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Full-Text Articles in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Impact Of Organizational Fairness On Ethical Policing In The Community, David Cepiel Apr 2021

Impact Of Organizational Fairness On Ethical Policing In The Community, David Cepiel

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Since 2015, policing has suffered from negative publicity due to unfortunate and often deadly interactions between police officers and people of color. As a result of these sad events, various programs have been incorporated into many police departments to increase professionalism among officers. One such program focuses on increasing legitimacy by teaching procedural justice concepts to officers. This study examined the impacts of organizational fairness on officers from the perspective of procedural justice. Building on previous research, this study focused on the officers and sergeants employed in two small municipal police departments in the Midwestern United States. Ninety-eight participants from ...


Assessing The Credibility Of Cyber Adversaries, Jenny A. Wells, Dana S. Lafon, Margaret Gratian Apr 2021

Assessing The Credibility Of Cyber Adversaries, Jenny A. Wells, Dana S. Lafon, Margaret Gratian

International Journal of Cybersecurity Intelligence & Cybercrime

Online communications are ever increasing, and we are constantly faced with the challenge of whether online information is credible or not. Being able to assess the credibility of others was once the work solely of intelligence agencies. In the current times of disinformation and misinformation, understanding what we are reading and to who we are paying attention to is essential for us to make considered, informed, and accurate decisions, and it has become everyone’s business. This paper employs a literature review to examine the empirical evidence across online credibility, trust, deception, and fraud detection in an effort to consolidate ...


Cyberbullying: Its Social And Psychological Harms Among Schoolers, Hyeyoung Lim, Hannarae Lee Apr 2021

Cyberbullying: Its Social And Psychological Harms Among Schoolers, Hyeyoung Lim, Hannarae Lee

International Journal of Cybersecurity Intelligence & Cybercrime

Criminal justice around the world has prioritized the prevention and protection of bullying and its victims due to the rapid increases in peer violence. Nevertheless, relatively few studies have examined what treatments or assistance are effective for peer victims to reduce and recover from their social and psychological suffering, especially in cyberbullying cases. Using data derived from the National Crime Victimization Survey-School Crime Supplement data in 2011 and 2013 (N=823), the current study examined the impact of two emotional support groups (i.e., adult and peer groups) on cyberbullying victims' social and psychological harm. The findings indicated that both ...


Cyber-Victimization Trends In Trinidad & Tobago: The Results Of An Empirical Research, Troy Smith, Nikolaos Stamatakis Apr 2021

Cyber-Victimization Trends In Trinidad & Tobago: The Results Of An Empirical Research, Troy Smith, Nikolaos Stamatakis

International Journal of Cybersecurity Intelligence & Cybercrime

Cybertechnology has brought benefits to the Caribbean in the form of new regional economic and social growth. In the last years, Caribbean countries have also become attractive targets for cybercrime due to increased economic success and online presence with a low level of cyber resilience. This study examines the online-related activities that affect cybercrime victimization by using the Routine Activity Theory (RAT). The present study seeks to identify activities that contribute to different forms of cybercrime victimization and develop risk models for these crimes, particularly the understudied cyber-dependent crimes of Hacking and Malware. It also aims to explore if there ...


The Challenges Of Identifying Dangers Online And Predictors Of Victimization, Catherine D. Marcum Apr 2021

The Challenges Of Identifying Dangers Online And Predictors Of Victimization, Catherine D. Marcum

International Journal of Cybersecurity Intelligence & Cybercrime

This short paper will provide an overview of the impressive pieces included in this issue of the International Journal of Cybersecurity Intelligence and Cybercrime. This issue includes articles on the following pertinent topic, utilizing a range of approaches and methodologies: 1) online credibility; 2) cyberbullying; and 3) unauthorized access of information. An emphasis on the importance of policy development and better protection of potential victims is a common thread throughout the issue.


Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2021

Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University

Criminal Justice & Criminology News

  • Black, White, and Blue: A Conversation about Racialized Police Violence, White Nationalism, and the Roots of Domestic Terror


Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2021

Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University

Criminal Justice & Criminology News

  • Announcement of Thesis Proposal Defense: Guy Hodge


Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady Mar 2021

Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

This presentation will explain the historical development of pornography. It will highlight four segments: 1- Porn’s impact on brain development of reward pathways, ultimately increasing the appetite for more porn. 2- Porn can be a false substitute for real intimacy, resulting in decreased sexual satisfaction with a real person and increased verbal and physical aggression. 3- Porn promotes sex trafficking, promotes multiple sex partners and reduced STD prevention. 4- A review of interventions available to assist clients in navigating a lifestyle away from pornography.


Identifying Red Flags And Risk Factors Of Child Sex Trafficking Among Runaway And Incorrigible Children In South Carolina, Sydney Arsenault, Liyun Zhang Mar 2021

Identifying Red Flags And Risk Factors Of Child Sex Trafficking Among Runaway And Incorrigible Children In South Carolina, Sydney Arsenault, Liyun Zhang

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Sex trafficking is severely oppressing children in South Carolina, in part due to the difficulty in identifying victim and potential victims. This presentation reveals findings of red flags and risk factors identified from the analysis of runaway and incorrigible incident reports collected from local law enforcement agencies in South Carolina. Applications of the findings will be discussed.


Ex-Felon - The Un-Spoken And Un-Counted, Jeanetta Lindo Mar 2021

Ex-Felon - The Un-Spoken And Un-Counted, Jeanetta Lindo

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Felon disenfranchisement in Florida. This article needs to be updated. In the U.S. state of Florida, people convicted of a felony lose their right to vote during their incarceration. Before January 8, 2019, felons effectively lost their right to vote for life, as it could only be restored by the governor's action, which rarely occurred.


How Criminal Code Drafting Form Can Restrain Prosecutorial And Legislative Excesses: Consolidated Offense Drafting, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Muhammad Sarahne Mar 2021

How Criminal Code Drafting Form Can Restrain Prosecutorial And Legislative Excesses: Consolidated Offense Drafting, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Muhammad Sarahne

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Solving criminal justice problems typically requires the enactment of new rules or the modification of existing ones. But there are some serious problems that can best be solved simply by altering the way in which the existing rules are drafted rather than by altering their content. This is the case with two of the most serious problems in criminal justice today: the problem of overlapping criminal offenses that create excessive prosecutorial charging discretion and the problem of legislative inconsistency and irrationality in grading offenses.

After examining these two problems and demonstrating their serious effects in perverting criminal justice, the essay ...


Prostitution Decriminalization Campaigns In The United States: Libertarianism Or A "Decent Society", Jody Raphael Mar 2021

Prostitution Decriminalization Campaigns In The United States: Libertarianism Or A "Decent Society", Jody Raphael

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Recently, legislative campaigns to totally decriminalize the sex trade industry in a handful of U.S. states and the District of Columbia failed, but a look at campaign supporters and their arguments demonstrates that libertarian principles are mainly guiding their efforts. This article explores how libertarianism principles, when applied to the sex trade, could bring about severe and lasting harm to others, including sellers of sex, potential victims of sex trafficking to meet the new demand, and the general community. Philosophic principles of liberty have been incorporated by courts, which find that liberty is never absolute and requires a balancing ...


Japanese Criminal Justice: A Comparative Legal History Perspective, Koji Fujimoto Mar 2021

Japanese Criminal Justice: A Comparative Legal History Perspective, Koji Fujimoto

Japanese Society and Culture

The Carlos Ghosn case has focused the world’s attention on Japan’s criminal justice system. In particular, the system has been subject to intense criticism, condemning its reliance on confessions in investigation, and for proof of guilt. The investigative approach of using physical restraints on suspects and defendants to coerce confessions is critically referred to as “hostage justice”. While the Japanese Ministry of Justice and the Public Prosecutor’s Office have responded to such criticisms by arguing for the uniqueness of the legal system, the problematic nature of this aspect of Japanese criminal justice cannot be denied, as noted ...


The Scope Of The Death Penalty, Austin Bullock Feb 2021

The Scope Of The Death Penalty, Austin Bullock

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

The problem I will explore in my paper is the death penalty’s role in the criminal justice system and the feasibility of it as a solution versus the current alternative of lifetime prison sentences. I will also address subtopics that fuel the death penalty versus life imprisonment debate including the effectiveness on recidivism and ethical considerations.


Implementing A Personal Wellness Program For Law Enforcement, Lee Schroeder Feb 2021

Implementing A Personal Wellness Program For Law Enforcement, Lee Schroeder

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Law enforcement is trained to handle any and every situation they may encounter when patrolling the streets. From civil cases, domestic, de-escalation, going hands-on with subjects, to having individuals at gunpoint. Law enforcement is in an occupation that can go from 0-100mph in a matter of seconds. With all the training that can make the outcomes more desirable, one aspect has been on the afterburner that is almost as important as other training. With the staggering statistic regarding law enforcement officers committing suicide, it would make sense that law enforcement should be given more training on coping abilities and even ...


Discrimination Against People Of Color In America’S Cash Bail System, Dolores Yanez Feb 2021

Discrimination Against People Of Color In America’S Cash Bail System, Dolores Yanez

University Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to describe how the current bail system in America is discriminatory and unjust for people of color (POC). The American criminal justice system is represented as a system run by procedural justice, which entails government officials being genuinely concerned about the fairness and transparency of the process by which decisions are made. This presumes that every American will be treated with the same respect and dignity, and that they will be given the same opportunities regardless of their socioeconomic status, racial or ethnic backgrounds. America’s cash bail system and its impact on people ...


De-Escalation: A Necessity For The Survival Of Law Enforcement, James Ross Feb 2021

De-Escalation: A Necessity For The Survival Of Law Enforcement, James Ross

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

The topic of de-escalation has gained a great deal of attention in recent years due to a high number of high-profile tragic events that involved great bodily harm or the use of deadly force. De-escalation tactics are nonphysical skills used to prevent a potentially dangerous situation from escalating into a physical confrontation. There is no shortage of news stories highlighting the conflict between law enforcement officers, law enforcement agencies, and the general public. Many times, conflict can be eliminated or reduced by breaking down barriers that may exist between law enforcement agencies and the communities they serve. Many agencies have ...


Tasers And Use Of Force: Hitting A Moving Target, Michael A. Keeley Feb 2021

Tasers And Use Of Force: Hitting A Moving Target, Michael A. Keeley

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Law enforcement officers experience dynamic and sometimes dangerous encounters while performing their duties. To combat this, society gives them the authority to use reasonable force to accomplish their lawful objectives and law enforcement agencies provide them the tools and the training to effectively manage the incident. The use of force by law enforcement officers is guided by factors locally, state-wide, and nationally through policy, statute, and regulation. Law enforcement administrations have an impact on the use of force by an organization’s members through formal means such as policy, and informal means such as organizational culture. Administrative views are guided ...


First Responder Mental Health, Ryan Malcolm Feb 2021

First Responder Mental Health, Ryan Malcolm

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Over the past several years, there has been a drastic change in the training and response for police officers responding to mental health related calls. Recently, there is also a growing focus on responding to the mental health of police officers. Reported police officer suicides are increasing at a drastic rate, with jumping from 172 in 2018 to 228 in 2019. While this does not necessarily mean the rates of officer suicides are rising, the number of reported suicides is and attention is growing. Due to the inherit traumatic nature of the job, police officers are more susceptible to Post ...


Legalizing Marijuana, Psilocybin Mushrooms, And Mdma For Medical Use, Nicholas Duneman Feb 2021

Legalizing Marijuana, Psilocybin Mushrooms, And Mdma For Medical Use, Nicholas Duneman

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Knowing the countries drug history will allow the reader to understand how policies have changed throughout our countries short history. The Drug Enforcement Administration Drug Schedule, the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Department of Defense policies, the Air Force’s drug policies and the Department of Veterans Affairs policies is what is holding back the legalization of medical marijuana, psilocybin mushrooms, and Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) for treatment options for federal employees, current military members, and veterans who suffer from chronic pain and Post-traumatic stress disorder. Being a change agent within your organization will help push for drug reform within the federal ...


Police Intersection With Those Without Homes, David O'Connor Feb 2021

Police Intersection With Those Without Homes, David O'Connor

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

This paper aims to explain how law enforcement locally and nationally are policing those experiencing homelessness. This paper will be taking a look at historical and current data as it relates to those experiencing homelessness, look at some of the predicators that may lead to homelessness, and evaluate how law enforcement agencies are making decisions as it relates to policing this ever-growing community. As it relates to their interactions with those experiencing homelessness, case law, process, and executive orders are all elements that law enforcement must stay apprised of. A few cases that are starting to provide guidance will be ...


The Delicate Balance: Police In Our Schools, Mark Hanneman Feb 2021

The Delicate Balance: Police In Our Schools, Mark Hanneman

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

School resource officers (SROs) face the arduous task of balancing expectations from both police and school administrations. This paper will serve to provide an overarching view of the circumstances surrounding SROs and the job they are tasked to complete. Administrative stakeholders will be identified, unique considerations for the duality of administrations within the SRO position will be considered, and administrative strategies to mitigate the potential for conflict will be explained. A formulated action plan will analyze the impact of ethical principles within work as an SRO through the lens of fellow officers, the school district community, students, parents of students ...


Reducing Civilian Deaths While In Police Custody, Richena Rogers Feb 2021

Reducing Civilian Deaths While In Police Custody, Richena Rogers

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Civilian death while in police custody has been on an upward trend and continues to make the news across the United States. Minorities seem to be the ones who suffer this fate more frequently than Caucasians (DeGue, 2016). This shows the injustice, inequality, and double standard within our law enforcement system. To begin the healing process and restore trust between civilians and law enforcement agencies change needs to happen that corrects the apparent injustices and prejudices being perpetuated within law enforcement agencies. The public should not fear their local police agencies and minorities should not fear dying while interacting with ...


The Juvenile Injustice System Of Minorities, Sanjuanita Rodriguz Feb 2021

The Juvenile Injustice System Of Minorities, Sanjuanita Rodriguz

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

The History of juvenile justice started out to be something that would help juveniles grow into being strong and educated children. Instead, it has been used to incarcerate young adults who are uneducated, have mental disabilities, and even sentence them to lifetimes behind bars for offences that are not against the law, but are status offences.

Mission statements, Personal Development Programs and Communication within facilities are a starting point that need to be improved before we can even start repair the damage. The current juvenile justice system is failing and has many issues including racial disparities within the system. The ...


The Ethical Principles Of Financial Wellness And Coaching For Law Enforcement, Eric Scovil Feb 2021

The Ethical Principles Of Financial Wellness And Coaching For Law Enforcement, Eric Scovil

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

The implementation of wellness programs in law enforcement today is quickly becoming a primary focus of departments throughout the nation. Implementation of a financial coaching program as a component of a holistic officer wellness program can serve to greatly reduce one of the single largest causes of stress in society; money. One of the hallmarks of successful public safety is planning and preparation for the unknown. Individuals armed with practical knowledge and well-defined financial plans are better suited to confront personal and professional decisions with a clear mind and eyes fixed on the future. Successful implementation of a financial coaching ...


Mental Health Response For Law Enforcement, Adam Meierding Feb 2021

Mental Health Response For Law Enforcement, Adam Meierding

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

Law enforcement has been responding to mental health crisis calls for as long as it has been a profession. Police officers are asked to respond and solve difficult problems. using a variety of tools. This paper will identify what tools law enforcement is currently using to deal with these difficult calls and also the different techniques police officers should be using as our response continues to change. With ever-changing expectations from the public, along with rapidly evolving case law, this paper will show why law enforcements’ response to mental health crisis calls needs to change and what law enforcement needs ...


Combating Police Officer Suicide With Department Wellness Programs, Ryan Prail Feb 2021

Combating Police Officer Suicide With Department Wellness Programs, Ryan Prail

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice Leadership

The purpose of this paper is to explore the rising rates of law enforcement suicides and how departments are trying to curtail those numbers with department wellness programs. The research will explore the emotional survival of those who work in law enforcement. It is a topic that is at the forefront in the profession. This will be an overview of how organizations are trying to help their employees with their mental and physical health. It is known in the corporate world that having healthy and happy employees leads to a better working environment and more productivity. The information in this ...


Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University Feb 2021

Criminal Justice News, Georgia Southern University

Criminal Justice & Criminology News

  • GS Criminal Justice and Criminology Faculty Promoted


Balancing Race, Gender, And Responsibility: Conversations With Four Black Women In Educational Leadership In The United States Of America, Natasha Johnson Feb 2021

Balancing Race, Gender, And Responsibility: Conversations With Four Black Women In Educational Leadership In The United States Of America, Natasha Johnson

CJC Publications

This paper focuses on equitable leadership and its intersection with related, yet distinct concepts salient to social justice, pertinent to women and minorities in educational leadership. This piece is rooted and framed within the context of the United States of America, and the major concepts include identity, equity, and intersectionality – specific to the race-gender dyad – manifested within the realm of educational leadership. The objective is to examine theory and research in this area and to discuss the role they played in this study of the cultures of four Black women, all senior-level leaders within the realm of K-20 education in ...


Criminal Law’S Core Principles, Paul H. Robinson Feb 2021

Criminal Law’S Core Principles, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Modern criminal law scholars and policymakers assume they are free to construct criminal law rules by focusing exclusively on the criminal justice theory of the day. But this “blank slate” conception of criminal lawmaking is dangerously misguided. In fact, lawmakers are writing on a slate on which core principles are already indelibly written and realistically they are free only to add detail in the implementation of those principles and to add additional provisions not inconsistent with them. Attempts to do otherwise are destined to produce tragic results from both utilitarian and retributivist views.

Many writers dispute that such core principles ...