Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Library and Information Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

Science and Technology Studies

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 104

Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

Executive Order On The Safe, Secure, And Trustworthy Development And Use Of Artificial Intelligence, Joseph R. Biden Oct 2023

Executive Order On The Safe, Secure, And Trustworthy Development And Use Of Artificial Intelligence, Joseph R. Biden

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Section 1. Purpose. Artificial intelligence (AI) holds extraordinary potential for both promise and peril. Responsible AI use has the potential to help solve urgent challenges while making our world more prosperous, productive, innovative, and secure. At the same time, irresponsible use could exacerbate societal harms such as fraud, discrimination, bias, and disinformation; displace and disempower workers; stifle competition; and pose risks to national security. Harnessing AI for good and realizing its myriad benefits requires mitigating its substantial risks. This endeavor demands a society-wide effort that includes government, the private sector, academia, and civil society.

My Administration places the highest urgency …


Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian) Mar 2023

Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian)

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to explore ChatGPT’s potential as an innovative designer tool for the future development of artificial intelligence. Specifically, this conceptual investigation aims to analyze ChatGPT’s capabilities as a tool for designing and developing near about human intelligent systems for futuristic used and developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Also with the helps of this paper, researchers are analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of ChatGPT as a tool, and identify possible areas for improvement in its development and implementation. This investigation focused on the various features and functions of ChatGPT that …


Use Of Whatsapp Technology In Library Services: Case Study Of National Defence University Library, Islamabad, Pakistan, Abid Hussain Mar 2022

Use Of Whatsapp Technology In Library Services: Case Study Of National Defence University Library, Islamabad, Pakistan, Abid Hussain

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to investigate the interest and use of WhatsApp technology among the library users of National Defence University Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire in google forms was created shared with the students of five departments of National Defence University Pakistan via email. The data were tabulated and analyzed using SPSS 22 for this paper.

Findings

This study revealed that WhatsApp is a robust and state of the art technology that could be embedded with digital library services to approach the library's patrons. This technology will help the library users getting quality services. Some technical and human resource …


Undersea Cables: The Ultimate Geopolitical Chokepoint, Bert Chapman Dec 2021

Undersea Cables: The Ultimate Geopolitical Chokepoint, Bert Chapman

FORCES Initiative: Strategy, Security, and Social Systems

This work provides historical and contemporary overviews of this critical geopolitical problem, describes the policy actors addressing this in the U.S. and selected other countries, and provides maps and information on many undersea cable work routes. These cables are chokepoints with one dictionary defining chokepoints as “a strategic narrow route providing passage through or to another region."


Postdigital Librarianship, Michael Paulus Nov 2021

Postdigital Librarianship, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

The novel coronavirus pandemic revealed many of the promises of our digital information revolution, but it also revealed many problems and raised fundamental questions about what we can know, what we may hope, and what we should do. As we reimagine what might be possible after the pandemic, librarians and libraries are well positioned to help shape better futures through critical, constructive, and ethical approaches to digital transformation. This paper explores our present information crisis and revolution, previous information revolutions, and strategic directions for integrating new technologies into our lives in ways that may enhance wisdom, hope, and justice.


Barriers For Library And Information Science Researchers From Developing Countries: What The “Library Philosophy And Practice Phenomenon” Tells Us, Brady Lund Oct 2021

Barriers For Library And Information Science Researchers From Developing Countries: What The “Library Philosophy And Practice Phenomenon” Tells Us, Brady Lund

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This short commentary introduces and discusses the “Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) Phenomenon,” wherein a scholarly journal published in a developed country has an extremely large number of authors from developing countries, relative to the typical journal. Elements of journals that fit the LPP phenomenon are discussed, as well as what this phenomenon says about barriers to scholarly publishing for researchers from developing nations. Implications for journals that lack diverse authorship from developing nations are listed. This phenomenon may be studied in other disciplines to further illuminate divides in the scholarly realm.


Undergraduate Students’ Use Of Electronic Resources In Academic Libraries In Selected Universities In Nigeria, Williams Nwagwu Oct 2021

Undergraduate Students’ Use Of Electronic Resources In Academic Libraries In Selected Universities In Nigeria, Williams Nwagwu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The objective of this study is to investigate the factors influencing the use of electronic resources by undergraduate students in academic libraries in selected Universities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Data was collected from 352 undergraduate students, 51.42% females and 48.58% males, from three universities in Southwest Nigeria. Data was analysed using binary logistic regression to understand the odds that favour use or non-use of the resources. The model successfully distinguished between the types of electronic resources and use non-use of the e-resources, and only three of the ten variables namely e-books, reference books and reference database made unique statistically significant …


The Augmented Library: Exploring The History And Future Of Library Automation, Michael Paulus Jun 2021

The Augmented Library: Exploring The History And Future Of Library Automation, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Like most institutions, libraries have entered a period of digital transformation during which exponential technologies such as artificial intelligence are changing the future of work. But libraries entered the age of autonomous and intelligent technologies over fifty years ago, when automated information processing became integral to established as well as new services. This presentation explores how past discussions of continuity and change shaped the future of the library over the last fifty years. It also points to parallels with present discussions about the anticipated role of AI in libraries.


The Tacit Knowledge Dilemma In Open Science, C. Sean Burns Apr 2021

The Tacit Knowledge Dilemma In Open Science, C. Sean Burns

Information Science Presentations

A talk about the role that knowledge management (and sub areas) might play in open science. The open science movement has the goal of making transparent as much of the scientific process as is possible. This entails making publicly available (open source, access, etc.) the parts of the scientific workflow, such as the data, the software code, the manuscripts, that are used or generated in the process of doing research. However, Michael Polanyi's theory of tacit knowledge raises a dilemma that knowledge management researchers might be able to address. Specifically, if we accept the theory of tacit knowledge, the idea …


Technology Acceptance Model And Academic Performance Of Postgraduate Students: The Moderating Role Of Academic Self-Efficacy, Muhammad Asif Munir Dr., Pro. Dr. Ghulam Shabir Dr., Shahbaz Sharif Mr. Jan 2021

Technology Acceptance Model And Academic Performance Of Postgraduate Students: The Moderating Role Of Academic Self-Efficacy, Muhammad Asif Munir Dr., Pro. Dr. Ghulam Shabir Dr., Shahbaz Sharif Mr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Different models and theories have been tested in educational institutions to predict academic performance of the students. With the development of the technology and the advancement of communication channels, this study explores the impact of the usage of technology on student’ academic performance. For this purpose, the study aims at hiring technology acceptance model (TAM) to test the effect of the usage of social media on academic performance. TAM-core variables are comprised of five variables including perceived ease of use of social media, perceived usefulness of social media, intention to use of social media, and actual use of social media. …


Effect Of Social Media Addiction On Reading Culture: A Study Of Nigerian Students, Isaac E. Anyira, Obiora Kingsley Udem Aug 2020

Effect Of Social Media Addiction On Reading Culture: A Study Of Nigerian Students, Isaac E. Anyira, Obiora Kingsley Udem

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of social media addiction on reading culture of Nigerian students in higher institutions of learning. An online survey was sent to 1500 students of higher institutions in Nigeria during the Lockdown necessitated by the outbreak of the dreaded Corona Virus (Covid-19) Pandemic. A total of 1300 questionnaires were completed and returned. This implies 86.7% return rate. Data was analyzed using graphical charts. The findings of the study showed that social media mostly used by student include Facebook, followed by WhatsApp, YouTube, Pinterest, Twitter, Instagram, Wordpress, Snapchat, Reddit, respectively; while, …


Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman May 2020

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy, which invite expert witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public, …


Awareness And Health Impacts Of Information Overload And Ict Usage In South Africa, Baldwin Obareng Manoko, Mmafani Serote Mrs, Oludele Akinloye Akinboade Prof, Trevor Taft Dr Feb 2020

Awareness And Health Impacts Of Information Overload And Ict Usage In South Africa, Baldwin Obareng Manoko, Mmafani Serote Mrs, Oludele Akinloye Akinboade Prof, Trevor Taft Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Purpose:- This study examined information overload experiences of a group of individuals who are in the social media contact list of the researchers. This covers their perceptions, experiences and impact on their health.

Design:- A survey of randomly selected individuals in the social media contact network of the researchers has been made. This has been done by administering a closed structured questionnaire which cover information ranging from demographic characteristics, time spent on ICT usage, to their experiences of information overload and the health effects of such experience.

Findings:- Male respondents, who are largely unemployed are active ICT users, but are …


Marine Technical Practicum Afs 396, Joanna Burkhardt Feb 2020

Marine Technical Practicum Afs 396, Joanna Burkhardt

Library Impact Statements

No abstract provided.


Algorithms Of Oppression [Uno Pa Theory Proseminar Presentation], Sue Ann Gardner Feb 2020

Algorithms Of Oppression [Uno Pa Theory Proseminar Presentation], Sue Ann Gardner

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries: Conference Presentations and Speeches

Slides of two classes taught in the Theory Proseminar in the School of Public Administration at the University of Nebraska at Omaha by Sue Ann Gardner on February 11 and 18, 2020.

Connects information theory to applicable knowledge frameworks in public administration. Includes an in-depth discussion of the concepts addressed in Samiya Umoja Noble's book Algorithms of Oppression (published by New York University Press, New York, New York, United States, 2018) in the context of public administration and public academic libraries.


The Social Construction Of Digital Multimedia Technology And Creation Of Political Hyper-Realities In Indonesia And Malaysia, Basa Alim Tuelaka, Burhan Bungin Jan 2020

The Social Construction Of Digital Multimedia Technology And Creation Of Political Hyper-Realities In Indonesia And Malaysia, Basa Alim Tuelaka, Burhan Bungin

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The development of media technology nowadays displays rapid progress, particularly the mainstream media that is developing towards digital media, which makes the social construction power even more flawless. This progress is very beneficial to the development of society, but it can also be used by political interests for control over powers. Against their political opponents, political parties can use this advanced mass media technology to attack and block off counterattacks through social construction or deconstruction. This study uses a narrative qualitative approach and interview method, by interviewing the informants to explore the understanding of the social construction of media in …


Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into U.S. Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman Jan 2020

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into U.S. Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees, including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy which invite witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public, except …


Your Data Primer, Michael Paulus Oct 2019

Your Data Primer, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

In their recent book Tools and Weapons, Brad Smith and Carol Ann Browne describe the 2018 Facebook-Cambridge Analytica scandal as a Three Mile Island moment for data stewardship. After years of sharing personal data without much thought about how it might be used or abused, the public is now becoming more aware of the need for clearer responsibilities and rights related to the collection, processing, and dissemination of personal information. “Data has always been important to society,” Smith and Browne point out, but “it has never played the role it does today … every aspect of human life is fueled …


Mapping Intellectual Structure Of Published Articles In Information Retrieval During 1983-2017., Mozhdeh Salajeghe Prof., Adel Soleimani Pro., Mahdieh Khazaneha Mrs Sep 2019

Mapping Intellectual Structure Of Published Articles In Information Retrieval During 1983-2017., Mozhdeh Salajeghe Prof., Adel Soleimani Pro., Mahdieh Khazaneha Mrs

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Today information and communication cause the daily growth of published information. Studying all scientific production content and structures for specialist in different fields and publications is impossible. This study aims to analyze the articles regarding information retrieval based on the concepts of co-occurrence network analysis and centrality indicators published in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science[1] during 1983-2017. This is a descriptive study, using Scientometric approach. Its statistical population contains all articles related to Information retrieval in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science during1983-2017. The scientific research on Information retrieval starts in 2002. Based on the scientific map of countries, …


Transhumanism (Dot) Mil: A Bibliometric Analysis Of Technoprogressive Terms In Military Publications, K. Durwood Evans Sep 2019

Transhumanism (Dot) Mil: A Bibliometric Analysis Of Technoprogressive Terms In Military Publications, K. Durwood Evans

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Has transhumanism influenced military thinking? Previous work found that transhumanist terms did not appear widely in military publications. The present work analyzes and improves on previous content analysis of transhumanist terms in military literature using the tools of library and information studies.


Artificial Intelligence And The Apocalyptic Imagination: The Ends Of Divine, Natural, And Artificial Agency, Michael Paulus Jul 2019

Artificial Intelligence And The Apocalyptic Imagination: The Ends Of Divine, Natural, And Artificial Agency, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

New information and communication technologies (ICTs) are reshaping our lives and the environments in which we live to such an extent that philosopher Luciano Floridi claims we are living through an information revolution. ICTs are changing our self-understanding, how we relate to each other, and how we understand our role in the world. At the center of this revolution is the advent of auto­mated information processing and intelligent systems.These technologies of artificial intelligence (AI) raise questions about data collection, algorithmic agency, and the future of every dimension of life. They also inspire a range of hopes and fears. Some AI …


Scientometric Mapping Of Research Output Of Nirf First Ranked Institute Of India: Iisc, Bangalore, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R. Jun 2019

Scientometric Mapping Of Research Output Of Nirf First Ranked Institute Of India: Iisc, Bangalore, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is aimed to investigate the scientific research productivity of India’s NIRF first ranked higher academic & research institute, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore for a period of 05 years during 2014-2018. A total of 12,130 research papers were retrieved as SCIE publication from WoS bibliographical database and analyzed. The study is focused to find out the year wise institutional contribution in research, compound annual growth rate, areas of interest, collaborating institutions and countries, mode of publications, research funding agencies, prolific journals, prolific authors, authorship pattern, degree of collaborations etc. Different scientometric tools and techniques were used to …


The Age Of The Library, Michael Paulus May 2019

The Age Of The Library, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

In 2018, the Seattle Pacific University Library launched a minor in Information Studies. This multidisciplinary program explores the dynamic relationships between information, technology, and people and how our lives are changing in our emerging information and technological environment. Why would a library create such a program, and what does it reveal about the present and future role of the library?


Returns On Library Investment: A Study Of The Leading Engineering And Technology Institutes In India, Shivendra Singh, Ramesh Pandita Mr. May 2019

Returns On Library Investment: A Study Of The Leading Engineering And Technology Institutes In India, Shivendra Singh, Ramesh Pandita Mr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is based on the secondary data compiled by the Ministry of Human Resource & Development, Govt., of India for the period 2012-13, 2013-14 & 2014-15 and was released as the ranking list of Institutes of Engineering and Technology in India for the year 2016. The study aims to assess the Returns on Investment (ROI) of the twenty leading libraries of the Institutes of Engineering and Technology in India in the form of institutional research output. An attempted has also been made to rank the each individual library on the basis of seven different parameters chosen for the study …


The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman Apr 2019

The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials

Presentation describing my 2019 Palgrave Macmillan book Global Defense Procurement and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. It describes this aircraft and places particular emphasis on the government information resources from multiple countries used in writing this book.


A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro Mar 2019

A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro

FIMS Publications

The LiT.RL News Verification Browser is a research tool for news readers, journalists, editors or information professionals. The tool analyzes the language used in digital news web pages to determine if they are clickbait, satirical news, or falsified news, and visualizes the results by highlighting content in color-coded categories. Although the clickbait, satire, and falsification detectors perform to certain accuracy levels on test data, during real-world internet use accuracy may vary. The browser is not a replacement for digital literacy and is not always correct. All processing is completed on the local machine - results are not sent to or …


Faraway Flix: Connecting To International Students Through Film, Laura Bohuski Jan 2019

Faraway Flix: Connecting To International Students Through Film, Laura Bohuski

DLTS Faculty Publications

WKU has, at any given time, about 20,000 students enrolled in university programs across four campuses. WKU is a campus that is actively engaged in making international connections, so much so that its current vision statement asserts that WKU is “a leading American university with international reach.”1 Western’s drive to establish and maintain international connections has been successful: of the 20,000 students currently attending WKU, 1,300 are international students from 70 seventy different countries.2 With such a diverse student population, many of the departments at Western are actively engaged in developing programs to help connect our extensive international population with …


A Framework For Digital Wisdom In Higher Education, Michael Paulus Jan 2019

A Framework For Digital Wisdom In Higher Education, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Institutions of higher education have a crucial role and responsibility at this moment of technological change to form people who will flourish in our so-called digital age. The speed with which digital information and communication technologies have permeated our lives has left little time for critical reflection on how we may intentionally integrate them into our lives. Regardless of when we were born or the depth of our technological expertise, we are all of us digitally naïve. Individually and collectively, we are still learning how to use new and emerging digital technologies well and wisely. This essay presents a framework …


Research Data Sharing: Practices And Attitudes Of Geophysicists, Carol Tenopir, Lisa Christian, Suzie Allard, Josh Borycz Dec 2018

Research Data Sharing: Practices And Attitudes Of Geophysicists, Carol Tenopir, Lisa Christian, Suzie Allard, Josh Borycz

DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups

Open data policies have been introduced by governments, funders, and publishers over the past decade. Previous research showed a growing recognition by scientists of the benefits of data-sharing and reuse, but actual practices lag and are not always compliant with new regulations. The goal of this study is to investigate motives, attitudes, and data practices of the community of Earth and planetary geophysicists, a discipline believed to have accepting attitudes toward data sharing and reuse. A better understanding of the attitudes and current data-sharing practices of this scientific community could enable funders, publishers, data managers, and librarians to design systems …


Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R. Dec 2018

Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study is focused on examining the application of Bradford’s law of scattering on research articles published in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics by Indian scientist during 1988-2017. The bibliographic data was retrieved from Web of Science (WoS) bibliographic data base for different period of time. Total 18,877 journal’s article have been published by Indian scientist in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics during 1988-2017 which was further retrieved and analyzed separately for different blocks of 10 years as well as for 30 years consolidated too. The core journal of the field was identified. The Bradford law of …