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The Second Digital Transformation Of Scholarly Publishing: Strategic Context And Shared Infrastructure, Tracy Bergstrom, Oya Y. Rieger, Roger C. Schonfeld Jan 2024

The Second Digital Transformation Of Scholarly Publishing: Strategic Context And Shared Infrastructure, Tracy Bergstrom, Oya Y. Rieger, Roger C. Schonfeld

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Today, the scholarly publishing sector is undergoing its second digital transformation. The first digital transformation saw a massive shift from paper to digital, but otherwise publishing retained many of the structures, workflows, incentives, and outputs that characterized the print era. A variety of shared infrastructure was developed to serve the needs of this first digital transformation. In this current second digital transformation, many of the structures, workflows, incentives, and outputs that characterized the print era are being revamped in favor of new approaches that bring tremendous opportunities, and also non-trivial risks, to scholarly communication. The second digital transformation requires shared …


Royster Receives Lifetime Achievement Award, Retires From Nebraska Jan 2024

Royster Receives Lifetime Achievement Award, Retires From Nebraska

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Paul Royster, coordinator for scholarly communication, completes his 19-year career at the University of Nebraska- Lincoln Libraries with a Lifetime Achievement Award from Elsevier Digital Commons for work on behalf of the faculty and students in the growth of the Universityʼs institutional repository (IR) and his innovations that have shaped the development of the platform.


Report To The U. S. Congress On Financing Mechanisms For Open Access Publishing Of Federally Funded Research, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy Nov 2023

Report To The U. S. Congress On Financing Mechanisms For Open Access Publishing Of Federally Funded Research, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy

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Executive Summary The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) submits this report to the Appropriations Committees of the Senate and the House in fulfillment of the requirement in the Committee Report accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 (P.L. 117-328) for financing mechanisms for open access publishing of federally funded research.1 According to that Report, “The Committee recognizes the considerable progress made by OSTP” and “encourages OSTP to continue its efforts to coordinate the implementation of public access policies across Federal departments and agencies and to identify additional opportunities to enhance access to the results of Federally funded …


Navigating Risk In Vendor Data Privacy Practices: An Analysis Of Elsevier's Sciencedirect, Becky Yoose, Nick Shockey Nov 2023

Navigating Risk In Vendor Data Privacy Practices: An Analysis Of Elsevier's Sciencedirect, Becky Yoose, Nick Shockey

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Executive Summary

As libraries transitioned from buying materials to licensing content, serious threats to privacy followed. This change shifted more control over library user data (and whether it is collected or kept at all) from the local library to third-party vendors, including personal data about what people search for and what they read. This transition has further reinforced the move by some of the largest academic publishers to move beyond content and become data analytics businesses that provide platforms of tools used throughout the research lifecycle that can collect user data at each stage. These companies have an increasing incentive …


Executive Order On The Safe, Secure, And Trustworthy Development And Use Of Artificial Intelligence, Joseph R. Biden Oct 2023

Executive Order On The Safe, Secure, And Trustworthy Development And Use Of Artificial Intelligence, Joseph R. Biden

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Section 1. Purpose. Artificial intelligence (AI) holds extraordinary potential for both promise and peril. Responsible AI use has the potential to help solve urgent challenges while making our world more prosperous, productive, innovative, and secure. At the same time, irresponsible use could exacerbate societal harms such as fraud, discrimination, bias, and disinformation; displace and disempower workers; stifle competition; and pose risks to national security. Harnessing AI for good and realizing its myriad benefits requires mitigating its substantial risks. This endeavor demands a society-wide effort that includes government, the private sector, academia, and civil society.

My Administration places the highest urgency …


Article Processing Charges For Open Access Journal Publishing: A Review, Ángel Borrego Jul 2023

Article Processing Charges For Open Access Journal Publishing: A Review, Ángel Borrego

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Abstract

Some open access (OA) publishers charge authors fees to make their articles freely available online. This paper reviews literature on article processing charges (APCs) that has been published since 2000. Despite praise for diamond OA journals, which charge no fees, most OA articles are published by commercial publishers that charge APCs. Publishers fix APCs depending on the reputation assigned to journals by peers. Evidence shows a relationship between high impact metrics and higher, faster rising APCs. Authors express reluctance about APCs, although this varies by discipline depending on previous experience of paying publication fees and the availability of research …


Defining Open Scholarly Infrastructure: A Review Of Relevant Literature, Saman Goudarzi, Richard Dunks Jun 2023

Defining Open Scholarly Infrastructure: A Review Of Relevant Literature, Saman Goudarzi, Richard Dunks

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This report outlines IOI’s initial attempt towards a framework for understanding open infrastructure for research and scholarship. For this report, we examined a body of literature that includes works across the fields of anthropology, scholarly communications, international development studies, science and technology studies, and infrastructure studies. ....

This review also makes clear that the distinguishing feature between open infrastructure and its commercially-run and -operated counterparts is the fact that its value lies not just in its ability to support productive functions but how it fosters positive and desirable social practices and values. It is insufficient to simply assert certain values …


The Open Access Journals Toolkit, Alex Mendonça, Andrea Chiarelli, Andy Byers, Andy Nobes, Chris Hartgerink, Clarissa França Dias Carneiro, Elle Malcolmson, Ivonne Lijano, Katie Foxall, Lucia Loffreda, Rebecca Wojturska, Solange Santos, Susan Murray, Tom Olijhoek, Wendy Patterson Jun 2023

The Open Access Journals Toolkit, Alex Mendonça, Andrea Chiarelli, Andy Byers, Andy Nobes, Chris Hartgerink, Clarissa França Dias Carneiro, Elle Malcolmson, Ivonne Lijano, Katie Foxall, Lucia Loffreda, Rebecca Wojturska, Solange Santos, Susan Murray, Tom Olijhoek, Wendy Patterson

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Contents: Getting Started 5 • Scope, aims and focus 5 • Choosing a title for your journal 6 • Types of content accepted 7 • Kick-off and ongoing funding 11 • Disciplinary considerations 16 • Journal setup checklist and timeline 18 • Running a journal 20 • Article selection criteria 20 • Publication frequency and journal issues 23 • Attracting authors 25 • Peer review and quality assurance 27 • The costs of running an online open access journal 31 • Running a journal in a local or regional language 34 • Flipping a journal to open access 36 • …


U.S Department Of Energy Public Access Plan, U.S Department Of Energy Jun 2023

U.S Department Of Energy Public Access Plan, U.S Department Of Energy

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This document, the Public Access Plan (the Plan) for the Department of Energy (DOE or Department), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, presents the Department of Energy’s plan for increasing access to the results of the research and development (R&D) it supports in response to the August 25, 2022, Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Memorandum, “Ensuring Free, Immediate, and Equitable Access to Federally Funded Research”1 and to the previous February 22, 2013, OSTP Memorandum, “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research.”2 This Plan, which supplants the Department’s July 2014 Public Access Plan, was developed by …


Name Change Practices, Digital Commons Institutional Repository, Sue Ann Gardner May 2023

Name Change Practices, Digital Commons Institutional Repository, Sue Ann Gardner

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Includes information on practices for starting the process, guidelines for remedy by type of name change, and default practices for change of first/given name for name changes in the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries' Digital Commons institutional repository.


Ithaka S+R Us Library Survey 2022: Navigating The New Normal, Ioana G. Hulbert Mar 2023

Ithaka S+R Us Library Survey 2022: Navigating The New Normal, Ioana G. Hulbert

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The Ithaka S+R Library Survey has examined leadership and strategic perspectives in the field by surveying library deans and directors nationally on a triennial basis since 2010. The research project’s overarching goals are to provide the library community with a valuable data source to inform decision making and track the emerging opportunities and challenges leaders face in steering their organizations. In fall 2022, we surveyed library leaders at not-for-profit four-year academic institutions across the United States, with a response rate of 42 percent based on 612 responses.

In this sixth iteration of the project, we continued to track high-level issues …


Generative Artificial Intelligence And Copyright Law, Christopher T. Zirpoli Feb 2023

Generative Artificial Intelligence And Copyright Law, Christopher T. Zirpoli

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Recent innovations in artificial intelligence (AI) are raising new questions about how copyright law principles such as authorship, infringement, and fair use will apply to content created or used by AI. So-called “generative AI” computer programs—such as Open AI’s DALL-E 2 and ChatGPT programs, Stability AI’s Stable Diffusion program, and Midjourney’s self-titled program—are able to generate new images, texts, and other content (or “outputs”) in response to a user’s textual prompts (or “inputs”). These generative AI programs are “trained” to generate such works partly by exposing them to large quantities of existing works such as writings, photos, paintings, and other …


Fog Of War: How The Ukraine Conflict Transformed The Cyber Threat Landscape, Threat Analysis Group (Tag), Mandiant, Google Trust & Safety Feb 2023

Fog Of War: How The Ukraine Conflict Transformed The Cyber Threat Landscape, Threat Analysis Group (Tag), Mandiant, Google Trust & Safety

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One year ago, Russia invaded Ukraine. Since then, tens of thousands of people have been killed, millions of Ukrainians have fled and the country has sustained tens of billions of dollars worth of damage. Importantly, this marks the first time that cyber operations have played such a prominent role in a world conflict.

Since the war began, governments, companies, civil society groups, and countless others have been working around the clock to support the Ukrainian people and their institutions. At Google, we support these efforts and continue to announce new commitments and support to Ukraine. This includes a donation of …


Arxiv Annual Report 2022, Cornell Tech Feb 2023

Arxiv Annual Report 2022, Cornell Tech

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arXiv is a curated research-sharing platform open to anyone. As a pioneer in open access, arXiv.org now hosts more than 2.1 million scholarly articles in eight subject areas, curated by our strong community of volunteer moderators who balance content quality with distribution speed. arXiv provides an article submission portal, a TeX compilation service, search and discovery tools, web distribution for human readers,API access, machine readable data sets, and community-developed tools. Our emphasis on openness, collaboration, and scholarship provides the strong foundation on which arXiv thrives.

Mission — arXiv is an open platform where researchers can share and discover new, relevant, …


Copyright And Racism, Kimber Thomas Jan 2023

Copyright And Racism, Kimber Thomas

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Slides on copyright and racism by Dr. Kimber Thomas with an emphasis on United States copyright.

Includes points related to the origin of United States copyright law, original authorship and tangibility requirements, creation of works via oral or visual tradition and knowledge, the useful articles exclusion, and works made for hire.


The ‘Hijacking’ Of The Scandinavian Journal Of Information Systems: Implications For The Information Systems Community [Opinion], Sune Dueholm Müller, Johan Ivar Sæbø Jan 2023

The ‘Hijacking’ Of The Scandinavian Journal Of Information Systems: Implications For The Information Systems Community [Opinion], Sune Dueholm Müller, Johan Ivar Sæbø

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Journal hijacking, which refers to the attempted brand takeover of a journal by a third party, is a nascent threat confronting the information systems (IS) community, as evidenced by cybercriminals having established an online presence, masquerading as the Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems (SJIS). The SJIS hijacking damages the journal's reputation, leads to payment and publication scams, involves identity theft among unsuspecting IS researchers, and results in tarnished author reputations. Beyond SJIS, journal hijacking presents a threat, not only to the IS community, but also to science and academic integrity in general if researchers and readers cannot distinguish between fake …


Frequently Asked Questions: 2022 Public Access Policy Guidance, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy Dec 2022

Frequently Asked Questions: 2022 Public Access Policy Guidance, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy

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Includes a list of frequently asked questions and answers for the 2022 White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Public Access Policy guidance, including answering questions such as "What is meant by public access to federally funded research?" and "What impact will the policy guidance have on specific business models for scholarly publishing?"


Retrospective And Prospective Study Of The Evolution Of Apc Costs And Electronic Subscriptions For French Institutions, Antoine Blanchard, Diane Thierry, Maurits Van Der Graaf Dec 2022

Retrospective And Prospective Study Of The Evolution Of Apc Costs And Electronic Subscriptions For French Institutions, Antoine Blanchard, Diane Thierry, Maurits Van Der Graaf

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French Résultats principaux

Coûts 2020

  • Dépenses d'abonnement aux périodiques électroniques en 2020: 87,5 M€
  • Coûts des APC en 2020: 30,1 M€

Coûts prédits sous l'hypothèse d'une évolution à l'identique des tendances observées:

  • Dépenses d'abonnement aux périodiques électroniques en 2030: 97,5 M€
  • Coûts des APC en 2030: 50,6 M€

Coûts prédits dans un scenario d'accélération vers le gold OA:

  • Coûts des APC en 2030: 68,7 M€

Coûts prédits dans un scenario de hausse du libre accès green et transition du libre accès hybride vers gold:

  • Coûts des APC en 2030: 38,5 M€

Coûts prédits pour 90% d'articles d'auteurs correspondants affiliés en …


The Impact Of Library Publishing Through The Lens Of The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Marie O'Neill Nov 2022

The Impact Of Library Publishing Through The Lens Of The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Marie O'Neill

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Abstract

As library publishing programmes expand around the world, reports and research pertaining to standards and workflows have proliferated. This paper calls for library publishing programmes to explore the impact of their pogrammes at local, national and international level in relation to their contribution to open access publishing, EDI agendas and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The presentation highlights the UN's SDG Publishers Compact and argues that the SDGs are an ideal lens through which library publishers could examine their impact as library publishers have a strong publishing record in areas such as gender, education and climate as examples.


Community Forum On The 2022 Ostp Public Access Policy Guidance [Presentation Slides], White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy Nov 2022

Community Forum On The 2022 Ostp Public Access Policy Guidance [Presentation Slides], White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy

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Included:

● Public access background and context

● Summary of the 2022 OSTP Memorandum

● Clarification about the scope of the 2022 OSTP Memorandum

● Timeline for agency adoption of the 2022 OSTP Memorandum

● Agency perspectives: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)

● Questions and answers


The Emerging Digital Infrastructure For Research In The Humanities, Donald J. Waters Oct 2022

The Emerging Digital Infrastructure For Research In The Humanities, Donald J. Waters

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This article advances the thesis that three decades of investments by national and international funders, combined with those of scholars, technologists, librarians, archivists, and their institutions, have resulted in a digital infrastructure in the humanities that is now capable of supporting end-to-end research workflows. The article refers to key developments in the epigraphy and paleography of the premodern period. It draws primarily on work in classical studies but also highlights related work in the adjacent disciplines of Egyptology, ancient Near East studies, and medieval studies. The argument makes a case that much has been achieved but it does not declare …


The Global Publishing Industry In 2021, World Intellectual Property Organization Oct 2022

The Global Publishing Industry In 2021, World Intellectual Property Organization

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Mixed forces shaped global publishing activity in 2021. The spread of different COVID-19 variants throughout the world still caused hardship and widespread social distancing. At the same time, the rollout of vaccines helped to contain the pandemic’s impact and enabled a recovery of the global economy, which grew by around 6 percent in 2021. The preliminary release of data from WIPO’s global survey of publishing activity shows that recovery extended to the publishing industry. Still, industry performance varies by country, reflecting the nature of book markets and other local economic forces.

The highest number of books published and deposited in …


Memorandum For The Heads Of Executive Departments And Agencies, August 25, 2022: Ensuring Free, Immediate, And Equitable Access To Federally Funded Research, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy Aug 2022

Memorandum For The Heads Of Executive Departments And Agencies, August 25, 2022: Ensuring Free, Immediate, And Equitable Access To Federally Funded Research, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy

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This memorandum provides policy guidance to federal agencies with research and development expenditures on updating their public access policies. In accordance with this memorandum, OSTP recommends that federal agencies, to the extent consistent with applicable law:

1. Update their public access policies as soon as possible, and no later than December 31, 2025, to make publications and their supporting data resulting from federally funded research publicly accessible without an embargo on their free and public release;

2. Establish transparent procedures that ensure scientific and research integrity is maintained in public access policies; and,

3. Coordinate with OSTP to ensure equitable …


Ithaka S+R Us Faculty Survey 2021, Melissa Blankstein Jul 2022

Ithaka S+R Us Faculty Survey 2021, Melissa Blankstein

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The Ithaka S+R US Faculty Survey has tracked the changing research, teaching, and publishing practices of faculty members within higher education triennially since early digital transformation at the turn of the century. This project has aimed to provide actionable findings to help colleges and universities, among other relevant stakeholders such as academic libraries, learned societies, and scholarly publishers, make evidence-based decisions for their planning and strategy. Against the backdrop of the global pandemic and its numerous impacts to many different facets of higher education, this eighth cycle of the survey once again queried faculty nationally on topics such as scholarly …


Paper Mills Research Report [English], Committee On Publication Ethics, Stm Jun 2022

Paper Mills Research Report [English], Committee On Publication Ethics, Stm

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Executive summary

The subject of paper mills is currently being widely discussed by many stakeholders across the research publishing landscape. This report aims to give an overview of this topic, to explain how paper mills work, why they work and what we can collectively do about it. We have also undertaken a study of data submitted from a variety of investigations by leading publishers to get a sense of the scale of the problem. This paper concludes that the submission of suspected fake research papers, also often associated with fake authorship, is growing and threatens to overwhelm the editorial processes …


University Of Washington Faculty Senate Resolution Regarding Support For The Uw Libraries’ Principles In Licensing Scholarly Resources Apr 2022

University Of Washington Faculty Senate Resolution Regarding Support For The Uw Libraries’ Principles In Licensing Scholarly Resources

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WHEREAS, a healthy and sustainable scholarly ecosystem is one where knowledge is openly discoverable and openly shared, where there is a diversity of options for researchers to publish and disseminate their work, and where investments made by the University prioritize advancing broader impacts of research and teaching for the public good; therefore BE IT RESOLVED, that the UW Faculty Senate endorses the UW Libraries principles in licensing scholarly resources as follows:

SUSTAINABILITY:

ACCESS AND EQUITY:

SUPPORT OF SCHOLARSHIP AND TEACHING:

(Includes FAQ)


Reimagine Descriptive Workflows: A Community-Informed Agenda For Reparative And Inclusive Descriptive Practice, Rachel L. Frick, Merrilee Proffitt Apr 2022

Reimagine Descriptive Workflows: A Community-Informed Agenda For Reparative And Inclusive Descriptive Practice, Rachel L. Frick, Merrilee Proffitt

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Executive Summary

The Reimagine Descriptive Workflows project convened a group of experts, practitioners, and community members to determine ways of improving descriptive practices, tools, infrastructure, and workflows in libraries and archives. The result, this community agenda, is offered to the broad library and archives community of practice. The agenda draws together insights from the convening, related research, and operational work that is ongoing in the field. All institutions hold power to make meaningful changes in this space, and all share collective responsibility.

The agenda is not a “how-to guide,” but it is constructed to instruct and chart a path toward …


Peer Review Analyze: A Novel Benchmark Resource For Computational Analysis Of Peer Reviews, Tirthankar Ghosal, Sandeep Kumar, Prabhat Kumar Bharti, Asif Ekbal Jan 2022

Peer Review Analyze: A Novel Benchmark Resource For Computational Analysis Of Peer Reviews, Tirthankar Ghosal, Sandeep Kumar, Prabhat Kumar Bharti, Asif Ekbal

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Peer Review is at the heart of scholarly communications and the cornerstone of scientific publishing. However, academia often criticizes the peer review system as non-transparent, biased, arbitrary, a flawed process at the heart of science, leading to researchers arguing with its reliability and quality. These problems could also be due to the lack of studies with the peer-review texts for various proprietary and confidentiality clauses. Peer review texts could serve as a rich source of Natural Language Processing (NLP) research on understanding the scholarly communication landscape, and thereby build systems towards mitigating those pertinent problems. In this work, we present …


Checklist For Open Access Publishers On Implementing The Unesco Recommendation On Open Science, Unesco, Oaspa Jan 2022

Checklist For Open Access Publishers On Implementing The Unesco Recommendation On Open Science, Unesco, Oaspa

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Within the subset of open scientific knowledge, this document refers to scientific publications that include, inter alia, journal articles and books, research reports and conference papers. These publications may be, contain or be accompanied by original scientific research results, research data, software, source code, source materials, workflows and protocols, digital representations of pictorial and graphical materials and scholarly multimedia material. According to the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science, access to scientific knowledge should be as open as possible, and may need to be restricted, in specific circumstance, for example to protect human rights, confidentiality, intellectual property rights, personal information, threatened …


Audiovisual Metadata Platform Pilot Development (Amppd), Final Project Report, Jon W. Dunn, Ying Feng, Juliet L. Hardesty, Brian Wheeler, Maria Whitaker, Thomas Whittaker, Shawn Averkamp, Bertram Lyons, Amy Rudersdorf, Tanya Clement, Liz Fischer Dec 2021

Audiovisual Metadata Platform Pilot Development (Amppd), Final Project Report, Jon W. Dunn, Ying Feng, Juliet L. Hardesty, Brian Wheeler, Maria Whitaker, Thomas Whittaker, Shawn Averkamp, Bertram Lyons, Amy Rudersdorf, Tanya Clement, Liz Fischer

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This report documents the experience and findings of the Audiovisual Metadata Platform Pilot Development (AMPPD) project, which has worked to enable more efficient generation of metadata to support discovery and use of digitized and born-digital audio and moving image collections. The AMPPD project was carried out by partners Indiana University Libraries, AVP, University of Texas at Austin, and New York Public Library between 2018-2021.