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Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

Artificial Intelligence And Human Hope, Michael Paulus Oct 2023

Artificial Intelligence And Human Hope, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Slides from a book talk at Folio: The Seattle Atheneum on Artificial Intelligence and the Apocalyptic Imagination: Artificial Agency and Human Hope.


Revisiting The Meaning Of The City And The Library, Michael Paulus Jun 2023

Revisiting The Meaning Of The City And The Library, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

We are living through an information revolution connected with automated information processing and artificial intelligence. Previous information revolutions, connected with information agencies and information artifacts, resulted in cities—described by Jacques Ellul in The Meaning of the City as artificial and autonomous systems—and libraries, which augment human intelligence through technological systems as well as related formative practices. The library remains an important institution and infrastructure for confronting challenges and opportunities associated with the latest form artificial agency, AI. Focusing on the history of the library, this paper explores the history of—and future possibilities for—the role of artificial agency in cultural development.


Introduction: Imagined And Real Ai, Michael Paulus Jan 2023

Introduction: Imagined And Real Ai, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

The increasing role and power of artificial intelligence in our lives and world require us to imagine and shape a desirable future with this technology. Since visions of AI often draw from Christian apocalyptic narratives, current discussions about technological hopes and fears present an opportunity for a deeper engagement with Christian eschatological resources. This book argues that the apocalyptic imagination can transform how we think about and use AI, helping us discover ways artificial agency may help us create a better world.


Postdigital Librarianship, Michael Paulus Nov 2021

Postdigital Librarianship, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

The novel coronavirus pandemic revealed many of the promises of our digital information revolution, but it also revealed many problems and raised fundamental questions about what we can know, what we may hope, and what we should do. As we reimagine what might be possible after the pandemic, librarians and libraries are well positioned to help shape better futures through critical, constructive, and ethical approaches to digital transformation. This paper explores our present information crisis and revolution, previous information revolutions, and strategic directions for integrating new technologies into our lives in ways that may enhance wisdom, hope, and justice.


The Augmented Library: Exploring The History And Future Of Library Automation, Michael Paulus Jun 2021

The Augmented Library: Exploring The History And Future Of Library Automation, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Like most institutions, libraries have entered a period of digital transformation during which exponential technologies such as artificial intelligence are changing the future of work. But libraries entered the age of autonomous and intelligent technologies over fifty years ago, when automated information processing became integral to established as well as new services. This presentation explores how past discussions of continuity and change shaped the future of the library over the last fifty years. It also points to parallels with present discussions about the anticipated role of AI in libraries.


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Spring 2021, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Apr 2021

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Spring 2021, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2019, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Nov 2019

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2019, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Your Data Primer, Michael Paulus Oct 2019

Your Data Primer, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

In their recent book Tools and Weapons, Brad Smith and Carol Ann Browne describe the 2018 Facebook-Cambridge Analytica scandal as a Three Mile Island moment for data stewardship. After years of sharing personal data without much thought about how it might be used or abused, the public is now becoming more aware of the need for clearer responsibilities and rights related to the collection, processing, and dissemination of personal information. “Data has always been important to society,” Smith and Browne point out, but “it has never played the role it does today … every aspect of human life is fueled …


Holy Listening In Reference Work: A Sacred Aspect Of The Christian Librarian’S Calling, Cynthia Strong Sep 2019

Holy Listening In Reference Work: A Sacred Aspect Of The Christian Librarian’S Calling, Cynthia Strong

SPU Works

Along with all Christians, I live out a vocation – both a general and a missional calling. More specifically, as a Christian who is a librarian, my missional calling is to serve my patrons. In my experience, the best way that I can fulfill this service is by listening. As Dietrich Bonhoeffer writes in Life Together, “[t]he first service one owes to others in the community involves listening to them” (1954, p. 97).

Many pastors and spiritual directors write on the practice and importance of listening for the work they perform. The listening they do is shaped by their …


Artificial Intelligence And The Apocalyptic Imagination: The Ends Of Divine, Natural, And Artificial Agency, Michael Paulus Jul 2019

Artificial Intelligence And The Apocalyptic Imagination: The Ends Of Divine, Natural, And Artificial Agency, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

New information and communication technologies (ICTs) are reshaping our lives and the environments in which we live to such an extent that philosopher Luciano Floridi claims we are living through an information revolution. ICTs are changing our self-understanding, how we relate to each other, and how we understand our role in the world. At the center of this revolution is the advent of auto­mated information processing and intelligent systems.These technologies of artificial intelligence (AI) raise questions about data collection, algorithmic agency, and the future of every dimension of life. They also inspire a range of hopes and fears. Some AI …


The Age Of The Library, Michael Paulus May 2019

The Age Of The Library, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

In 2018, the Seattle Pacific University Library launched a minor in Information Studies. This multidisciplinary program explores the dynamic relationships between information, technology, and people and how our lives are changing in our emerging information and technological environment. Why would a library create such a program, and what does it reveal about the present and future role of the library?


A Framework For Digital Wisdom In Higher Education, Michael Paulus Jan 2019

A Framework For Digital Wisdom In Higher Education, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Institutions of higher education have a crucial role and responsibility at this moment of technological change to form people who will flourish in our so-called digital age. The speed with which digital information and communication technologies have permeated our lives has left little time for critical reflection on how we may intentionally integrate them into our lives. Regardless of when we were born or the depth of our technological expertise, we are all of us digitally naïve. Individually and collectively, we are still learning how to use new and emerging digital technologies well and wisely. This essay presents a framework …


Disseminating Open Scientific Communication In Psychology: An Overview Of Platforms And Policies, Kristen Hoffman Apr 2018

Disseminating Open Scientific Communication In Psychology: An Overview Of Platforms And Policies, Kristen Hoffman

SPU Works

In August 2017, APA announced a collaboration with the Center for Open Science to host data and preprints on PsyArXiv. APA journals and those of many other publishers allow posting prepublication manuscripts on the internet. More and more, scholars are pushing against the closed systems of publishing in favor of opening access, narrowly in regards to scholarly publications and more broadly in terms of the entire life cycle of research. When I talk with faculty at my institution, the two general responses I receive to the question, “What does open access look like in your discipline?” is either that it …


Spu Library Annual Report 2017-2018, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Jan 2018

Spu Library Annual Report 2017-2018, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Digital Reformation.Pdf, Michael Paulus, Bruce Baker Oct 2017

Digital Reformation.Pdf, Michael Paulus, Bruce Baker

SPU Works

Digital information and communication technologies are rapidly changing how we understand our identities and institutions. Five hundred years ago, new printing technologies created conditions that enabled the Protestant reformation and profoundly changed the world. Today, we are in the midst of a digital revolution. But what is being reformed, and what are we reforming? This session will explore the nature of our present information age and the theological questions it raises, touching on theological principles, cultural critiques, and spiritual practices that can help us reflect on digital reformation and transformation.


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2017, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Oct 2017

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2017, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


From Digital Literacy To Digital Wisdom, Michael Paulus Mar 2017

From Digital Literacy To Digital Wisdom, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

Marc Prensky, who popularized the term “digital natives” more than ten years ago, now emphasizes the need for “digital wisdom”: using digital technologies wisely to become wiser people. Research reveals that we cannot presume the digital literacy of so-called digital natives, and that many of us do not use technology wisely. This presentation will introduce a framework for digital literacy that library and educational technology faculty and staff are using at Seattle Pacific University to shape service, curricular, and faculty development strategies to cultivate reflective and ethical uses of digital information technologies.


Spu Library Annual Report 2016-2017, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Jan 2017

Spu Library Annual Report 2016-2017, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2016, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Oct 2016

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2016, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Redeeming Innovation: Engaging Emerging Technologies By Rediscovering Our Roots, Ryan Ingersoll Jun 2016

Redeeming Innovation: Engaging Emerging Technologies By Rediscovering Our Roots, Ryan Ingersoll

SPU Works

Emerging technologies are abundant and ever evolving. A day doesn’t pass without a software update or another exciting product release from our favorite technology company. Our Christian academic libraries are ideally situated with the infrastructure and cultural ethos needed to navigate this burgeoning reality well. As we engage this unfolding reality, how might our libraries explore this new frontier wisely? What essential components are needed to refine our approach as we integrate new emerging technology?My keynote will invite us to embark on a journey with a short visit to a “low tech” spiritual retreat community to help us develop a …


The Image Of The Library In The Life And Work Of Charles Williams, Michael Paulus Jun 2016

The Image Of The Library In The Life And Work Of Charles Williams, Michael Paulus

SPU Works

This presentation explores the role and image of the library in the life and work of Charles Williams.


Spu Library Annual Report 2015-2016, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Jan 2016

Spu Library Annual Report 2015-2016, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Oct 2015

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Autumn 2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Libraries And The Apocalyptic Imagination, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Aug 2015

Libraries And The Apocalyptic Imagination, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

SPU Works

Books and libraries figure prominently in apocalyptic and related forms of literature. The representations of libraries in these imagined, catastrophic futures reveal important roles libraries have had and continue to have in helping individuals, communities, and cultures find ways forward through time. This paper explores the long history of library eschatologies—including ancient apocalypses of the Dead Sea Scroll Library and the book of Revelation, modern apocalypses from Mary Shelley to Margaret Atwood, and the dystopian anti-libraries of Jorge Luis Borges’s Babel and Tlön—and highlights deep continuities connecting our historical memories, future expectations, and present experiences of libraries. In the apocalyptic …


The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll Jun 2015

The Beginning Of Digital Wisdom, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Ryan Ingersoll

SPU Works

Marc Prensky, who popularized the term “digital natives” more than ten years ago, now emphasizes the need for “digital wisdom”: using digital technologies wisely to become wiser. Recent research reveals that so-called digital natives are often “digital naïves”—familiarity with digital technologies does not translate into facility with them. Incoming college students report declining confidence in their computer skills and report very modest improvements by the time they graduate. Employers report deficiencies in the technological skills of college graduates and, perhaps most troubling, studies of youth and young adults show that ethical and moral reasoning does not extend much beyond self-protection. …


Friends Of The Library Newsletter Spring 2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Apr 2015

Friends Of The Library Newsletter Spring 2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Library Newsletters

No abstract provided.


The Digital Public Library Of America And Academic Libraries: How The Dpla Advances Teaching, Learning, And Research, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Jonas Lamb, Kristen Yarmey, Kathryn Shaughnessy, Emily Gore Mar 2015

The Digital Public Library Of America And Academic Libraries: How The Dpla Advances Teaching, Learning, And Research, Michael J. Paulus Jr., Jonas Lamb, Kristen Yarmey, Kathryn Shaughnessy, Emily Gore

SPU Works

Within a very short period of time, the Digital Public Library of America has become an important institution and infrastructure for discovering and working with materials in libraries, archives, and museums. As a portal, platform, and public option for access, DPLA creates exciting opportunities for innovative teaching, learning, and research within academic institutions. DPLA staff and Community Representatives will facilitate a discussion about DPLA’s promising role in fostering collaboration among academic libraries and user communities.


Digital Wisdom Poster, Ryan Ingersoll Jan 2015

Digital Wisdom Poster, Ryan Ingersoll

Digital Wisdom Framework

No abstract provided.


Digital Wisdom Framework Summary, Michael Paulus Jan 2015

Digital Wisdom Framework Summary, Michael Paulus

Digital Wisdom Framework

No abstract provided.


Spu Library Annual Report 2014-2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Jan 2015

Spu Library Annual Report 2014-2015, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.