exploring The Records Of The Campus Shooting On Northern Illinois University, Collective Memory, And The Archivist, Michael Folkerts Jan 2011

The Documentation Of Tragedy In The Archives: Exploring The Records Of The Campus Shooting On Northern Illinois University, Collective Memory, And The Archivist, Michael Folkerts

WWU Graduate School Collection

Archivists play a pivotal role in documenting collective memory through the records they preserve. With this responsibility, it is necessary for the profession to be active in their duties if they wish to preserve a more encompassing memory of an event, and is especially true in emotionally delicate, tragic situations. This paper explores collective memory in its relation to tragedy, and its effects on the archivist. It then looks at the archival collection of the campus shooting that took place at Northern Illinois University in early 2008. Through interviews and studying the records of the collection, it is shown how …


Interpretive Seeing: Art In The Archive, Meryl C. Crayton Jan 2011

Interpretive Seeing: Art In The Archive, Meryl C. Crayton

WWU Graduate School Collection

According to recent historical research trends, the iconography within art offers researchers new insight into past events, behaviors, and ideologies. Images tend to capture aspects of the past absent from textual records. Paintings and drawings have been employed by the United States army, past political leaders, and Western explorers to record the surrounding social, political, and/or physical environment. And, paintings often carry ideological arguments and critiques on the surrounding political and economic environment. These art records are creations and participants in the surrounding socio-political environment. As institutions of collective memory and preservers of public documents, archives are obligated to preserve …


Archival Education And Outreach: Promoting Communal Identity Through Education, Serra H. Hagedorn Jan 2011

Archival Education And Outreach: Promoting Communal Identity Through Education, Serra H. Hagedorn

WWU Graduate School Collection

Archival outreach programs serve a key role in the preservation and promotion of public history. Community based educational programs sponsored and implemented by archival repositories allow actual, as well as potential, patrons to learn about their local history and to familiarize themselves with archival materials. It is the purpose of this thesis to explore the postmodern archival perspective and to propose universal program models which can be adapted to facilitate educational outreach in archival repositories of various staff sizes and organizational affiliations. This study will appraise the similarities and differences of a variety of current public outreach programs with a …


Unruly Men, Improper Patriarchs: Male Witches In Colonial New England, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Lilley Jan 2011

Unruly Men, Improper Patriarchs: Male Witches In Colonial New England, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Lilley

WWU Graduate School Collection

Set against the backdrop of the now infamous seventeenth-century witch-panic in Salem, Massachusetts, this thesis argues for a new conceptualization of the men who were accused of witchcraft. Rather than considering men as adjuncts to female actors in this narrative, or feminizing them to explain the accusations against them, this thesis argues that it was often their performance of hyper-masculinity put them at risk. Despite this focus, this thesis knits together a complex web of contextual and behavioral threads to explain accusations of witchcraft made against men in colonial New England. Additionally, this thesis argues that the writings of American …


Preserving 'His Masters' Voice': The Archival Significance Of Master Recordings, Joseph Shay Jan 2011

Preserving 'His Masters' Voice': The Archival Significance Of Master Recordings, Joseph Shay

WWU Graduate School Collection

Master recordings as products created by the music industry are some of the greatest time capsules in American culture. Throughout the history of the music industry master recordings received little attention and were not appreciated for the informational and evidential values held within the recordings. American archival theory provides the solution to help prevent the loss of master recordings and hence the loss of a piece of America's culture. Through archival preservation and partnerships between record companies and independent archives, master recordings and the American culture contained within them have a better chance than ever of surviving for many years …


A Woman In The Archives: The Legacy Of Margaret C. Norton, Stephanie M. (Stephanie Marie) Brown Jan 2010

A Woman In The Archives: The Legacy Of Margaret C. Norton, Stephanie M. (Stephanie Marie) Brown

WWU Graduate School Collection

Margaret C. Norton (1891-1984) was the first state archivist of Illinois and a prominent personality in the early history of the archival profession. She made an indelible mark on the history of the early archival profession through her many written works, her work concerning the "nuts and bolts" of the archival profession, her involvement with the Society of American Archivists (SAA) and other organizations. Drawing from numerous influences she was a prolific writer, thinker and worker who held strong opinions at a time when it was not common for women to do so. This thesis uses Norton's personal papers and …


Emperor Norton I: The Rise Of A San Francisco Cultural Icon 1859-1880, Dieter Martin Jan 2009

Emperor Norton I: The Rise Of A San Francisco Cultural Icon 1859-1880, Dieter Martin

WWU Graduate School Collection

The California Gold Rush had a profound effect on the emerging city of San Francisco. Extreme highs and lows in the economic environment created an atmosphere in which the city's citizens were used to hardship and adversity. These conditions, combined with the importance of the newspaper industry explain the emergence of an eccentric individual such as Emperor Norton. Although he began his career in San Francisco as a prominent businessman, it is his later life as the self declared Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico which is most remembered today. Joshua Norton's career as Emperor mirrored that …


Forever Young: Educating Today's Youth About The Nature And Uses Of Records Of Enduring Value, Rozlind Koester Jan 2008

Forever Young: Educating Today's Youth About The Nature And Uses Of Records Of Enduring Value, Rozlind Koester

WWU Graduate School Collection

This thesis identifies an urgent need for new archival outreach methods that encourage younger audiences to use archival materials at all stages of their lives. In Chapter One, the author argues that traditional archival outreach methods fail to produce an adult population that is "archives literate" regarding the nature and myriad uses of archival materials. As a result, archives lack the social and cultural place that is enjoyed by their sister institutions: libraries and museums. This suggests that new outreach methods are needed, and Chapter Two explores some innovative, existing programs that target young people by getting them to use …